The Middle Ages Introduction Back to Western Europe • Where did we leave off? – The Roman Empire was collapsing. • Invaders attacked Rome from the north (Germania) – Power was shifting East (to what empire?) – The Catholic Church has filled the power vacuum left by the Roman Empire. • Church had the power over political, social, economic, and religious life of everyday Europeans. In the Middle Ages, the power is with the C.H.U.R.C.H. Church authority grew as Roman authority declined. Power Vacuum! http://www.seflooringamerica.com/i mages/userpics/Person%20vacuu ming.JPG Powerful Popes • #1 – Gregory the Great (590-604 A.D.) – Took over the day to day administration of Rome. – Instructed military on the defense of the city. – Became an international political leader! Hundreds of social and religious needs met by parish priests. http://people.morrisville.edu/~brownmt/english_lit/nunspri1.gif Unification of Europe under the church Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox The Conversion of Ireland! • Story of St. Patrick (390?-461) Roman and Greek cultural achievements preserved by monasteries. • Monasteries- People went there to grow spiritually and to escape Europe, which was still in chaos. • Most influential monk – Benedict of Nursia (470-543) • He wrote a Rule. The Rule called for monks to live a balanced life of work and prayer (work consisted of translating ancient texts!) http://www.lonelyplanet.com/worldguide/wgimages/BN8937_11.jpg Crowning of Charlemagne in 800 A.D. = key event • Example of the power of the church. • Basically proves how strong the church had become. http://oncampus.richmond.edu/a cademics/education/projects/we bquests/charlemagne/images/co ronation-charlemagne-MS-8.jpg Holy Roman Empire = main political body under Catholic church In the Middle Ages, the power is with the C.H.U.R.C.H. Church authority grew as Roman authority declined. Hundreds of social and religious needs met by parish priests. Unification of Europe under the church Roman and Greek cultural achievements preserved by monasteries. Crowning of Charlemagne in 800 A.D. = key event Holy Roman Empire = main political body under Catholic church Basically, Medieval culture was a mix of the three C’s • Classical heritage of Rome • Christian Beliefs • Customs of Germanic Tribes Reflection • If you lived during the Middle Ages, what do you think you would have to do or be to be successful?
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