Chapter Twelve

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					Chapter Twelve
 The Noble Profession
      What Is a Professional?
There are four generally accepted
  features of all professions:
 A specialized body of knowledge
 A rigorous and extended course
  of study that leads to licensure
 Training that allows individuals to
  make complex decisions often
  without the consultation of others
 A set of ethical standards of
  conduct
       A Body of Specialized
           Knowledge


 Knowledge  of our content area
 General pedagogical knowledge
 Knowledge of the nature of learning
 Course of Study That Leads to
           Licensure
A balanced curriculum of colleges, schools
  and departments of education including:
     General education courses
     Specialty courses in your content area
     Professional courses
     Education field experiences or internships
     Student teaching or clinical experience
     Praxis exams
The Ability to Make Autonomous
            Decisions
Teachers make over a thousand decisions
 in a typical day, including:
     Determining disciplinary strategies
     Selecting the appropriate instructional
      methods
     Explaining an evaluation decision to a parent
     And many others!
         Ethical Practices

 The  teaching profession embraces a clear
  set of ethical practices
 Many of these are outlined by the NEA
  and the AFT
  The New Accountability: The
      Praxis Examinations
 The  Praxis exams were formally
  introduced in 1992
 These exams represent a new generation
  of teacher assessment
 The exam series has three primary
  components – Praxis I, II and III.
                   Praxis I
 Designed to measure your academic skills and
  focuses on reading, writing, and mathematics.
 Typically you will take the Praxis I during your
  sophomore year
 This exam is administered as a paper and pencil
  exam (PPST) or in a computer-based format
  (CBT).
 Used as a criterion to formally enter the teacher
  education program.
                        Praxis II
   Consists of two components: the PLT and
    Specialty Exams
       Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) -
        assesses your pedagogical knowledge derived from
        courses such as Educational Foundations
       The Specialty Exam - measures your knowledge of
        an area of expertise such as Special Education, or K-
        12 Art. It has a traditional, multiple-choice section
        and a “constructed response” component.
                      Praxis III
 This is not an exam, but rather an evaluation of
  your performance in the classroom as a teacher.
 You will be evaluated on the basis of criteria that
  represent the four domains of practice. These
  include:
       Organizing Content Knowledge for Student Learning
       Creating an environment for Student Learning
       Teaching for Student Learning
       Teacher Professionalism
 Professional Support Networks
          for Teachers
 We  have a vast network of professional
  organizations at the local, state, regional
  and national level
 These networks provide you with
  professional information, support,
  consultation, comradery, and even job
  protection
         School Support Staff
   Nurses
   Counselors
   Secretaries
   Fellow teachers
   School Psychologist
   Speech and Hearing Therapists
   Reading Specialists
   Special Education Teachers
   School Social Workers
   Administrators
       Professional Organizations


 Specialty   organizations
     Child Centered
     Subject Centered
 Internationalorganizations
 National teacher organizations and unions
   Specialty Organizations: Child
      Centered - Examples

 Association for Childhood Education
  International (ACEI) www.acei.org
 National Association for the Education of
  Young Children (NAEYC) www.naeyc.org
 National Middle School Association
  (NMSA) www.nmsa.org
 Council for Exceptional Children (CEC)
  www.cec.org
    Specialty Organizations: Subject
         Centered - Examples
   International Reading Association (IRA) www.reading.org
   National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) www.ncss.org
   National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) www.ncte.org
   National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
    www.nctm.org
   National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) www.nsta.org
   American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
    (ACTFL) www.actfl.org
   American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation
    and Dance (AAHPERD) www.aahperd.org
   Music Teachers National Association (MTNA) www.mtna.org
   National Art Education Association (NAEA) www.naea.org
  International Organizations
 Perhaps  the best known of these is Phi
  Delta Kappa International (PDK).
 PDK is an “umbrella” organization that
  publishes a wide array of professional
  materials
     Phi Delta Kappan Journal
     News, Notes and Quotes
     Sponsors grants, awards, workshops,
      educational meetings and trips
 National Teacher Organizations
           and Unions

 There   are two large teacher organizations
     NEA (National Teacher organization)
     AFT (American Federation of Teachers)
 National Education Association
 The oldest and largest teacher organization
 Organized as the National Teachers Association
  in 1857, it became the NEA in 1886
 Boasts a membership of about 2.3 million
  teachers
 Encourages students to join the organization
  with membership in the student NEA (SEA)
            NEA Initiatives
 Legislative Action Center - you can read about
  current pending legislation that effects
  education.
 Publications - NEA Today, Thought & Action,
  Higher Education Advocate, The NEA Almanac
  of Higher Education, Tomorrow’s Teachers, This
  Active Life, Education Statistics
 Events - This section describes upcoming
  events, such as the national meeting for the
  NEA, state meetings, etc.
    NEA Initiatives (Continued)
 NEA Read Across America - This project, with
  the IRA (International Reading Association) is
  celebrated on Dr. Seuss’s birthday. Teachers
  and others read aloud to children on this day.
 Help for Parents -Through the NEA website,
  www.nea.org parents can get ideas on how they
  can help their children learn in school.
 Online resource for educators.
 NEA – Student Membership
 Publications - NEA Today – monthly
  newspaper, Tomorrow’s Teachers –
  annual magazine for students
 Current research
 Workshops and Conferences
 Leadership training
 Guidance for teaching diverse students
 Opportunities for networking
American Federation of Teachers
            (AFT)
 The   American Federation of Teachers,
  AFT is proud of its status as a labor
  organization
 It was founded in 1916 with John Dewey
  as the organization’s first official member
 It plays an important role in fighting for
  higher wages and better working
  conditions for all teachers
              AFT Initiatives
 Meetings   and Conferences
 Legislative Action Center - allows you to
  link to pending legislation that effects
  education and has links to legislators.
 Publications
     Inside the AFT
     American Educator
     Public Service Reporter
     American Teacher
  AFT Initiatives (Continued)
 The  Parent Page - provides assistance for
  parents who want to help their children
  with schoolwork and other helpful sites.
 Web Resources & Local Web Sites - links
  to resources that are valuable for
  educators.
 Teacher Salary Survey - gives
  comparative information regarding teacher
  salaries.
        Professional Folios and
              Portfolios

 Professional folios and portfolios have become
  an important part of the evaluation process.
 The folio is a collection of all the documents,
  products and information that demonstrate your
  professional development.
 The professional portfolio is a specialized
  selection of folio materials that will highlight your
  professional development.
        Portfolio Contents
 Philosophy   of Education Statement
 Resume
 Photographs  of your school, students,
  classroom, projects, etc.
 Lesson Plans (five or more and include
  one that uses technology)
 Samples of student work for each lesson
  plan
 Reflections on each lesson plan
 Portfolio Contents (Continued)
 Student Teacher Forms: i.e., Student
  Teacher Responsibility Sheets, Student
  Time Records
 Evaluations of your teaching performance
  from your cooperating teacher and college
  supervisor
 Other activities that you participated in
  such as faculty meetings, PTA, etc.
 Video tapes of lessons
       Creating Your Folio

 Background  and Experiences
 Awards and Recognitions
 Teaching Performance
 Student Outcomes
          Life-long Learning

 Professional   development is a long-term
  process.
 It involves years of formal education,
  clinical experiences (student teaching),
  and evaluation of your progress.
 In addition it requires lifelong learning at
  the university level, in the classroom and
  through the process of self-reflection
  through journaling.
   Your Professional Journal
A  reflective journal is both the process and
  the product of recording your experiences
  and insights.
 Your reflective journal can help you
  understand more fully your professional
  development.
 As part of your teacher education program
  you may be required to begin a reflective
  journal.
   Getting Your First Teaching
            Position

 Prepare   your resume and professional
  portfolio.
 Attend job fairs offered by your college or
  other universities in your area.
 Make contacts in your student teaching
  school.
            Interviewing Tips
 Relax but focus on the interview, write a thank you note
  later that evening.
 Smile and be polite but don’t gush.
 Make eye contact but do not stare at the interviewer.
 Shake hands firmly at the beginning and end of the
  interview.
 Be positive about your student teaching experience and
  your school, do not criticize or be negative.
 Put a positive “spin” on previous experiences and work
  relationships.
 Answer all questions in a positive manner.
Interviewing Tips (Continued)
 Be prepared to discuss your “philosophy of
  education.” Practice you answer and even role
  play with a fellow student.
 Be ready to discuss how you would handle
  discipline in the classroom. Focus on
  “preventative discipline.”
 Understand the important issues in education
  such as “phonics” or how you might use
  technology for instruction.
 “Think on your feet.” You may be asked a
  personal question that you were not expecting.
    National Board Certification -
              NBPTS
 The pinnacle achievement in our profession is
  National Board Certification
 There are five “core propositions” upon which
  the overall NBPTS assessment is based
       Commitment to students
       Knowledge of their subject matter
       Effective classroom management skills
       Systematic instructional practices
       Direct membership in the learning community

				
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posted:10/3/2012
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