Defending the Indefensible by XYrV9gO

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									Defending
the Indefensible
Examining proof-texts
of liberalism


                        1
Liberalism
 “Not restricted to the literal
 meaning; free and unconfined”
 Going beyond / changing God’s
 word (2 Jno. 9; Rev. 22:18-19)
 Continue to need scriptural
 authority! – Colossians 3:17
                              2
A “New Hermeneutic”
Has changed the way many
in churches of Christ view
and apply Bible authority

                             3
Bible Authority: Acts 15
 Approved example, 15:6-11
 Necessary inference, 15:12
   (14:3)
 Direct statement, 15:13-19
 At one time Christians
 generally agreed with this
                              4
Guy N. Woods, 1957
“With much of brother Cogdill’s speech
I am in complete agreement … No one
calls in question these matters which
he discussed regarding the authority
of the scriptures, the all-sufficiency of
the church of our Lord in the matter of
performing the work which God gave
the church to do.”     (Cogdill-Woods Debate, p. 26)

                                                 5
A New Hermeneutic
“But there is no infallible
method for interpreting
Scripture. There is no
heaven-given system of
Bible study.”
            (Rubel Shelly & Randall J. Harris,
              The Second Incarnation, p. 19)
                                            6
A New Hermeneutic
“Thus we reject a rigid
‘pattern theology’ that simply
proposes to transplant
religious-cultural forms from
the Bible to the 20th or 21st
century.” (Ibid., p. 31)
                            7
A New Hermeneutic

“Our hermeneutic is
therefore theological
and Christocentric.”
                  (Ibid., 28)

                          8
A New Hermeneutic
“Is the activity or methodology
under contemplation consistent
with the person and work of Jesus
Christ? If we do this, will the
people who see it think we reveal
Christ? Will we be doing what
people would expect to see Christ
doing in this situation?” (Ibid., 29)
                                   9
Broad Consequences
“This principle has broad consequences
for ecclesiology. It says, for example,
that the church need not have either
explicit mandate or permission for
everything it wishes to do. The church
may confidently ground its activities of
compassion and service in the
character of its head.” (Ibid., 29)
                                     10
The Results
 Fewer will attempt to defend their
 practices using Bible patterns –
 2 Tim. 4:3-4 (3:13)
 Silence of the Scriptures will
 increasingly be used to approve
 practices
 Ecumenism (unity in doctrinal &
 moral diversity) will increase
                                11
Are You an “Anti”?
 “Opposed to a given
proposal, policy, etc.”
 The charge: We are
opposed to church
cooperation
                      12
No Binding Patterns?!
“So, it becomes necessary to
raise the question: is there
an exclusive pattern of
church cooperation taught in
the Bible? My answer. No.”
                         (Guy N. Woods,
              Cogdill-Woods Debate, 196)
                                    13
No Binding Patterns?!
“The Bible does not
provide an exclusive
pattern for evangelism.”
                          (Jackie M. Stearsman,
           “Church Cooperation and Evangelism,”
                      The Harvester, Feb. 1997)
      http://www.fsop.net/harvest/1996_97/february.htm

                                                 14
Cooperation Among Churches

        EVANGELISM
C   $
    $
C           Preacher     Preach Gospel
    $
C

    Acts 13:1-3; Phil. 4:15-16
           2 Cor. 11:8
                                  15   15
Cooperation Among Churches

        EVANGELISM
C   $
        Missionary
    $
         Society;  $               Preach
C                       Preacher
        Sponsoring                 Gospel
    $
C         Church

                       Scripture
                        Please!
                                     16   16
 Cooperation Among Churches

          BENEVOLENCE
  C   $
      $     Local Church $
  C                          Relieve Need
              (elders)
      $
  C

      Acts 11:27-30; 1 Cor. 16:1-3
2 Cor. 8:1-4, 13-15; 9:1, 12-14 Rom.
                15:25-27
                                     17   17
Cooperation Among Churches

        BENEVOLENCE
C   $
        SPONSORING
C
    $
          CHURCH;
                      $
                          Need
                                 $   Relieve
                                      Need
    $   INSTITUTION
C

                      Scripture
                       Please!
                                        18   18
Scripture Please!
 Church support & maintain human
   organizations to do its work?
 Sponsoring church overseeing
   benevolence & evangelism for
   many churches?
 One church soliciting other
   churches to support its work?
                             19
Liberalism Says…
There is no binding
pattern for the work of
the local church…
“Whatever love for God and man
dictates, is the law of God for the
church.” - Cogdell, The Cogdell-Turner Discussion, 90)
                                                  20
NT Pattern:
Work of the Local Church
 Preach the gospel - 1 Ths. 1:8;
 Acts 11:22; Phil. 1:5-7
 Edify the saints - 1 Cor. 14:26;
 Eph. 4:11-12; Acts 11:22f; 13:1-2
 Relieve needy saints – Acts 6:1-
 6; 1 Cor. 16:1; 2 Cor. 8-9; 1 Tim.
 5:16
                                      21
Local Church All-Sufficient
 The local church, under the
  oversight of its own
  elders, is fully-equipped to
  accomplish its God-given
  work (Acts 14:23; 1 Pet.
  5:2)
                           22
The issue: Evangelism
 May churches of Christ
build & maintain
missionary societies to
do the work God gave
the local church to do?
                          23
The issue: Evangelism
         Select areas

         Select preachers
Church
         Provide place, support

         Facilities
                            24
  The issue: Evangelism
                       Select areas
         Missionary
          Society      Men
Church   (President,
           Board,
          Treasury)    Provide place
                       Support,
                       Facilities
                                    25
The issue: Edification
 May churches of Christ
build & maintain colleges
to do the work God gave
the local church to do?

                       26
The issue: Edification
          Select curriculum

          Select teachers
Church
          Provides place

          Provides support,
          Facilities
                              27
  The issue: Edification
                       Select subjects
          College
                       Select teachers
Church   (President,
           Board,
          Treasury)    Provides place,

                       facilities


                                    28
The issue: Benevolence
  May churches of Christ
 build & maintain
 benevolent societies to
 do the work God gave
 the local church to do?
                           29
The issue: Benevolence
          Sees need, Acts 6

          Appoints men, Acts 6
Church
         Provides place, support

         Care, facilities
                              30
 The issue: Benevolence
                       Sees need
         Benevolent
           Society     Appoints men
Church   (President,
           Board,      Provides place,
          Treasury)
                       Support, care,
                       etc.

                                    31
Benevolence: Saints ONLY
SINGING         SAINTS
 Eph. 5:19       Acts 2:44-45
 Col. 3:16       Acts 6:1-6
 1 Cor. 14:15    Acts 11:29-30
 Matt. 26:30     Rom. 15:26-27
 Jas. 5:13       1 Cor. 16:1
 Acts 16:25      2 Cor. 8-9
 Heb. 2:12                 32
Liberalism Says…
Whatever the
individual Christian
can do the church
can do
                       33
Fail to Distinguish Individual
Action & Church Action
  Galatians 6:10: Misapplied to
    okay general benevolence
  James 1:27: Misapplied to
    okay church support of
    human organizations
        - Mark 14:7 -          34
    Churches or Individuals?
Jno. 15:1-6       Gal. 6:1-10         Jas. 1:18-27
2 - branch       1 - man, you      18 - us, we
3 - you (pl.)    2 - you, one      19-20 - breth., man
4 - you          3 - anyone,       21 - your souls
5 - you,he,him       himself, he   22 - yourselves
6 - anyone, he   4-5 - each one    23 - anyone, man, he
                 6-7 - him, man    24 - he, himself man
                 8 - he, his       25 - he who, one
                 9 - us, we        26 - anyone, he
                 10 - we, us       27 - oneself      35
Scriptural Distinction
 Matt. 18:15-17: One, one or
   two more, the church
 1 Tim. 5:16: Let not the church
   be charged, but the individual
   family member is charged
 Acts 11:22: The church acted,
   and so did an individual
                                36
Liberalism Says…
The local church should
provide benevolent
relief to all men (saints
& sinners)
                       37
The Argument:
  Jesus’ compassionate
miracles allow the local
church to relieve the needs
of saints & sinners alike
   Matthew 4:23; 25:35-40


                              38
The Argument:
“Jesus not only releases but
compels the modern church to
find incrementally more effective
ways to feed the hungry, cloth
the needy, minister to the
outcasts, and provide homes for
the homeless…
                              39
The Argument:
“…Literacy programs, soup
kitchens, drug dependency
programs, and prison outreaches
need no other justification than
that, in such activities, the church
takes on both the heart and
demeanor of the one she calls
Lord and Master.” (Shelly/Harris, 29)
                                 40
Defending the Indefensible
  Confirming miracles, Jno.
   5:36; 10:38
  Not all were healed, 2 Tim.
   4:20
  Individuals stand in judgment,
    not churches
                                41
The Argument:
 2 Cor. 9:13: ALL MEN
  Are told that churches relieved
   the needs of all men
  Are told that churches sent
   funds to relieve all men in
   Jerusalem, not just needy
   saints
                                 42
Defending the Indefensible
 Translation – “men” supplied
by translators of KJV & NKJV
   Pantas: “all of a like kind,
   everything”
  Humanity does not adhere to
   the word (context determines)

                               43
The Context:
 Saints (Jerusalem & all others)
  2 Cor. 8:4 – to the saints
  2 Cor. 9:1 – to the saints

  2 Cor. 9:12 – needs of saints

  2 Cor. 9:13 (Rom. 15:27) – Sharing
   (fellowship) (Eph. 5:11; 2 Jno. 10-11)
  2 Cor. 9:14 – Recipients prayed for
     sending churches
                                      44
 2 Corinthians 9:13
  Money RAISED for saints, 1 Cor. 16:1;
  Rom. 15:26
  Money SENT to saints, Rom. 15:25
  Money RECEIVED by saints, Rm. 15:31
  Money SUPPLIED NEEDS of saints,
  2 Cor. 9:12
DID PAUL MISAPPLY THESE FUNDS?!
                                    45
Liberalism Says…
The local church may
build &/or support
human organizations
to do its benevolent &
evangelistic work
                     46
The Argument:
  Church-supported benevolent
    organizations
     The end justifies the means
“The church has a primary mission to
perform and work to do - saving souls and
keeping them saved. But any activity that
will contribute to that end which is not of
itself sinful, is permissible for the church to
engage in, as long as it is done with that
end in view…
                                             47
The Argument:
  The end justifies the means
“Furthermore, the church can use any
means and methods that it sees fit to
accomplish this end so long as those
means and methods are not in and of
themselves sinful.”
                     (Gaston Cogdell, p. 91-92)

                                           48
Defending the Indefensible
 The end does not justify the
   means – Rom. 3:8
 The “view in mind” must be “good”
   in God’s sight – Heb. 13:21
 That is defined by God’s word, not
   our good intentions! – 2 Tim. 3:
     16-17
                                   49
The Argument:
  Church-supported benevolent
    organizations
     No instructions to the church
“There are no instructions in the
scriptures as to how the church is to
carry on its work of evangelization
and benevolence.” (Gaston Cogdell, p. 95)
                                        50
The Argument:
  Church-supported benevolent
    organizations
     No instructions to the church
“Helping the needy is a matter of
faith; the how to do this work is in the
realm of human judgment.”
                          (Perry B. Cotham, Anti-ism,
            The 18th Annual Mid-West Lectures, 2000)
                                                51
Defending the Indefensible
 A method (expedient) must first
   be authorized – 1 Cor. 10:23
 Local church is the organization
   authorized to meet such needs
   among the saints
 Bible silent re. another organization
   to be built, funded and/or
   operated by the local church!
                                     52
The Argument:
 Church-supported benevolent
  organizations: James 1:27
    Pure religion allows a church to
     build, fund &/or maintain
     organizations (orphan’s homes,
     etc.) as method of benevolence

                                   53
Defending the Indefensible
 Context of James 1:27
 Individual Christian, not the
   collective action of the local
   church
 Remember, individual & church
   are not the same thing!

                               54
                        James 1:27

                                     •Bridle tongue
      Visit                          •Not deceive himself
Fatherless and widows                •Keep himself unspotted




                   The Same Man
                                                            55
The Argument:
 Sponsoring Church Arrangement
   in Evangelism
    Philippi was sponsoring church
     in Macedonia - Phil. 4:15-16
     Acts 18:5 - Historical setting
     2 Cor. 11:8 - Wages from churches
     Philippi the “accounting” church for
      other churches
                                        56
Defending the Indefensible
 Contradicts Paul – Phil. 4:15-16
 “No church…you only…you sent…”
 Destroys independence & autonomy
     Whose work is it: Giving church?
      Sponsoring church?
     Who exercises oversight: Giving
      church? Sponsoring church?

                                         57
The Argument:
 Sponsoring Church Arrangement
   in Benevolence
    Jerusalem was sponsoring
     church – Acts 11:27-30
     Relief to brethren in Judea (11:29)
     Sent to the elders (11:30; Acts 12:25)
     Conclusion: Funds sent to Jerusalem
      elders, who distributed the relief
                                            58
Defending the Indefensible
 Paul was unknown to brethren in
   Judea before relief of Acts 11 –
     Gal. 1:18-24 (v. 22)
    Acts 26:20 – Paul preached
     “throughout all the region of Judea”
     before going to the Gentiles. When?
     This relief trip…to elders in Judea!
     Last stop: Jerusalem – Acts 12:25
                                             59
Church-sponsored Social and
Recreational Activities:
“For the church to turn aside from its divine
work to furnish amusement and recreation is
to pervert its mission. It is to degrade its
mission. Amusement and recreation should
stem from the home rather than the church.
The church, like Nehemiah, has a great work
to do; and it should not come down on the
plains of Ono to amuse and entertain.”
      (B.C. Goodpasture, Gospel Advocate, May 20, 1948)
                                                 60
Church-sponsored Social and
Recreational Activities:
“Building recreation rooms and
providing and supervising
recreational activities at the expense
of the church is a departure from
the simple gospel plan as revealed
in the New Testament.”
    (Gospel Advocate Annual Commentary, 1951, p. 229)
                                                61
The Argument:
 Church-sponsored Social
  Activities and Acts 2:42-46
    The early Christians ate
      together
     The church can facilitate such
         social gatherings today
                                   62
Defending the Indefensible
 Acts 2:42 - Lord’s Supper, not a
     meal to satisfy hunger
 Acts 2:46 – Church met in the
   temple to worship & learn
 Acts 2:46 – Meals “from house to
   house” – Not a fellowship hall!
 Homes & church-provided facilities
   are two different things!
                                     63
The Argument:
 Church-sponsored Social
  Activities & 1 Cor. 11:17-22
    Paul was rebuking abuse of
     Lord’s Supper, not banning
     church-provided social
     activities
                              64
Defending the Indefensible
 11:20 – Purpose of coming
   together: Eat Lord’s Supper
 11:22 – Perversion rebuked
 11:34 – Solution: Remove meals
   from your meetings! (11:22, 34)
 Churches have assumed a work
   the Lord did not authorize!
                                65
Liberalism
 Takes one away from the word
 of God & thus, away from God
 (2 John 9)
 Bible patterns for work and
 organization of the church are
 revealed & settled in Scripture –
 2 Timothy 3:16-17
                                66
Truth
“Buy the truth and do not sell it,
 Also wisdom and instruction
 and understanding.”
                 (Proverbs 23:23)


                               67
Bible Authority
“And whatever you do in word
 or deed, do all in the name of
 the Lord Jesus, giving thanks
 to God the Father through
 Him.”
                (Colossians 3:17)
                              68

								
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