TEEN HEALTH COURSE 2

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					                                                                           Chapter 9
                                                                           Alcohol


                                                                           Lesson 1
                                                                           Alcohol Use and Abuse



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Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.                             Next >>
                 A drug created by a chemical reaction in some
 alcohol
                 foods, especially fruits and grains

 intoxicated    Being drunk

 blood alcohol
                The amount of alcohol in the blood
  concentration

 cirrhosis      The scarring and destruction of liver tissue
 ulcer           An open sore in the stomach lining


 alcohol abuse Using alcohol in ways that are unhealthy, illegal,
                or both

                  A disease in which a person has a physical
 alcoholism
                  and psychological need for alcohol
In this lesson, you will be able to

 identify the dangers of alcohol.

 describe the short-term effects of alcohol use.

 explain ways that alcohol use can damage body systems.

 apply accessing-information skills to find facts about alcohol abuse.
Organizing Information

Using this diagram as a guide, create a chart that lists the
reasons why using alcohol is dangerous.

   Reasons          Why Using Alcohol is Dangerous

   Reason 1         Alcohol can affect your control of
                    your body.
Alcohol: What Is It?

Alcohol is an addictive drug.


         alcohol A drug created by a chemical reaction in some
                 foods, especially fruits and grains



Alcohol affects a person physically, mentally,
emotionally, and socially.
Alcohol: What Is It?
Forms of Alcohol


       Beer
                   Contains Ethanol, which
                   forms when the sugars
       Wine         from fruits, grains, or
                       vegetables are
                    fermented with yeast
      Liquor
The Dangers of Alcohol Use

Alcohol is a depressant, a drug that can slow down
the activity of the brain and nervous system.



     Judgment        Loss of control    Increased chance
     gets worse       of motor skills       of disease
How Alcohol Affects Individuals

Some people can drink more alcohol than others
before they become intoxicated.

                intoxicated Being drunk



A person is intoxicated when he or she feels the
effects of drinking alcohol.
How Alcohol Affects Individuals

A blood alcohol concentration, or BAC, of 0.10
percent means that there is 1 part of alcohol per
1,000 parts of blood.


       blood alcohol concentration The amount of alcohol in the blood
How Alcohol Affects Individuals

In most states, a person is legally intoxicated when
the BAC is greater than 0.08 percent.


In all states, anyone under 21 is legally intoxicated if
the BAC is greater than 0.00 percent.
Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Use

Long-term effects of alcohol use include:
  Cirrhosis
  Ulcers
  Fetal alcohol syndrome

       cirrhosis The scarring and destruction of liver tissue


       ulcers An open sore in the stomach lining
Alcohol is Addictive

Over time, the need for alcohol may become so
strong that a person may feel sick without it.


In a person who is addicted to alcohol, using alcohol
becomes the most important part of his or her life.
Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol abuse can lead to a disease known as
alcoholism.

      alcohol abuse Using alcohol in ways that are
                    unhealthy, illegal, or both



      alcoholism A disease in which a person has a
                 physical and psychological need for alcohol
Alcoholism

People suffering from alcoholism are known as
alcoholics.


Alcoholics can help themselves by seeking proper
medical help for their disease.
Alcoholism

Alcoholics drink more and more alcohol to
experience its effects.


To an alcoholic, alcohol may become more
important than family, friends, and work.
                             Lesson 1 Review

What I Learned
Vocabulary Define alcohol.
                                  Lesson 1 Review

What I Learned
Identify What is alcohol abuse?
                                     Lesson 1 Review

What I Learned
Explain What are some short-term effects of
alcohol on the body?
                                   Lesson 1 Review

What I Learned
Describe What kinds of long-term damage are
caused by alcohol use?
                                     Lesson 1 Review

Thinking Critically
Evaluate Explain how being addicted to alcohol can be
harmful to your health.
                                        Lesson 1 Review

Thinking Critically
Analyze Why do you think it is illegal for teens to
use alcohol?
End of
Chapter 9
Alcohol

Lesson 1
Alcohol Use and Abuse



Click for:
>> Main Menu
>> Chapter 9 Assessment

				
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