VIEWS: 43 PAGES: 4 POSTED ON: 10/3/2012
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE Includes commercial and residential wastes generated in a municipal or notified areas in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. Sources of Wastes Households Commerce Hospital Kinds of Wastes Solid Wastes :- Domestic and Commercial – Paper, Plastic, Cotton, Kitchen waste, Styrofoam containers, bottles, cans, scrap iron, E-waste, waste medicines, mercury thermometers, mercury lamps etc. E-waste – discarded electronic devices like computer, TV, music systems, cartridges etc. Plastic waste – plastic bags, bottles, buckets etc. Metal waste – unused metal sheet, metal scraps etc. Hospital solid waste – Human anatomical waste, waste medicines, bottles, mercury thermometers, syringes, infected cottons, body fluids, etc. Classification of Solid Wastes according to their Properties Bio-degradable Can be degraded (plastics, bottles, old machines, cans, e-wastes etc.) Further classified as :- Garbage – Animal and Plant residue, mainly food wastes Rubbish – Combustible and non-combustible portion of waste excluding food wastes. Trash – Combustible portion of rubbish. Classification of Wastes accordingly to their effects on Human Health and the Environment. Hazardous wastes Substances unsafe to use Explosive Flammable liquids Flammable solids Oxidizing substances Poisonous substances Infectious substances Corrosives Non-hazardous Substances safe to use. Not having the above characteristics Effects of Waste if not managed wisely. Affects our health Affects our socio-economic conditions Affects our environment Affects our climate What should be done Adopt an ecologically sound waste management system which includes : Waste Reduction More Efficient Collection Segregation at Source Recycling and Re-use Composting Management of Municipal Solid Waste of N.A.C Athmallik Introduction :- The Solid Waste Management Department of the Athmallik N.A.C headed by one, Zamadar, three drivers and 09 nos. regular & DLR Sweepress . The overall responsibility of Solid Waste Management of the town vests with Executive Officer of the N.A.C. Besides the above the Sweeping works of the town done through privatization Waste Generation / Day / Athmallik N.A.C. At present N.A.C Town generates about 05 MT of Solid Waste per day. The per capita waste generation is 0.4 Kg. / day. The source wise generation of waste is given below. Sl.No. Source Approve Qnty. In MT 1 House holds 2.0 2 Street Sweeps 2.0 3 Veg, fish & Meat market 0.5 4 Hospitals and Nurshing homes 0.5 TOTAL 5.0 MT Sl. Parameters Description of Work No. (a) Organising house-to-house / door to door collection of Municipal Solid Wastes 1 Collection of through community bin collection (central bin), house-to-house collection, Municipal collection of regular pre-informed timings and scheduling by using bell ringing Solid Wastes of musical vehicle (without exceeding permissible noise levels) (b) Devising collection of waste from slums and squatter areas or localities including hotels, restaurants, office complexes and commercial areas. (c) Wastes from slaughter houses, meat and fish markets fruits and vegetable markets, which are biodegradable in nature, are managed to make use of such wastes. (d) Collected waste from residential and other areas one transferred to community bin by hand-driven containerised carts or other small vehicles. (e) Horticultural and construction of demolition wastes generated are regulated. (f) Waste (garbage, dry leaves) are not burnt. (g) Stray animals are not be allowed to move around waste storage facilities or at any other place in the town and managed in accordance with the State laws. (h) The Executive Officer notified waste collection schedule and the likely method are adopted for public benefit of Athmallik . In order to encourage the citizens, Executive Officer have organised awareness 2 Segregation of programme for segregation of wastes and shall promote recycling or reuse of Municipal segregated materials. The N.A.C Authority have undertake phased programme to Solid Wastes ensure community participation in waste segregation. For this purpose regular meetings at quarterly intervals have been arranged by the Executive Officer with representatives of local resident, welfare associations and non-governmental organizations. N.A.C have established and maintain storage facilities in such a manner as they do 3 Storage of not create unhygienic and insanitary conditions around it. Municipal Storage facilities are created and established by taking into account qualities Solid Wastes of waste generation in a given area and the population densities. A storage facility have been identified so placed that it is accessible to users. Storage facilities are set up by N.A.C. & so designed that wastes stored are not exposed to open atmosphere and shall be aesthetically acceptable and user-friendly. Storage facilities or ‘bins’ are ‘ easy operate’ design for handling transfer and transportation of waste. Bins for storage of bio-degradable wastes have been painted green, those for storage of recyclable wastes are painted white and those for storage of other wastes are painted black. Manual handling of waste are prohibited. If unavoidable due to constraints, manual handling are to be carried out under proper precaution with due care for safety of workers. Vehicles such as 3 nos. of Tractor, are being used for transportation of wastes. 4 Transportation of Municipal (a) The storage facilities set up by Municipality have daily attended for clearing solid Wastes wastes, The bins or containers wherever placed are being cleaned before they start overflowing. (b) Transportation vehicles are so designed that multiple handling of wastes, prior to final disposal is avoided. Waste Disposal One landfill site have been earmarked comprising area 05 Acre of land situated at ward No.03 of Athmallik N.A.C. which is 0.5km. away from habitation clusters for disposal of residual solid wastes on land in a facility designed with protective measures against pollution of ground water, surface water and cur fugitive dust, wind-blown litter, bad odour, fine hazard, bird menace, pests or rodents, slope instability & erosion. Use of Bleaching Disinfection of wells and toilets made by Municipality, Ghats of Municipal ponds, disinfection of public placed during festival time. Use of lime Lime is being used to clean the Municipal pond water periodically. Putting Malaria Oil Malaria oil is used in various drains of N.A.C. area and places of water stagnation to disinfect the breeding places mosquitoes and insects. Use of Cesspool :- One cesspool has been used to clean the septic tanks of night soil and also used to empty the water from collected pits. Use of Fogging Machine One no. of Fogging Machine has been used to kill mosquitoes regularly in N.A.C area. Water Tanker 03 Nos. of water tankers are being used to supply drinking water at water scarcity area during summer season & at the time of requirement of public in other seasons. Executive Officer N.A.C Athmallik .
Pages to are hidden for
"MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE"Please download to view full document