INTRODUCTION TO NAVIGATION
Reading a map is an essential skill for planning a walk and for
knowing where you are.
You don’t need to be able to use a compass to lead a low level
walk, but it can help. It is however essential to be competent in
using a compass for leading remote and challenging walks.
1:50000 Landranger 1:25000 Explorer
Best to check date of issue as landmarks can
change over time. Other maps are available, such as
WHERE AM I?
Give everyone 4 or 5 Grid References from the map
and ask them to identify what they find there
1:25 000 OS Explorer
1:50 000 OS Landranger
It might help you to remember that the larger the number in the
scale, the smaller the scale of the map will be.
Split into groups and identify
How high is each hill?
Contours closer together at top
Contours closer together at bottom
PARTS OF A COMPASS
ALIGNING THE MAP WITH THE REAL WORLD
To follow the bearing:
FIND YOUR WAY
Give everyone 3 or 4 end points and ask them to identify what
they are, the distance from each start to each end point and
the bearing between them [this should be in the notes]
START POINT GR X END POINT GR Y BEARING FROM X TO Y
WHAT IS FOUND THERE? WHAT IS FOUND THERE? AND DISTANCE
438005 405013 285 degrees
High House Youth Hostel at High 3.38 km
TIMING YOUR WALK
When looking at timings for your walk consider:
• walking speed (vary with terrain, stiles, party etc)
Kph mins per km
• Climbing hills – Naismith’s rule 30 mins extra per
300m ascended (1 min per 10m contour line)
• Stops, including comfort breaks, lunch, etc…
FURTHER GUIDANCE AND SUPPORT
More advice and guidance can be found at the walk leaders
pages of the Ramblers website:
or email email@example.com
Thanks to all Ramblers groups whose websites were the source of some of the pictures.