advertise a vacancy personal details
applicants place a job ad
covering/cover letter professional/work experience
CV (curriculum vitae) qualifications
educational and professional background recruit (hire, employ, take on)
employment agency Recruiters
fill in an application form Recruitment
fringe benefits / perks references
highlight your strengths skills
hire an employment agency vacancy
hunt for a job
invite for a job interview Child allowance
job ads Maternity leave
job applications Private health insurance
make a final selection Sick pay
make an application Christmas bonus
1. How many times do you expect to apply for a new position during your career?
2. How many times do you expect to change jobs in your lifetime?
3. How can you find a job?
How to find a job?
In today's world of great professional mobility an average person will change six jobs in their lifetime
and this number is likely to grow in future. At the same time the number of job applications we are
expected to write during our professional career is much higher. It is therefore very important to
learn how to be proactive and innovative when hunting for a job and applying for a job.
How can you find a job? Companies often place job ads in newspapers or on their web pages to
advertise a vacany. You can also contact an employment agency, a university career center or
spread the word among your friends, family and social networks. When you find a job ad you are
interested in, you will have to make an application, that is send out your CV (curriculum vitae) and a
covering letter. Sometimes you will need to fill in an application form, a special form designed to
gather information on your personal data, education, qualifications, work experience, skills and
In the above text find the words in bold which mean:
Napisati prijavu za posao ______________________
Ispuniti prijavu za posao ______________________
Oglasiti slobodno radno mjesto ______________________
Tražiti posao ______________________
Prijaviti se na posao ______________________
Agencija za zapošljavanje ______________________
Popratno pismo ______________________
Prijava za posao ______________________
How do companies recruit new staff?
1. How do companies recruit new staff? What steps do they have to take?
When there is a vacancy, the company has to recruit (hire, employ, take on) a new employee. Most
companies have a defined selection process or methods they use when they want to recruit new
The Human Resources Department may first try to find an internal candidate, a person who already
works in the company at some other position. If they do not manage to find an appropriate
candidate, they can hire an employment agency or headhunters to help them find him/her. Many
companies place a job ad in newspapers or advertise a vacancy on their web page. The job
advertisement gives a short description of the job (duties and responsibilities of the job and the
conditions, the job specifications and fringe benefits or perks like bonuses, free lunches, a company
car). It also provides a job specification (education and skills needed for the job).
After the HR department receives job applications, they will read CVs and application letters to check
the educational and professional background of applicants. Next they shortlist candidates who will
be invited for a job interview. Some companies also ask shortlisted candidates to take tests to assess
their intelligence and personality. Before making a final selection they will check the applicants'
references and decide which candidate is the best. Finally they offer a job to him/her and if they
accept it, they hire them.
I. Match the halves of the sentences on the left to the halves of the sentences on the right.
Then put the them in the correct order:
A. Interview 1. the references
B. Candidates take 2. for an interview
C. Make a final 3. employment agency or headhunters
D. Shortlist 4. CVs and application letters
E. Hire an 5. candidates
F. Advertise 6. a vacancy
G. The best candidate 7. candidates
H. Check 8. is hired
I. Invite shortlisted candidates 9. tests
J. Receive 10. selection
II. Read the advertisement for an accountant and find out what the company requires from
applicants and what they offer them:
We are seeking for a qualified candidate with experience in
working within corporate accounting operations. The
company is located in Greater Los Angeles area. We offer
great benefits and good work-life balance. Attractive salary.
Private medical insurance.
The candidate must have a Bachelor degree in Accounting and
3-5 years of accounting experience within a large or mid-size
organization. Knowledge of all full-cycle accounting and
financial reporting. Supervisory experience is a plus. A strong
desire/personal need for continuous learning with the
partnership of a high work ethic, vision, and drive.
If you meet the above requirements please email an updated
copy of your resume in word format to
Read the text once again and answer the following questions:
1. Where is the company located?
2. What perks are offered?
3. What is educational background a candidate should have?
4. Which parts of the job ad refer to job description?
5. Which parts refer to job specification?
III. As a full time employee you have some rights and benefits (perks). They differ from
company to company or from country to country. Which of the following are rights and
which are the benefits in your country? Can you think of some more?
Training Holiday pay A company pension
Child allowance Private health insurance Free gym
Maternity leave Sick pay Mobile phone
Free meals Christmas bonus Parking place
I. Put the verbs from the box into the right places:
contacted made found shortlisted hired filled in
offer hunting apply wrote invited
I graduated from college two months ago and I since then I have been ___________ for a job.
I ____________ an employment agency and some headhunters right after finishing college, but they
didn't _____________ me any job. I also looked for job ads in all the newspapers and on the
Intrernet and I _____________ at least ten applications. Two weeks ago I __________ an interesting
job ad on some company's web site and I decided to ____________for it. I _____________ a resume
and I ______________ the application form. They called me two days ago to tell me that I was
_______________ and they ______________ me for a job interview. A few hours after the interview
I got a call from them and... I am __________ !
II. Read the definitions and write down the words:
1. an unoccupied position in a company V_C___Y
2. an agency that helps find jobs for persons
seeking employment EM_ _ _ Y_ _ _ _ _G_ _ CY
3. request for a job A__L______N
4. a written description of someone's professional
and work experience C _ RR _ _ _ _ _ _ V _ _ _ E
5. people asking for a job A__L___N_S
6. to chose a few people from a larger group S_ _ RT_ _ _ T
7. to engage in finding new employees R_ _ _ _ _ T
8. any of benefits such as free life or health insurance,
a company car etc. F_ _ _ G _ B _ _ _ F _ _ S
9. specialists that help companies find new staff H _ _ DH _ _ _ _ RS
10. a person's education E_ _ C _ _ _ _ N _ _ B _ _ _ GR_ _ _D
III. Use the words in italics at the end of each of the following sentences to form a word that
fits in the blank space:
1. I've heard there is a _______________ in our corner shop. vacate
2. You need to fill in this _______________ form by Friday. apply
3. With my __________ background, I'll get this job. educate
4. They will make a final _________ tomorrow. select
5. We don't think you have right _______________ for this job. qualify
6. You can ask your boss to give you a ________________. refer
7. I'll give you the contacts of an excellent ______ agency. employ
8. There are not many job _________ in today's newspaper. advertise
9. She works as a ___________ in a big pharmaceutical company. recruit
10. We have ___________ 10 candidates for an interview. invitation
How to write a CV?
1. What information will you put in a CV?
2. How much time do you think recruiters spend looking at the average CV for a junior position?
3. Will you put your photo in?
4. Will you write about the number of your children?
5. Will you mention your hobbies?
6. Should your CV be honest?
7. Will you write about your religion?
8. How long should your CV be?
Read the text and check your answers:
When you are looking for a job it is very important that you offer yourself in the best way to the
employer. Recruiters in big companies often receive several hundreds CV's for one job position. As
they have very little time, they spend less than a minute looking at the CV for a junior position in
average. A well-written CV is more likely to attract a recruiter's attention and will make you worth
considering to the company. Therefore a CV can be crucial for your pofessional career. It shows your
ability to organize information and highlight your strengths.
Different countries may have different requirements and formats for CVs and you must follow the
practice for your culture and country. However there are also some general rules. The facts are
arranged in groups (personal details, education, professional/work experience, skills, activities,
references). Information about your education and work experience should be put in reverse
You should avoid sentences - the information should be presented clearly, in short notes. Your CV
should not be longer than two pages and its layout has to be clear and balanced. It is important to
check it for spelling or gramamtical errors before sending it.
In some countries it is common to include a photo as well as a date of birth, marital status and a
number of children. If you include your hobbies and interests, leave out the ones that are not
relevant for the position you are applying for. It is important to be honest and not to lie about your
education, working experience or skills. However, it is not necessary to point out your minor
weaknesses or information that might discriminate against you, such as nationality or religion.
Study the CV carefully to see how the information is presented. Decide where the following
headings should be placed:
References Additional Skills Personal Details
Education Interests Professional Experience
4 August 1980
Major account manager
Responsible for establishing and developing relationship with key accounts
in textile industry
2008 – 2010 Poštanska banka
Assistant manager in the Marketing department
In charge of assisting in the implementation of national marketing
2006 – 2008 University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business
MBA in Marketing
2002 – 2006 University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business
BA in Economics
1998 – 2002 Language High School leaving certificate
IT Office 2007 and Windows Vista, Excel
Languages Fluent English, proficient in German
Additional Driving licence
Skiing, cycling and swimming
Secretary of the local branch of 'Sunce', an association organising activities for disabled children
Iva Iveković Petar Jurić
Professor of Economics Marketing director
University of Zagreb Agrokor
1. Have you ever been on a job interview?
2. Elicit useful tips for job interviews. Think about preparations, clothes, behaviour.
3. Elicit possible questions you can be asked in a job interview.
Look at the list of questions you can be asked in a job interview. Which of them are the most
surprising? Which of them are tricky or difficult to answer? What would you answer? Discuss in
1. Where did you work? What were your responsibilities?
2. What major challenges did you face? How did you handle them?
3. What did you like/dislike about your previous jobs?
4. What was your biggest success / failure at your previous job?
5. Why are you leaving your job? /Why did you resign? / Why were you fired?
6. What is your greatest weakness/ strength?
7. Do you take work home with you?
8. How do you work under pressure?
9. What are your salary expectations?
10. Tell me about yourself.
11. Why do you want this job?
12. What can you do for this company?
13. Why should we hire you?
14. How long do you expect to stay in this company?
15. Where do you see yourself in ten years time?
What are the right answers to difficult questions? Sometimes a candidate can get confused by a
recruiter's questions. It is good to predict unusual questions and be prepared to answer them. A
right answer can help you get a job. Look at the following answers and match them with the
questions above. Discuss them in pairs.
1. I was responsible for projects funded by EU.
2. I've decided that is not the direction I want to go in my career. I recently received my Master's
degree and I want to use my knowledge in my next position.
3. This company is internationally known for its marketing campaigns and as I have a lot of
experience in marketing I would love to have the opportunity to participate in the creation of
4. I can sometimes be too much of a perfectionist and then I need more time to accomplish some
task than expected.
5. I really enjoyed the atmosphere in the company and the people. We worked hard but we also
had fun. I enjoyed going to work every morning. At the same time the job was not challenging
enough and I felt I was not able to reach my full potential and there was no room for
6. It is still open and it will depend on my position and the overall compensation package.
7. I can cope with it quite well. In fact, when for instance I work to strict deadlines I tend to be more
creative and focused.
8. Because I am the one for this position. I am fully comitted to my work, I am creative and
hardworking and I will make a valuable contribution to your team. I will definitely be an asset to
The letter of application
The letter of application is sent along with a CV. It is the first contact between an applicant and an
employer and therefore it has to be written well. It usually consists of the following parts:
1. Write that you would like to apply for the position and where you found a job ad
2. Explain why you are interested in that job and how your interests relate to those of the
3. Highlight your education, experience and skills that can contribute to the job
4. Indicate that you are willing to attend an interview
Remember: Do not repeat in detail information from your CV. The letter of application should be no
more than one page long.
Read the letter of application and put its parts in the correct order.
15 April 2012
Ms Ana Petrić
As you can see from the enclosed CV, I have worked for four years in finance. I am sure that my
experience along with my educational background would be extremely relevant to this position.
Moreover, as I lived ten years in Germany I am fluent in German and I would definitely enjoy working
in a German-speaking environment.
I am writing to apply for the position of a branch manager advertised on 3 April 2012 on your web
I look forward to hearing from you.
I would be pleased to discuss my CV with you in more detail at an interview. In the meantime, please
do not hesitate to contact me if you need any further information.
Although I am presently employed by one of the leading companies in Croatia, it has always been my
intention to work in a bank. I am looking for a position of a greater responsibility with the
opportunity for advancement.
Dear Ms Petrić
Put the following phrases into correct order.
1. to be considered / of 10 February 2012 /I would like / which you advertised / for the position of
office manager / in Jutarnji list /
2. suits both my personal /you are offering / The job / and professional interests
3. I have had a year experience / As you can see/ working as an office manager / from the enclosed
4. of office duties / With a BA in business,/ and responsibilities / I have a full understanding
5. I am ready to work / and am confident / in hectic atmosphere / in my ability to work
6. will make me a very competitive candidate/ my experience and education / I believe that / for
7. an interview / at your convenience / I would appreciate
8. or my cell phone, 099/354817 / I can be reached anytime / via email at firstname.lastname@example.org
9. to speaking with you / about this employment opportunity / I look forward