Craven County Schools
“Safety is understanding: it is an attitude of mind—
It is not necessarily a simple following of rules”
Safety is a top priority of the Craven County School System. The mission of the Craven
County Schools Safety Program is to enhance workplace safety for all school system
employees by providing this Safety and Health Handbook as a tool designed to help
promote a safe and inviting working and learning environment for all staff and students. Its
goal is to provide knowledge and training necessary to reduce and eliminate personal
injuries and illnesses from occurring in the schools.
This handbook is designed to give Craven County Schools’ employees a firm
understanding of the school system’s concern for protecting its employees from job related
injuries or illnesses and to inform and educate employees in areas of preventive safety and
The following pages contain only some of the highlights of the safety and health
regulations under the North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Act (NCOSHA) and
other regulatory groups. It is not intended to be a complete manual on safety and health,
but should be used as a guide in the prevention of the more common hazards in school
We must consider safety in the workplace to be a shared responsibility, requiring everyone
to do his or her part. The guidelines contained in this handbook cannot cover every
situation so we must use our own good common sense and realize that there is no one-size-
fits-all approach to workplace safety.
The complaint procedure is established to ensure open communication between all levels to
foster a safe and healthful workplace. There shall be neither reprisals nor sanctions taken
against any employee for bringing administration’s attention to a possible safety and/or
If after registering a complaint or concern with the designated person at your site, you feel
the need to process the complaint further, contact the Safety/Compliance Officer at Facility
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Safety and Health Information
Emergency Action Plan…………………………………………………….……. 7
Electrical Safety…………………………………………………………….……. 8
Falls, Slips, Trips………………………………………………………………… 9
Fire Prevention and Workplace Fire Safety…….……………………………….. 9
First Aid……………………………………………………………………….…. 17
Hazard Communication…………………………………...……………………… 18
Health Hazards…………………………………………………………………… 20
Laboratory Standard……………………………………………………………… 21
Safe Lifting…………………………………………………………………….…. 21
Lock Out/ Tag Out……………………………………………………………….. 21
Machine Guarding……………………………………………………………….. 24
Office Safety……………………………………………………………………… 24
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)……………………………………………. 26
Portable Ladders ………………………………………………………………... 28
Tools-Hand and Power…………………………………………………………… 28
Blood borne Pathogen Policy ……………………………………………………..30
Blood borne Pathogen Regulation ………………………………………………...31
GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH INFORMATION
Craven County Schools shall develop and maintain an effective occupational safety and
health program, including life safety and property protection. No school or department
shall knowingly require an employee to work in conditions that are hazardous without
proper training and personal protective equipment.
Quarterly or more frequently, as deemed necessary, safety audits of the schools and other
system facilities shall be conducted by the Safety Coordinator. Other inspections by state
and local officials shall be conducted as regulation requires:
Fire Marshall Inspection—biannually
Health Department Inspection—School wide- annually
DPI Insurance Survey—Annually
Unsafe equipment shall be tagged, locked or removed from the area to prevent its use.
Employees shall be instructed on how to effectively recognize and avoid
unsafe conditions, unsafe work practices and shall be familiar with Local, State and Federal
regulations and/or standards applicable to their work environment to control or eliminate
All employees, escorted visitors and contractors shall be informed of hazards before
entering a designated hazardous, caution, or restricted area, shall use required personal
protective equipment as needed, and shall adhere to safety and health procedures
immediately upon access to the area.
Craven County Schools shall provide appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) as
The Facility and Occupational Safety Team shall be designated at the district level.
The Principal shall designate the School Safety Committee for his/her site.
Each employee shall place safety and health requirements as part of their daily concern in
the performance of their job duties. The protection of fellow employees and students shall
be the shared responsibility of every employee.
An employee shall be responsible for notifying his/her principal/supervisor when a
violation or deficiency in safe and healthful working conditions is observed and for
recommending possible corrective measures.
Every employee shall be required to participate and cooperate in the safety program,
procedures and practices to ensure that quality service with safety and health is the
cornerstone of the program.
Obey safety instructions, rules, policies and procedures. Use provided and installed safety
devices and safety equipment.
Do not use defective tools and other equipment and machines.
Report unsafe conditions or practices to your Principal or the Safety Coordinator.
All injuries occurring on the job and any illness associated with the job shall be reported
promptly to your principal/supervisor. Questions concerning medical treatment of these
injuries/illnesses shall be addressed to your principal/supervisor within 24 hours.
All fires, accidental damage to property, school system vehicle accidents, hazardous
material spills and other emergency occurrences, no matter how slight, shall be reported to
Properly dispose of all hazardous materials in an acceptable and lawful manner.
Working while impaired by alcohol or illegal drugs shall be specifically forbidden.
SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND PROCEDURES
ASBESTOS MANAGEMENT OSHA 29CFR 1910.1001, 40CFR Section 763
The passage of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA) and
subsequent regulations require Craven County Schools to inspect for and identify
the presence of asbestos containing materials and develop a management plan for
All Craven County Schools’ employees and contractors and facilities
3.1 Principals and Facility Directors
Responsible for the adherence of all employees to the Asbestos Management
3.2 Safety Coordinator
a) Responsible for evaluating and revising the program’s procedures annually or as
b) Contract to have three-year asbestos reinspections conducted at all facilities where
asbestos is present.
c) Manage the asbestos management plans for all facilities.
d) Provide annual notification to all schools about the availability of the asbestos
management plans and when response actions occur.
e) Conduct periodic 6 month surveillance of all facilities where asbestos containing
material is present.
a) Responsible for adhering to the asbestos management guidelines and procedures.
b) Attend annual training session as required.
c) Notify Safety Coordinator if damage to asbestos containing material is observed.
4.0 TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION
4.1 All employees shall read and understand this program.
4.2 Designated employees shall attend annual training.
4.3 Director of Maintenance shall maintain an accredited license as an Asbestos
Inspector with the NC Department of Health and Human Services.
4.4 The Safety Coordinator shall maintain an accredited certification as an Asbestos
Designee with the NC Department of Health and Human Services.
4.5 All employees shall annually receive asbestos awareness information in the safety
4.6 Designated employees (FSS personnel, custodians) who in their work duties may
be subject to come into contact with ACM shall receive annual two-hour Asbestos
ACM- Asbestos containing material containing more than 1 percent of asbestos.
Amosite- Brown asbestos, second most commonly used type in the U.S.
Asbestos- A general name given to a number of naturally occurring minerals that possess
a unique crystalline structure, are incombustible in air (doesn’t burn) and can
be separated into fibers.
Chrysotile- White asbestos, most common form used in buildings.
Encapsulation- Sealing the surface of the asbestos containing material.
Friable- Asbestos material that when dry may be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to a
powder by hand pressure.
HEPA- High-Efficiency Particulate Air filtering system used when abating ACM.
NCHHCU- North Carolina Health Hazards Control Unit.
Nonfriable- Asbestos material that when dry may not be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced
to a powder by hand pressure.
6.1 Every three years Craven County Schools shall conduct a reinspection of all
facilities that contain ACM to assess the condition of any asbestos present.
6.2 This inspection shall be performed by a NCHHCU certified inspector.
6.2.1 The reinspection report shall be kept in the management plan of each
6.2.2 All management plans shall be kept in the reception area at each
facility, accessible to the public upon request.
6.2.3 An additional copy of each shall be located in the Safety Coordinator’s
office at Facility Support Services.
6.3 An employee shall not remove or disturb asbestos or suspect ACM. Asbestos may
be contained in the following locations: adhesives, mastics, duct work, floor tile,
insulation, lab fume hoods, piping.
6.4 It shall be the responsibility of the employee who encounters suspected asbestos
containing material that is damaged or may become damaged to notify the
Safety Coordinator of the exact location of the material in question.
6.4.1 The Safety Coordinator shall consult the management plan for the
Facility and inspect and sample (if necessary) the suspect material
for the presence or absence of asbestos. All suspect material is
treated as if it contains asbestos.
6.5 All response actions shall be filed in the respective management plan notebook.
6.6 An annual public notice shall be sent to each facility to be visibly displayed
and a copy to be placed in the management plan in the office area.
7.0 REFERENCE D0CUMENTS
7.1 Environmental Protection Agency. Protection of the Environment: 40 CFR 763
Subpart E, Asbestos-Containing Materials in Schools. Washington, DC: U. S.
Government Printing Office.
7.2 North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational
Safety and Health Standards for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1001, Asbestos.
Raleigh, NC: N.C. Department of Labor.
EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN OSHA 29CFR 1910.38
In educational facilities we are faced with serious challenges in safely removing all personnel from
our buildings in times of emergencies. All employees must be confident and knowledgeable of
their role in the event of an emergency evacuation for fire, chemical release, severe weather, bomb
threat, etc. Employees must be trained to assist in a safe and orderly evacuation of students and
other employees. This training and review of the site’s emergency action plan shall occur at
the employees initial employment and when the employee’s responsibility under the plan
changes or when the plan is changed.
Before an emergency occurs:
Obtain and learn your site’s Emergency Response Plan.
Know how to contact emergency services.
Locate local fire alarms, learn how to operate, and know the evacuation signal for all
Know the location of all exits from your area and determine a primary and secondary exit.
Know your designated meeting area away from the building.
Make sure exits and corridors are kept clear and maintained safe and passable at all times.
Make sure exits are marked with illuminated, readily visible exit signs.
Fire doors must never be blocked or locked in any way that may prevent emergency use.
Know that the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates a corridor/passage width
of 32 inches.
When an emergency occurs:
Immediately respond by following your site’s Emergency Response Plan.
Follow your site’s plan for assistance of students with disabilities and others who need
If the alarm sounds, always immediately evacuate the building.
If the primary route is blocked, use the secondary route.
If both routes are blocked, make every effort to clear at least one of the exits.
If both routes are blocked, go to the furthest room away from the danger, close the door to
the room, and if necessary break a window to create an exit.
If exits are open and clear, escort your students to the primary exit beginning with students
who need extra assistance.
If time allows, close all windows and doors as you leave.
Do not run or use elevators; use stairways in multi-story building.
Once at your meeting area, locate all students and visitors and keep them together in a
group in the designated meeting area.
Receptionists and front office personnel shall have in their possession sign-in logs and
know the destination of all visitors in the building.
Stay with your group unless otherwise instructed.
Do not re-enter the building until told to do so by an authorized person.
ELECTRICAL SAFETY OSHA 29CFR 1910.301
Electrical safety training shall include basic information as it relates to the environment in and
around school system facilities. Employees whose jobs require them to work on or near
exposed energized parts are required to be trained in electrical-related safety practices that
pertain to their respective job assignments.
All electrical work shall be done according to all Federal and State requirements and
prudent safety practices. To the maximum extent possible, work on electrical
equipment and/or circuits shall be done with the power off.
A safety warning and tagging system shall be used to ensure that all power
is removed from the system. See Lock Out/Tagout section.
DO NOT attempt to remove a Lock Out/ Tagout device or use the equipment to which
it is attached.
Keep storage at least 36” from in front of any electrical panel and no closer than
30” on the sides. Do not block an electrical panel in any way.
No combustible, flammable storage is allowed in an electrical, mechanical or
Make certain that electrical equipment is properly grounded through the use of
grounding (three prong) plugs.
Extension cords used with portable electric tools or appliances (vacuum cleaners, etc.)
shall be three-wire grounded type and be protected by Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
Keep working spaces; walkways, classrooms and similar locations clear of cords so as
not to create a fire hazard or trip hazard to students and staff.
Worn, frayed or damaged electric cords or connectors shall not be used and must be
Cords shall be protected from accidental damage that may be caused by traffic, sharp
corners, pinching in doors or elsewhere.
Extension cords are considered temporary wiring by the National Electric Code, which
limits their use to 90 days. Use only UL approved surge protectors.
Understand that the human body is a conductor of electricity.
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI) shall be used on power circuits serving outlets in damp,
wet or outdoor locations and in any other areas where people using electrical equipment could
SLIPS, TRIPS AND FALLS OSHA 29CFR 1910.22
Falls can be prevented
Use caution when walking on surfaces that may be wet, oily, contain ice, snow,
and have a rocky surface or other adverse or unstable material or condition.
Immediately clean up or have a custodian mop up all spills. Be aware of “wet
Prevent fall hazards by keeping walkways, aisles, and other walking areas clear
of boxes, book bags, wires, loose materials and other objects.
Select shoes for comfort and safety that are compatible with your job duties and
DO NOT STAND OR CLIMB ON A DESK, CHAIR, TABLE, BOX or OTHER
UNSTABLE SURFACE to reach for an object, put a tape in the VCR, work on a
bulletin board, etc. Use a ladder. See section on Portable Ladders.
FIRE PREVENTION AND WORKPLACE FIRE SAFETY
OSHA 29CFR 1910.39
The purpose of the Fire Prevention and Workplace Fire Safety program shall be to establish
procedures for a fire safe environment through safety practices and standardization of
procedures throughout Craven County Schools to comply with Federal and State fire codes
and regulations as well as DPI Insurance Section recommendations. Its goal is to reduce
or eliminate fire hazards in the workplace by heightening the fire safety awareness of all
All Craven County School employees.
3.1 Principals and Facility Directors
a) Responsible for overseeing the program at their site and adherence of
all employees to the Fire Prevention program.
b) Escort or provide an escort for all inspectors during their annual and
c) Escort or provide an escort (if the Safety Coordinator is unavailable) for
the NCDPI Risk Specialist during the annual property survey for fire hazards.
d) Submit all Fire, Electrical and Health Department Inspection Reports to the Safety
Coordinator for assignment of necessary work orders.
e) Ensure that corrective action of school responsible hazards from all
inspection reports is accomplished as soon as possible.
f) Along with the Safe and Inviting Goal Team and possibly other staff,
assist in identifying, reducing and eliminating fire risks.
g) Ensure that employees are instructed in the school’s (site’s) Emergency
Action Plan for the proper procedure to follow in case of a fire.
h) Conduct fire drills at least monthly throughout the school year using
primary and secondary evacuation routes to familiarize occupants to both
in case the primary is blocked during an evacuation.
i) Inspect all buildings at least twice each month during the regular school
session to ensure buildings are kept clear of accumulations of trash and are
free of other fire hazards.
j) Manage and delegate monthly inspections of all fire extinguishers, exit and
k) Ensure that all monthly safety reports are sent to the Safety Coordinator by
the 5th working day of the following month. These include the Principal’s
Monthly Fire Drill and Inspection Report, School Sanitation Monthly
Report, the Fire Extinguisher Inspection Log and the Emergency/Exit Light
3.2 Safety/Compliance Coordinator
a) Review this program annually and update as needed to maintain compliance with
applicable regulations and standards.
b) Manage the annual inspection of fire extinguishers.
c) Manage the semiannual and annual kitchen hood system inspections.
d) Provide technical assistance as needed to schools regarding all inspections.
3.3 Technology Department
a) Manage and document to the Safety Coordinator annual inspections of all fire
a) Adhere to and comply with all fire prevention procedures.
b) Conduct operations in such a way as to minimize fire hazards.
c) Immediately report fires, smoke or potential fire hazards to the administration at
d) Participate in all fire drills.
4.1 All staff shall read and understand this program.
4.2 All staff shall participate in all fire drills and evacuations.
4.3 Staff shall participate in periodic fire safety and prevention training as needed.
CO2 Fire Extinguisher- Carbon dioxide. A colorless, odorless, electrically nonconductive inert
gas that is a suitable medium for extinguishing Class C (electrical) fires.
Class II – Flash point equal to or greater than 100 degrees F., but less than 140 degrees F.
(ex. paint thinner, diesel fuel).
Class IIIA – Flash point equal to or greater than 140 degrees F., but less than 200
degrees F. (ex. home heating fuel).
Class IIIB – Flash point equal to or greater than 200 degree F. (ex. motor oil).
Explosive – A chemical that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of
pressure, gas, and heat when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, or high temperature.
Fire—A chemical reaction involving the rapid oxidation or burning of a fuel. It needs 4
elements to occur: fuel, oxygen, heat, and chemical reaction when the other 3 are brought
Flammable liquid –
Class IA – Flash point less than 73 degrees F., boiling point less than 100 degrees
(ex. petroleum ether, pentane).
Class IB – Flash point less than 73 degrees F., boiling point equal to or greater
than 100 degrees F. (ex. gasoline, toluene).
Class IC – Flash point equal to or greater than 73 degrees F., but less than 100
degrees F. (ex. xylene).
Flammable solid – A non-explosive material that is capable of producing fire as a
result of friction, heat retained from production or which, if ignited, produces a
serious transportation hazard.
Flash point – The minimum temperature at which the liquid produces a sufficient
concentration of vapor above it that it forms an ignitable mixture with air. The
source of ignition need not be an open flame, but could be, for example, the surface of
a hot plate.
Hydrostatic testing – Pressure testing of a fire extinguisher to verify its strength
against unwanted rupture.
Means of egress – A continuous and unobstructed way of travel from any point in a
building or structure to an open space (street, yard, parking lot, etc.) consisting of
three separate and distinct parts: 1. the exit access, 2. the exit (door), and 3. the exit
MSDS – Material Safety Data Sheet. A reference document describing the known
hazardous properties of a particular chemical and precautionary measures to be taken
when using it. There are usually 16 sections to a MSDS.
NCDPI – North Carolina Department of Public Instruction.
NFPA – National Fire Protection Association. An organization whose aim is to
promote and improve fire protection and prevention.
OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration. A federal agency under
the Department of Labor that publishes and enforces worker safety and health
6.0 FIRE PREVENTION
6.1.1 Art work and teaching materials shall be attached directly to the walls
but not to exceed 20% of the individual wall area.
6.1.2 Art work and teaching materials attached to the wall shall be 24”
down from the ceiling.
6.1.3 Flame producing devices such as candles shall not be used in
6.1.4 Plug-in type scented oil warmers/air fresheners/deodorizers that
use electrical current to warm the fragrance shall be prohibited.
6.1.5 Electric space heaters, toasters, coffee pots, microwaves, (and other household
rated appliances) shall be prohibited from classrooms. Refrigerators in classrooms
are allowed only with Superintendent Level Documentation on file at the
school and at the Safety Coordinator’s office.
6.1.6 All fire rated ceilings shall remain free of attachments whether combustible or not.
6.1.7 All classroom exit doors shall have unencumbered line of sight into classroom
during normal operating conditions
6.1.8 All fire-resistance exit doors including classroom doors shall remain free of
combustible materials (protection of said doors ability to withstand fire
exposure is necessary).
6.1.9 Windows and blinds shall remain free of combustible material to
allow for emergency rescue and egress.
6.1.10 All upholstered furnishings shall be of commercial grade and be flame retardant.
Classroom curtains shall be constructed of a flame retardant material also.
6.1.11 Gasoline powered equipment (weed trimmers, blower, etc.) shall be stored in
sheds or exterior rooms that are not attached to the school building.
6.1.12 Charging of batteries for buffing machines shall be prohibited inside of the
6.1.13 Mezzanines, mechanical, electrical, boiler rooms shall not be used for storage of
combustible/flammable materials and shall remain locked at all times.
6.1.14 Science chemical storage rooms shall remain locked at all times.
6.1.15 All areas shall be kept free of trash and combustibles.
6.1.16 Spills of combustible/flammable material shall be cleaned up immediately.
6.1.17 When working with flammable chemicals, there shall be no open flames, hot
surfaces, sparks, or other sources of ignition near enough to cause a fire or
explosion in the event of a vapor release or liquid spill.
6.1.18 Replace any damaged or missing ceiling tiles as soon as possible. Ceilings act
as a fire barrier. When ceiling tiles are missing, the fire rating of the ceiling is
diminished. The open area in the ceiling also creates a “chimney effect” in the
event of a fire, drawing the flame up into the attic space.
6.1.19 Defective lighting shall be replaced immediately to ensure essential proper
lighting for safety and security is present.
6.2 Flammable Materials
6.2.1 Flammables shall be stored away from equipment that could cause flame or
6.2.2 Flammables shall be stored in well-ventilated areas to avoid vapor build up.
6.3.1 Three feet (36”) clearance shall be maintained in front of all electrical panels
and HVAC equipment.
6.3.2 All permanent electrical cords on equipment and machines shall have a 3-prong
ground plug and the cord be in good condition.
6.3.3 Extension cords
220.127.116.11 Extension cords shall be used only when necessary on a temporary basis.
18.104.22.168 Extension cords shall not be used in lieu of permanent wiring to connect
permanently placed fixtures or appliances.
22.214.171.124 Extension cords in walking areas shall be covered with “Electroduct” to
eliminate trip hazards.
6.4.1 No storage of paper, cardboard, or other combustible material shall
be allowed within 18 inches of a kiln.
6.4.2 No flammable liquids, solvents, or aerosols shall be stored in kiln
rooms at any time (even when kiln is not in use).
6.4.3 The exhaust fan shall be operating when the kiln is in use.
6.5 Seasonal Decorations
6.5.1 Live cut Christmas trees shall be prohibited in educational
facilities. Fire retardant artificial trees are permitted.
6.5.2 No portion of a means of egress shall be obstructed by decorations.
6.5.3 Artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame
retardant with documentation from the manufacturer.
6.5.4 Use of natural decoration such as hay bales, dry corn stalks, etc. is included
and shall be prohibited in classrooms.
6.5.5 Only UL listed lights shall be used and must be in good condition. Use
shall be temporary and used only during holiday season.
6.5.6 All decorative light strings shall be unplugged when leaving for the day.
6.5.7 Electrical outlets shall not be overloaded.
7.0 FIRE DRILLS
Principals shall conduct fire drills in accordance with North Carolina Administrative
Code G.S. 115C-288 (d) as stated below.
7.1 It shall be the duty of the principal to conduct a fire drill during the first week
after the opening of school and thereafter at least one fire drill each school
month, in each building in his charge, where children are assembled.
7.2 Fire drills shall include all occupants and the use of various ways and means
of egress to simulate evacuation of said buildings under various conditions.
8.0 FIRE EXITS AND FIRE DOORS
8.1 Exit doors shall be kept unlocked from the inside and shall not have any type
of locking device attached (ex. ropes, chains, tape, etc.).
8.2 Fire exits shall never be obstructed.
8.3 Fire doors and exits shall be maintained in proper working condition.
8.4 Corridors, hallways, and stairwells shall be kept clear of combustibles and
any other materials that would impede or prohibit the immediate exiting of
occupants during an emergency evacuation.
8.5 Exit doors and windows shall not be covered with or concealed by decorative
or combustible materials in such a way that they may be construed as
something other than an exit.
8.6 Furniture, equipment, supplies, etc. shall not be stored in an exit, exit access
or exit discharge.
8.7 Fire exits shall discharge directly to the street, parking lot, yard, or other open
8.8 No private vehicles shall be parked near exterior doors or in the Fire
Lane as this may impede the flow of occupant traffic from a fire exit.
8.9 Fire or smoke doors shall not be propped open with chocks, chairs, etc.
8.10 Fire/evacuation maps and plans showing both the primary and secondary -
routes shall be posted near the exits in every classroom.
8.11 Any non-exit door that can be mistaken for an exit door shall be marked
“Not an Exit” or indicate its actual usage (ex. Storage, closet, etc.).
8.12 Elevators shall not be used during an evacuation. Use designated stairways.
9.0 EMERGENCY/EXIT LIGHTING
9.1 Adequate emergency lighting shall be provided in the following areas to
prevent an exit hazard during an emergency or power failure:
Exit aisles, corridors, and passageways
Interior stairways and corridors
Interior or windowless areas of buildings
Assembly use spaces such as auditoriums, dining rooms, gymnasiums
9.2 Exit signs that are readily visible from any direction of exit access shall be
provided at all exit doors.
10.0 KITCHEN HOOD FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS
A kitchen hood fire suppression system is required over kitchen equipment that
produces smoke and grease-laden vapors or grease to an appreciable depth.
10.1 Fire suppression discharge nozzles are aimed at specific pieces of
equipment. Do not move equipment from under nozzles.
10.2 Nozzles and other apparatus shall be cleaned periodically by cafeteria staff.
10.3 Hood fire suppression systems shall be inspected and tested semiannually.
11.0 FIRE ALARM SYSEMS
11.1 No component of the fire alarm system shall be blocked or covered. This
includes but is not limited to manual pull stations, horn/strobes, heat
detectors, smoke detectors and the alarm system’s main control panel.
11.2 Fire alarm systems shall be inspected and tested annually in accordance
with NFPA 72. This inspection shall be scheduled by Technology.
12.0 FIRE/SERVICE LANES
Fire/Service lanes shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of
personal vehicles. At times, Facility Services personnel shall use the fire/service lanes to
access sections of the facility.
13.0 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
13.1 Fire extinguisher classifications
Class A—used on a typical garbage fire consisting of combustible materials,
i.e. paper, trash, wood, etc.; a fire that will burn to an ash.
Class B—used on a typical combustible liquid fire, i.e. consisting of alcohols,
gasoline, paint thinners, grease, laboratory solvents, etc.; a fire that will go
boom or blow up.
Class C—used on a typical electrical fire, i.e. short-circuits, electrical sparks,
etc.; a fire that starts with an electric current malfunction.
Class ABC—All of the above—type most commonly found throughout CCS.
Class D—used on combustible metals, i.e. sodium, phosphorus.
Class K—used on kitchen fires. This is the large silver extinguisher found in
13.2 Fire Extinguisher Requirements
13.2.1 Fire extinguishers shall be installed and maintained in accordance
with NFPA 10 and the North Carolina Fire Code.
13.2.2 Fire extinguishers shall be mounted within 75 feet of most areas
with the potential for fire.
13.2.3 Fire extinguishers shall be mounted within 50 feet of areas that
contain flammable or combustible liquids.
13.2.4 Class K extinguishers shall be mounted within 30 feet of commercial
13.2.5 Fire extinguishers shall be mounted in all work vehicles and forklifts.
13.2.6 Fire extinguishers shall not be obstructed or obscured from view.
13.2.7 In areas where obstructed view is unavoidable, other means such as
signage shall be used to designate the location of the extinguisher.
13.2.8 Fire extinguishers shall be inspected and tested annually by a certified
fire extinguisher service contractor.
13.2.9 Fire extinguishers shall be hydrostatically tested at the required interval.
13.2.10 Discharged or malfunctioned fire extinguishers shall be replaced by the
13.2.11 All fire extinguishers shall be visually and physically inspected monthly
by personnel at the school. This inspection shall be documented on the
tag of the extinguisher with the initials of the person performing the inspection
and the date of the inspection and also on the monthly inspection log.
13.3 Fire Extinguisher Usage
Employees are not required to put out fires with fire extinguishers.
Employees anticipated to use fire extinguishers shall be instructed on the
hazards of fighting fires, how to properly operate the available fire
extinguisher and what procedures to follow in alerting others to the fire
emergency. The NFPA recommends and teaches a method know as PASS.
P pull the pin
A aim the hose
S squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent
S sweep from side to side at the base of the fire
If you have the slightest doubt about your ability to fight the fire,
14.0 SMOKING POLICY
Craven County Schools is a tobacco free school system. The use of any type
of tobacco products on Craven County Schools’ property is prohibited.
15.1 Bimonthly Principal Inspections
Principals shall conduct fire inspections in accordance with North Carolina
Administrative Code G.S. 115C-288 (d). as outlined below:
Principals shall be responsible for inspecting all buildings at least twice each
month during the regular school session. This inspection includes but is not
limited to cafeterias, gymnasiums, boiler rooms, storage areas, auditoriums
and stage areas, classrooms, bathrooms.
15.2 Annual and Semiannual Internal Equipment Inspections
15.2.1 Fire Alarm Systems-inspected and tested annually by an outside
service contractor. Technology is responsible for scheduling this
15.2.2 Kitchen Hood Fire Suppression Systems-inspected semiannually
by an outside service contractor. FSS is responsible for scheduling this
15.2.2 Fire Extinguishers-inspected annually by the outside service
contractor that services the hood systems. FSS is responsible for
scheduling this inspection.
126.96.36.199 Fire extinguishers shall be inspected monthly by the
Principal’s designee. The inspection form shall be signed by
the Principal (or AP) and forwarded to the Safety Coordinator
by the 5th working day of the following month that the
inspection was completed.
15.2.3 Emergency/Exit Lights-inspected monthly by the Principal’s designee.
188.8.131.52 Emergency lights shall be tested once a month for proper
184.108.40.206 Emergency exit signs shall be tested once a month for
primary and secondary sources of illumination.
220.127.116.11 The Monthly Emergency/Exit Light Inspection Log
shall be used for documentation and forwarded to the
Safety Coordinator by the 5th working day of the
following month that the inspection was completed.
15.3 Semiannual and Annual External Inspections
15.3.1 Semiannual fire inspections shall be conducted by the New Bern
Fire Marshal’s office for New Bern jurisdiction schools, Havelock
Fire Department for Havelock schools, and the Craven County
Building Inspections Department for schools in the county.
15.3.2 Annual Electrical/Building inspections shall be conducted by the
City of New Bern Inspections Department for all city schools. The
Craven County Building Inspections Department shall annually
inspect all schools in the county and Havelock schools.
15.3.3 Annual property insurance surveys shall be conducted by the NCDPI
15.3.4 Annual sanitation inspections shall be conducted at each school
by the Craven County Health Department.
18.104.22.168Food Services at each school shall be inspected quarterly
for sanitation by the CC Health Department.
15.3.5 The Principal/Child Nutrition Manager shall forward copies of all
inspections reports to the Safety Coordinator.
22.214.171.124Do not submit inspections-related work order requests to
FSS. Work orders shall be generated for maintenance items
by the Safety Coordinator from the inspections reports
15.4 LOCAL SAFETY INSPECTIONS
Local safety inspections shall be conducted quarterly by the Safety
Coordinator. At the conclusion of the inspection, results shall be discussed
with the Principal or Assistant Principal for correction of noncompliance
items if any exist.
16.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
16.1 National Fire Protection Association. (2006). NFPA 101 Life Safety Code.
16.2 North Carolina Safety and Health Administration. (2007).Occupational Safety and
Health Standards for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.106, Flammable/Combustible
Liquids. Raleigh, NC: N.C. Department of Labor.
16.3 North Carolina Safety and Health Administration. (2007). Occupational Safety and
Health Standards for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.157. Portable Fire Extinguishers.
Raleigh, NC: N.C. Department of Labor.
FIRST AID OSHA 29CFR 1910.151
General first aid is the immediate emergency treatment provided for injury or sudden illness before
professional medical care is available.
In the event of an emergency, immediately contact an administrator or the office.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RENDER FIRST AID UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE
DOING OTHERWISE INJURIES MAY BE AGGRAVATED.
First Aid Kits shall be available at each facility for treatment of minor cuts, scrapes and scratches.
Administration of first aid for other than minor cuts, scratches, etc. shall be performed by certified
or trained first aid personnel (training provided by American Red Cross, Safety and Health Council,
etc.) or licensed medical personnel.
The first aid provider shall implement universal precautions to protect against infectious
disease. (See Blood borne Pathogens Appendix B)
HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD
OSHA 29CFR 1910.1200
The Hazard Communication Standard (Hazcom) is based on a simple concept—that
employees have both a need and a “right to know” the hazards and identities of the
chemicals they are exposed to when working. They need to know what protective
measures are available to prevent adverse effects from occurring. Craven County
Schools shall develop a Hazard Communication Program with established procedures
to ensure compliance with NC Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) Hazard Communication (Right-to-Know) regulations. This information is
also relayed to the local fire departments and emergency responders for awareness in
the event of an emergency.
All employees of Craven County Schools.
All chemicals with physical or health hazard properties and potential for exposure
(includes liquids, solids, gases, vapors, fumes and mists).
3.1 Principals and Facility Directors
Responsible for the adherence of all employees to the procedures outlined
in the Hazard Communication program.
3.2 Safety Coordinator
a) Responsible for evaluating the program annually and revising as regulations
b) Maintain the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for Facility Support
a) Responsible for complying with the Hazcom program
b) Ensure that an MSDS is on file in the MSDS Manual for each chemical used
c) Ensure that all chemicals maintained and used are properly labeled
4.0 TRAINING AND INFORMATION
4.1 All employees read and understand these procedures.
4.2 All employees who may come in contact with hazardous chemicals shall receive
training at the time of initial employment and whenever the hazard or regulation
4.3 Contractors performing work at CCSs’ facilities shall be informed of the chemicals
present at the work location and shall be provided with chemical safety information.
4.4 Contractors who use hazardous chemicals at CCSs’ facilities shall provide a list of the
chemicals brought onto the property and maintain copies of the MSDSs on site.
Hazardous Chemical—any chemical that presents a physical or health hazard.
Health Hazard—a hazard capable of producing acute or chronic health effects to
exposed personnel; toxic, corrosive, irritant, sensitizer, or carcinogenic.
Label—any written, printed, or graphic material affixed to hazardous chemical
containers with the name and hazards of the contents, and the manufacturer’s name.
Material Safety Data Sheets—a document that describes pertinent information
about the use of a chemical product which includes but is not limited to; the
chemical’s physical and health hazards, precautions for safe handling, spill clean
up, emergency and first aid procedures.
Physical Hazard—a hazard based on scientifically valid evidence; such as,
combustible liquid, explosive or flammable substance, (pressurized) compressed
gas, and/or classification as an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable
or water reactive.
6.0 EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS
6.1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) available as needed
6.1.1 Goggles, aprons, gloves, etc.
6.2 Chemical spill clean up materials
6.2.1 Acid neutralizer, sand, etc.
7.1 Container Labeling
It shall be the responsibility of the each employee to ensure that all chemical
products used have proper labels on the containers.
7.1.1 Labels shall have the name of the chemical, appropriate hazard
warnings, and the name and address of the manufacturer.
7.1.2 A chemical removed from the original container and placed in a
secondary container shall meet the same labeling requirements as
the original container. The employee transferring the chemical to the
secondary container shall be responsible for its labeling.
7.1.3 Existing labels on incoming containers shall not be removed or defaced.
7.2 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
7.2.1 All schools and facilities shall have a manual containing a material
safety data sheet for each hazardous chemical used.
126.96.36.199 Information contained on the MSDS is as follows:
Identity of chemical
Physical and chemical characteristics
Physical and health hazards
Primary routes of entry
Applicable precautions for safe handling
Applicable control measures (PPE, etc.)
Emergency and first aid procedures
Date of preparation or revision of the MSDS
Name, address, and telephone number of manufacturer
7.2.2 A copy of all MSDS notebooks shall be kept in the front office area
including a notebook for custodial cleaning chemicals and, if applicable,
Science Lab chemicals. These notebooks shall be readily accessible and
available for viewing upon request.
7.2.3 All contract custodial companies shall provide a notebook containing
copies of MSDS of all chemicals brought onto Craven County Schools’
property for use by the company employed personnel.
7.2.4 An accurate inventory (list) of all hazardous chemicals shall be
maintained in the front of each MSDS manual. This list shall be kept
current and include the product name and manufacturer’s name.
7.3 Employee Information and Training
7.3.1 All employees who come in contact with hazardous chemicals
while working at Craven County Schools’ facilities shall receive
chemical safety training and information.
7.3.2 Training shall be provided at the time of initial employment and
whenever the hazard changes and shall be documented.
188.8.131.52 Training shall include:
Location of hazardous materials in the workplace
Location and availability of MSD sheets.
Interpreting information on labels and MSD sheets
Acute and chronic effects of chemicals
Safe handling procedures
Personal protective equipment
Emergency procedures and how to obtain first aid
Spill clean up and waste disposal
8.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational
Safety and Health Standards for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1200, Hazard Communication.
Raleigh, NC: N.C. Department of Labor.
include dusts, vapors, fumes, and mists
READ the labels of the chemicals in your workplace.
NEVER mix cleaning compounds or chemicals.
Take the proper precautions to protect yourself and fellow workers from exposure.
Use the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment.
Blood borne Pathogens OSHA 29CFR 1910.1030 (Appendix B)
Employees who have occupational exposure to human blood and body fluids shall receive
training in work practices, methods of exposure and universal precautions.
Immediate washing of hands and contaminated areas of the body shall be implemented
should an exposure to bodily fluids occur.
The most important element is strict adherence to the specified practices and procedures
and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) that includes but is not limited to gloves,
masks, goggles, etc.
Craven County Schools shall provide PPE as necessary.
LABORATORY STANDARD OSHA 29CFR 1910.1450
All science teachers and science lab technicians shall receive training in Craven County Schools
Chemical Hygiene Plan. Refer to Craven County Schools’ website under Science—Safety. All
middle and high schools that have a science lab shall have a hard copy of the District Chemical
Hygiene Plan in the laboratory and in the main office. Contact the Safety/Compliance Coordinator
for extra copies.
Get proper exercise, maintain a good diet and manage stress.
If the object is too large, heavy or awkward, get help.
Avoid lifting above your shoulder height; use a ladder or step stool to move items at this
Push rather than pull an object. Push with your legs.
Spread your feet apart to keep a wide base of support; ensure footing is firm.
Bend at the knees instead of at your waist.
Hold the object you are lifting as close to your body as possible; avoid a long reach to pick
up an object.
Lift slowly, smoothly and without jerking.
Avoid unnecessary twisting; turn your feet, not your hips or shoulders.
Take your time and use the same techniques when setting down the object.
LOCK OUT/ TAG OUT STANDARD –
Control of Hazardous Energy OSHA 29CFR 1910.147
To establish a program and procedures for affixing appropriate lockout or tagout
materials to energy isolating devices and to otherwise disable machines or equipment to
prevent unexpected energizations, startup or release of stored energy in order to prevent
injury to employees.
2.1 Covers all servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment in which the
“unexpected” energizations or start up of the machines or equipment, or release of
stored energy could cause injury to employees.
2.2 All Craven County Schools employees
3.1 Principals and Facility Directors
Responsible for the adherence of all employees to the Lockout/Tagout procedures
including non-removal of tags by unauthorized personnel.
3.2 Safety Coordinator
Responsible for evaluating and revising this procedure annually or as regulations
Responsible for knowledge of and abiding by the Lockout/Tagout procedure.
4.0 TRAINING AND AWARENESS
4.1 Each affected employee shall be instructed in the purpose and use of the energy
control procedure and about the prohibition relating to attempts to restart or
reenergize machines or equipment which are locked out or tagged out.
4.2 Each authorized employee shall receive training in the recognition of applicable
hazardous energy sources, the type and magnitude of the energy available in the
workplace, and the methods and means necessary for energy isolation and control.
4.3 Employee retraining shall be provided for all authorized employees whenever
there is a change in their job assignment, a change in machines, equipment, or
processes that present a new hazard or when there is a change in procedures.
Affected Employee—an employee whose job requires him/her to operate or use a
machine or equipment on which servicing or maintenance is being performed under
lockout or tagout, or whose job requires him/her to work in an area in which such
servicing or maintenance is being performed.
Authorized Employee—a person who locks out or tags out machines or equipment in
order to perform serving or maintenance on that machine or equipment.
Energized—connected to an energy source or containing residual or stored energy.
Energy isolating device—a mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission
for release of energy, such as, a circuit breaker or disconnect switch.
Energy source—any source of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical,
thermal or other energy.
Lockout—the placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device, preventing
equipment from being used.
Lockout device—a device that utilizes a means such as a lock to hold an energy isolating
device in a safe position and prevent energizing of the machine or equipment.
Tagout—the placement of a tagout device on an energy isolating device to indicate that
the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated
until the tagout device is removed.
Tagout device—a prominent warning device, such as a tag and a means of attachment,
which can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device to indicate that the
energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until
the tagout device is removed.
6.0 MATERIALS AND DEVICES
6.1 Lockout devices shall be substantial enough to prevent removal without the use of
excessive force or unusual techniques, such as bolt cutters.
6.2 Tagout devices, including means of attachment, shall be substantial enough to
prevent inadvertent or accidental removal and weather-proof. Device attachment
means shall be of a non-reusable type, attached by hand, self-locking.
6.3 Tags shall clearly state: “Do not operate”, “Do not open”, “Do not start”, etc. and have
other warnings against hazardous conditions.
6.4 All lockout and tagout devices (locks, tags, chains, wedges, key blocks, adapter pins,
self-locking fasteners, or other hardware) shall be provided to maintenance personnel
by Facility Support Services.
Only trained and authorized employees shall attach lockout/tagout devices to equipment.
7.1 Comprehensive plan for removal of equipment or system from service.
7.1.1 Preparation for shutdown (including notification of affected employees)
7.1.2 Equipment or system shutdown
7.1.3 Equipment or system isolation including securing movable mechanical
parts that could jog during the off cycle
7.1.4 If the energy source contains capacitors (stored energy), then these devices
shall be drained
7.1.5 Application of lockout/tagout device
7.1.6 Verification of energy isolation (check voltage)
7.2 Plan for release from Lockout/Tagout
7.2.1 Inspection of work area to ensure nonessential items have been removed
7.2.2 Check work area to ensure all employees have been safely positioned
7.2.3 Notification of employees that lockout/tagout devices have been removed
7.2.4 Operation of energy isolation devices
7.3 Disciplinary action shall be applied to any unauthorized person who removes a lock or
tag from a machine or equipment that has been attached as a means of hazardous energy
7.4 If it becomes necessary to remove the lockout/tagout devices of an employee who
is unavailable at the facility, it shall be done only by the employer and under a special
7.5 All contractors shall comply with the lockout/tagout procedures specified by the site
employer and employees of the employer shall not violate the contractors’ lockout/tagout.
8.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational Safety and
Health Standards for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.147, The Control of Hazardous Energy
(lockout/tagout). Raleigh, NC: N.C. Department of Labor.
MACHINE GUARDING OSHA 29CFR 1010.211-.222
Safeguards on machines are designed to protect the employee from injury. Follow these basic rules
to reduce a potential injury:
Safeguard any machine part, function or process that may cause injury.
Never start a machine unless you have been trained in the use of the machine.
Never start a machine unless required personal protective equipment (PPE) is on, in use and
you are wearing appropriate clothing. Refer to PPE section.
Do not wear loose clothing, neckties, rings or other jewelry. Tie back long hair.
Never start a machine unless guards are in place and in good condition.
Treat an unguarded machine as if it were out of order. Tag the machine DANGER, OUT
OF ORDER-DO NOT USE.
Report all missing guards to your supervisor or the teacher in charge immediately.
No guard barrier or enclosure should be adjusted or removed for any reason, unless you are
trained to do the work.
Never service or perform maintenance on a machine without disconnecting power and
implementing the lockout/tagout procedure.
Following safe work practices in the office can prevent many accidents.
Prevent fall and trip hazards by keeping stairways, isles and walk areas clear of boxes,
loose materials, wires and other small objects.
Do not attempt to carry stacks of materials that are high enough to obstruct vision.
Do not lean from a chair to pick up objects from the floor.
Be cautious with chairs on casters that can be advertently pushed from under you when you
attempt to sit down.
Do not stand on a chair, stool or other unstable surface to reach for an object. Use a ladder.
Do not sit on the edges of tables, desks, boxes or low filing cabinets.
Place wastebaskets, briefcases, umbrella stands, and similar objects where they will not
present a tripping hazard.
Exercise care when loading and using staple machines.
Use a proper staple remover for removing staples.
Properly store office supplies.
Ergonomics is the science of fitting the job to the worker. When there is a mismatch between the
physical requirements of the job and the physical capability of the worker, musculoskeletal
disorders can result. Musculoskeletal disorders are a category of injuries that affect the body’s
muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. Where feasible, the following risk factors should
Repetition and inadequate work/rest scheduling
Awkward and extreme positions of the body
Sustained or static positioning of the body
The tips below are intended to provide you with the information and basic tools necessary to assess
the tasks you do each day and correct your job.
Suggestions for setting up a computer workstation properly:
Sit with your lower back against the chair, your upper legs parallel to the floor and your
feet flat on the floor or on a footrest.
Adjust your table or chair so that your elbows are bent at right angles and your forearms are
approximately parallel to the floor.
Keep your wrists straight by using a wrist rest that is the same height as the keyboard.
Place your mouse on a surface close to and at the same height as the keyboard.
Position your monitor directly in front of you, approximately an arm’s length away, with
the top of the screen at or slightly below eye level.
Use a document holder to position work at eye level and close to the screen.
When performing tasks involving repetitive motions or awkward positions, take periodic
stretch breaks or alternate with other tasks.
Filing cabinets are a major cause of accidents and should be used with care.
Filing cabinets can pinch, cut, crush, or trip a user.
Always be alert for top-heavy filing cabinets.
Exercise care when opening and closing file drawers.
Close each drawer immediately after use.
Never close a drawer with your knee, elbow, and any other part of your body other than
your hand. Use the handle, making sure your fingers are clear.
Fire Hazards in the office area
Flammable solvents/solutions shall be dispensed only from approved containers.
Solvents shall be handled carefully.
Displays and decorations shall be flame retardant or non-combustible.
Always disconnect decorative lighting when leaving the work area for the day.
All electric appliances with a heating element shall be unplugged at the end of the workday.
Lifting and moving objects
Serious strains often result from improper lifting and handling of boxes and bundles, office
supplies, ledgers, office machines, etc.
Move such objects with a hand truck or unpack and handle in smaller parcels.
Bulky objects shall be carried in such a way as not to obstruct the view ahead.
Electric office machines shall be properly grounded or double insulated to safeguard
against electrical shock.
Exercise care to prevent electrical cords on office machines and telephones from becoming
If it is necessary to stretch electric cords across the floor, the cord must be covered with a
wire cover (electro duct).
Extension cords shall not be used.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
OSHA 29CFR 1910.132-.138
To establish procedures for the assessment and use of protective equipment, including personal
protective equipment for eyes, face, head and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory
devices, and protective shields and barriers.
2.1 All affected employees of Craven County Schools
2.2 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) shall be provided, used, and maintained in a
sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of
processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological, or mechanical irritants
encountered in a manner capable of causing injury to any part of the body through
absorption, inhalation or physical contact.
3.1 Facility Directors and Principals
Responsible for the adherence of all affected employees to the Personal Protective
3.2 Safety Coordinator
3.2.1 Responsible for evaluating and revising this program annually or as
3.2.2 Provide training materials as needed
3.3.1 Responsible for abiding by these procedures
3.3.2 Attend training opportunities as they are made available as needed
4.1 Training shall be provided to all affected employees before being allowed to
perform work requiring the use of PPE.
4.1.1 Each such employee shall be trained to know at least the following:
When PPE is necessary
What PPE is necessary
How to properly don, doff, adjust, and wear PPE
The limitations of the PPE
The proper care, maintenance, useful life and disposal of the PPE
4.2 Verification of training shall be documented through written certification that
contains the name of the employee trained, the date of training, and identifies
the subject of the training.
4.3 Retraining shall be required when changes occur in the workplace or types of PPE that
render previous training obsolete, or employee’s knowledge or use of assigned PPE is
Affected employee—an employee where a workplace hazard assessment has determined
that hazards are present in his/her job which necessitate the use of personal protective
PPE—personal protective equipment.
6.1 Personal protective equipment shall be provided as required at no cost to the affected
employee by the Craven County School system.
6.2 Types of PPE
6.2.1 Head protection- required when there is a danger of head injury from
impact and falling objects; ex. hardhat.
6.2.2 Ear protection- required when engineering controls cannot reduce noise to
acceptable levels; ex. earplugs.
6.2.3 Eye and face protection- required when exposure to hazards such as flying
particles, molten metal, dust, chemicals, gases, objects, biological hazards,
potentially injurious glare, light or heat radiation or other potentially harmful
exposures may cause injury to the eyes or face; ex. safety glasses, safety
goggles, face shield.
6.2.4 Foot protection- required when where there is a danger of foot injury due to falling
or rolling objects, exposure to piercing the sole, or where protection is needed
against electrical or chemical hazards; ex. safety boots or shoes.
6.2.5 Hand protection- required when there is the danger of hazards such as skin
absorption of harmful substances; severe cuts, lacerations, abrasions, punctures;
chemical burns; thermal burns; ex. different types of gloves.
6.2.6 Respiratory protection- used as part of a comprehensive respirator program when
required to protect employees from airborne contaminants which, when
measured, are above the Threshold Limit Value in NCOSHA Standards.
7.0 PROCEDURES AND INSTRUCTIONS
7.I A job hazard assessment shall be conducted to determine if hazards are present.
7.2 If a hazard is identified, proper PPE shall be selected and provided to the employee.
7.3 Training in the use of the selected PPE shall be provided to the employee.
7.4 Receipt of PPE and understanding of the required training by the employee shall be
8.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENT
North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational Safety and
Health Standards for General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.132-.138, Personal Protective Equipment.
Raleigh, NC: N.C. Department of Labor.
PORTABLE LADDERS OSHA 29CFR 1910.25, 1910.26, 1910.27
All ladders must be inspected frequently and rechecked for soundness and proper working
condition prior to daily use and maintained in good condition at all times.
Ladders that have developed defects shall be withdrawn form service for repair or
destruction and tagged or marked as Dangerous, Do Not Use.
Check for overhead power lines or obstructions before erecting a ladder.
Trained personnel shall use only listed fiberglass ladders for limited authorized electrical
Straight and extension ladders must be tied-off and secured to the upright structure against
which they lean.
Non self-supporting ladders shall be used at an angle such that the horizontal distance from
the top support to the foot of the ladder is approximately one quarter (1/4) of the working
length of the ladder (the distance along the ladder between the foot and the top support).
Ladders must extend three (3) feet above the point of support of eaves, gutters or roofline
and shall be tied off.
Use a ladder with safety feet that are suitable and positioned firmly on the floor, ground or
concrete, which provides a stable flat level surface.
Work facing the ladder with both feet on the rungs.
Only one person is permitted on a ladder at a time unless ladder design specifies otherwise.
Ladders shall not be used as guys, braces, or skids or for other than their intended purposes
for which they were designed.
Ladders shall be maintained free of oil, greases and other slippery hazards.
Ladders shall not be loaded beyond the manufacturer’s maximum rated capacity.
Raise and lower tools or equipment by a hand line and canvas tool bag.
Do not reach out more than an arm’s length from a ladder. If necessary descend the ladder
and move the ladder to a better location.
Do not stand on the top step of a stepladder.
Do not use bracing on the back legs of a stepladder for climbing.
TOOLS—HAND AND POWER OSHA 29CFR 1910.241-244
Use required Personal Protective Equipment (safety glasses, safety goggles, face shields,
etc.) when operating or working near hand or power tools.
Hand and power tools shall be maintained in safe operating condition.
Power operated tools and equipment guards shall be inspected before each use and shall not
be removed or tampered with.
Portable electric power tools shall be double insulated or grounded, using a three-conductor
cord and a three-prong plug. Electric on/off switches shall operate properly.
Any damaged, defective or unsafe plug, cord or tool shall be reported to your supervisor or
teacher immediately. The Tag Out program shall be implemented. (See Lockout/ Tag Out
Tools and other materials shall not be left on stepladders, scaffolds, roofs or other places
where they may be dislodged and fall.
The wooden handles of tools shall not be cracked or splintered and shall be kept tight in the
Floor and bench mounted abrasive wheels shall be provided with safety guards (protection
hoods); maximum exposure shall be no more than 90 degrees.
All bench grinders shall contain a safety guard and the grinding wheel maintained for safe
Work rest must be rigidly supported and readily adjustable. Work rest shall be kept at a
distance not to exceed one-eighth (1/8) inch from the surface of the wheel. Side grinding is
Tongue guards shall be installed and maintained within ¼ inch of the wheel.
All employees using abrasive wheels shall be protected by eye protection equipment that
meets ANZI-Z-87.1-1989 and the eye shield shall be maintained and permanently attached
to the floor or bench grinder.
All fixed power driven metal or wood working tools and equipment shall be provided with
a labeled disconnect switch near the tool or equipment that can either be locked or tagged
in the off position.
All portable, electric circular saws shall be equipped with guards above and below the base
plate. When the tool is withdrawn from the work, the lower guard shall automatically and
instantly return to the covering position.