Under the Radar! Prescription and Over-the-counter Medication Abuse Kevin O’Brien, PISW JoAnn Sartorius, LISW Youth Presenters From Santa Fe and Capital High School Nico Cruz Morgan Preston Carleen Daum Ashley Ramirez What Class of Medications Are Teens Abusing? CNS Depressants – Slow brain function Over The Counter Cough Medications Opioids – usually prescribed to treat pain Stimulants – Increase brain function Http://www.nida.nih.gov/infofacts/PainMed.html The Scope of this Epidemic Americans, consisting of only 4% of the world’s population consume: 80% of the global supply of opioids 99% of the global supply of hydrocodone, 2/3 of the world’s illegal drugs. Prescription Drug Abuse Abuse of prescription medication remains less common then marijuana but more prevalent than other drugs with the exception of inhalants. Unlike alcohol, cigarettes, and other illegal drug use, teens’ abuse of prescription medication has not significantly decreased in the last few years. In 2008 study, 4.7 million adolescents admitted to using a prescription drug in a non-medical manner at some point in their lives. About 4 out of 10 teens think that prescription drugs are safer than illegal drugs. 6 out of 10 teens feel that prescription medications are easier to get then illegal drugs. Partnership for a drug Free America, Partnership Attitude Tracking Study, 2009 http://www.drugfree.org/Files/full_report_teens_2008 Did You Know? 2.1 million American children have intentionally abused cough syrup. 1 in 3 teens report having a close friend who abuses prescription pain relievers to get high. 1 in 4 teens report having a close friend who abuses cough medicines to get high. Emergency room visits due to abuse of prescription drugs outnumber the visits due to marijuana and heroin combined. http://www.drugfree.org/Portal/DrugIssue/Features/Generation_Rx_Study_Confirms_Abuse_of_Prescription Jeopardy Drug Statistics Commonly Signs of Misc. Class Abused Use Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Final Jeopardy Opioids Opioids How Opioids Affect The brain Commonly Abused The High Signs Of Use Adverse Effects Of Opioid Abuse Street Names CNS Depressants Benzodiazepines CNS Depressants, Benzodiazepines What Are CNS Depressants Commonly abused The High Adverse Effects Of CNS Depressant Abuse Street Names Stimulants Stimulants What Are Stimulants? Commonly Abused The High Adverse Effects Associated With Stimulant Abuse Street Names Dextromethoraphan DXM Dextromethorphan (DXM) What is DXM? The High Adverse Effects Associated With DXM Abuse Street Names Pharm Parties Pharming or Skittling: Consuming a mixture of prescription substances Trail mix: Combination of various drugs taken at one time Pharm Parties: Parties where adolescents consume a mixture of different medications http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/streetterms/ByType.asp?intTypeID=56 Identifying Adolescents Abusing Prescription Medications Personality Physical appearance Social Activity School performance Why do teens Abuse Prescription and OTC medications? Teens feel they are safer than “street drugs” To get high Self medication Accessibility Lack of education concerning the dangers of these medications Enhance educational performance What Can Be Done? DISCUSSION Questions, comments, or concerns?
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