Public Speaking Basics Reminders by hpbO2Ht

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									                                              Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking

                         Public Speaking Basics Reminders


Advantages of public speaking include:

      Creating an awareness of what you have to offer.
      Generating an understanding of your message.
      Impacting and persuading your audience.
      Motivating your audience to take a certain action.
      Increasing your credibility and building your image.
      Generating exposure for your message.
      Increasing your own satisfaction and confidence.

Fear of speaking in public can:

      Make you feel less competent.
      Keep you from sharing your ideas.
      Keep you from volunteering or applying for positions you want.
      Prevent you from preparing enough for your speech.

Fear can come from:

      Future-orientation anxiety.
      Perfectionism.
      Stage fright.
      Procrastination.

Anxiety is easily triggered by:

      Not having enough time to prepare.
      Using unfamiliar technology.
      Being assigned to give talks about unfamiliar subjects.

The four steps to speaking in public include:

      Preparing.
      Introducing.
      Delivering.
      Concluding.




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                                                Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking
                                Preparing Reminders

Ask these questions to determine the purpose of your presentation:

      What is the subject of my presentation?
      Why is it this subject?
      Why am I giving this presentation?
      What are the goals of my presentation?

Things to know about your audience:

      Their interests.
      Their goals.
      Their size.
      Their dress.
      Whether their attendance is voluntary.

Determine if you need to make arrangements for:

      Photocopies.
      Room reservations.
      A microphone.
      Food.
      A computer and a projector.
      An overhead and slides.
      A projector screen.
      Name tags.
      A TV.
      A VCR.

When checking the room in which you will be presenting, check out:

      The room’s size.
      The microphone.
      Noise.
      Lighting.
      Temperature.
      Electrical outlets.
      Equipment..
      Furniture.
      Coffee and/or food.




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                                            Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking
                               Rehearsing Exercises

Breathing:
     Place your hand on your stomach.
     Inhale deeply and feel your diaphragm and stomach expand.
     Exhale and feel them both contract.
     Try inhaling and exhaling through your nose and your mouth, and feel yourself
      start to relax.

Relaxing:
     Sit in a chair with your arms hanging.
     Let your feet stretch out in front of you.
     Allow your head to drop down.
     Let your brow and jaw relax.
     Starting at the tips of your toes, focus on every body part one at a time.
     At each muscle group, consciously tense your muscles and then let them relax.
     If you need to laugh or giggle, do so because it means you are becoming
      relaxed.
     Relax in this position for a few minutes.
     Open your mouth and yawn.
     Let out a deep sigh and then slowly sit up.

Speaking:
    Focus on a far away spot and try to get your voice to reach that far.
    Put one hand on your stomach and feel it expand while inhaling.
    Pull your abdomen in and your diaphragm up while verbally counting to five, one
     breath for each word.
    Keep your shoulders and chest steady.
    When speaking, keep your cheek muscles up and your mouth wide to aid
     articulation.
    Keep your pitch warm, not high or nasal.
    Keep your throat and back of your mouth open to help resonation.
    Practice speaking in this way until you can complete an entire sentence in one
     breath.




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                                                Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking

                                 Introducing Reminders


When preparing an introduction, consider the speaker’s or your own:

      TheirAccomplishments and honors.
      Educational achievements.
      Background information.
      Media attention or publications.
      Extracurricular or service activities.


Capture attention by:

      Asking questions.
      Making a surprising statement.
      Telling a story.
      Giving a piece of news or a statistic.
      Asking your audience to participate in something.
      Telling a joke.
      Giving a demonstration.


Build rapport by:

      Acting naturally and spontaneously.
      Knowing your material well.
      Not standing behind a lectern the entire length of the presentation.
      Allowing your audience to participate.




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                                              Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking
                                 Example Introduction
                                  (Slutsky & Aun,1997)


Capture Attention:
Our speaker today titles his presentation, "Confessions of a Street Fighter," and shares    Comment [sbp1]: tI think this should be “titled.”
                                                                                            Papers are “entitled.” I think that’s the difference.
with us some of his streetwise secrets on how we can outthink our competition . . . not
outspend them.

Establish Credibility:
With a background in both advertising and public relations, Jeff Slutsky had an
opportunity to practice what he preached when he became part owner of a nightclub
and later a health club. With the marketing dollars now coming out of his own pocket, he
soon began to discover and develop result-oriented, low-cost tactics to build sales. This
unique combination of shrewd thinking, innovative problem solving, budgeting on a
shoestring, and a lot of hard work, came to be known as street fighting.

Jeff is the founder and president of Street Fighter® Marketing in Columbus, Ohio, and
he is the author of six books, including Street Fighting, which is part of the Street
Fighter's Profit Package, a complete video- and audio-training program with telephone
consulting.

His Street Fighting program has received a great deal of national media attention,
including The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, Success, Inc. magazine, CNN, and Sally
Jessy Raphael, and Jeff is a regular on the PBS series Small Business Today. Jeff's
street fighting client list includes AT&T, McDonald's, American Express, Walt Disney,
Pizza Hut, Honda, Sony, Goodyear, Marvel Comics, the city of Dallas, the state of
Arkansas, and the country of India.

Preparation and Call to Action:
Please help me welcome a real street fighter, Jeff Slutsky.




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                                              Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking
                                Delivering Reminders

To maintain the audience’s attention:

      Ask direct questions.
      Ask rhetorical questions.
      Tell a story.
      Act out parts of your story.
      Bring visual aids.
      Distribute handouts.
      Ask for physical movement.
      Acknowledge audience responses.

The benefits of using multimedia include:

      Helping your audience understand your message.
      Increasing retention of your message.
      Maintaining your audience’s attention.
      Increasing the speed of understanding.
      Controlling your nerves.
      Keeping your presentation on track.

Avoid gestures that:

      Over exaggerate.
      Send mixed signals with your words.
      Look contrived or are unnecessary.
      Are not appropriate for your audience or environment.

Use appropriate verbal communication by:

      Emphasizing important words or points with a loud or soft voice.
      Making sure to articulate.
      Speaking in complete sentences.
      Not reading visual aids to your audience.
      Using proper grammar.
      Using vocabulary appropriate to the audience’s background.
      Not overusing fillers such as “Um, like or anyway”.
      Keeping a pace that is fast enough to be interesting but slow enough to allow for
       note taking.




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                                           Leadership Skills Training: Public Speaking
                                Concluding Reminders


Thoughtful ways to conclude your presentation:
    Tell a story.
    Tell an anecdote.
    Give a quotation.
    Give a piece of news or a statistic.
    Ask your audience to participate in something.
    Tell a joke.
    Give a demonstration.


Get feedback on your presentation by asking yourself these questions:

      What went well and what did not?
      How was the time spent?
      How did the audience react?
      Were they confused? When?
      Were they excited? When?
      Did they participate?
      What questions did they ask?




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