Night questions by fDQ7Zq

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									                                        Night
                                    By Elie Wiesel
                                   Review Questions

Write the answer to each question on your own paper. If you have your own book, you
may highlight the answers in your book and place the question number in the margin.
Chapter 1
   1. Describe Moshe the Beadle.
   2. Describe Elie Wiesel at age 12.
   3. Describe Elie’s father.
   4. What was the first persecution that the people of Sighet observed?
   5. When Moshe the Beadle returned to Sighet, what had he experienced?
   6. How did the people of Sighet react to his story?
   7. What happened on the seventh day of Passover?
   8. What laws were enacted between the arrests and the setting up of the ghetto?
   9. How did the Jews rationalize living in the ghettos?
   10. What was the general opinion in the town about the ghettos?
   11. What were the people allowed to take with them when they were deported?
   12. Who was knocking on the window of the Wiesel house?
   13. What do you think he would have said if they had been able to talk to him?
   14. At what point did Elie begin to hate the Hungarians?
   15. What did the Wiesel’s old servant, Martha, offer them?
   16. What can you infer about the Wiesel family because they refused her offer?
   17. Why do the people left in the ghetto use the term “on holiday” to describe their
       situation?
Chapter 2
   18. Describe the situation in the cattle cars.
   19. What were the people told just after crossing the Hungarian border?
   20. Why had Madame Schachter lost her mind?
   21. What are Madame Schachter’s ravings a foreshadowing of?
Chapter 3
   22. Describe the last time Elie saw his mother and sisters.
   23. Why did one of the prisoners caution Elie and his father to lie about their ages?
   24. After the first selection process was over and Elie was standing with his father,
       what did he witness?
   25. Elie’s father made the comment, “It’s a shame you couldn’t have gone with your
       mother.” What would have happened if Elie had gone with her?
   26. After arriving at their barracks, an SS officer arrives. What did he tell the
       prisoners their only choices were?
   27. The inscription over the gates at Auschwitz read: “Arbeit Macht Frei” (Work is
       liberty). What is ironic about this inscription?
   28. Why did Elie refuse his first bowl of soup?
   29. When Stein asked Elie about his family, Elie lies to him? Why did he lie?
   30. When Stein received “real” news about his family, what happens?
Chapter 4
   31. Describe Elie’s first impression of Buna.
   32. Why was the German interested in the children when they arrived at Buna?
   33. What did the “hard-faced boy” want from Elie?
   34. What were the dentists looking for during their exams?
   35. What did Elie and his new friends, Yossi and Tibi, vow to do if they lived until
       liberation?
   36. Franek, the foreman, wanted Elie’s gold tooth. How did he torture Elie?
   37. What did Elie do?
   38. For punishment, what did Franek make Elie pay for making him wait for the
       crown?
   39. Why did Idek make Elie’s unit work in the warehouse on their day of rest?
   40. What was Elie’s punishment for interrupting the Kapo’s plan?
   41. Why did the hanging of the “sad-eyed angel” affect Elie more than the other
       hangings he witnessed?
Chapter 5
   42. Why did Elie not participate in the Rosh Hashanah services for the new year?
   43. Why did Elie not fast on Yom Kippur?
   44. What was the “fine new year’s gift” the men of Buna received from the SS?
   45. Why did the head of Elie’s block tell them to run for the selection?
   46. When Elie dreamed of a better world, what would be eliminated from his new
       universe?
   47. The day Elie’s father was selected to stay in camp, what “inheritance” did he pass
       on to his son?
   48. Why did Akiba Drumer begin to die?
   49. In the hospital, the “faceless one” said he had more faith in Hitler than anyone
       else. What did he mean by this statement?
   50. As the Russian army approaches, Buna is to be evacuated. Elie and his father
       must make a choice. What do they decide to do?
   51. Why is this the wrong decision?
Chapter 6
   52. On the death march from Buna, what did the SS guards do if someone could not
       keep up the pace?
   53. What did Elie assume happened to prisoner Zalman?
   54. What kept Elie from allowing himself to die?
   55. How far did the group travel before the SS allowed them to rest?
   56. Why did Elie and his father watch each other sleep?
   57. What did Rabbi Eliahou’s son do when the old man could not keep up?
   58. What was their destination?
   59. What did Elie’s friend, Juliek, do before he died?
   60. How did Elie save his father from the selection as they were leaving Gleiwitz?
Chapter 7
   61. Describe the scene when German workers tossed pieces of bread into the railcars.
Chapter 8
   62. List the incidents that occur which lead to Elie’s father’s death.
Chapter 9
   63. Describe the uprising at Buchenwald.
   64. How did Elie describe what he saw when he looked at himself in the mirror?
                                        Night
                                    By Elie Wiesel
                                     Vocabulary

1. Beadle – a minor church official in a synagogue
2. Cabbala – mystic approach to Judaism
3. Maimonides – a Jewish philosopher (1135-1204) who attempted to harmonize the
    teachings of Judaism with those of Aristotle
4. Zohar – cabbalistic books, the secrets of Jewish mysticism
5. Gestapo – the German secret police created in 1933 to wipe out political
    opposition to Hitler and locate and arrest Jews
6. Zionism – the movement to create a Jewish state in Palestine that gained in
    acceptance after World War II
7. Anti-Semite – a person who is hostile toward or prejudiced against Jews
8. Passover – Jewish festival commemorating the escape of Jews from Egypt
9. Ghetto – a section of a city walled in by the Nazis, where Jews were crowded,
    shut off from enough food, shelter, clothing, and medicine
10. Talmud – a collection of Jewish religious and civil laws, together with scholarly
    interpretations of their meanings
11. Deportation –this was the transportation of Jews from their homes or ghettos to
    concentration camps
12. Phylacteries – leathers boxes containing strips of parchment inscribed with
    quotations from the Hebrew Scriptures
13. Birkenau – reception center for Auschwitz concentration camp
14. Kaddish – prayer for the dead
15. Sonder-Kommando – unit which worked the crematories
16. Antechamber – waiting room
17. Kapo, Oberkapo, Lagerkapo – persons in charge of prisoners
18. Harangue – long pompous speech
19. Meister – German civilian employee
20. Aryan – in Nazi thought, a fair, white, gentile believed to be superior to all other
    members of the human race
21. Pipel – a young little servant
22. Rosh Hashanah – Jewish new year
23. Yom Kippur – Jewish Day of Atonement
24. Musulman – a weak prisoner headed toward death
25. Dysentery – infection of the intestinal tract
26. SS – Schutzstaffel initials of an elite guard, fiercely loyal to Hitler, charged with
    the task of carrying out the persecution and murder of the Jews in Europe
27. Concentration camps – a prison camp surrounded by barbed wire and machine
    gun towers where Jews and other persecuted people were brutally treated
28. Death camps – Special concentration camps whose sole existence was to
    exterminate human beings (Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Majdanek)
29. genocide – systematic, planned destruction of a race, political or social group
30. Holocaust – a specific event in history in the 20th century, 1939-1945
                                        Night
                                     Character List

Eliezer Wiesel (identification number A-7713): He is the narrator of the book.
Eliezer is taken to concentration camps in Poland and Germany at the age of fourteen.
He is a very devout Jew and interested in Jewish mysticism.

Chlomo Wiesel (Eliezer’s father): He spends most of his time occupying himself
with community affairs and the Jewish Council. As a fifty-year old man, he becomes
increasingly weak and finds it harder to escape the abuse in the concentration camps.

Moshe the Beadle: He is a poor, humble man who works at the Hasidic synagogue in
Sighet. He helps Eliezer to study the cabbala, and he teaches that it is more important
to ask God the right questions than to try to find the right answers

Hilda and Bea: Eliezer’s older sisters.
Tzipora – Eliezer’s younger sister
Sarah – Eliezer’s mother

Dr. Mengele: The SS officer who decides who is to go to the crematories during
selections. Noted for his medical experiments on prisoners

Stein of Antwerp: Husband of Riezel who is the niece of Eliezer’s mother.
Juliek: a Polish violin player who plays his last song at Gleiwitz
Franek: a Polish foreman of the musician’s block at Buna
Yossi and Tibi: Czech brothers who befriend Eliezer
Alphonse: German Jew who is head of the musician’s block at Buna
Idek: Kapo of the musician’s block at Buna, has Eliezer lashed twenty-five times
Akiba Drumer: fellow prisoner at Auschwitz and Buna, devout mystic
Zalman: worked with Eliezer at Buna, trampled underfoot on run to Gleiwitz
Rabbi Eliahou: well-liked rabbi whose son tries to get away from him
Meir Katz: friend of Cholomo’s who saves Eliezer’s life
       Life in Extremis: Moral Action and the Camps

All of these circumstances actually happened. In each of the following situations,
indicate with either a Yes or No how your group would respond to the question. Then
prepare a rationale statement to share with the rest of the class which explains the reasons
behind your decision.

_____ 1. A chance for escape from Auschwitz appears for one inmate, but he must accept
leaving his younger son who is simply too weak to travel. The father and son have
shielded each other during their camp experience. Knowing this, should the father
attempt the escape?


_____ 2. A young man breaks down when told of the death of his family. He decides that
in the morning he will commit suicide by attacking an SS officer. Because of the Nazi
practice of mass reprisal, his act will cost the lives of all 400 men in the barracks. If the
young man cannot be convinced to change his mind, should he be killed by the
underground to protect the interest of the larger group?


_____ 3. An inmate desperately needs certain medicines to survive. Medicines can be
obtained by giving in to the sexual desires of a particular SS officer who has access to
medicines. Should a friend of the man try to obtain the medicines if this is the only way
he can get them?


_____ 4. An inmate in the barracks is caught stealing bread during the night from a
fellow inmate. Should he be beaten severely as a lesson to all that certain behavior
cannot be tolerated?


_____ 5. An inmate in the barracks has been found to be an informer for the SS. He acts
the role of a cooperative inmate but several inmates know he is a spy for the Germans.
Should the informer be killed?


_____ 6. A number of inmates have been placed on the death list for the coming week.
These individuals are essential to maintaining the underground. Several other inmates
have the power to replace their numbers on the death list with others who are already
very sick. Should this switch be made?


Source: Furman, Harry. The Holocaust and Genocide: A Search for Conscience. State of
       New Jersey. Department of Education. Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith.
       New York, 1983. p. 149
                                        Night
                                   Economic Terms

1. allocation – distribution of goods or services according to a plan (20, 39, 41, 49)



2. barter – direct trading of goods and services between people (24, 46, 53, 103)




3. benefit – a measure of the satisfaction received from consuming a good or the
   gain from producing something (38, 49, 60, 101)



4. choice – a decision; the act of deciding (1, 8, 33, 36, 78)



5. division of labor – dividing the production of something into a number of steps
   which can be performed by different people (9, 33, 35, 48)




6. goods – objects that can satisfy people’s wants (9, 33, 35, 48, 101)




7. human capital – the knowledge and skills that go into the production of goods and
   services (3, 10, 13, 21, 29, 36)




8. incentive – something that encourages (positive) or discourages (negative) a
   person to act (3, 5, 21, 51, 54, 59, 81)



9. interdependence – dependence on another person or country to provide the goods
   and services wanted (38, 47, 85)
10. money – anything widely accepted as final payment for goods and services (24,
    46, 50, 53)



11. natural resources – “gifts of nature”, present without human intervention (9, 13,
    14, 35)



12. opportunity cost – the highest valued alternative that must be given up because
    another option is chosen ( 15, 21, 32, 56, 78)




13. productive resources – natural resources, human resources and capital goods used
    to make goods and services (4, 33, 48)




14. public good – good financed by public funds and constructed by the government
    for the benefit of the general public (9, 14, 32, 92)




15. scarcity – the condition of not being able to have everything we want ( 3, 9, 46,
    91)



16. services – activities that can satisfy people’s wants (3, 11, 49)




17. specialization – when individuals produce a narrower range of goods and services
    than they consume (1, 11, 13, 14, 29, 36)




18. wants – desires that can be satisfied by consuming a good or service (3, 14, 23,
    95)
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You have received this card   You have received this card   You have received this card
 because you have met the      because you have met the      because you have met the
 day’s criteria. Keep this     day’s criteria. Keep this     day’s criteria. Keep this
  card until the end of our     card until the end of our     card until the end of our
 study of Night to receive     study of Night to receive     study of Night to receive
        extra credit.                 extra credit.                 extra credit.




 Selection Card                Selection Card                Selection Card
You have received this card   You have received this card   You have received this card
 because you have met the      because you have met the      because you have met the
 day’s criteria. Keep this     day’s criteria. Keep this     day’s criteria. Keep this
  card until the end of our     card until the end of our     card until the end of our
 study of Night to receive     study of Night to receive     study of Night to receive
        extra credit.                 extra credit.                 extra credit.




 Selection Card                Selection Card                Selection Card
You have received this card   You have received this card   You have received this card
 because you have met the      because you have met the      because you have met the
 day’s criteria. Keep this     day’s criteria. Keep this     day’s criteria. Keep this
  card until the end of our     card until the end of our     card until the end of our
 study of Night to receive     study of Night to receive     study of Night to receive
        extra credit                  extra credit.                 extra credit.

								
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