ENGLAND IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES (1066-1304)

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					 ENGLAND IN THE EARLY
MIDDLE AGES (1066-1304)
             Moral Economy
    No Concept of History
    “Fair” or “Just” Price
    Enforcement
1.   Forestalling, Engrossing and Regrating
2.   Price Controls
3.   Wage Controls
4.   Tenantry Controls
5.   Church’s Support
            English Guilds
    Two Types: Guild Merchants
     (Market Guilds) and Craft Guilds
    Guild Merchants
1.   Definition
2.   Rules
3.   Fraternal Function
            Craft Guilds
 Scope
 ChiefGoal
 Embodied
  Assumptions of
  Moral Economy
 Discouraged
  Competition
            Craft Guilds
  Basis of Guild
   Control:
   Apprenticeship
   System
1. Three Levels
2. Quota of
   Workers
                Craft Guilds
    Regulations
1.   Controlled Access
2.   Hours
3.   Wages
4.   Quality of Goods
5.   Prices
6.   Condition of Sales
            Craft Guilds
 Social Welfare
 Social Activity
 Civic Pride
 Impact
Left: Banqueting Room at Brewers’ Hall, City of
 London

Right: Coat of Arms of the Brewers’ Company
          Women and Guilds
 Myth: Women as
  Unpaid Labor
 Husband’s Trade
 Trades
  Monopolized or
  Dominated by
  Women:
  Spinsters,
  Websters and
  Brewsters
      Women and Guilds
  Why Women Formed No Craft
   Guilds
1. Statute of 1363
2. “Bye” Industries
          Manorial System
 Rural Society
 Definition of a “Manor”
 Originated in Saxon England, but
  Term Introduced by Normans
Medieval Manor
  Divisions of Peasantry
1. Freeholders (Free Tenants)
2. Serfs (Villein)
    Communal Nature
     of System
1.   Obligations
2.   3 Field Crop
     Rotation
3.   Discouraged
     Individual
     Initiative
  Lord’s Demesne
1. Farmed by Peasants and Hired
   Laborers
2. Produce Used by Lord’s
   Household and Surplus Sold at
   Markets in Nearby Towns

				
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posted:10/3/2012
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