Recovery Management by b8v5Wr



    Recovery is the process by which
     communities and the nation are
      assisted in returning to their
       proper level of functioning
           following a disaster

*Recovery process can be very

*It includes:
                * restoration
                * reconstruction

  Disaster Analysis – key points

        No quick finalisation of
         response/recovery action
        Potentially long recovery period
        Financial and material demands
         usually restrict resources

The cumulative effect – the repeated impact of
disaster means that the recovery is never really
     complete and the preparedness remains

     Transfer of responsibility
        (response to recovery)

   The transfer is, in fact, one which
    perforce takes place between two
    dissimilar processes
   Response depends on urgency and
    short term expediency
   Recovery has to be of a more general,
    considered and long-term nature

        Transfer of responsibility
         (response to recovery)…

   response action usually dealing with
    urgent problems which will not wait.
   response action often takes place under
    extraordinary powers, go beyond normal
    day to day limits of authority.
   response action must sometimes be taken
    without consideration of longer term
            e.g., effect on recovery programme

       Transfer of responsibility
       (response to recovery)….

   some response action may have direct
    implications for recovery programme.
       e.g., large scale evacuation
   response action may have lowered the
    capability of key govt. depts.
   recovery action may also have to
    operate within a changed community

                Continuation of
               response activity

     A further factor in recovery is the need to
     deal satisfactorily with response activities
     which continue, or have to be projected,
     beyond the end of the emergency response
     period, need to be expeditiously dealt with
     on two counts:
1.   as programme in their own right, in the public
     and national interest.
2.   as part of total strands of relief action from
     response operations into longer term programme

             Basis for
          recovery action
   Production of an adequate information
    base to define necessary aspect.
   Definition of overall strategy for
    recovery, compatible with proposed and
    potential national development.
   Determination of individual recovery
    programmes within the overall strategy.
   Implementation of individual
    programme and projects on well
    managed and coordinated basis

           Problem Areas
            in Recovery

   Delay in formulation of recovery
   Damage and destruction may be
    severe and extensive that is
    difficult, and takes time, to assess
    and formulate recovery programme
   Inadequate information
   Additional load imposed on the govt.

Problem Areas
in Recovery…

      Occurrence of another major
      Problems relating to Ministerial
       responsibilities may arise
      Restrictions on availability of
      Political problems
      Inadequate attention by govt.
       to public awareness
      Long time to some major and
       vital reconstruction programme
Problem Areas
in Recovery…

      Resource limitations may apply to
       the implementation of programme
      Time process of some of the
       programme can not be hastened
      Some of the programme may
       necessitate substantial reorientation
       in national activities

                       Requirements for
                      effective recovery

   Understanding nature of recovery: All
    concerned authorities should understand
    the nature of recovery( restoration,
    reconstruction and rehabilitation)
   Recovery and national development:
    where possible , it is desirable to
    reconcile appropriate aspects of
    recovery with national development

                                 Requirements for
                              effective recovery…
   The recovery information base:
         Information from response operations
               Damage surveys and need

               Various forms of operational reports

               Departmental and other reports on

                completion of emergency phase
               Information collected by EOC

               Reports from international

                assistance agencies
               Media information

               Various submissions by individuals
                               Requirements for
                            effective recovery…

   The recovery information base:…
         Post disaster review: information can
          be utilised for recovery programme
         Information and development
          programme: recovery requirements
          may have a direct bearing on existing
          development plans
         Information from special teams:
          special technical advisory team to
          monitor recovery needs

                             Requirements for
                          effective recovery…

   The recovery information base:…
         Information from previous disasters
         Information for programme
          parameters: information that affects
          the shape and size of recovery
                 Project cost
                 Time scales
                 In-country input capability, including
                  financial, material and HR
                 International assistance potential

                          Requirements for
                       effective recovery…
   Overall recovery strategy: needs to be
    made at top govt. level and to include-
               Major areas of recovery needs
               Envisaged time frame for recovery
               Interlinking with national
               Broad assessment of resources
               Major responsibilities for recovery
               System for monitoring from national
                 Requirements for
              effective recovery…

   Assessment of resources
   International disaster assistance:
                 Direct financial donations,
                  grants etc.
                 Project implementation
                 International welfare agencies
                  or religious body
   Policy direction of recovery
    programme: is clearly established
    and defined- include
                 A special ministerial committee
                 One minister, acting on cabinet
                 Cabinet itself
                                    Requirements for
                                 effective recovery…

   Determination of programme needs and
    areas: include-
       Community
                  Reestablishment of social service system
                  Long term rehabilitation of communities
                   and individuals
       Private sector
                  Industrial system

                  Commercial buildings, stores, shop etc.

       Government aspects
                  National infrastructure

                  Administrative facilities

                  Education facility

                  Health care

                  Resettlement
                           Requirements for
                        effective recovery…

   Programme management and
   Continuation of emergency relief
   Disaster management aspects
   Public and media information
   Programme decisions and priorities:
          The type of programme to be
          The priorities which should apply
        Human Factors
         in Recovery

   Disaster Victims’ Attitudes
            Devastation
            Realisation

            Rationalisation- past,

             present and future
            Accusation

            Accumulation

       Human Factors
        in Recovery…

   Relocation of communities
   Evacuation
   Resettlement
            Personnel injuries and
            Family bereavement

            Loss of property and
            Damage to dwellings and,

            Reduced means of
Gujarat Earthquake
   UNDP played an active role after the devastating earthquake
    in January 2001 in overall coordination, support to livelihood
    restoration and shelter reconstruction. A Transition Recovery
    Team approach, a new concept of UNDP, has been piloted in
    India, to assist in the transition between emergency response
    and longer-term development in earthquake- affected areas.
    It aims at incorporating vulnerability reduction and
    sustainable recovery through community-driven programmes
    by drawing lessons from UNDP’s Latur earthquake
    reconstruction initiatives. Non-Governmental Organisation
    (NGO) partners of UNDP such as the Kutch Mahila Vikas
    Sangathan (KMVS) and the Banaskantha Dwarca Mahila
    Sewa Association (BDMSA), a part of the Self-Employed
    Womens' Association (SEWA), were among some of the
    groups that played a leading role in responding to the
    earthquake. Women led relief and reconstruction efforts and
    are now coordinating initiatives to re-establish sustainable
    livelihoods in the area.
          The Orissa Super-Cyclone and After
   The Orissa Super-Cyclone and After In response to the Super-
    Cyclone in 1999 in Orissa, UNDP along with other UN organisations on
    the ground provided a coordination support mechanism during the crisis
    and facilitated interventions in sectors including shelter, agriculture,
    health, education, women and children, and water and sanitation. The
    thrust of UNDP interventions in the state is aimed at the realization of
    what has come to be known as Sustainable Human Development, a
    term that warrants action on all critical issues in such areas as poverty
    reduction, employment in the small scale and informal sector, natural
    resources management including biodiversity, agricultural research,
    women in agriculture, people’s empowerment, disaster management,
    and the State Human Development Report (SHDR) initiative. UNDP is
    currently involved in assistance for rebuilding lives and livelihoods by
    working in affected blocks for Community-Based Disaster Preparedness,
    promotion of alternative housing technologies and capacity building of
    the community for habitat development, Capacity building for
    empowerment and access to quality services in disaster prone areas
    through UNITeS IT Volunteers, livelihood support to drought & flood
    affected communities in Orissa, strengthening coordination and
    emergency response in vulnerable districts through establishment of
    control rooms.
       The multi-purpose approach to recovery
        programme is worthy of attention from
        the viewpoint of govt. policy, national
        development and disaster
       In formulation of recovery programme,
        it should be recognised that, in disaster
        cycle, the four segments which follow
        recovery are:
                  Development
                  Prevention

                  Mitigation

                  Preparedness
Any Questions

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