These will be within groups or on a one to one basis where appropriate

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					Briefing note to the Crime & Community Safety Overview and Scrutiny Commission March
2008



            Review the Effectiveness of the Respect Parenting Project


1. Respect Parenting Practitioner


     1.1 The Home Office has funded a Respect Parenting Practitioner Post for 3
     years (2010) based within the ASB Team. ASB Officers have direct access to the
     Parenting Practitioner. The Parenting Practitioner will receive referrals from ASB
     (Anti-Social Behaviour) Officers, Social Services, and Housing, within the City of
     Hull, when Parenting has been identified as an issue and anti-social behaviour is
     present.

     1.2 The Parenting Practitioner will receive referrals from any agency where a
     Children with Additional Needs Meeting (CWAMN) has identified a parenting need
     to help address anti-social behaviour within a family. To date since the post
     commenced in July 2007 35 referrals have been received. 32 of the referrals were
     from ASB officers or police, 1 from Social Services, 1 from a School via a
     CWAMN, and one from Education Welfare via a CWAMN.

     1.3 Where there is a need for a CAF (Common Assessment Framework) and a
     relevant trained professional cannot be identified to undertake the assessment,
     the Parenting Practitioner will undertake the CAF, and arrange a CWAMN or
     contact the CAF team to ensure a CAF is completed. Referrals will be made to
     appropriate agencies where necessary such as Social Services, parents and
     young people will also be signposted to other agencies as appropriate.

     1.4 The Respect Parenting Practitioner will provide evidenced based Parenting
     Programmes, to families where appropriate after an initial assessment. These will
     be within groups or on a one to one basis where appropriate. (See Below)

     1.5 The Parenting Practitioner will be responsible for gathering and recording
     information for monitoring and reviewing purposes to inform the Home Office of
     the effectiveness of Respect Parenting intervention.




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  1.6 The Respect Parenting Practitioner post is a new post and therefore is still
  being developed. This work includes making contacts with other agencies,
  creating policies and procedures, assessment and feedback forms. Contact has
  been made with other Respect Parenting Practitioners within the Region and a
  ‘sharing practice’ group has been set up by the Hull Practitioner to enable her to
  develop her role and good practice. A representative from City Safe also sits on
  the strategic parenting partnership to ensure links with the broader parenting
  strategy and facilitate integrated working.

  1.7 The Respect Practitioner is also undergoing other training to enable her to
  work closely with Education and the Youth Offending Team to ensure practice is
  evidence based and effective. The Parenting Practitioner is also undergoing
  training at Northern College through Parenting UK and the National Academy for
  Parenting Practitioners to enable her to train other practitioners. In particular to
  develop ‘training’ to deliver to other Parenting workers, such as ‘Learning Styles’
  which will complement Parenting Training for Hull Practitioners and help with
  deliverance of programme’s taking into account individual needs.

  1.8 The Parenting Practitioner is also working alongside the FIP (Family
  Intervention Project), to create Parenting Contracts, in addition to preparing
  contracts for families with Anti-Social Behaviour where appropriate. Procedures
  for implementing and reviewing Contracts and Orders will use ‘SMART’ principles
  which will promote good practice and enable evidence to be gained towards other
  tools and powers.


2. Background

  2.1 One of the six strands of the Respect Agenda is:

  Supporting families

         Parents have a critical role in helping their children develop good values
          and behaviour.
         Conversely, poor parenting increases the risks of involvement in anti-
          social behaviour.
         We will develop parenting services nationally and focus help on those
          parents who need it most.
         We will expand national parenting provision and establish a new National
          Parenting Academy for front line staff.
         We will legislate to increase the circumstances, and organisations that can
          apply for a parenting order, where a child’s behaviour requires it.

  Confirmation of Hull becoming a Respect Area status represents a real
  commitment on both the Home Office and Hull City Council’s parts. The Home
  Office have high expectations of Hull City Council’s commitment and ability to
  deliver against five key themes of the Respect drive, one of the key themes is to
  establish parenting programmes for families at risk of/or behaving anti-socially;




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3 Triple P

   3.1 What is Triple P?

   Triple P is a Positive Parenting Program that promotes good communication and
   strong relationships between parents and children. The positive approach to
   parenting helps promote their children’s development and manage their children’s
   behaviour in a constructive and caring way.

   Triple P helps parents recognise causes of common child behaviour problems
   and encourage desirable behaviour in their own children.

   3.2 There are five key principles of positive parenting:

         Ensuring a safe, interesting environment where children can explore,
          experiment and develop their skills.
         Creating a positive learning environment by being available when children
          need help, care or attention.
         Using assertive discipline by being consistent and acting quickly when
          children misbehave.
         Having realistic expectations for children and for you as a parent.
         Taking care of you as a parent and ensuring personal needs are met.

   3.4 What does triple P offer?

   Triple P offers suggestions and ideas to help parents:

         Build positive relationships with their children.
         Praise and encourage behaviour they like.
         Teach children new skills.
         Set rules and give instructions their children will follow.
         Respond to misbehaviour immediately, consistently and decisively.
         Use discipline strategies that work.
         Take care of themselves as parents.

   3.4.1 A variety of programs are available, depending on parents’ and children’s
   needs. There are also parenting videos, tip sheets, workbooks and other helpful
   materials available. There is no one right way to be a parent, but Triple P offers
   information, support and practical answers to everyday parenting concerns.

   3.4.2 Hull is using several evidence based programmes, Triple P-Positive
   Parenting Programme (aged 18m-18yrs) and Strengthening Families aged (10-
   14) being two of them. Triple P-Parenting Programmes and Strengthening
   Families programmes will be delivered as a Universal Service in Hull, to prevent
   labeling of families and be pro-active in ensuring early intervention when a need
   is highlighted by Parents.




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     3.4.3 The Parenting Practitioner has been working in partnership with other
     agencies to develop Parenting groups across Hull. To date there has been 6
     groups, facilitated for 2 hours weekly, over an 8 week period. Ten more groups
     are being set up across Hull over the next two months, with approximately eight
     places for families in each group. The Respect Parenting Practitioner will provide
     support for Practitioners delivering groups and one to one Parenting, using a
     feedback process, communicating with a Triple P Trainer to address any practice
     issues.

     3.4.4 Training staff in Triple P is ongoing, 20 practitioners across a range of
     agencies are now trained and delivering 1 -1 & group sessions across Hull. A
     further 20 practitioners will commence training in April 08.

     3.4.5 In April 2008, the Parenting Practitioner will work alongside other agencies
     to pilot a Strengthening Families group, for eight families whereby both the parent
     and child participate. This group will benefit families in particular where substance
     misuse has been an issue or there are communication problems parents and
     their children.

4.   Parenting Contracts & Orders

     4.1 Parenting Contracts:

     Parenting contracts are voluntary agreements made between local agencies,
     such as the local authority, youth offending team, local education authority and
     the individual parent(s). They can be used alongside acceptable behaviour
     contracts or other interventions and set out what parents do to address the anti-
     social behaviour of a child for whom they are responsible. Parenting contracts
     may contain an agreement to attend a parenting programme and/or to ensure
     that a child attends school regularly.

     Where parents need to take steps to reduce problem behaviour by their child or
     children, schools and local education authorities should enter into a parenting
     contract with the parent(s) of a child who has truanted or been excluded from
     school.

     Youth offending teams & Local Authority should enter into parenting contracts
     with the parent(s) of a child who has engaged in or is likely to engage in anti-
     social behaviour and criminal conduct.

     4.2 Parenting Orders:

     Parenting orders can be made by a criminal court, family court or magistrate’s
     court acting under civil jurisdiction when there has been a problem with a young
     person’s behaviour.

     Parenting orders impose requirements on the parent(s) or guardian(s), which
     usually include their attendance on a parenting programme. Other requirements,
     such as ensuring that their child attends school, can also be included. Non-
     compliance can lead to a level three fine (maximum £1,000) or any sentence
     available for non-imprisonable offence.

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     (A) A Parenting Order can be made on application when: A youth offending team
     applies to court where a child or young person has engaged in criminal conduct
     or anti-social behaviour; or

     (B) A local education authority applies to court in respect of the parents of a child
     excluded (permanently or two fixed periods) from school for serious
     misbehaviour. Parenting orders can also be made when a referral order is made
     or when a youth offender panel refers a parent back to court for failing to attend
     panel meetings.

     4.3 Data relating to the use and Impact of Parenting Contracts and Parenting
     Orders. In the last twelve months there have been two Parenting Contracts
     through education due to poor behaviour. No Parenting Orders were made. The
     Youth Offending Service have implemented 12 Parenting Orders in a similar
     period, however no Contracts were made. 1 Parenting Contract to date has been
     made with a FIP family and 2 further contracts are In the process of being drawn
     up for FIP families. 3 Parenting Contracts have been drawn up and considered
     with families referred to the Parenting Practitioner through anti-social behaviour
     however to date none of these have yet been signed.( One family refused to sign,
     circumstances changed with the second family and the third family is in the
     process of signing.)

5.   Conclusion

     The Home Office has funded a Respect Parenting Practitioner Post for 3 years
     (2010) based within the ASB Team. The post is a new post and therefore is still
     being developed, however one of the six strands of the Respect Agenda is,
     ‘Supporting Families’ and therefore one of the key themes is to establish
     parenting programmes for families at risk of/or behaving anti-socially. Work is
     being undertaken with families on a voluntary basis where possible when anti-
     social behavior within the family has been identified. Parenting Contracts
     however are also being developed and used to challenge families who are
     unwilling to take their responsibilities seriously. Links with the broader parenting
     strategy are being made to facilitate integrated working including providing
     Parenting Programs as a universal service. This will enable Hull to ‘support
     families’ proactively, providing early intervention as well as targeting families
     where anti-social behavior is identified. This rationale        will also avoid ‘poor
     parent’ stigma’s being attached to parents accepting support which could
     ultimately become a barrier to families in the future. As a Respect Area, Hull City
     Council has a real commitment to promoting effective parenting, and respect
     within our community.



                                 Justine Mortimer
                       Anti Social Behaviour Team Manager




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