1. ------IND- 2008 0256 D-- EN- ------ 20080708 --- --- PROJET
As at: 23 June 2008
Guideline as per Section 6(1) point 6 of the Safety of Ships Order on safety requirements
pertaining to fishing vessels less than 24 m long.1
1. Area of application
1.1 This guideline applies to fishing vessels less than 24 m long which fly the Federal
1.2 This guideline lays down in concrete terms the requirements pertaining to the vessel
traffic safety of fishing vessels less than 24 m long within the meaning of Sections 3 and 7 to
9 of the Safety of Ships Act of 9 September 1998 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 2860), as last
amended by Article 3 of the Act of 25 June 2004 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1389), and serves,
as per Section 6(2) of the Safety of Ships Order, as a basis for ship safety certificates within
the meaning of Section 9(3) of the Safety of Ships Order.
1.3 Fishing vessels less than 24 m long from other Member States of the European
Community or Turkey, or an EFTA State which is a signatory to the Agreement on the
European Economic Area, are also authorised provided the same level of safety is guaranteed
as is offered by this guideline.”
2. Terms and definitions
1. Unless otherwise stipulated, the terms and definitions contained in the Appendix to the
Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels 1977 (Torremolinos
Convention), as amended by the Protocol of 2 April 1993 (Torremolinos Protocol, Transport
Gazette 1999, p. 142, Appendix Volume B 8139), are used.
2. Within the meaning of this guideline and its appendices, the following terms are defined as
2.1 Covered fishing vessel: a fishing vessel with a continuous watertight weather deck which
is located above the water line under all load conditions.
2.2 Open or partly covered fishing vessel: a fishing vessel which is not a covered fishing
vessel and where any water which washes over can reach the bilge.
The obligations arising from Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of
22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical
standards and regulations and rules concerning the services of the information society (OJ L 204 p.
37), as amended by European Parliament and Council Directive 98/48/EC of 20 July 1998 (OJ L 217
p. 18), have been met.
3.1 Unless otherwise specified in the following provisions, the provisions of the Torremolinos
Convention apply to vessels as per point 1, irrespective of the keel laying date, with the
exception of Chapter I Regulations 3(4), 4(2), 8, 9 and 11, and Chapter IX Regulation 3(3).
3.2 The prescribed equipment in the areas of fire protection, life-saving appliances, radio and
navigation must be approved in accordance with Council Directive 96/98/EC of 20 December
1996 on marine equipment (Marine Equipment Directive, OJ L 46 of 17 February 1997, p. 25,
as last amended by Directive 2002/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5
November 2002, OJ L 324 p. 53), as amended, unless stipulated to the contrary in the
regulations below. Equipment which is not covered by Directive 96/98/EC (Marine
Equipment Directive) must be approved by the administration or a recognised organisation
within the meaning of Council Directive 94/57/EC of 22 November 1994 on common rules
and standards for ship inspection and survey organisations and for the relevant activities of
maritime administrations (Class Directive, OJ L 319 p. 20, as last amended by Directive
2002/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 November 2002, OJ L 324 p.
3.3 Prescribed equipment which is lawfully manufactured and/or placed on the market in
another Member State of the European Union or Turkey, or in an EFTA State which is a
signatory to the Agreement on the European Economic Area, is recognised as being
3.4 Regulations V/15, 17 and 20 to 26 of the Appendix to the International Convention for the
Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS Convention, Federal Law Gazette 1998 II p. 2579; 2001
II p. 58) do not apply to fishing vessels with a registered tonnage of less than 150. Regulation
18 does not apply to vessels less than 15 m long.
4. Inspections and the issuing of certificates
4.1 Fishing vessels must satisfy the requirements laid down in this guideline. If the inspection
reveals compliance with the applicable provisions of this guideline, the Seamen’s Accident
Prevention and Insurance Authority shall issue a safety certificate for fishing vessels
containing the necessary ancillary provisions for a period of up to five years, calculated from
the final day of the inspection.
4.2 An interim inspection shall be carried out between the dates set for the second and third
4.3 The radiocommunications equipment as per point 10 is subject to an annual inspection.
5. Travel restrictions
The fishing vessel’s design must be adequate for the radius of operation in respect of which
the application is made and it must be equipped in accordance with regulations.
Irrespective of the vessel’s proven design, the administration can restrict the radius of
6. Load lines, integrity and stability
6.1 The type of vessel, the material used in the hull and its solidity must satisfy the
requirements relating to its envisaged use and radius of operation and correspond to the
generally recognised rules of shipbuilding technology.
Doors, manholes, ventilation ducts or other openings in the collision bulkhead beneath the
working deck require authorisation by the administration.
6.2 Cargo hatchways, fish hatchways, equipment hatchways and access hatchways on the
weather deck must have a coaming height of at least 0.80 m. As regards hatchways with a
clear cross section of up to 1.00 m x 1.00 m, a coaming height of 0.60 m is sufficient. In the
case of equipment hatchways outside the traffic area, the administration may authorise
deviations from this coaming height. The bottom edges of the hatchway coaming must be
rounded off. The installation of flush-deck hatches requires administration authorisation.
6.3 Doors which lead directly from the weather deck to the main or auxiliary engine rooms
are not permitted.
6.4 Notwithstanding Chapter III Regulation 2, in conjunction with Regulations 1 and 7 of the
Torremolinos Convention, the following stability criteria can be applied to covered fishing
Righting lever arm at a gradient of 30 degrees ≥ 0.20 m
Initial stability, adjusted for free surfaces ≥ 0.35 m
Area beneath the statical stability curve with a gradient of
up to 30 degrees ≥ 0.055 m x radian
Area beneath the statical stability curve with a gradient of
up to 40 degrees ≥ 0.090 m x radian
Area beneath the statical stability curve with a gradient of
between 30 and 40 degrees ≥ 0.030 m x radian
Range of stability ≥ 60 degrees
The statical stability curves shall be calculated and depicted using a centre of gravity above
keel which is raised by the effect of free surfaces. In the case of fishing vessels with complete
superstructures, the initial stability, adjusted for free surfaces, can be less than 0.35 m. It may
not be below 0.15 m, however.
The following are regarded as important operating conditions:
– setting sail for fishing grounds when fully equipped with fuel, provisions, ice, fishing
gear and suchlike;
– leaving fishing grounds with a full catch and 50% of the provisions, fuel, etc.;
– arriving at the port of destination with a full catch and 10% of the provisions, fuel,
– arriving at the port of destination with 20% of a full catch and 10% of the provisions,
fuel, etc. (unsuccessful trip);
– more unfavourable operating conditions, where these occur.
In this connection, the following factors are to be taken into consideration:
- the weight of the wet fishing nets, tackle, etc.;
- the ice deposits which are to be anticipated approximately;
- the even distribution of the catch in the fish hold, if this is feasible in practice;
- the catch on deck under the operating conditions mentioned above;
- water ballasting, if provision is made for tanks to this end;
- the influence of free surfaces of liquids and, if necessary, of fish.
6.5 A simplified proof of stability suffices for covered fishing vessels less than 18 m long
with a cutter hull shape which is traditional in Germany. For this purpose, a combined heeling
and roll period test shall be conducted in the presence of an inspector from the administration
or a recognised organisation. Should an analysis of the combined test produce insufficient or
barely enough stability values, the administration can demand a complete proof of stability
with statical stability curves.
6.6 In the case of fishing vessels which fish using double catching gear, proof must be
furnished of a righting lever arm at a gradient of 30 degrees of at least 0.25 m if no automatic
equipment is present which rapidly releases the catching gear which has got caught up.
6.7 In the case of open or partly covered fishing vessels, the minimum load line is 6% of the
length overall or 4% of the depth, measured from the top edge of the rabbet up to the top edge
of the gunwale at its lowest point above the water line. If the upper edge of a fish bin or the
bottom edge of another opening in the hull through which water can penetrate into the vessel
is situated deeper above the water line than the bottommost point of the rabbet, the depth shall
be measured up to the top edge of the coaming of the fish bin or up to the bottom edge of the
6.8 The required minimum dimensions for open and partly covered fishing vessels are as
Overall length 3.60 m
Width 1.60 m
Depth 0.60 m
6.9 Regulation VI/3(2) sentence 2 of the Torremolinos Convention does not apply.
7. Machines and electrical installations
7.1 A permanently installed means of communication between the engine room and the wheel
house is not required.
7.2 Main propulsion engines that are installed must be diesel engines. Petrol engines are only
permitted as outboard motors.
7.3.1. The bilge system of covered fishing vessels shall be designed in such a way that every
section of the ship is fitted with a drainage filter which can be easily cleaned.
7.3.2. The bilge system of uncovered fishing vessels shall be fitted with a manual bilge pump.
7.3.3. All covered vessels must be fitted with a manual bilge pump if vessels are fitted with
permanent engines with a mechanically operated pump. The bilge system shall be designed in
such a way that sea water cannot reach the main bilge.
7.3.4. Vessels less than 6 m long must be fitted with a manual bilge pump with a capacity of
at least 70 l/min, and vehicles more than 6 m long with a manual bilge pump with a capacity
of 70 l/min and a mechanically operated pump with a capacity of 70 l/min.
7.4 In the case of fishing vessels up to 18 m long, a generator which is attached to the main
engine suffices as a main power source.
7.5 The devices for activating shut-off devices in main sea water cooling intake pipes must be
arranged above the bottom boards.
8. Fire protection
8.1 A fire protection and safety plan approved by the administration must be carried on board
in a watertight case. In the case of fishing vessels less than 12 m long, the administration can
dispense with this plan on the basis of a risk assessment.
8.2 The administration can also forego a second escape route on the basis of a risk
As regards fishing vessels more than 12 m long whose engine rooms can only be reached via
steps, provision shall be made, where possible, for a protection sprinkler at the foot of the
8.3 As regards fishing vessels less than 12 m long which carry no more than two people, the
administration can dispense with the fire protection equipment.
In the case of covered or partly covered fishing vessels less than 12 m long with more than
two persons on board, the administration can reduce the number of fire protection devices on
the basis of a risk assessment.
8.4 In the case of open and partly covered fishing vessels, the administration may only call for
an approved fire extinguisher with at least 6 kg of powder or 9 l of foam for extinguishing an
engine fire on the basis of a risk assessment.
8.5 In the case of vessels with an enclosed engine room, a fire-fighting system is required. In
the case of engine rooms of less than 4 m3, an approved 5 kg CO2 fire extinguisher which is
permanently mounted outside the engine room, and from which a permanent extinguishing
agent conduit leads to the engine room, is sufficient.
8.6 On fishing vessels more than 18 m long, provision shall be made for at least one fire
extinguishing pump which is independent of the main engine and which permits a jet of water
with a minimum pressure of 0.25 N/mm² and a volume flow rate of
Q = ( 0.15 L( B D) + 2.25) m³/h to be emitted anywhere on the vessel.
8.7 The administration can forego fire detection and fire alarm systems in the case of fishing
vessels less than 18 m long on the basis of a risk assessment.
9. Life-saving equipment
9.1 Equipping with liferafts
9.1.1 Fishing vessels up to 24 m in length must have at least one liferaft which is able to carry
all the people on board.
9.1.2 Type I inflatable liferafts manufactured in accordance with ISO 9650-1 with the
capacity to carry all the people on board can be accepted as an equivalent alternative for
fishing vessels up to 12 m long.
These rafts must be able to carry at least 4 people and shall be serviced annually by an
approved service station in accordance with the manufacturer’s handbook.
9.1.3 The liferaft may not be positioned in such a way which hinders the view of the entire
horizon from the bridge.
9.1.4 Fishing vessels which are used under very limited wave conditions may be exempt from
the obligation to equip the vessel with liferafts.
9.2 The number of life buoys may be reduced, irrespective of the number of people on board,
on the basis of a risk assessment.
9.3 In addition to the prescribed life jacket, a reflective safety vest must be carried for every
person on board.
9.4 The administration may stipulate different safety equipment in relation to open and partly
covered fishing vessels.
9.5 Line-throwing equipment does not need to be carried on board.
10. Radiocommunications equipment
10.1.1 All fishing vessels must carry on board the following emergency radio appliances:
a) Handheld two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus for use in mobile ship-to-shore radio
b) Satellite emergency position indicating radio beacon [EPIRB] with built-in GPS [Global
Positioning System] receivers. The administration can stipulate different equipment in relation
to open and partly covered fishing vessels.
10.1.2 Fishing vessels above 15 m in length must additionally carry on board a radar
transponder as an emergency radio appliance.
10.2.1 Fishing vessels above 15 m long must be fitted with a Global Maritime Distress Safety
System [GMDSS] VHF marine radio as per Directive 96/98/EC (Marine Equipment
10.2.2 From 1 January 2012, vessels between 8 and 15 m long must be fitted with at least one
GMDSS VHF marine radio with class D Digital Selective Calling [DSC-D] which is placed
on the market in accordance with the provisions of Directive 88/5/EC [Radio and
Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive], and which is designed in such a way
that all the operational requirements of the GMDSS are satisfied under the conditions which
prevail in an emergency.
10.2.3 Where the area covered by VHF coast stations is exceeded, fishing vessels must carry
on board a GMDSS cut-off wavelength marine radio with DSC or a GMDSS satellite radio
11. Entry into force and transitional regulation
11.1 This guideline shall enter into force on [1 January 2009].
11.2 Existing certificates shall remain in force until they expire, but for a period not exceeding
three years following the entry into force of this guideline.
By way of deviation from point 4, a safety certificate must not be issued prior to the date
mentioned in sentence 1.