Medical Terminology by 4v4x0P4

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									                                 Medical Terminology
                                 Cardiovascular System
                                       Chapter 5

Function
    Pumps blood to all body tissues with oxygen and nutrients
    Transports cellular wastes products for removal

Structure
 Heart
 Blood vessels
   Arteries:
   Capillaries:
   Veins:
 Blood

The Heart
 Pericardium:

    Epicardium:

 Myocardium:

 Endocardium:


Heart Chambers
 Atria: Rt & Lt

 Ventricles: Rt & Lt

 Septum:

    interatrial septum:

    interventricular septum:

 Cardiac Apex:


Valves
 Tricuspid valve:

 Pulmonary semilunar valve:
 Mitral (bicuspid) valve:

 Aortic semilunar valve:


Circulation
 Oxygenated:

 Unoxygenated:

 Systemic circulation:

 Pulmonary circulation:


Heart Beat
 Electrical impulses:

        S-A node:
        A-V node:

 Electrical waves:
      Electrocardiogram (EKG / ECG)


Heart Sounds
 Lubb:

 Dubb:


Blood Vessels
 Artery:

    Aorta:

 Capillaries:

 Veins:

    Vena Cava:

            o Superior vena cava:
            o Inferior vena cava:
Pulse and Blood Pressure (b/p)
 Pulse:

 Blood pressure (b/p):

 Systolic pressure:

 Diastolic pressure:


The Blood
 Plasma:

 Serum:

 Erythrocytes:

 Leukocytes:

 Thrombocytes:

 Blood types: A - - B - - AB - - O


Medical Career Specialties
 Cardiologist:

 Hematologist:


Pathology
 Coronary Artery Disease:

    Atheriosclerosis:

    Atheroma

    Ischemia:

    Angina Pectoris:

    Myocardial infarction (MI):

    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF):

           o Edema:
    Carditis:

          o Endocarditis:

          o Bacterial endocarditis:

    Myocarditis:

    Pericarditis:

 Heart Valves
   Valvulitis:

    Mitral valve prolapse:

    Mitral stenosis:

    Tricuspid stenosis:

    Heart Murmur:

 Arrhythmias
   Cardiac arrhythmia: (dysrrhythmia)

    Bradycardia:

    Tachycardia:

    Palpatation:

 Fibrillation:

    Atrial fibrillation:

    Ventricular fibrillation:

          o Defibrillation:


 Blood Vessels
   Angiitis:

    Angionecrosis:

    Angiospasm:
    Angiostenosis:

    Hemangioma:

    Perfusion:

 Arteries
   Aneurysm:

    Arteritis:

    Polyarteritis:

    Arteriosclerosis:

 Veins
   Phlebitis:

    Varicose veins:

 Thrombosis & Embolism
   Thrombosis:

    Thrombus:

    Thrombotic occlusion:

          o Occlusion:

    Coronary thrombosis:

    Embolus:

 Blood Disorders
   Dyscracia:

    Septicemia:

          o Pathogenic:

    Cholesterol:

        o Lipid:
 Blood Cells
   Erythrocytosis:
    Thrombocytopenia:

    Leukopenia:

    Leukemia:

 Anemia

    Iron deficient anemia:

 Hypertension:


Diagnostic Procedures
 Blood Tests
   Pulse oximeter:

    Angiography:

    Angiogram:

    Cardiac catheterization:

    Phlebography:

    Electrocardiogram:

    Echocardiogram:


Treatment Procedures

 Antihypertensive medications:

 Clearing blocked arteries

    Angioplasty:

    Atherectomy:

    Endoartherectomy:

    Coronary bypass surgery:
 Heart
   Defibrillation:

    Valvoplasty:

    Pacemaker:

    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation ( CPR ):

 Blood vessels, blood, & bleeding
   Aneurysmectomy:

    Aneurysmorrhaphy:

    Arteriectomy:

    Hemostasis:

    Plasmapheresis:

    Transfusion:

								
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