How to Write a Literary Analysis - PowerPoint

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					 How to Write a
Literary Analysis
   -The Miracle Worker


      By Lily Chen
What a Literary Analysis
is…and is not
• A Literary Analysis is not a simple story
  summary; it goes beyond a summary.

• A good literary analysis essay will include
  retelling of the essential parts of a story.

• It explains piece by piece the big events and
  smaller details using the literary terminology.
Thesis Statement Included
• Tells the reader how you will interpret the
    significance of the subject matter under
    discussion.
•   Is a road map (what to expect).
•   Directly answers the question asked of you.
•   Makes a claim that others might dispute.
•   Is usually a single sentence somewhere in your
    first paragraph that presents your argument to
    the reader.
    Source: http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis.html
The Miracle Worker Theme Analysis
Chose from:
• Theme A: Pity can interfere with the
  discipline that learning requires.
                    or
• Theme B: Communication is
  extremely important in human
  relationships.
Sample Thesis Statement:
• Pity can be detrimental in the process of
 disciplinary learning because discipline is
 an essential part of learning right from
 wrong.
               -- Kevin from period 6
• Communication is crucial in every
 relationship; without it, the partnership
 will slowly fall apart.
               -- Samer from period 4
Essay Tips
Never write the following statements:
•   “In this essay I will…”
•   “I will first describe…and then I will…”
•   “When I think about …”
•   “You will read about…”
•   No personal opinions
•   In a literary analysis avoiding “I” and “you” is
    most effective
Paragraph 1 Sample Structure
a. Opener/Grabber-- Grab the reader’s attention with
    the first line. You can do this with an action, a
    deep thought or question, a vivid description, or a
    dialogue.

b. Orient Reader—in 1-3 sentences, identify the title,
    author, and subject of the movie/book. Don’t
    summarize the whole movie/book in detail. Write
    just enough as if to assume the reader knows
    nothing yet about the movie/book.

c. Thesis—Your interpretation of the theme/subject.
    Sources cited: www.drake.marin.k12.ca.us/litanalysis
Paragraph 1 Sample
• “A once in a lifetime vacation” may describe an exotic far
  away destination, traveling extensively, and exploring
  the unfamiliar. The short story “Zoo”, written by Edward
  Hoch, gives the reader a surprising twist on a vacation
  through character points of view. The irony at the end
  makes the reader think twice about the elusive Professor
  Hugo’s actions and motives. In “Zoo”, Hoch is making a
  point about accepting and exploring the unknown in a
  light-hearted, humorous tone.
Can You Identify?
• Which sentence was the thesis?
• Which sentences described the story?
• Which sentence was the opener?
• (1)“A once in a lifetime vacation” may describe an exotic far
  away destination, traveling extensively, and exploring the
  unfamiliar. (2)The short story “Zoo”, written by Edward
  Hoch, gives the reader a surprising twist on a vacation
  through character points of view. (3)The irony at the end
  makes the reader think twice about the elusive Professor
  Hugo’s actions and motives. (4) In “Zoo”, Hoch is making a
  point about accepting and exploring the unknown in a light-
  hearted, humorous tone.
Question 4
•   (4) In “Zoo”, Hoch is making a point about accepting
    and exploring the unknown in a light-hearted,
    humorous tone.

This sentence is the:
A. Opener/Grabber
B. Story description
C. Thesis
Question 5
• (2)The short story “Zoo”, written by Edward Hoch, gives
  the reader a surprising twist on a vacation through
  character points of view. (3)The irony at the end makes
  the reader think twice about the elusive Professor Hugo’s
  actions and motives.

These sentences are the:
A. Opener/Grabber
B. Story description
C. Thesis
Question 6
•   (1)“A once in a lifetime vacation” may describe an
    exotic far away destination, traveling extensively, and
    exploring the unfamiliar.

This sentence is the:
A. Opener/Grabber
B. Story description
C. Thesis
Supporting Paragraphs (Part II)
Must include:
A. Evidence/events- 1 event per paragraph*
B. What happened
C. Quotes
D. Additional relevant information
E. Connection back to the thesis
*Introducing a new event means introducing a
    new paragraph
Supporting paragraph sample
   Each     summer,     Professor     Hugo     brings  his
 Interplanetary Zoo to cities all around Earth. For a mere
 dollar, humans can catch a glimpse of “three-legged
 creatures from Venus, or tall, thin men from Mars, or
 even snake-like horrors from somewhere distant.”
 Earthlings seem both horrified and overjoyed at the sight
 of the barred cages, which contain the “little known
 horse-spider people of Kaan.” Hoch’s writing in the third
 person point of view allows the reader to know how the
 human characters are thinking and feeling. It is obvious
 that the people of Earth are more than thrilled to accept
 the unknown species.
Supporting Paragraph Break Down
    Each     summer,      Professor    Hugo    brings    his
 Interplanetary Zoo to cities all around Earth.
 (Evidence/Event) For a mere dollar, humans can catch a
 glimpse of “three-legged creatures from Venus, or tall,
 thin men from Mars, or even snake-like horrors from
 somewhere distant.” Earthlings seem both horrified and
 overjoyed at the sight of the barred cages, which contain
 the “little known horse-spider people of Kaan.” (What
 happened with story quotes). Hoch’s writing in the third
 person point of view allows the reader to know how the
 human characters are thinking and feeling. (Adds
 additional info) It is obvious that the people of Earth are
 more than thrilled to accept the unknown species.
 (Connects back to thesis)
Supporting Paragraph 2 Sample
   “Zoo’s” setting changes two months later to the jagged
 rocks of Kaan where the horse-spider inhabitants
 anxiously return home. The point of view has also
 changed to reflect the thoughts and feelings of these
 creatures, who admitted they enjoyed the trip. A
 moment of suspense arises when the “she-creature”
 asks the “he-creature” if they felt any danger on the
 journey, especially “on a place called Earth.” The ironic
 reply shocked the reader when the “he-creature” stated,
 “There are bars to protect us from them.” Like the
 Earthlings, the horse-spider people of Kaan were eager
 to explore the unknown world.
Supporting Paragraph Break Down
Your Turn
    “Zoo’s” setting changes two months later to the
 jagged rocks of Kaan where the horse-spider inhabitants
 anxiously return home. (        ) The point of view has
 also changed to reflect the thoughts and feelings of
 these creatures, who admitted they enjoyed the trip.
  (      ) A moment of suspense arises when the “she-
 creature” asks the “he-creature” if they felt any danger
 on the journey, especially “on a place called Earth.” The
 ironic reply shocked the reader when the “he-creature”
 stated, “There are bars to protect us from them.” (     )
 Like the Earthlings, the horse-spider people of Kaan
 were eager to explore the unknown world. (       )
Were You Correct?
  “Zoo’s” setting changes two months later to the jagged
 rocks of Kaan where the horse-spider inhabitants
 anxiously return home. (Evidence/Event) The point
 of view has also changed to reflect the thoughts and
 feelings of these creatures, who admitted they enjoyed
 the trip. (Additional relevant info) A moment of
 suspense arises when the “she-creature” asks the “he-
 creature” if they felt any danger on the journey,
 especially “on a place called Earth.” The ironic reply
 shocked the reader when the “he-creature” stated,
 “There are bars to protect us from them.” (What
 happened w/quotes) Like the Earthlings, the horse-
 spider people of Kaan were eager to explore the
 unknown world. (Connect to thesis)
3rd Sample Supporting Paragraph

 While Professor Hugo is portrayed as a cheerful, friendly
 character, the reader learns that he might also be
 viewed as a sneaky businessman. ( ) The reader may
 come to this conclusion upon the horse-spider’s
 statement, “It is well worth the nineteen commocs it
 costs.” It is apparent that Professor Hugo charges
 humans to view the horse-spider creatures, and the
 professor charges the horse-spider creatures to go on an
 interplanetary vacation.( ) The additional irony to the
 story enhances the resolution to the plot.( ) Professor
 Hugo not only explores and accepts the unknown, he
 also exploits each species. ( )
Time to Write Your Supporting
Paragraphs
Must include:
A.   Evidence/events- 1 event per paragraph*
B.   What happened
C.   Quotes
D.   Additional relevant information
E.   Connection back to the thesis

*Introducing a new event means introducing a
    new paragraph
Sources cited: www.drake.marin.k12.ca.us/litanalysis
Concluding Paragraph (Part III)
A. Restate title of story and mention of
   author’s name
B. Description of what the reader gains
   from story
C. How thesis and theme transcends the
   entire essay
D. Any additional, relevant statement to
   enhance and conclude the essay
Concluding Paragraph Sample

   Reading a short story like “Zoo” may
 seem like a quick way to pass a few
 minutes. By breaking down the story and
 analyzing piece by piece, the reader gains
 a greater appreciation for Hoch’s simple
 two-page piece. Perhaps the author
 himself was seeking a way to reach the
 unknown.
Concluding Paragraph Breakdown

   Reading a short story like “Zoo” may seem like
 a quick way to pass a few minutes. (Story
 name) By breaking down the story and
 analyzing piece by piece, the reader gains a
 greater appreciation for Hoch’s simple two-page
 piece. (Author’s name, what reader gains)
 Perhaps the author himself was seeking a way
 to reach the unknown. (final connection to
 thesis)
    Ready to Write Your Literary
             Analysis?
A checklist and grading rubric will be posted
  under RESOURCE tab in echalk!

In-class writing Monday through Wednesday
Wednesday will be a proficiency test on
  Organization
Final Literary Analysis typed and
  submitted Wed. 8/25

				
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