Infection Control by h276BbdP


									    Infection Control

Remember to wash your hands!
• Micro organisms- not
  visible to the naked
• Beneficial-normal
• Disease causing-

•   Bacteria
•   Protozoa
•   Fungi
•   Viruses
• Prokaryotic cells that
  multiply rapidly.
  Classified by shape
  and by how they stain
  using the gram stain
• Gram pos= purple,
  gram neg = red
• Shape:
  – Round = cocci
  – Rods are bacilli
  – Corkscrew - spirilla
• Bacteria are everywhere- they can live on
  any surface, with or without oxygen

• In a compromised host, bacteria (even
  normal flora) can be the cause of life
  threatening diseases

• Nosocomial infection: an infection
  acquired during a stay at the hospital
          Aseptic technique
• Pathogens are everywhere, but they can
  be controlled or eliminated for a period of
  time by maintaining a clean, or aseptic,

• Aseptic technique: practices or procedures
  that are used to ensure a clean, safe
  environment by controlling or eliminating
  Handwashing using the correct
• The single most important thing you can
  do to control infection.

• Correct handwashing is the key to medical
When do you wash your hands?
• When first arriving to work.
• Before performing each procedure on a
• During a procedure if your hands become
• Between each patient for whom you
  provide care.
• After using the restroom.
• After removing gloves from your hands.
• Before eating.
The single most important thing
you can do to control infection?
    Wash your hands!
So you’d think we’d all be washing
    our hands, right? WRONG
• 1996 study showed only 12% of M.D.s
  washed their hands after every patient
• Another study conformed M.D.s washed
  their hands between patients 9% of the
  time- when asked, they answered 50-95%
• 1.8 million patients will contract
  nosocomial infections each year- 20,000
  of these patients will die directly from
  infection. Another 70,000 will die from
  complications of a nosocomial infection

• Nosocomial infections add 4.5 billion/year
  to health care costs
• So- what’s the deal here? Doctors, nurses,
  healthcare workers are smart people- why
  don’t they wash their hands?
How do you wash your hands?
      Let’s practice!

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