American Culture by XYrV9gO

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									      Western
      Culture


                 Review: History of
                 Western Thought
Review by Ruth Anderson
               Review

1) What are the two contrasting
  foundational principles of
  Western thought?

  – Greek philosophy (search for truth)


  – Jewish and Christian religions

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                 Review
2) Ancient Greece was the Birthplace of
  ideas like what?

  – Democracy
  – Geometry
  – Sickness having natural causes




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                   Review
3) What lasting contribution did Socrates
  make to Western thinking?

  – Critical Philosophy: being
    willing to call everything into
    question




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                  Review
4) What lasting contribution did Plato make
  to Western thinking?

  – He asked:
    What is reality is made of?
    and
    How do we know what we
    know?

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                  Review
5) What lasting contribution did
 Aristotle make to Western thinking?

  – He created a system of
    deductive logic.
  – He tried to explain why things
    happen the way they do,
    based on what we already
    know.

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                Review
6) What are three reasons ancient Greece
  was the source of so many ideas?

  – The alphabet
  – Overseas trading
  – Decentralization




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                Review
7) What idea came out of the Jewish and
  Christian religions?

  – Nature and human nature need to be
    controlled and subordinated




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                 Review
8) How did Ancient Greek culture pursue
  truth?

  – Through thinking and questioning




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9) How did Christian Religion pursue truth?


  – Through faith in God




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               Review
10) What did the Romans want to do to the
  world?

  – Make it Roman




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                Review
11) Who could use an area the Roman
  army had rebuilt?

  – Everyone, whether Roman or not




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                  Review
12) What contributions did the Romans
  make to Western Culture?

  – political structure
  – concepts of legal administration
  – and the Catholic Church.




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                 Review
13) What was one of the
  main points of the Magna
  Carta?

  – The king had to obey the laws he created




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                   Review
14) What was one
  result of the Black
  Death?

  – It resulted in a labour
    shortage




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                 Review
15) What is
  Humanism?

  – A philosophy
    stressing the
    importance of
    humanity rather
    than the
    supernatural

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                Review
16) When did classical authority start to be
  questioned?

  – During the Renaissance




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                  Review
17) What can history be seen as?

  – The story of conflict between interest groups




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                  Review
18) What does Adam Smith’s
  theory of the "invisible hand"
  of the market say?



  – That the pursuit of individual interest
    produces a collective good for society



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End of History of
Western Thought
    Review



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