Advanced Placement Literature and Composition
Summer Reading/Writing Assignments
Natomas High School
Advanced Placement Literature and Composition is open to any student willing to accept the challenge.
The purpose of the Summer Reading Assignment is to provide students with an opportunity to
demonstrate both their abilities and their willingness to work. AP Literature and Composition will focus
on the study of literature and composition—all geared towards passing the Advanced Placement test in
May. I assure you, if you put in the time and effort, it will be worth it. Summer Assignments will make up
10% of your first semester grade—which means that if you do not do the work, there is no way to earn an
“A” for the first semester. And, you will be behind.
The Summer Reading and Work Assignment Summary
Part 1: The Holy Bible
Read Genesis 1-6 and the ENTIRE Gospel According to Matthew from the Bible and keep
dialectical journal. Yes, all of it. Although there are many translations, please read and print the
New International Version located at the following link or bring a copy of your own to school.
*Note that you will have to follow link for each new chapter. Be prepared to annotate.
How to Create a Dialectical Journal:
1. Draw a line down the middle of the paper, making two columns.
2. The left column is used for notes - direct quotations or summaries from the reading.
3. The right column is used for commenting on notes in the left column. Personal reactions to the
notes on the left go here. The comments on the right may include:
• what the passage prompts in thinking or memory associations;
• feelings toward the author’s words;
• words or passages not understood;
• words or passages that look important; and
• connections among passages or sections of the work, rhetorical strategies or style
elements, literary devices and figurative language
4. As you take notes in your journal, you should regularly reread the previous pages of notes
and comments, drawing connections in a right-column summary before starting another
page of the journal.
5. You must include the page number or verse of the work that you are quoting.
Quotation/Paraphrase or Summary Literary element, stylistic device, rhetorical Strategy,
Style Elements, Effect, Function, Insights, significance,
questions, predictions, correlations, etc…
MATTHEW 4/THE TEMPTATION OF JESUS Temptation: any similarities between the garden of Eden and this
Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the passage? Jesus doesn’t fall—unlike Adam and Eve—and even
desert to be tempted by the devil. 2After Lucifer before he became Satan?
fasting forty days and forty nights, he was
hungry. 3The tempter came to him and said, Fasting: voluntarily not eating food for varying lengths of time.
"If you are the Son of God, tell these stones Fasting is used as a medical therapy for many conditions. It is also a
to become bread." spiritual practice in many religions. (Jesus fasting to purify himself,
get mind straight before preaching)
Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Man does
not live on bread alone, but on every word Popular Allusion: “forty days and forty nights”
that comes from the mouth of God.” Popular Allusion: “Man does not…” suggesting that spiritual food
is greater value than earthly food…sky is good, earth is bad
-Jesus’ thoughts on prayer…
“seen” versus “unseen” (great word play)
Mathew 6/Prayer -the promotion of humbly praying versus praying only to be
Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the “seen” by others
desert to be tempted by the devil. 2After -Who is “they”??—those who pray in front of others to be seen?
fasting forty days and forty nights, he was Hubris? Praying to be seen rather than praying to the ?
hungry. 3The tempter came to him and said, -attacks hypocrisy
"If you are the Son of God, tell these stones -Jesus does not favor “pagans” prayer rituals
to become bread." -diction: using the word “babbling” to suggest that Pagans talk but
"And when you pray, do not be like the do not say anything of substance?
hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in omniscient God: “who sees what is done in secret” and “your
the synagogues and on the street corners to Father knows what you need before you ask him.”
be seen by men. I tell you the truth, they
have received their reward in full. 6But when
you pray, go into your room, close the door
and pray to your Father, who is unseen.
Then your Father, who sees what is done in
secret, will reward you. 7And when you
pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans,
for they think they will be heard because of
their many words. 8Do not be like them, for
your Father knows what you need before
you ask him.
Part 2: Biblical and Classical Allusions (Print Documents and/or Make Cards)
Allusions to Biblical and Classical references occur frequently in literature and AP English
students should be able to recognize them. They will help you with your understanding of British
Literature. Although you are not required to do so, it may be helpful to complete a 4x6 or 5x8
index card that has a brief summary of each character or reference. What is the most significant
element about the particular reference? What does the individual or event signify or represent? If
you do so, secure your index cards using a clasping metal ring, container, or spiral rings and
organize them. We will work on allusions from Greek mythology, Shakespeare and other literary
works during the year and they will be added to your collection of index cards. The lists can be
found on my summer assignment link.
Part 3: Literary Terms (Make Cards)
The following list is directly from the 9th and 10th grade standard and should be
understood prior to entering AP Literature and Composition. Students will be tested on the first week or
two of school. Students will be expected to write detailed definitions of the terms on the front of a 4x6 or
5x8 index card and two examples of the term on the back. Leave space between the examples. We will be
adding to your cards during the year. Make sure that your cards are either held together by a metal card
ring or in an index card box.
alliteration external conflict parody
allusion fantasy personification
analogy farce persuasion
antagonist fiction points of view
archetype figures of speech protagonist
assonance figurative language repetition
atmosphere flashback satire
audience foil setting
author’s perspective foreshadowing simile
author’s purpose form situational irony
autobiography frame story speaker
biography hyperbole stereotype
characterization the human condition structure
climax imagery style
conflict irony: all forms symbol
connotation melodies of literary syntax
consonance language theme
denotation metaphor universal theme
denouement mood tone
dialect motif tragedy
dialogue myth criticism understatement
diction narrative verbal irony
dramatic irony narrator voice
extended metaphor parallelism
Also!!! Any words and/or phrases located on pages 75-77 and 81-84 in your CliffsNotes Pest Prep book
that is NOT in the list above, please make a card for it.
Part 4: AP Central
Go to the AP Central website, sign up and begin to familiarize yourself with the
site—particularly the Literature and Composition section:
Part 5: Test-Prep Book
Purchase CliffsNotes test-prep book below and READ the introduction and familiarize yourself with the
test and all its details. As well (again), please make cards for terms not listed above (pages 75-77 and 81-
Part 6: College Essay (Explorative Writing to get ready for your essay)
Please answer question #1 and choose any two other questions to write about—write at least a page on
each (but feel free to write more). Remember, when it’s all said and done, your college essay (for the UC
system) should be no more than 1000 words for BOTH prompts. If you will be applying to schools not in
the UC system, you should find out what their writing prompts are and get ready.
1. Write about a time in your life that foreshadowed who you are today and who you will become in the
future (college, career). The event should be significant yet unique and subtle—perhaps a hardship that
you have managed to turn into something positive in your life. This event (perhaps ironically) has become
a metaphor in your life that shows growth and fortitude. Another way to put it: If you were analyzing the
book of your life and you were reading through the first few pages, what is a scene that foreshadows the
rest of the novel; in other words, what event ties in your past with respect to everything now? If not a
scene, maybe a setting, or location that serves as a metaphor. Are you making a campfire with your father
and the campfire is the dichotomous metaphor of your strive for unity and strength? Are you walking on
the levy after a fight with your mom? Are you climbing to the top of a tree in your backyard (even though
your mom said not to) searching out the distant mountains? This event will turn into a personal anecdote
that connects your past, present, and future. The foreshadowing is the bridge between the past and your
2. Describe your own scientific method—that is, how do you make sense of the world?
3. How is Plato and Playdough similar?
4. What is a constant motif in your life, an act I continuously go back to do or one that I may not be
consciously aware of, to either sooth myself or as an exile that helps me understand reality more (i.e.
dancing, singing, talking to myself, memorizing speeches, playing on the swings, teaching yourself, etc..)?
5. In the entirety of the universe, of thousands and thousands of entities, what role do I play, or what role
do I want to play? How will college help me play that role?
6. Besides a mere collection of atoms, what other energy drives me, motivates me to keep going when an
endless pile of work is on my desk and my alarm is about to go off in a couple of hours?
7. Are there any obstacles that I had to overcome and how have I dealt with these difficulties from my
8. Who has influenced me over the years (e.g. parent, sibling, teacher, or friend) and how have they
9. Why am I really applying to this institution? How will attending this school help me grow as an
individual and prepare me for my future career? What do I offer this school. Sometimes a promising,
driven student is all they need.
10. Who’s there?