Docstoc

cbi

Document Sample
cbi Powered By Docstoc
					Computer-Based
    Instruction

              Produced by
         Dr. James J. Kirk
         Professor of HRD
Some Things
You Will Learn
   Ways in which computers are used to
    create, deliver, monitor, and evaluate
    instruction
   Fundamental concepts associated with
    the use of computer-based instruction
    and interactive video discs
   Costs and benefits of technology based
    instruction
Computer-Based Instruction
CBI-An Umbrella Term

               Computer Based
                 Instruction


Computer Aided Instruction
  Computer Managed Instruction
   Computer Supported Learning Resources
Computer-Aided Instruction
A computer program coded to...
 display prompts and
  instructions to a learner
 keep track of learners’ paths and
  reactions
 provide feedback
  in response to
 learners’ input
Computer-Managed Instruction
A computer program coded to...
• present and score tests
• keep records of trainees’
  performance
• make learning
  recommendations
  based on trainees’
  performance
Computer Supported
Learning Resources
 A computer
 program coded
 to help a
 worker perform
 a given task...
   •Help Systems
   •Wizards
Hyper Development Station
The Three Hypers
 Hypertext



             Hypermedia



                          HyperCard
Hypertext

     Text that provide a
    variety of electronic
    paths to information
Hypermedia

     Similar to hypertext
       but provides free
       linkages between
      different forms of
        media (i.e., text,
    graphics, video, audio,
         and animation).
HyperCard

The original hypermedia software
authoring system which links various
types of media through the use of
media cards, buttons, and stacks of
cards.
Authoring Software
Authoring Programs Can

  Present various types of
   information on a computer
   display user to different parts
   of a lesson
  Help manage instruction
Authoring Programs Can’t


   Author  anything
   Guarantee the quality of
    the instruction
Names Of Authoring Programs
     Authorware Professional
     Course Builder
     CD Author
     Digital Chisel
     HyperCard
     HyperStudio
     ToolBook
     Quest
Interactive Videodisc
An Exciting Trend


              Menu
Scripting
Oriented
Programs
Hyper Work Stations
Capabilities Of HyperCard

      Organizational Chart
      Field Personnel Information
      Help System
      Phone Book
      Product Catalogue
      Trouble Shooter’s Guide
      Computer-Aided Instruction
Multimedia Stack
Types Of Media Brought In

   Audio
   Video
   Text
   Graphic
   Combination Of Various
    Mediums
Steps In Developing CAI
Developing CAI
     1. Set Parameters         2. Estimate Costs




3. Assemble The                       5. Structure &
                                         Executing
   Design Team 4. Conduct Analysis &
                  Develop Design Plan
Step One: Setting Parameters

  What do we have to go here?
  What has to happen?

  How will we make it happen?

  How much might it cost?
Step Two: Estimating Costs

$ Training
Materials
$ Equipment
$ Labor
$ Materials
Step Three: The Design Team



          Project Manager
Design Team
 Instructional
 Designer
Design Team
Programmer
Design Team
Subject Manager
Expert
Step Four: Analysis & Plan
 Who is to be taught?
 What is to be taught?

 How shall it be taught?

 When is it to be taught?
Step Five: Execute Plan
Interactive Videodisc

  I
        V
             D
Impact Of IVD
¦   Less face-to-face contact
¦   Learning is objectively and quantifiably
    measured
¦   Content must be explicitly specified and
    approved
¦   IVD training takes longer to develop and
    change
¦   Resources are needed to manage the
    IVD environment
How Will IVD Change
Your Organization?
Questions To Ask
Yourself
¦   How is instruction offered now?
¦   What learning objectives can be
    accomplished by IVD?
¦   What objectives or by-products can not be
    accomplished by IVD?
¦   Who will develop and approve IVD
    instructional lessons?
Questions To Ask Yourself

¦   How will IVD training performance be
    measured?
¦   How will trainees react to the new IVD
    technology?
¦   Who will manage the IVD software and
    hardware?
¦   How will IVD be updated?
Setting Up An IVD
Environment
  ¦   Select a conducive
      atmosphere
  ¦   Develop and post job aids
    Setting Up An IVD
    Environment

¦   File the hardware manuals,
    invoices, and warranties
    maintenance system
    Assessing IVD
¦   Is the assessment grounded to job
    requirements?
¦   Do scores reflect just post-tests
    scores?
¦   Can courses be retaken? If so, how
    will the scores count?
¦   How will test security be maintained?
Assessing IVD
 ¦   Who and upon what basis will test
     scores be interpreted?
 ¦   Who will have access to test scores
     and how will they be retrieved?
 ¦   How will feedback be used to update
     and revise courses?
 ¦   Who will determine if and when course
     modifications will occur
Costs & Benefits


    Costs                 Benefits
 Expensive Technology   Consistency Of Instruction
 Special Facilities     Competency Assured
Some Things We Have Learned
   Ways in which computers are used to
    create, deliver, monitor, and evaluate
    instruction
   Fundamental concepts associated with
    the use of computer-based instruction
    and interactive video discs
   Costs and benefits of technology based
    instruction

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:10/2/2012
language:English
pages:43