Try the all-new QuickBooks Online for FREE.  No credit card required.

Final review answer key

Document Sample
Final review answer key Powered By Docstoc
					                                    Medical Terminology
                                    Final Exam Review
Multiple Choice
  1. Sinoatrial node:
      a) septum between the heart chambers
      b) relaxation phase of the heartbeat
      c) contraction phase of the heartbeat
      d) tachycardia
      *e) pacemaker of the heart
  2. Largest veins in the body:
      a) capillaries
      *b) venae cavae
      c) coronary arteries
      d) carotid arteries
      e) renal arteries
  3. Cyanosis:
      *a) bluish coloration of the skin
      b) yellow coloration of the skin
      c) associated with a hemangioma
      d) a form of atherosclerosis
      e) associated with increased oxygen in the blood
  4. Congestive heart failure:
      a) episode of chest pain resulting from a temporary lack of oxygen to the heart muscle
      *b) heart unable to pump out the amount of blood entering it
      c) inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
      d) inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
      e) blood flow is blocked to part of the myocardium leading to necrosis
  5. Heart block:
      *a) failure of conduction of impulses to the atrioventricular bundle
      b) palpitations
      c) rapid but regular heart contractions
      d) rapid, ineffectual, and irregular heart contractions
      e) failure of conduction of impulses to the AV node
  6. Coronary artery disease:
      a) disease of the arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle
      b) usually results from atherosclerosis
      c) surgical treatment is coronary artery bypass grafting
      d) risk factors are smoking, obesity, and lack of exercise.
      *e) all of the above
  7. Infarction:
      a) open
      b) closed
      *c) area of dead tissue
      d) abnormal sound
      e) vibration felt on palpation
Chapter – Review
Page 2

  8. Rhonchi:
     a) tubes that branch from the trachea
     b) clusters of air sacs
     c) hollow, air-containing spaces within the skull
     *d) cracking sounds heard during inspiration
     e) musical noise heard on exhalation
  9. Nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue:
     a) mucosa
     *b) adenoids
     c) palatine tonsils
     d) paranasal sinuses
     e) epiglottis
 10. Air in the pleural cavity:
     a) cyanosis
     b) pleuritis
     c) hemoptysis
     d) pyothorax
     *e) pneumothorax
 11. Hyperpnea:
     a) difficulty in breathing
     b) breathing stops – usually at night when the person is asleep
     c) breathing is easier in an upright position
     *d) increase in the depth of breathing
     e) rapid and shallow breathing
 12. Pneumonectomy:
     a) removal of an entire lobe of the lung
     *b) removal of an entire lung
     c) removal of a bronchiole and its alveoli
     d) removal of a small, localized area of diseased tissue of the lung
     e) removal of both lungs
 13. Atelectasis:
     a) lung pain
     b) grating sound of pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
     *c) collapsed lung
     d) material expelled from the chest by coughing
     e) musical sounds heard during expiration
 14. Pneumoconiosis:
     a) pus in the thoracic cavity
     b) inflammation of alveoli which fill with pus
     c) swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
     d) hyperinflation of air sacs with alveolar wall destruction
     *e) dust in the lungs
 15. Method of separating substances from blood using electrical charge:
     a) plasmapheresis
     b) agglutination
     *c) electrophoresis
Chapter – Review
Page 3

       d) coagulation time
       e) leukapheresis
 16.   Spherocytosis:
       a) red blood cells are smaller than normal size
       b) red blood cells are larger than normal size
       c) red blood cells are irregularly shaped
       d) red blood cells are unequal in size
       *e) red blood cells are rounded
 17.   Sideropenia occurs causing deficient production of hemoglobin:
       a) pernicious anemia
       *b) iron-deficiency anemia
       c) aplastic anemia
       d) hemolytic anemia
       e) thalassemia
 18.   An inherited inability to produce sufficient hemoglobin:
       a) pernicious anemia
       b) iron-deficiency anemia
       c) aplastic anemia
       d) hemolytic anemia
       *e) thalassemia
 19.   Venous blood is collected, anticoagulant added and the speed at which the rbcs settle out
       is measured:
       a) hematocrit
       b) white blood cell differential
       *c) erythrocyte sedimentation rate
       d) coagulaton time
       e) red blood cell morphology
 20.   T cells, cytotoxic cells, and helper cells are part of:
       a) lymphocytosis
       b) cytokines
       c) growth factor biology
       *d) cell-mediated immunity
       e) humoral immunity
 21.   Antibodies are produced by:
       a) basophils
       b) megakaryocytes
       *c) plasma cells
       d) thrombocytes
       e) erythrocytes
 22.   Autoimmune disease:
       a) life threatening hypersensitivity to foreign proteins
       b) parasitic infection involving the central nervous system
       *c) abnormal production of antibodies to normal body tissues
       d) interstitial fluid collects within the spaces between cells
       e) syndrome marked by splenomegaly and associated with blood cell destruction
Chapter – Review
Page 4

 23. Atopy is:
     a) an early stage of AIDS
     *b) a hypersensitivity or allergic state
     c) a type of lymphoma
     d) a disease found in tropical areas
     e) acute infectious disease caused by Epstein-Barr virus
 24. Kaposi sarcoma:
     a) cancer of lymph nodes
     *b) cancer arising from the lining cells of capillaries
     c) yeast-like fungal infection of the mouth
     d) viral infection which causes small blisters on the lips or nose
     e) malignant tumour of bone marrow cells
 25. Femoral:
     a) pertaining to the upper arm bone
     b) pertaining to the medial lower arm bone
     *c) pertaining to the upper leg bone
     d) pertaining to the medial lower leg bone
     e) pertaining to the lateral lower arm bone
 26. Carpals:
     a) ankle bones
     b) heel bones
     *c) wrist bones
     d) elbow
     e) knee cap
 27. Olecranon:
     a) shoulder bone
     b) breast bone
     c) heel bone
     d) knee cap
     *e) elbow
 28. Decrease in bone density:
     a) osteitis fibrosa cystica
     b) multiple myeloma
     c) osteomyelitis
     *d) osteoporosis
     e) osteochondroma
 29. Heel bone:
     a) acromion
     b) acetabulum
     c) malleolus
     d) talus
     *e) calcaneus
 30. Posterior curvature of the thoracic spine is called:
     a) lordosis
     b) scoliosis
     *c) kyphosis
Chapter – Review
Page 5

       d) necrosis
       e) pubic symphysis
 31.   Arthritis caused by excessive uric acid:
       a) rheumatoid arthritis
       b) osteoarthritis
       *c) gouty arthritis
       d) sciatica
       e) ankylosing spondylitis
 32.   The term for a stiff, bent joint is:
       a) ossification
       b) fibrositis
       c) bunion
       d) kyphosis
       *e) ankylosis
 33.   Small pinpoint hemorrhages:
       a) pruritis
       *b) petechiae
       c) alopecia
       d) purpura
       e) keratosis
 34.   Keloid:
       *a) thickened scar
       b) leukoplakia
       c) comedo
       d) callus
       e) wart
 35.   Blackhead:
       a) thickened scar
       b) leukoplakia
       *c) comedo
       d) callus
       e) wart
 36.   Bedsore:
       a) leukoplakia
       b) psoriasis
       c) tinea
       *d) decubitus ulcer
       e) scleroderma
 37.   Stratum corneum:
       a) most deep basal layer of skin
       b) middle layer of skin
       *c) most superficial epithelial layer
       d) part of the dermis
       e) part of the subcutaneous tissue
 38.   Profuse sweating:
       a) anhidrosis
Chapter – Review
Page 6

       *b) diaphoresis
       c) hidradenitis
       d) seborrhea
       e) keratosis
 39.   Soft spot between the skull bones of an infant:
       a) tuberosity
       *b) fontanelle
       c) trochanter
       d) xiphoid process
       e) condyle
 40.   Posterior, inner part of the eye:
       *a) fundus
       b) ciliary body
       c) pupil
       d) cornea
       e) iris
 41.   Jelly-like substance found in the large chamber behind the lens:
       a) conjunctiva
       b) lens
       *c) vitreous humor
       d) aqueous humor
       e) sclera
 42.   Clouding of the lens causing decreased vision:
       a) nystagmus
       b) hemianopia
       c) retinal detachment
       d) macular degeneration
       *e) cataracts
 43.   Otomycosis:
       a) large ears
       b) fungal infection of one’s self
       *c) fungal infection of the ear
       d) infection of the labyrinth
       e) infection of the eye
 44.   Sensation of whirling motion which affects equilibrium and balance:
       *a) vertigo
       b) otosclerosis
       c) tinnitus
       d) dysphonia
       e) aural discharge
 45.   Which hormone stimulates the ovary or testis to secrete hormones?
       a) melanocyte-stimulating hormone
       b) ADH
       c) ACTH
       *d) FSH
       e) TSH
Chapter – Review
Page 7

 46. Which hormone do the ovaries and adrenal cortex secrete?
     a) follicle-stimulating hormone
     b) luteinizing hormone
     c) testosterone
     *d) estrogen
     e) oxytocin
 47. Which hormone is secreted by the posterior pituitary gland?
     a) follicle-stimulating hormone
     b) luteinizing hormone
     c) androgen
     d) estrogen
     *e) oxytocin
 48. Adrenal virilism:
     *a) excessive output of adrenal androgens
     b) excessive production of parathormore
     c) deficient production of parathyroid hormone
     d) enlargement of the thyroid gland
     e) excessive secretion of insulin causing hypoglycemia
 49. IDDM:
     a) diabetes insipidus
     b) non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
     c) non-insulin dependent diabetes insipidus
     *d) type 1 diabetes
     e) type 2 diabetes
 50. Mixed-tissue tumors:
     a) derived from epithelial tissue
     b) derived from connective tissue
     *c) derived from tissue capable of differentiating into both epithelial and connective
     d) adenocarcinoma
     e) adenoma
 51. A piece of tumor is removed for examination to establish a diagnosis:
     a) en bloc resection
     b) exenteration
     c) fulguration
     *d) incisional biopsy
     e) electrocauterization
 52. Protocol:
     a) synthetic chemicals that interfere with DNA synthesis
     b) assisting primary treatment
     *c) an explicit, detailed plan for treatment
     d) system of evaluating the extent of spread of tumors
     e) treatment using radiation
 53. General ill health and malnutrition associated with chronic disease:
     a) pleomorphic
     b) scirrhous
Chapter – Review
Page 8

       c) remission
       *d) cachexia
       e) relapse
 54.   A large soft fleshy growth:
       a) fungating tumor
       *b) medullary tumor
       c) cystic tumor
       d) carcinoma in situ
       e) polypoid tumor
 55.   Parenteral administration:
       a) oral
       b) rectal
       *c) IV
       d) inhalation
       e) topical
 56.   Drug that helps prevent symptoms of allergy:
       a) antibiotic
       b) analgesic
       c) anesthetic
       d) antiviral
       *e) antihistamine
 57.   Antibiotics:
       *a) penicillin, erythromycin and tetracycline
       b) penicillin, fluoxetine and heparin
       c) erythromycin, furosemide and Premarin
       d) tetracycline, furosemide and heparin
       e) fluoxetine, Premarin and tetracycline
 58.   Tolerance:
       a) two drugs cause an effect equal to the sum of the effects of each
       b) two drugs can cause an effect that is greater than the sum of the effects of each
       *c) the effect of a given dose diminishes as treatment goes on
       d) physical and psychological dependence on a drug
       e) unexpected effect that appears following administration of a drug
 59.   Brand name:
       a) chemical formula for a drug
       b) official name for a drug
       *c) name given by a manufacturer to a drug
       d) drugs may have only one brand name
       e) none of the above
 60.   Thrill:
       a) extra heart sound heard between normal beats
       b) small pinpoint hemorrhages
       *c) vibration felt on palpation of the chest
       d) crackling sounds heard during inspiration
       e) grating sound caused by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
Chapter – Review
Page 9

Provide the medical term for each of the following definitions.
 1. Listening with a stethoscope                           auscultation
 2. Material expelled from the chest by coughing            sputum
 3. Pertaining to containing pus                            purulent
 4. Developing red blood cell                               reticulocyte
 5. Introduction of altered antigens to produce an          vaccination
    immune response and protection against disease
 6. Fatty tissue found in the diaphyses of long bones       yellow bone marrow
 7. An oil-secreting gland in the dermis                    sebaceous gland
 8. Corneal transplant                                      keratoplasty
 9. Cavity in the skull that contains the pituitary gland   sella turcica
10. Resembling a wart-like growth                           verrucous

Write the complete term for 25 of the following abbreviations.
qid          four times a day
bid           two times a day
NPO           nothing by mouth
IM            intramuscular
IV            intravenous
BMT           bone marrow transplantation
DNA           deoxyribonucleic acid
NHL           non-Hodgkin lymphoma
PSA           prostate-specific antigen
BMR           basal metabolic rate
DM            diabetes mellitus
FBG           fasting blood glucose
MSH           melanocyte-stimulating hormone
Na            sodium
AD            right ear
EENT          ear, eyes, nose and throat
Chapter – Review
Page 10

OU                each eye
OS                left eye
IOL               intraocular lens
SLE               systemic lupus erythematosus
prn               as needed
CTS               carpal tunnel syndrome
DTR               deep tendon reflex
RA                rheumatoid arthritis
CD4+              T4 lymphocytes
HIV               human immunodeficiency virus
CBC               complete blood count
Hct               hematocrit
ALL               acute lymphocytic leukemia
WBC               white blood cell///white blood count
CPR               cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CTA               clear to auscultation
COPD              chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CAD               coronary artery disease
MI                myocardial infarction
MVP               mitral valve prolapse

Define each of the medical terms listed below.
  1. Holter monitoring      portable, 24-hour EKG
     2. asthma                   spasm and narrowing of bronchi
     3. cystic fibrosis          inherited disease of exocrine glands that leads to airway
     4. antigen                  substance that promotes antibody production
     5. erythropoietin           hormone secreted by the kidneys to stimulate RBC production
     6. toxins                   poisons
     7. epiphyseal plate         growth plate at the ends of long bones
Chapter – Review
Page 11

   8. arthroplasty          surgical repair of a joint
   9. gangrene              death of tissue due to loss of blood supply
 10. eustachian tube        tube connecting the middle ear to the nasopharyx
 11. myxedema               mucus-like swelling of tissue seen in advanced hypothyroidism
 12. encapsulated           surrounded by a capsule
 13. idiosyncrasy           unexpected effect particular to an individual
 14. antipyretic            drug to reduce fever
 15. homeostasis            maintain constancy or sameness

Read the following paragraphs and answer the questions that follow.
Irene was treated with radioactive iodine for Graves’ disease several years ago and is now
hypothyroid. She is on Synthroid 0.05mg daily. Thyroid is clear to palpation. Normal deep
tendon reflexes, skin turgor, and hair texture. Clear heart and lungs. No dependent edema. No
   1. Irene was treated with radioactive iodine because she:
        a) was hypothyroid
        *b) was hyperthyroid
        c) had thyroid cancer
        d) had overactive adrenal glands
   2. Irene’s eyes:
        a) protrude
        b) are deep set
        *c) are normal
        d) there is no information on her eyes
   3. Irene’s thyroid gland:
        a) does not have cancer
        b) has cancer
        *c) does not have any nodules
        d) has nodules
Ms Babcock is a 62-year-old female who comes in for follow-up of coronary artery disease.
Patient sustained an anterolateral myocardial infarction and had coronary catheterization
performed. Patient was undergoing angioplasty and had to be taken to surgery for coronary
artery bypass grafting. She had trouble with ventricular tachycardia and arrested.
   1. Ms. Babcock had surgery to correct:
        a) high blood pressure
        b) rapid heart rate
        *c) blocked coronary arteries
        d) coronary artery hemorrhage
   2. While undergoing CABG:
        a) an angioplasty was also performed
        *b) the patient’s heart stopped
Chapter – Review
Page 12

       c) the patient had a myocardial infarction
       d) all of the above
This elderly gentleman is a pack-per-day smoker. He states that for the last three days he has
had fevers, SOB and dyspnea on exertion after walking 30 feet requiring nebulizer use. He has
noticed paroxysmal noctural dyspnea once per night. He has orthopnea.
   1. The patient breaths better:
       a) at night
       *b) when sitting upright
       c) when lying down
       d) during the day
   2. On exertion, the patient:
       a) has DOE
       b) is short of breath
       c) has to take inhaled medication
       *d) all of the above

Shared By: