March 14, 2004. 175 Tyndall Rd, Gisborne.
Jason Koia Ph 06 – 8686732
Ruawaipu Tribal Authority email@example.com
Maori Fisheries Bill 2003 Submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee
I am a direct descendant of David (Rawiri) Rangikatia and Koiauruterangi (Koia uru-te-
rangi), who signed at Waiapu. Only chiefs that held manawhenua were able to sign Te Tiriti.
Today my whanau still occupy their tupuna whenua (ancestral lands). Our manawhenua rights
derived from Ruawaipu (our eponymous ancestor). Ruawaipu is not a descendant or hapu of
Porourangi, and holds her own distinct line to Maui Potiki.
It is interesting to note that Porourangi held no mana over the whenua. I acknowledge that
Porourangi is one of my tupuna, but not “the tupuna” as inferred by TRONP. In fact, our
whanau hapu of the Ruawaipu territories opposed the formation of TRONP.
It is said that true origins of Ngati Porou derive from a whanau (family) and ancestor called
Mokai-a-Porou. They resided in a small area in the Waiapu valley.
It seems likely around 1867, that the entity Ngati Porou (not to be confused with Porourangi),
was manufactured by individuals who held no manawhenua, individuals such as Ropata
Wahawaha (Crown Agent), solely for political expediency.
The Native Lands Act 1865, not only was a product of the New Zealand land Wars, but also
forced over 40 traditional tribes throughout New Zealand into confederations.
Like the East Coast, the Waikato (re: The Maoris of New Zealand, by Metge.J.) was welded
into a political unit. Since the early 1920’s Tribes such as Te Arawa have been claiming back
their mana and now Ruawaipu reaffirms theirs.
“Of Ruawaipu the person we know little…an honoured name in whakapapa, but of
supreme importance as the carrier of the mana whenua” – Te Araroa, page 8, B.
“We can say that when Porourangi and his brother Tahu were living at Whangara and
commencing to lay foundations of the various tribes which trace descent from them,
Ruawaipu and Huritakeke (Uepohatu) were at the head of the Toi tribes” – TRONP
Ngati Link Sep2002
“In 1895, W.E.Gudgeon, a Judge of the Maori land Court made some reference to the
query, as to why Porourangi, when he said: “The name Ngati Porou does not by any
means convey a correct idea of assemblage of tribes now known under that
designation. Porourangi was indeed one of the progenitors of the tribe, but was not
the only one, nor, indeed the chief one”. (Extract of paper by A.T. Mahuika 25/5/93.)
Waiapu North wanted to retain their independence and autonomy and preserve their
rights of ownership of assets and land. ( Hansard Report on Te Runanga o Ngati
Porou Bill , June 16, 1987).
By way of background
1992 Deed of Settlement Act ; extinguished Maori sovereignty rights 100 % full and
exclusive forever, section 8 of this Act further ruled “that no court or tribunal shall have
jurisdiction to inquire into the validity of any claim based on any law and aboriginal title and
that all rights by Maori shall henceforth have no legal effect1. ( this breaches the Treaty of
Waitangi Act 1975, the U.N., ICCPR Article 2 (3) and the UDHR Article 8 )
UN Maori congress speech 1992,
The Crown (rushed through parliament) claimed that 75 signatures (without tribal or hapu
mandate) was sufficient to wipe away the rights of 500,000 Maori, including those tribes or
hapu, who opposed or did not sign the Crowns Deed of Settlement. Even today the Crown has
failed to honour certain aspects of this settlement [s10] such as making better provision for
Maori participation in the management and conservation of N.Z. fisheries2
Under The 1835 Declaration of Independence, Article II of Te Tiriti o Waitangi 1840,
section 10 of the 1846 Constitutional Act and Section 71 of the Queens Imperial Act
1. Ruawaipu holds manawhenua / manamoana from the Whangaporaoa stream to the
2. Te Runanga o Ngati Porou Act 1987 section 3, holds no mana over nga uri o nga
hapu o Ruawaipu.
3. Ruawaipu did not sign the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Claims Settlement Act 1992.
(Deed of Settlement)
4. The descendants of signatories to Te Tiriti o Waitangi ki Waiapu did not sign the
5. Ruawaipu has not received ACE rounds as agreed under s5 and 8 of the Maori
Fisheries Act 1989 (interim settlement).
6. Ruawaipu has not received any compensation yet has been forced to comply with
regulations (non-commercial), which was imposed as a trade off for settlement.
1. Ruawaipu rejects the TOWFCS 1992, and is retaining its 100% absolute authority
over its property (kai moana).
2. Ruawaipu seeks compensation by government for the use of its property since 1835.
3. Ruawaipu may negotiate revenue or royalty for those that wish to use the property
belonging to Ruawaipu.
On the grounds
1. Maori customary rights continue unless and until they are extinguished explicitly by
statute and the natives freely consent to such extinguishment [The Queen v Symonds
- Te Takutai Moana, Volume Five, Economics, Politics & Colonisation Series 2003 ].
2. “No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of owning his own property” Article 17, “No
one may be compelled to belong to an association” Article 20, (Universal Declaration
of Human Rights – 10 December 1948).
Signed Ruawaipu Tribal Authority ( Te Waiapu )
Wharekahika ……………………….. Wharekahika………………………
Kawakawa ……………………….. Kawakawa…………………………
Waiapu ………………………. Waiapu …………………………….
[refer- p.14. TOKM annual report 2002. ]