Night By Elie Wiesel Review Questions Write the answer to each question on your own paper. If you have your own book, you may highlight the answers in your book and place the question number in the margin. Chapter 1 1. Describe Moshe the Beadle. 2. Describe Elie Wiesel at age 12. 3. Describe Elie’s father. 4. What was the first persecution that the people of Sighet observed? 5. When Moshe the Beadle returned to Sighet, what had he experienced? 6. How did the people of Sighet react to his story? 7. What happened on the seventh day of Passover? 8. What laws were enacted between the arrests and the setting up of the ghetto? 9. How did the Jews rationalize living in the ghettos? 10. What was the general opinion in the town about the ghettos? 11. What were the people allowed to take with them when they were deported? 12. Who was knocking on the window of the Wiesel house? 13. What do you think he would have said if they had been able to talk to him? 14. At what point did Elie begin to hate the Hungarians? 15. What did the Wiesel’s old servant, Martha, offer them? 16. What can you infer about the Wiesel family because they refused her offer? 17. Why do the people left in the ghetto use the term “on holiday” to describe their situation? Chapter 2 18. Describe the situation in the cattle cars. 19. What were the people told just after crossing the Hungarian border? 20. Why had Madame Schachter lost her mind? 21. What are Madame Schachter’s ravings a foreshadowing of? Chapter 3 22. Describe the last time Elie saw his mother and sisters. 23. Why did one of the prisoners caution Elie and his father to lie about their ages? 24. After the first selection process was over and Elie was standing with his father, what did he witness? 25. Elie’s father made the comment, “It’s a shame you couldn’t have gone with your mother.” What would have happened if Elie had gone with her? 26. After arriving at their barracks, an SS officer arrives. What did he tell the prisoners their only choices were? 27. The inscription over the gates at Auschwitz read: “Arbeit Macht Frei” (Work is liberty). What is ironic about this inscription? 28. Why did Elie refuse his first bowl of soup? 29. When Stein asked Elie about his family, Elie lies to him? Why did he lie? 30. When Stein received “real” news about his family, what happens? Chapter 4 31. Describe Elie’s first impression of Buna. 32. Why was the German interested in the children when they arrived at Buna? 33. What did the “hard-faced boy” want from Elie? 34. What were the dentists looking for during their exams? 35. What did Elie and his new friends, Yossi and Tibi, vow to do if they lived until liberation? 36. Franek, the foreman, wanted Elie’s gold tooth. How did he torture Elie? 37. What did Elie do? 38. For punishment, what did Franek make Elie pay for making him wait for the crown? 39. Why did Idek make Elie’s unit work in the warehouse on their day of rest? 40. What was Elie’s punishment for interrupting the Kapo’s plan? 41. Why did the hanging of the “sad-eyed angel” affect Elie more than the other hangings he witnessed? Chapter 5 42. Why did Elie not participate in the Rosh Hashanah services for the new year? 43. Why did Elie not fast on Yom Kippur? 44. What was the “fine new year’s gift” the men of Buna received from the SS? 45. Why did the head of Elie’s block tell them to run for the selection? 46. When Elie dreamed of a better world, what would be eliminated from his new universe? 47. The day Elie’s father was selected to stay in camp, what “inheritance” did he pass on to his son? 48. Why did Akiba Drumer begin to die? 49. In the hospital, the “faceless one” said he had more faith in Hitler than anyone else. What did he mean by this statement? 50. As the Russian army approaches, Buna is to be evacuated. Elie and his father must make a choice. What do they decide to do? 51. Why is this the wrong decision? Chapter 6 52. On the death march from Buna, what did the SS guards do if someone could not keep up the pace? 53. What did Elie assume happened to prisoner Zalman? 54. What kept Elie from allowing himself to die? 55. How far did the group travel before the SS allowed them to rest? 56. Why did Elie and his father watch each other sleep? 57. What did Rabbi Eliahou’s son do when the old man could not keep up? 58. What was their destination? 59. What did Elie’s friend, Juliek, do before he died? 60. How did Elie save his father from the selection as they were leaving Gleiwitz? Chapter 7 61. Describe the scene when German workers tossed pieces of bread into the railcars. Chapter 8 62. List the incidents that occur which lead to Elie’s father’s death. Chapter 9 63. Describe the uprising at Buchenwald. 64. How did Elie describe what he saw when he looked at himself in the mirror? Night By Elie Wiesel Vocabulary 1. Beadle – a minor church official in a synagogue 2. Cabbala – mystic approach to Judaism 3. Maimonides – a Jewish philosopher (1135-1204) who attempted to harmonize the teachings of Judaism with those of Aristotle 4. Zohar – cabbalistic books, the secrets of Jewish mysticism 5. Gestapo – the German secret police created in 1933 to wipe out political opposition to Hitler and locate and arrest Jews 6. Zionism – the movement to create a Jewish state in Palestine that gained in acceptance after World War II 7. Anti-Semite – a person who is hostile toward or prejudiced against Jews 8. Passover – Jewish festival commemorating the escape of Jews from Egypt 9. Ghetto – a section of a city walled in by the Nazis, where Jews were crowded, shut off from enough food, shelter, clothing, and medicine 10. Talmud – a collection of Jewish religious and civil laws, together with scholarly interpretations of their meanings 11. Deportation –this was the transportation of Jews from their homes or ghettos to concentration camps 12. Phylacteries – leathers boxes containing strips of parchment inscribed with quotations from the Hebrew Scriptures 13. Birkenau – reception center for Auschwitz concentration camp 14. Kaddish – prayer for the dead 15. Sonder-Kommando – unit which worked the crematories 16. Antechamber – waiting room 17. Kapo, Oberkapo, Lagerkapo – persons in charge of prisoners 18. Harangue – long pompous speech 19. Meister – German civilian employee 20. Aryan – in Nazi thought, a fair, white, gentile believed to be superior to all other members of the human race 21. Pipel – a young little servant 22. Rosh Hashanah – Jewish new year 23. Yom Kippur – Jewish Day of Atonement 24. Musulman – a weak prisoner headed toward death 25. Dysentery – infection of the intestinal tract 26. SS – Schutzstaffel initials of an elite guard, fiercely loyal to Hitler, charged with the task of carrying out the persecution and murder of the Jews in Europe 27. Concentration camps – a prison camp surrounded by barbed wire and machine gun towers where Jews and other persecuted people were brutally treated 28. Death camps – Special concentration camps whose sole existence was to exterminate human beings (Treblinka, Sobibor, Belzec, Majdanek) 29. genocide – systematic, planned destruction of a race, political or social group 30. Holocaust – a specific event in history in the 20th century, 1939-1945 Night Character List Eliezer Wiesel (identification number A-7713): He is the narrator of the book. Eliezer is taken to concentration camps in Poland and Germany at the age of fourteen. He is a very devout Jew and interested in Jewish mysticism. Chlomo Wiesel (Eliezer’s father): He spends most of his time occupying himself with community affairs and the Jewish Council. As a fifty-year old man, he becomes increasingly weak and finds it harder to escape the abuse in the concentration camps. Moshe the Beadle: He is a poor, humble man who works at the Hasidic synagogue in Sighet. He helps Eliezer to study the cabbala, and he teaches that it is more important to ask God the right questions than to try to find the right answers Hilda and Bea: Eliezer’s older sisters. Tzipora – Eliezer’s younger sister Sarah – Eliezer’s mother Dr. Mengele: The SS officer who decides who is to go to the crematories during selections. Noted for his medical experiments on prisoners Stein of Antwerp: Husband of Riezel who is the niece of Eliezer’s mother. Juliek: a Polish violin player who plays his last song at Gleiwitz Franek: a Polish foreman of the musician’s block at Buna Yossi and Tibi: Czech brothers who befriend Eliezer Alphonse: German Jew who is head of the musician’s block at Buna Idek: Kapo of the musician’s block at Buna, has Eliezer lashed twenty-five times Akiba Drumer: fellow prisoner at Auschwitz and Buna, devout mystic Zalman: worked with Eliezer at Buna, trampled underfoot on run to Gleiwitz Rabbi Eliahou: well-liked rabbi whose son tries to get away from him Meir Katz: friend of Cholomo’s who saves Eliezer’s life Life in Extremis: Moral Action and the Camps All of these circumstances actually happened. In each of the following situations, indicate with either a Yes or No how your group would respond to the question. Then prepare a rationale statement to share with the rest of the class which explains the reasons behind your decision. _____ 1. A chance for escape from Auschwitz appears for one inmate, but he must accept leaving his younger son who is simply too weak to travel. The father and son have shielded each other during their camp experience. Knowing this, should the father attempt the escape? _____ 2. A young man breaks down when told of the death of his family. He decides that in the morning he will commit suicide by attacking an SS officer. Because of the Nazi practice of mass reprisal, his act will cost the lives of all 400 men in the barracks. If the young man cannot be convinced to change his mind, should he be killed by the underground to protect the interest of the larger group? _____ 3. An inmate desperately needs certain medicines to survive. Medicines can be obtained by giving in to the sexual desires of a particular SS officer who has access to medicines. Should a friend of the man try to obtain the medicines if this is the only way he can get them? _____ 4. An inmate in the barracks is caught stealing bread during the night from a fellow inmate. Should he be beaten severely as a lesson to all that certain behavior cannot be tolerated? _____ 5. An inmate in the barracks has been found to be an informer for the SS. He acts the role of a cooperative inmate but several inmates know he is a spy for the Germans. Should the informer be killed? _____ 6. A number of inmates have been placed on the death list for the coming week. These individuals are essential to maintaining the underground. Several other inmates have the power to replace their numbers on the death list with others who are already very sick. Should this switch be made? Source: Furman, Harry. The Holocaust and Genocide: A Search for Conscience. State of New Jersey. Department of Education. Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith. New York, 1983. p. 149 Night Economic Terms 1. allocation – distribution of goods or services according to a plan (20, 39, 41, 49) 2. barter – direct trading of goods and services between people (24, 46, 53, 103) 3. benefit – a measure of the satisfaction received from consuming a good or the gain from producing something (38, 49, 60, 101) 4. choice – a decision; the act of deciding (1, 8, 33, 36, 78) 5. division of labor – dividing the production of something into a number of steps which can be performed by different people (9, 33, 35, 48) 6. goods – objects that can satisfy people’s wants (9, 33, 35, 48, 101) 7. human capital – the knowledge and skills that go into the production of goods and services (3, 10, 13, 21, 29, 36) 8. incentive – something that encourages (positive) or discourages (negative) a person to act (3, 5, 21, 51, 54, 59, 81) 9. interdependence – dependence on another person or country to provide the goods and services wanted (38, 47, 85) 10. money – anything widely accepted as final payment for goods and services (24, 46, 50, 53) 11. natural resources – “gifts of nature”, present without human intervention (9, 13, 14, 35) 12. opportunity cost – the highest valued alternative that must be given up because another option is chosen ( 15, 21, 32, 56, 78) 13. productive resources – natural resources, human resources and capital goods used to make goods and services (4, 33, 48) 14. public good – good financed by public funds and constructed by the government for the benefit of the general public (9, 14, 32, 92) 15. scarcity – the condition of not being able to have everything we want ( 3, 9, 46, 91) 16. services – activities that can satisfy people’s wants (3, 11, 49) 17. specialization – when individuals produce a narrower range of goods and services than they consume (1, 11, 13, 14, 29, 36) 18. wants – desires that can be satisfied by consuming a good or service (3, 14, 23, 95) Selection Card Selection Card Selection Card You have received this card You have received this card You have received this card because you have met the because you have met the because you have met the day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this card until the end of our card until the end of our card until the end of our study of Night to receive study of Night to receive study of Night to receive extra credit. extra credit. extra credit. Selection Card Selection Card Selection Card You have received this card You have received this card You have received this card because you have met the because you have met the because you have met the day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this card until the end of our card until the end of our card until the end of our study of Night to receive study of Night to receive study of Night to receive extra credit. extra credit. extra credit. Selection Card Selection Card Selection Card You have received this card You have received this card You have received this card because you have met the because you have met the because you have met the day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this card until the end of our card until the end of our card until the end of our study of Night to receive study of Night to receive study of Night to receive extra credit. extra credit. extra credit. Selection Card Selection Card Selection Card You have received this card You have received this card You have received this card because you have met the because you have met the because you have met the day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this day’s criteria. Keep this card until the end of our card until the end of our card until the end of our study of Night to receive study of Night to receive study of Night to receive extra credit extra credit. extra credit.
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