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									The Holocaust
   Donna Thomas
        What was the Holocaust?
   The Holocaust was
    the murder on six
    million Jews and
    millions of others by
    the Nazis and their
    collaborators during
    World War II.
                            Anne Frank
               More Targets
   During the era of the Holocaust, the Nazis
    also targeted other groups because of their
    perceived "racial inferiority": the
    handicapped, Gypsies, and some Slavic
    peoples.
   Other groups were targeted for political and
    behavioral reasons, among them were
    Communists, Socialists, and Jehovah’s
    Witnesses.
Where were the Jews?
                 Genocide
   Mass killings began in 1941 when the
    Germans invaded the Soviet Union.
   By the end on 1941 the Germans began
    deporting Jews to concentration camps.
   By May 1945, about two out of every three
    Jews in Europe had been murdered.
         Concentration Camps

   Gas chambers killed millions of people

   Bodies were cremated to destroy the
    evidence

   Those that were not gassed were worked
    and starved to death
                      The Ghettos
   They took all the Jews from
    different parts of the country
    and moved them into one
    section of a city called the
    ghetto.
   The Ghettos became
    overcrowded causing illness,
    starvation, and dirtiness.
   The largest ghetto in Poland
    was the Warsaw ghetto, where
    approximately 450,000 Jews
    were crowded into an area of
    1.3 square miles.
What about the children?
                  The Children
   Children were especially vulnerable victims of the
    Nazis. It is estimated that over one million children
    were murdered.
   In the ghettos, many died from lack of food,
    clothing, and shelter.
   The majority of children were sent straight to the
    gas chambers. A number of children in the
    camps, especially twins, were used in Nazi
    medical experiments.
                       Liberation
   On June 6, 1944 (known as D-Day), the western Allies
    launched the single largest amphibious invasion force in
    world history, landing almost 150,000 soldiers under the
    command of U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower on the
    beaches of Normandy, France. By the end of the month,
    more than 850,000 American, British, and Canadian troops
    had come ashore to embark upon what Eisenhower called
    the “Great Crusade, ” the “destruction of the German war
    machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed
    peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.”

   On May 8, 1945, less than one year after D-Day, Nazi
    Germany's unconditional surrender became official, and the
    world could celebrate the liberation of Europe from Nazi rule.
          Liberation Continued
   As Allied troops
    moved across Europe,
    they encountered
    concentration camps,
    mass graves, and
    numerous other sites
    of Nazi crimes.
Survivors
                    Reference
   United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
       http://www.ushmm.org/

								
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