"MGT 200: Chapter 14"
MGT 200: Chapter 17 The Dynamics of Leadership Learning Objectives Describe the management task of “leading” Understand different leadership theories trait theory behavioral theories contingency theories new ideas/approaches to leadership Leadership “The process of influencing others to act toward the achievement of goals.” A leader = someone who can influence others to achieve organizational goals Leadership Effective leadership combines: An intelligent agenda for action (a “plan”) An energized network of resources Ability to make effective decisions Leadership Conditions for successful leadership 1. Clarity of direction 2. Ability to motivate others 3. Source of power/influence 4. Trust of your constituents 5. Effective decision making Leadership Power Legitimate (or position) power Reward power Coercive power Referent power Expert power Leadership Trust: The belief that those on whom we depend will meet our expectations of them Basics for achieving trust 1. Act with integrity 2. Demonstrate concern 3. Deliver results Leadership Theories Trait Model Behavioral Theories Contingency Theories New Leadership Ideas/Approaches Leadership Theories Trait Model Certain physical, social and personal characteristics are required to be a leader Research has not proven Traits associated with leadership: Drive, desire to lead, honesty & integrity, self-confidence, intelligence, job-relevant knowledge Leadership Theories Behavioral Theories University of Iowa studies Ohio State studies University of Michigan studies Managerial Grid Model Leadership Theories Contingency Theories The Fiedler Model Hersey & Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Model Vroom & Yetton’s Leader-Participation Model House’s Path-Goal Model New Ideas/Approaches to Leadership Transformational or Charismatic Leadership Leading through Empowerment Servant Leadership Principle-Centered Leadership Transformational or Charismatic Leadership Leader effectiveness depends on ability to inspire others These leaders are described as: energetic and energizing extremely self-confident great risk takers Charisma: innate or learned skill? necessity may depend on situation Leading through Empowerment Empowerment = increasing the decision- making discretion of workers. Driven by: the need for quick decisions by people most knowledgeable about the issues new organization designs with larger spans of control Requires skilled, motivated workforce Servant Leadership “Servant leadership begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead.” Robert Greenleaf The test: Do those served grow as persons? Principle-Centered Leaders 1. Continually learning 2. Service oriented 3. Radiate positive energy 4. Believe in other people 5. Lead balanced lives 6. See life as an adventure 7. Are synergistic 8. Exercise self-renewal Leadership Summary Described the management task of “leading” Discussed the power and trust factors in leadership Discussed different leadership theories Explored some new approaches to leadership