"Ancient Civilizations Tiered Study Guide Honors"
Ancient Civilizations: Paleolithic to Agricultural Revolution 82 Absolutely necessary to pass with a “C” Important to pass with a “C+” or a “B” Go for the “A” Evidence of humans living during the At the end of the last ice age, as What is Domestication? Paleolithic Era has been found in both glaciers retreated in northern Europe, Europe and Asia. animal herds moved north, and hunter- Where is the Yellow River? gatherers followed. The Paleolithic Era is characterized by the earliest use of stone tools by humans. Humans’ main source of food during the Nomads: someone who travels around What is Slash and Burn? early Paleolithic Era was from hunting and instead of settling in one place gathering. following the movement of animals Where is the East African Rift they hunted. Valley? The first animals to be domesticated by Stone Pigs and camels were first What is Selective breeding? Age agricultural societies were goats and domesticated in the Middle East. sheep. These animals then spread to Africa What is the Agricultural and Asia due to a mass-migration out Revolution? An early problem in agricultural societies was of the Middle East because the climate the spread of diseases from animals to dried and made farming and grazing humans. very hard. Early farmers used slash and burn Agriculture arose in Africa in What is Metallurgy? techniques. Guinea/West Africa, the Nile River Valley, and the Ethiopian Highlands. Standing armies developed among stronger societies because of advances in agriculture. The end of the Stone Age (around 10,000- The Yellow River was considered the Who are Mary and Louis Leakey? 12,000 years ago) witnessed the change from cradle (beginning) of agriculture in hunter-gatherer societies to agricultural China. Who is Donald Johanson? societies. One of the societal changes that occurred at this time was that people began to Early humans arrived in Australia Who is Michael Brunet? farm and live in permanent settlements. about 40-45,000 years ago; they came from what is now Southeast Asia via The earliest humans were believed to live in (over) a land bridge. the East African Rift Valley.