Maya Chapter Walk by QHRDSL7

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									Early History of the Americas Chapter 5 Walkabout
Answer on your own paper in complete sentences.

The Mayas
Timeline P. 118 - 119
   1. What did the Maya begin doing in AD 200? (1 point)
   2. How many years after AD 200 did the Classic Age end? (1 point)
   3. What major world event happened in Europe during the Classic Age of the Maya? (from notes – 1 point)


Map P. 118 - 119
   4. Explain the general location of Mesoamerica. (1 point)
   5. What is the name of the large peninsula in Mesoamerica? (1 point)


Primary Source: Views of Writing P. 122
   6. Would you call the picture of the religious ceremony “writing?” Why or why not? (2 points)


Illustration P. 120 - 121
   7. In what ways might Palenque’s setting have helped the city? (1 point)
   8. In what ways might Palenque’s setting have hurt the city? (1 point)


Map P. 119
   9. What natural features did trade routes tend to follow? (1 point)
   10. What two minerals were mined in the highland mountains? (1 point)


Maya Astronomy and Calendars P. 122
   11. On what were each of the two Maya calendars based? (1 point)
   12. What did the two calendars guide people to do? (2 points)


Summary and Preview P. 123
   13. When did the Maya build most of their cities? (Years – 1 point)
   14. Why did the Maya civilization collapse? (1 point)




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The Aztecs
The Aztecs Build an Empire P. 124 - 125
   15. Recall - About when did the Aztec Empire become the most powerful state in Mesoamerica? (1 point)
   16. Analyze - Why do you think merchants would make good spies for the emperor? (1 point)


Analyzing Maps P. 125
   17. Location – How far was Tenochtitlan from the Gulf of Mexico? (1 point)
   18. Place – What physical features surrounded Lake Texcoco? (1 point)


Visuals P. 126
   19. Analyze – What is the most important building in this picture? How can you tell? (2 points)
   20. Place – What physical features surrounded Lake Texcoco? (1 point)


Life in the Empire P. 127
   21. Analyze - Why do you think priests were able to remain so powerful? (1 point)

Cortes Conquers the Aztecs P. 128
   22. Identify - What were the Spanish soldiers called? (1 point)
   23. Evaluate - Do you think Moctezuma was too trusting of Cortes and his men? Explain you answer. (2
       points)


The Incas
The Incas Create an Empire P. 130 – 131
   24. Recall - What were some of the jobs that Incas performed as part of the mita? (3 points)
   25. Make Inferences – Why were children of conquered leaders used to govern and teach the Inca way of
       life? (1 point)

Maps P. 130
  26. Anaylze – Why was Cuzco a better location than Quito for the Inca capital? (1 point)

Life in the Inca Empire P. 131
    27. Explain - Why did the Inca believe their rulers never really died? (1 point)
    28. Analyze – How do you think lower-class workers felt about having to work long and hard to pay the
         labor tax? (1 point)

Pizarro Conquers the Incas P. 132 – 133
   29. Identify - Who was the Inca ruler when Pizarro arrived in the empire? (1 point)
   30. Make Inferences - Why do you think the Spanish attacked when Atahualpa wouldn’t convert to
       Christianity? (1 point)


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