Alzheimer�s Disease by HC12100320282

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   What is Alzheimer's
   What causes Alzheimer’s
   What parts of the brain are affected
   How do you detect Alzheimer’s
   Alzheimer’s sample test
   Who is at risk
   A movie and links on Alzheimer’s
What is Alzheimer’s?
   Alzheimer's is a degenerative disease of the
    brain.
   The disease attacks nerve cells in all parts of
    the cortex of the brain, as well as some
    surrounding structures.
   In the end, an afflicted person loses all
    memory and mental functioning.

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What causes Alzheimer’s?
Some speculated causes of Alzheimer's are :
 a slow acting virus

 toxic substances (e.g., aluminum in non-
  natural sources).
 Homocysteine (an amino acid) is linked to
  Alzheimer's. It is a known risk factor in heart
  disease and high blood pressure, and known
  to be harmful to nerve cells.
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What parts of the Brain are
affected?
   The hippocampus, which is
    part of the limbic system
    and in part functions as the
    focal point where processes
    leading to memory storage
    and retrieval begin.
   The cortex, which is used in
    forming associations
    between ideas and
    memories.



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How do you detect
Alzheimer’s?
   Diagnosis is done by asking the individual a
    series of questions to test their short term
    memory.
    Alzheimer's can also be diagnosed by ruling
    out other explanations for a memory deficit,
    such as a tumor, or stroke.
   Diagnosis is only about 90% accurate. The
    only way to know that a person has
    Alzheimer's for sure is to do an autopsy after
    the person dies.
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An example of a test to
diagnose Alzheimer’
   Click here to take the Mini Mental State
    Exam.




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Who is at risk for developing
Alzheimer’
Age
  The number of cases of Alzheimer's disease doubles every five years
   in people over 65. By age 85, almost half of all people are afflicted.
 Family History
 People with a family history of the disease are at higher than average
   risk for Alzheimer’s due to genetics.
Gender
 A number of studies suggest that women are more likely to get it while
   one reported that men are more likely to suffer age-related brain
   damage.
Population Differences
 African Americans and Hispanics may have a higher risk than
   Caucasian Americans.

   Alzheimer's disease occurs less frequently in the Native American
    Cherokees and in Asians.
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A movie on Alzheimer’s
disease…
   You will need real ONE to view this video.
                    Alzheimer’s

       Links to Alzheimer’s
       resources…
               Alzheimer’s Association

               Alzheimer’s Disease Education and Referral Center

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