Sivasubramaniam by HC121002192511

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									Plagiarism awareness amongst pre-university
students: A pilot study in secondary schools
                   Dr S D Sivasubramaniam
                          [SHIVA]




 02 October 2012
Rationale:


•“More than half of teachers believe internet plagiarism is a serious problem
among sixth-form students” - BBC News (Friday, 18 January 2008)


•“Sixth-form heads believe young people needed to be tutored as early as year
7 in how to formally credit and reference sources” - Barry Calvert (2010)
Plagiarism Conference


•Plagiarism, academic dishonesty on the rise among college students – The
Daily Northwestern (Monday, October 31, 2011).




   02 October 2012
                  Aims:


                  •To investigate the basic
                   knowledge on plagiarism
                   amongst university entry-
                   level students.


                  •To study whether anti-
                   plagiarism activities at
                   schools would enhance
                   this knowledge.

02 October 2012
                  The Devil’s Advocate
                                 I expect you all to be
                                     innovative and
                                 independent writers
                                  who will do exactly
                                       what I say”




02 October 2012
                    Demographic Details

• Secondary schools and sixth form colleges in the
 East Midlands - Derbyshire Leicestershire, and
 Nottinghamshire

                     =361 (47.2%)
                                    762 Students
                     =401 (52.8%)
                                    701 Students



  02 October 2012
Methodology:                                  I
                            Evaluation on
                                basic         M
Pre-workshop assessment     knowledge of      P
                             plagiarism
                              avoidance       A
                                              C
 Workshop on plagiarism    Group discussion
                                              T
      Avoidance             with examples
                                              A
                             Evaluation on
                                              N
Post-workshop assessment     the effects of   A
                             the workshop     L
                                              Y
                                              S
                              Evaluation of
 Post-workshop Feedback            the        I
                               “reception”    S
Scenarios:
•   Verbatim quote without proper acknowledgement

•   Verbatim quote in parenthesis with indirect acknowledgement

•   Inappropriate use of verbatim quote but with proper acknowledgement


•   Appropriate paraphrasing with proper acknowledgement

•   Appropriate use of information changed to the context without in-text referencing

•   identifying “Patchwork”


•   Proper use of diagram with acknowledgement

•   Proper use of diagram with acknowledgement

•   Use of secondary sources without reading the primary source


•   Use of information that are considered to be common knowledge
Results:




  02 October 2012
Results:
                    63.2%


                 315
                (45%)

                                    241
                                  (34.4%)




                          128
                        (18.2%)



                                              17
                                            (2.4%)




  02 October 2012
Results - Feedback:




                                          97.7%




*Only   381 students have given the feedback
Student feed back
             How do you describe this session?
• ‘Learnt a lot about plagiarism’

• ‘Learning about plagiarism was interesting’

• I learnt things I didn’t know about’

• I thought as long as I do not cut-and-paste it is fine but only now I
  know how to paraphrase, reference etc.


• ‘It is bit terrifying and also boring’

• ‘Not enough pupil participation’

• If writing is going to be this hard, why didn’t they explain this
  earlier during my GCSC’s

• It looks like I got to give reference to everything I use!
Personal Reflexions:

•   “The workshop only introduces the problems but not entirely focusing
    the subject”

    This was due to the time limitation (maximum allowed one hour)

•   “Identifying correctly doesn’t mean they are capable of avoiding”

    Agree but at least I have tried to enhance awareness

•   “Most of the scenarios used are simple and obvious”

        “Yet 274 students (4%) only managed to identify 3 or less pre-workshop
        scenarios”

•   “No rigorous analysis to prove the “effectiveness” of the workshop

51% of students who managed to identify less than 5 scenarios in pre-workshop
    assessment were able to correctly identify all 5 scenarios in post-workshop
    evaluation.
Reviewers Conclusions:
Conclusions:

 • The majority of school children do know the
   basic concepts of plagiarism.

 • They need to be educated the “fine points” on
   how to avoid plagiarism.

 • Promoting anti-plagiarism activities amongst
   school children would enhance their effective
   learning.




  02 October 2012

								
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