Massachusetts National Crime Prevention Council

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     Flashpoint I and II

     The office of Eastern District Attorney Kevin M.        choices in their own lives, particularly on the issues
     Burke of Massachusetts has developed the                of violence and substance abuse. The 12-session
     Flashpoint program as a youth crime prevention and      curriculum consists of a facilitator guide, participant
     intervention strategy. The Flashpoint: Life Skills      workbook, and educational video. To fulfill a growing
     Through the Lens of Media Literacy curriculum           need for more education and prevention strategies
     provides at-risk youth with the necessary critical      for civil rights violations and other acts of prejudice
     thinking and literacy skills to analyze what they see   among the court-involved and the general population
     and hear in the media. This innovative curriculum       of youth, Flashpoint II: Close-Up on Civil Rights was
     teaches youth to apply these skills when making         developed. This 10-session curriculum teaches
                                                             strategies that emphasize the prevention and reduc-
                                                             tion of civil rights violations, hate crimes, prejudice,
                                                             and stereotyping. Through the Flashpoint curricula,
                                                             young people learn hands-on skills for cooling down
                                                             and making wise choices during stressful moments
                                                             or “flashpoints” as they occur in real life. Flashpoint
                                                             also emphasizes the legal consequences and the ethi-
                                                             cal and social repercussions of engaging in criminal
                                                             behavior. Participants have been able to incorporate
                                                             conflict avoidance and impulse control into their
                                                             daily behavior. Feedback from professionals who
                                                             have used the curricula with groups of youth indi-
                                                             cate that the curricula are effective prevention tools
                                                             for teachers, juvenile justice professionals, school
                                                             resource officers, and social service providers.

                                                             Ruth Budelmann, Director, Juvenile Justice Program
                                                             Office of District Attorney Kevin M. Burke
                                                             Museum Place, Two East India Square
                                                             Salem, MA 01970
                                                             Phone: 978-745-6610
                                                             Fax: 978-741-4971

2,000 for 2000 Mentoring Initiative
In early 1999, Michigan Attorney General Jennifer M.       often the first step toward progressively more seri-
Granholm, along with Michigan first lady Michelle          ous violations of the law. The 2,000 for 2000 program
Engler, former Detroit Piston Isiah Thomas, and the        finds responsible adults to intervene in those chil-
Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan              dren’s lives before these violations become more
teamed up to introduce 2,000 for 2000: Michigan’s          severe. In each participating county, the program
Mentoring Initiative. The program is designed to           collaborates with established mentoring organiza-
recruit 2,000 adult mentors for 2,000 children. This       tions like the Boys & Girls Clubs to screen, match,
initiative is rooted in the notion that investing in our   and monitor adult mentors. Thus far, more than
youth is more fruitful than investing in more jails        2,800 mentors have been recruited. Though the
and prisons. The program has been introduced in            program was originally named 2,000 for 2000, it
eight Michigan counties. In each county, the local         continued in 2002 and will likely expand in the
prosecutor, the attorney general, and other local law      future. The program is supported by grants from the
enforcement organizations work together to recruit         Hudson Webber Foundation, the Skillman
stable adults willing to give two hours each week for      Foundation, and the Isiah Thomas Foundation.
one year to mentor a child. Children in the program,
ages seven to 17, have all had “light” contact with        Contact
the juvenile justice system and are referred to the        Charles List, Program Director
mentoring initiative by the juvenile courts. These         Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
contacts—including chronic truancy, curfew viola-          Phone: 517-334-6060, ext 806
tions, and other non-violent minor offenses—are  

     In July 1996, in St. Paul, Minnesota, a business owner     tions among new American business owners. Efforts
     and his wife were murdered in front of their three         include door-to-door patrols where teams of ENABLE
     children during a robbery. Three days later, a four-       staff and police officers visit business owners in the
     year-old girl was killed during a fight between rival      target district, implementation of Crime Prevention
     gangs. The business owners in the area, most of            Through Environmental Design strategies, and work-
     whom were new Americans, began discussing clos-            shops for business owners explaining the laws and
     ing their businesses and leaving the area. Cultural        regulations that govern the operation of a business.
     distrust of institutions such as banks and law             As a result of the ENABLE project, business owners
     enforcement officials created an ideal opportunity         indicate they feel safer, more connected to their
     for criminals—because of their distrust business           community, and less isolated. Their relationship
     owners were reluctant to report criminal activity to       with law enforcement has improved and criminal
     police and they often refused to deposit their cash        activity is reported to the police more often.
     in banks. The ENABLE project (Empowerment of
     New American Business Leaders) was created to              Contact
     address the environment that encouraged criminal           Tyler Le, ENABLE Program Coordinator
     activity in this St. Paul business district. Following a   University UNITED/ENABLE
     study of the crime patterns in the area, ENABLE            1600 University Avenue, Suite 9
     implemented a plan to educate business leaders,            St. Paul, MN 55104
     improve police-business relations, increase network-       Phone: 651-641-0334
     ing and communication among business owners, and           Fax: 651-641-0293
     dispel distrust of banking and other financial institu-

Crime Prevention Through Alternative Sentencing
In 1998, municipal judges in Jackson, Pearl,           offenders receive include anger management
Ridgeland, and other areas throughout Mississippi      classes, life-skills courses, a DUI offender program,
sought alternative sentencing programs that would      and character development classes. Since the
provide them with additional options for sanctioning   program began in Jackson in 1999, over 500 offend-
misdemeanor offenders and reducing recidivism.         ers have been through CWI’s programs. Since then,
Court Watch, Inc. (CWI), a private company,            the recidivism rate has dropped to an all-time low,
provides such services to 70 courts throughout the     over 250 offenders have gained full-time employment
state. CWI assesses offenders’ needs at the initial    and/or a GED, and a record 85 percent of offenders
probation meeting, determining the level of supervi-   are current with their fines and court cost payments.
sion needed, identifying opportunities for commu-      All of this is achieved without any additional work
nity service placement, screening for substance        for court personnel.
dependence disorders, planning employment and
educational attainment goals, and outlining the case   Contact
management approach for each offender. Offenders       Tammy H. Childress, Executive Director
pay CWI for the services rendered and a portion of     Court Watch, Inc.
the service fees are returned to victims as restitu-   274 Commerce Park Drive
tion. Payment of the CWI service fees is one of the    Ridgeland, MS 39157
conditions upon which probation or a suspended         Phone: 601-605-4401, ext. 201
sentence is based. The CWI service fees are imposed    Fax: 601-605-4405
by the court in addition to regular court fees and
costs. The counseling and other treatment that

     Life or Meth Program
     Witnessing an explosion in the number of methamphet-        an extraordinarily damaging effect on communities’
     amine labs operating in Missouri, local, state, and         economic and environmental well being. Recent indica-
     federal law enforcement agencies along with schools,        tors have shown improvement with the meth problem
     health officials, and community groups developed a          and program officials believe that they have
     partnership to combat meth trafficking, manufacture,        contributed to this decrease by raising awareness of
     and use in Missouri. During 1998 alone, over 920 clan-      this important problem.
     destine meth labs were discovered in the state. The
     Life or Meth campaign has provided information and          Contact
     educational resources to the public through PSAs and        Office of the United States Attorney
     school-based educational materials. This partnership        Western District of Missouri
     includes a statewide public awareness campaign to           Charles Evans Whittaker Courthouse
     educate Missourians about the harm associated with          400 East Ninth Street, Fifth Floor
     methamphetamine production and use. The campaign            Kansas City, MO 64106
     focuses on a triple killer theme: it can kill you when      Phone: 816-426-4212
     you make it; it can kill you when you take it; and it has   Fax: 816-426-4210

     Big Brothers Big Sisters High School Mentoring Program
     In 1997, Big Brothers Big Sisters of Helena, Montana,       confidence, 73 percent had a better attitude toward
     began a high school program to match high school            school, 59 percent improved relations with their
     age mentors with at-risk children between the ages          peers, and 40 percent had improved relations with
     of five and 12. Teachers, school counselors, and            adults. The program also has been successful in
     school administrators refer the elementary students         helping the high school aged mentors learn how to
     who exhibit low self-esteem, demonstrate favorable          demonstrate positive social behavior and learn about
     attitudes toward drugs and alcohol, and have diffi-         volunteerism, responsibility, commitment, and
     culty forming positive relationships with adults and        community involvement.
     their peers. The mentors are interviewed to deter-
     mine attitudes toward drugs, alcohol, unwanted              Contact
     pregnancy, commitment to school, and other youth            Theresa Jeremia-Chart
     issues. The mentor relationship provides a trusting,        Program Director
     consistent presence for the young children that             Big Brothers Big Sisters
     helps foster self-confidence, commitment to school,         High School Mentoring Program
     and the ability to form positive friendships with           33 Neill Avenue
     adults and peers. An evaluation of the program has          Helena, MT 59601
     shown that of 57 children where a successful match          Phone: 406-442-7479
     was made, 78 percent demonstrated increased self-           Fax: 406-442-013

Project Impact: Stopping Gun Violence in Omaha
In 1996, 11 percent of the homicide victims in           parole compliance teams, which visit the homes of
Omaha, Nebraska, were between the ages of 15 and         individuals currently on probation; a speakers’
18. In 1997, this percentage rose to 18 percent and in   bureau, which provides the community with individ-
1998, 35 percent. It was in this climate that Project    uals who can discuss the problem and solutions
Impact, based on the Boston Gun Project, was born        with the members of the community; and commu-
in 1998. Project Impact is a strategic and data driven   nity involvement opportunities where those seeking
approach that unites law enforcement, criminal           to change behavior can become involved in positive
justice officials, and community residents to help       activities.
stop violence. Designed to offer both accountability
and opportunity, Project Impact applies a combina-       Contact
tion of criminal justice and community-based inter-      Amy Krueger, Project Impact Coordinator
ventions to reach the chronic offenders causing the      U.S. Attorney’s Office
violence in Omaha. Project Impact strategies include     1620 Dodge Street, Suite 1400
notification meetings, during which offenders are        Omaha, NE 68102-1506
put on notice to change their behavior and told          Phone: 402-221-4774
about support that is available for those who decide     Fax: 402-345-1166
to renounce violence; police and probation officer

Z2—Zero Weapons/Zero Violence
During the late 1990s, law enforcement officials in      assembly, and community forums offer parents,
Clark County, Nevada, recognized the need to be          teachers, and administrators necessary resources to
proactive in efforts to prevent gun violence in          support school safety efforts. Since Z2 was imple-
schools and in the community. In response to the         mented, Clark County School District Police have
rash of school shootings in 1997 and 1998 county-        reported approximately a 25 percent decrease in gun
wide, law enforcement dedicated itself to eliminating    incidents, while there was a 15 percent increase in
illegal firearms from Clark County school campuses       the student population.
and later extended it to include the entire Clark
County community. Law enforcement involved in Z2         Contact
provide information and violence prevention train-       BEST Coalition for a Safe and Drug Free Nevada
ing to teachers, students, school administrators,        7235 Bermuda Road, Suite G
parents, and community and business leaders. The         Las Vegas, NV 89119
Z2 program hosts school assemblies designed to           Phone: 702-385-0684
encourage student participation in school safety. A      Fax: 702-614-0400
follow-up curriculum is designed for the classroom
to support the messages presented during the

     New Hampshire
     The Earn-It Program
     Recognizing that many juvenile offenders do not        instituted a program requiring offenders to take
     receive sanctions that hold them accountable to help   responsibility for their actions. Earn-It is a victim
     repair the financial and other damage incurred by      restitution program for juvenile offenders. The Keene
     their victims, the city of Keene, New Hampshire, has   District Court and Juvenile Conference Committee
                                                            refer juvenile offenders to the program. The offenders
                                                            then must apply to the program and are screened to
                                                            determine if the program is right for them. Once
                                                            accepted into the program, offenders are provided
                                                            with jobs in local businesses or community service
                                                            organizations. During the service, a program manager
                                                            monitors and reports to the district court and juve-
                                                            nile committee on the progress of the program partic-
                                                            ipants. The program ensures that restitution is paid
                                                            to the victims from a youth’s earnings, while the
                                                            youth is allowed to keep one-third of the earnings as
                                                            an incentive. Upon completion of the program, the
                                                            youth meet with their parents and work supervisors
                                                            in an exit interview to discuss the impact of the expe-
                                                            rience. To date, 80 percent of all program participants
                                                            have not reoffended within one year of their partici-
                                                            pation. Additionally, the program has accounted for
                                                            over 2,000 hours of community service performed by
                                                            the youth and thousands of dollars each year
                                                            returned to victims.

                                                            Earn-It Program Manager
                                                            Youth Services, City of Keene
                                                            3 Washington Street
                                                            Keene, NH 03431
                                                            Phone: 603-357-9811
                                                            Fax: 603-357-9847

New Mexico
Picacho Middle School: Community Involvement and Crime Prevention Initiative
The Community Involvement and Crime Prevention          Then, the Picacho students visit retirement and nursing
Initiative represents Picacho Middle School’s effort    facilities in Las Cruces, NM. Residents of these facilities
to utilize the National Crime Prevention Council’s      are treated to singing, entertainment, and crime preven-
Teens, Crime, and Community (TCC) curriculum to         tion tips for senior citizens. The kids enjoy acting as
promote more caring communities. When initially         teachers, the seniors are very receptive to the visit,
reviewing the TCC curriculum, John Mercer, site         crime prevention information is conveyed, and commu-
coordinator, knew the curriculum would be an            nity bonds are strengthened.
instant success in surrounding communities.
Already existing school activities provide a way for    Contact
the students to serve their community. Each year Ms.    John Mercer, TCC Site Coordinator and National Trainer
Jeri Brink and the Picacho Middle School Chorus take    Picacho Middle School
their act on the road providing them with the perfect   2700 West Picacho Avenue
opportunity to share crime prevention messages with a   Las Cruces, NM 88005
diverse audience. Before hitting the road, students     Phone: 505-527-9455
obtain crime prevention information from the National   Fax: 505-527-9459
Crime Prevention Council’s Web site (

     N e w Yo r k
     Operation Weed and Seed: Bruckner/Castle Hill/Soundview
     Painted on the walls of various buildings within the      Contact
     Bronx communities of Bruckner, Castle Hill, and           Felix A. Urrutia, Jr.
     Soundview were numerous images and messages               Operation Weed and Seed: Bruckner/Castle
     glorifying the crimes of a notoriously violent street     Hill/Soundview
     gang. These images communicated hopelessness              1025 Morrison Avenue, Room B3
     and violence to the community until Operation Weed        Bronx, NY 10472
     and Seed and a group of dedicated teens decided to        Phone: 718-861-8570
     change the images. Through a partnership with the         Fax: 718-861-8569
     local U.S. attorney, the Bronx district attorney, the
     local police precinct, probation authorities, and the
     area’s schools, Operation Weed and Seed secured
     the participation of a muralist to transform images
     from the area’s children into large murals covering
     walls previously smeared with graffiti. The muralist
     designed the murals based on the drawings of the
     youth in the area, the probation department
     arranged to allow probationers to fulfill community
     service requirements by painting over the graffiti,
     and children—after being trained in the techniques
     of mural painting—painted the murals on the same
     walls previously filled with depictions of violent
     criminal activity. The creation of these murals
     symbolically accompanied the U.S. attorney’s crack-
     down on the violent gang depicted in the prior graf-
     fiti. Not coincidentally, this neighborhood was one of
     only three Bronx neighborhoods where the homicide
     rate declined in 2000. Though the murals have been
     defaced a few times, the community has committed
     itself to repair them and make them better. The kids
     involved said that they will fix the murals as often as
     they have to.

North Dakota
AmeriCorps*Vista Community Life Skills Work Program
In Bismarck, Fargo, and Jamestown, North Dakota,        probation aftercare programs, and partner with the
the AmeriCorps*Vista and the North Dakota               local police department to enhance parole/probation
Department of Corrections’ Division of Field Services   supervision. As a result, outreach and educational
are teaming to work with community-based                forums have created more positive relationships
response teams of volunteers to develop community       between the community and the correctional institu-
policing committees. They hold a strong belief that     tion. Ex-offenders are more successfully integrated
we must partner to build safer communities. To this     and are less likely to commit crime in the commu-
end they have developed a community policing            nity because they have job skills and a better educa-
concept that promotes collaboration, motivation,        tion. Correction professionals can devote more
education, and involvement of citizens, community       attention to high-risk offenders and more compli-
groups, and agencies to enhance offender supervi-       cated cases. AmeriCorps*VISTA volunteers gain an
sion and to provide for safer, healthier communities.   appreciation and understanding of the corrections
The response teams oversee and assist with the          field and skills in facilitating relationships and
preparation and implementation of the Community         providing community service.
Life Skills and Work Program, which teaches viable
job skills and find productive community employ-        Contact
ment sites for the unemployed, unskilled, and low-      Tim Brehm,
income target population. The community policing        Program Director
committees provide an ongoing assessment of             AmeriCorps*Vista Community Life Skills Work
community needs and work closely with law enforce-      Program
ment officers and community residents in develop-       North Dakota Department of Corrections
ing a sense of the character of the neighborhood. In    Division of Field Services
addition, VISTA volunteers and probation officers       Phone: 701-328-6353
develop parole and probation public service adver-      Fax: 701-328-6186
tisements, partner with community/volunteer   
groups, develop adult mentoring programs, develop

     Young Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Clubs
     In 1989, in response to a growing increase in youth         the opportunity to earn points for following club
     violence among middle school students, the                  rules (which they assist in making), respecting them-
     Partnership For a Safer Cleveland created the Young         selves and others, and working as a team on a
     Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Clubs. The clubs are                community project. Teachers’ reports noted that
     designed to provide at-risk students and their fami-        club participants interacted more positively with
     lies with the support needed to improve school              their peers and were better adjusted at school.
     performance and social competence and are geared            Group leaders reported gains in students’ pro-social
     to prevent students’ involvement in disruptive,             behavior and decreases in aggressive behaviors.
     aggressive, and violent behavior and to promote             Analyses of report card data found statistically
     pro-social caring and cooperation. Available to             significant improvements in positive classroom
     students in grades one through five, separate clubs         behaviors (e.g., paying attention and completing
     for girls and boys include eight to 12 students and         assignments), self-control, and general attachment
     an adult group leader. Programs focus on teaching           to school. Another significant change was that prob-
     conflict resolution, interpersonal skills, positive life-   lem behavior for the most aggressive students signif-
     long choices, respecting diversity, and encouraging         icantly declined.
     school engagement. Students learn positive ways to
     express themselves through discussion, reading,             Contact
     writing, drawing, role-playing, singing, and interac-       Mike Walker
     tive exercises. The group leader encourages parental        Partnership for a Safer Cleveland
     involvement and acts as a liaison between the               614 West Superior Avenue Suite 1110
     parents and the school to improve these relation-           Cleveland, OH 44113-1352
     ships. In some school districts, the group leader           Phone: 216-523-1128
     may conduct home visits, telephone interviews, and          Fax: 216-523-1823
     participate in school conferences to monitor the  
     student’s progress. Incentive programs give students

Portland, Oregon’s, Comprehensive Crime Prevention Strategies
Beginning in 1988 and responding to the daily occur-      Task Force (YGAT)—responding to a rash of gang-
rence of homicide, drug trafficking, property crime,      related activities that brought an increase in youth
and gang violence, the city government, police            homicides and an influx of drugs and guns into the
bureau, and community members joined forces to            city, the city formed YGAT to track and record youth
change the city’s approach to crime. This commit-         gang violence, reduce youth violence in neighbor-
ment to comprehensive crime prevention solutions          hood hot spots, and reduce accessibility of guns to
to community problems has led to astounding               youth; and the creation of the Office of
results. From 1988 to 1998, Portland has seen a 86        Neighborhood Involvement (ONI)—ONI is one of the
percent decrease in crime and a 63 percent decrease       few community-based crime prevention programs in
in violent crime. Through a concerted outreach to         the country not led by the local police agency,
the business community, faith community, non-             rather ONI is primarily funded by the city to act as a
governmental organizations, and state and federal         network and resource center for Portland’s 94 neigh-
agencies, the city developed a community policing         borhood associations and over 50 business associa-
working group to help solve community problems.           tions providing a crucial link directly to city hall.
The comprehensive working group developed a five-
year strategic plan that has helped the Portland          Contact
Police Bureau (PPB) better prioritize and implement       Bruce W. Prunk, Assistant Chief
programs that reflect community concerns. Led by          Portland Police Bureau
Mayor/Police Commissioner Vera Katz, the city             1111 SW 2nd Street
management, police bureau, business community,            Portland, OR 97204
state and federal agencies, residents, and the faith      Phone: 503-823-0003
community have united to develop a community-             Fax: 503-823-0342
wide response to crime. Examples of initiatives 
stemming from this collaborative partnership
include: the creation of the Asian Family Center to       Thao-Oanh Doan
assist newly immigrated Asian families and youth in       Asian Family Center
becoming self-sufficient—this unique police-commu-        4424 NE Glisan Street
nity partnership has led the PPB to station a public      Portland, OR 97213
safety specialist at the center to assist in coordinat-   Phone: 503-823-2073
ing various crime prevention initiatives; the develop-    Fax: 503-235-0341
ment and adoption of the Youth Gun Anti-Violence

     Campus/Community Coalitions Reducing Underage and High-Risk Drinking
     The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (PLCB), Bureau        and other alcohol-related crimes, the PLCB has assisted
     of Alcohol Education supports a variety of initiatives      in developing coalitions between college campuses and
     each year to reduce underage and high-risk drinking.        their communities by instituting such strategies as
     The PLCB recognizes a strong correlation between alco-      providing alternative/alcohol-free entertainment,
     hol use and other crimes. To address that correlation,      preventing the sale of alcohol to minors, changing local
     the PLCB has formed campus/community coalitions             attitudes toward drinking, and providing a hotline to
     throughout the state. It is estimated that 40 percent of    report underage drinking in order to increase liquor law
     violent crimes are committed while under the influence      enforcement.
     of alcohol. This percentage is at least twice as high
     when applied to the relationship among college              Contact
     students, alcohol use, and crime. Each year, communi-       Steven L. Schmidt, Director
     ties, both on campus and off, are disrupted and vandal-     Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board
     ized by disorderly, intoxicated college students, most of   Northwest Office Building, Room 602
     whom are under the legal age to consume alcohol. Date       Harrisburg, PA 17124
     rape, drug use, and simple assault are other crimes         Phone: 717-772-1432
     common among college student populations and asso-          Fax: 717-783-2612
     ciated with alcohol consumption. To help combat these

     Rhode Island
     Mt. Hope Learning Center
     Concerned with the high rate of crime and lack of           educational and enrichment opportunities to commu-
     resources within the Mt. Hope neighborhood, commu-          nity residents. Volunteer educators from the commu-
     nity members and the Providence Community Police            nity offer basic academic skills, after-school tutoring,
     started the Mt. Hope Learning Center (MHLC) to              arts and culture activities, technology classes, life-skills
     address community needs in a comprehensive fashion.         training, mentoring, and service learning opportunities
     The Mt. Hope community in Providence, Rhode Island,         to children, youth, and elders living in the community.
     struggles with afflictions common to many low-income        The majority of volunteer-educators live in the commu-
     urban areas, including substance abuse, criminal activ-     nity. Classes are offered during the most critical hours
     ity, and diminished economic prospects for its resi-        including afternoon, early evening, and some weekends.
     dents. The Providence Police Department reports that
     crime statistics in the Mt. Hope area exceed those of       Contact
     many cities and towns in the state. Conservative esti-      Stephanie McCaffrey, Executive Director
     mates indicate a dropout rate of 40 percent at the local    Mt. Hope Learning Center
     high school. The majority of Mt. Hope residents do not      140 Cypress Street
     have access to educational and technical resources,         Providence, RI 02906
     such as after-school tutoring, computer labs, or special-   Phone: 401-455-8875
     ized enrichment opportunities. MHLC is a grass roots,       Fax: 401-222-4987
     community-based, volunteer organization that offers
South Carolina
The Police Homeowner Loan Program
In Columbia, South Carolina, the police department         renewal of community bonds. As crime declines,
and the city created the Police Homeowner Loan             residents develop stronger relationships with their
program. Created in 1990, the program is designed          neighbors and they develop a stronger sense of
to encourage police officers to buy homes in need of       community.
repair within low-to-moderate income neighbor-
hoods in Columbia. The city hopes to prevent crime         Contact
and reverse neighborhood decay by having police            Eric Cassell, Senior Loan Officer
officers move into such communities. To pay the            Community Development Department
purchase price and the cost of repairs, participating      City of Columbia
officers get a four percent, 20-year loan. The benefits    Box 147
of having an officer next door are numerous. Crime         Columbia, SC 29217
rates decline in neighborhoods when a police officer       Phone: 803-988-8061
moves in, and property values increase. Residents in       Fax: 803-988-8014
participating neighborhoods are experiencing a   

South Dakota
The Multicultural Center of Sioux Falls Crime Prevention Program
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, has experienced a tremen-       students interact with city and county officials to learn
dous increase in immigrant and refugee populations in      the laws and norms of the community and participate
recent years. The previously homogenous community          in alcohol and drug prevention activities. Over the past
has witnessed a 368 percent increase in ethnic and         three years, 65 percent of participants have experi-
minority populations. In response to these changing        enced better communication and dialog with local law
demographics, the Multicultural Center was founded in      enforcement. Law enforcement officials report a signifi-
1997. The center’s mission is to provide opportunities     cant decrease in negative interactions with members of
for all people to learn, celebrate, and share through      the various ethnic communities. Non-verbal and verbal
cultural experiences. The center works in cooperation      communication has improved as each group has
with local government and law enforcement personnel        become aware of the cultural experiences of the other.
to offer crime prevention training to the community. A
crime prevention task force meets regularly with           Contact
members of a variety of ethnic groups. The task force      Qadir Aware, Executive Director
provides an orientation designed to educate the ethnic     Multi-Cultural Center
communities about the basic laws and norms of the          515 North Main Avenue
area, legal issues, underage alcohol consumption, statu-   Sioux Falls, SD 57104
tory rape laws, sexual harassment, legal aid services,     Phone: 605-367-7400
and gang information. The center also holds Ethnic         Fax: 605-367-7404
Youth Day, during which area high school minority

     Youth Council, Advisory Board, and Academy
     The Knoxville Police Department youth program is           week summer camp that allows Knox County youth
     designed to improve the quality of life in neighbor-       to have positive interaction with police officers. The
     hoods by fostering partnerships between youth and          Knoxville Police Department has developed partner-
     police officers. The program consists of youth coun-       ships with AmeriCorps, the Southeastern Community
     cils, a youth advisory board, and a youth academy.         Oriented Policing Education, and the Metropolitan
     The youth councils are established in high schools         Drug Commission to help meet the goals and objec-
     and focus on such topics as volunteer community-           tives of its youth program.
     service, conflict resolution, anger management, and
     drug and alcohol abuse prevention. The councils are        Contact
     open to all students, but at-risk youth are especially     John O’Connor
     encouraged to participate. The youth advisory board        Knoxville Police Department Youth Program
     members raise money to award to worthy youth               Safety Education Unit
     development programs and activities. The board             PO Box 3610
     meets monthly to organize future events. In March          Knoxville, TN 37927
     2000, the youth advisory board awarded over $12,000        Phone: 865-215-7299
     in grant monies to 14 community youth groups for           Fax: 865-215-7482
     their service projects. The youth academy is a one-

     Value-based Violence Prevention Initiative

     To address the large number of young ex-offenders          life skills building retreat. The program centers on a
     with substance abuse problems and to fix the discon-       spiritually based boot camp involving intensive exer-
     nection between important job-readiness services           cise, community service efforts, non-denominational
     and substance abuse treatment programs, the San            spiritual service, life skills training, and work ethic
     Antonio Fighting Back of the United Way developed          and job readiness training. The individual and family
     the Value-based Violence Prevention Initiative. The        counseling services follow the program participants
     initiative brings together a faith-based organization, a   after they complete the boot camp. The program
     citywide job-training program, a substance abuse           began in 1999 and 118 individuals have completed it.
     treatment and family counseling service provider, and      Of that number, only 16 percent have re-offended.
     local law enforcement and probation officers.
     Participants in the program are recruited through the      San Antonio Fighting Back
     County Probation Office and their participation in the     2803 East Commerce Street
     program is included as a condition of their probation.     San Antonio, TX 78203
     Youth selected for the program benefit by receiving a      Phone: 210-271-7232
     variety of services from the many partners. In addi-       Fax: 210-228-0288
     tion, a group of judges serves as mentors and hosts a

Crime Prevention Strategy for High-Risk Teens
In the mid-nineties, Salt Lake City, UT, school          of club facilities. In addition, club staff members
district’s alternative education program needed to       work with individual students to educate them about
address two problems: the downtown Salt Lake’s           the clubs’ mainstream programs. The clubs have
central alternative education facility was over-         been particularly successful attracting these youth to
crowded; and alternative education students were         career development programs such as Leaders in
attending school fewer hours per day and being           Training and Job Ready. As a result of this partner-
released into the community in the early afternoon       ship, alternative education students are provided the
without support opportunities available in the public    “safety-net” of relationships with club staff and
school setting (e.g., sports, drama, clubs). These       opportunities for structured after-school activities—
problems were contributing to increases in youth         both factors in preventing juvenile crime.
crime rates. The school district and the Boys & Girls
Clubs of Greater Salt Lake created a partnership to      Contact
resolve these problems. Three club facilities located    Mr. Jim Jensen, Executive Director
within district boundaries became host-sites for         Boys & Girls Clubs of Greater Salt Lake
alternative junior high and high school classrooms.      675 East 2100 South, Suite 270
The school district provides certified teachers and      Salt Lake City, UT 84106
classroom materials for the school hours of 8:30 a.m.    Phone: 801-322-4411
to 2:00 p.m. The Boys & Girls Clubs provide on-site      Fax: 801-322-4435
club staff to facilitate the secure and supervised use

     Ve r m o n t
     Reparative Probation
     In response to sharp increases in its prison population,       include securing the victim as the center of the repara-
     Vermont’s Department of Corrections created repara-            tive process, providing a forum and opportunity for the
     tive probation. This type of probation involves the            offender to make repairs to both the victims and the
     community in the criminal justice system. It is called         community, and improving the process of reintegration
     reparative probation because it provides offenders the         into the community following conviction. The repara-
     opportunity to repair the damage caused by their               tive probation program has reduced recidivism in
     crimes. As part of the program, community boards               Vermont by 28 percent with 85 percent of the offenders
     make decisions regarding first-time and nonviolent             who complete the program remaining crime-free.
     criminal offenders from their community who have
     been convicted and sentenced to a reparative board by          Contact
     a judge. The reparative board meets with the offenders         Vermont Department of Corrections
     and their victims to resolve disputes and provide an           103 South Main Street
     opportunity for offenders to apologize to their victim         Waterbury, VT 05676
     and make amends to their community. The reparative             Phone: 802-241-2276
     probation system exhibits three crucial benefits which         Fax: 802-241-2565

     Certified Crime Prevention Community Program
     In April 2000, Virginia Attorney General Mark L. Earley        mented support of Watches; access to a victim/witness
     announced a new initiative entitled the Certified Crime        services program; and a delinquency prevention program
     Prevention Community program. The goal of this                 targeting at-risk youth. The programs proffered by DCJS for
     program is to publicly recognize and certify localities        consideration as optional elements range from mentoring
     that have implemented a defined set of community               programs to domestic violence response programs to
     safety strategies as part of a comprehensive community         school-based drug prevention programs to corrections
     crime prevention and safety effort. Certification under        programs. Localities must provide a written summary of
     this program provides a great marketing opportunity for        each program submitted to meet a core program element
     localities and enhances the professionalism of city and        or optional program element. Since August 2000, DCJS has
     county management and providers of community safety            received 28 requests from Virginia localities to enroll in the
     services at the local level. Localities participating in the   program. Additionally, several states have expressed inter-
     program get preference in the state criminal justice grant     est in the program, including Colorado, Florida, California,
     application process. To obtain the certification, a locality   and Minnesota.
     must meet 12 core community safety elements or strate-
     gies augmented by a minimum of seven approved                  Contact
     optional elements either proffered by the locality or          Doug Smith
     selected from a list provided by the Virginia Department       Department of Criminal Justice Services
     of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS). Examples of the core      805 East Broad Street, Tenth Floor
     elements include development of a local community              Richmond, VA 23219
     crime prevention/community safety council or coalition;        Phone: 804-786-9469
     a Neighborhood Watch program with training and docu-           Fax: 804-371-0894
The Community Action Partnership: Developing a Safer Neighborhood
For many decades, the residents and merchants of          department’s west precinct and the Seattle
Seattle’s Chinatown international district, compris-      Chinatown-International District Preservation and
ing 25 Asian-Pacific Island cultures, suffered a          Development Authority—dubbed their CSI alliance
persistent and significant violence, theft, and street    the community action partnership. CSI has had a
disorder. There was also an historic reluctance to        groundbreaking impact in Seattle. Importantly, this
summon or cooperate with the local police for crime       progress has been made without deploying more
prevention. In 1996, neighborhood leaders and the         police or more community developers but simply by
Seattle Police Department decided to become one of        working “smarter” and more collaboratively and by
the first test sites of a far-reaching national program   benefiting from best practices gathered from around
called the Community Safety Initiative (CSI). CSI was     the country. Among the documented results are a
founded on a simple, powerful insight: sustained,         crime reduction of 39 percent in the target neighbor-
innovative, and mutually respectful strategic             hood compared to 9 percent citywide and replace-
alliances between local police officers and local         ment of crime hot spots with community-affirming
grass-roots community economic development                and commerce-enhancing developments. For exam-
corporations could accomplish a depth of culturally       ple, a massive transient camp under an interstate
appropriate “weeding and seeding” of neighbor-            highway overpass, which for years harbored many
hoods that neither could accomplish acting alone. In      violent fugitives and was an active drug market, has
this site, the key local participants—the police          been replaced by a block-long, multi-million dollar,
                                                          residential and retail building; and a Karaoke club
                                                          that attracted gangs and related violence was
                                                          remodeled and transformed into a much more popu-
                                                          lar Asian restaurant that employs local residents and
                                                          has not attracted criminal activity. For the first time
                                                          in a generation, elderly residents can use their local
                                                          parks to play Chinese chess and practice Tai-Ch’i.
                                                          The police-community relationship continues to be
                                                          manifest in many practical, crime-fighting and
                                                          community development ways.

                                                          Community Action Partnership
                                                          409 Maynard Avenue South, Suite P1-B
                                                          Seattle, WA 98104
                                                          Phone: 206-621-1815

     West Virginia
     Weed and Seed Community and Business
     Partnership To Prevent Crime

     The O.N.E. Wheeling Weed and Seed program, the
     Wheeling Police Department, and the Ormet
     Corporation have combined resources to prevent
     crime in the Wheeling, West Virginia, Weed and Seed
     site. Through the generosity of Ormet Corporation,
     which donated four new bicycles to the Wheeling
     Police Department, the Weed and Seed program
     launched a bicycle patrol to increase the safety of
     the community. Police Chief Joseph Petri believes
     the bikes have worked out well so far because police
     officers are more visible and accessible to the
     community. Approximately 35 police officers volun-
     teered for the bicycle patrol after the O.N.E.
     Wheeling Weed and Seed board of directors pledged
     $11,600 to purchase additional equipment and
     uniforms. John M. Rowan, the Weed and Seed site’s
     executive director, said that the combination of
     community and business resources in this manner
     furthers the goal of enhancing the relations between
     the community and law enforcement.

     O.N.E. Wheeling Weed and Seed
     87 Fifteenth Street, Room 415
     Wheeling, WV 26003
     Phone: 304-233-5900 ext. 4402
     Fax: 304-233-5837

Youth Subculture Training
Faced with growing youth subculture groups, including white
supremacy groups/gangs, street gangs, occult groups, cults, and ravers
and the drug and alcohol abuse that generally accompanies these
activities, the Madison, Wisconsin, Police Department and a private
nonprofit organization, Project HUGS, combined resources to provide
training on how to spot and work with these groups. Youth subculture
groups often recruit young people by befriending those who need
protection from teasing or other intimidation and then introducing
these youth to fringe belief systems that employ drug use to
“enhance” the experiences of these young people. The police depart-
ment and nonprofit organization formed a partnership to provide
current information on subculture groups to professionals who work
with youth. They have provided training statewide in order to help
practitioners identify youth involved in these fringe activities, under-
stand the belief systems so as to facilitate communication with these
youth, and provide information on appropriate and effective ways to
intervene with the young people. Project HUGS is housed in a area
high school in order to ensure access to the rapidly changing youth
subculture trends and to provide a ready means of intervention. The
training and program has improved the skills of law enforcement offi-
cers, school personnel, parents, and youth-service professionals and
has made them better able to identify, understand, and intervene with
these trouble youth.

Sandy Lampe, Administrative Director
Project HUGS
2222 East Washington Avenue
Madison, WI 53704
Phone: 608-845-6140

     The Crimebusters program, conducted in each of         drinkers and drug abusers and has given presenta-
     Wyoming’s three Boys & Girls Clubs, features guest     tions on the legal consequences of drinking as well
     speakers who present topics from their fields of       as the short-term and chronic effects of alcohol use.
     expertise, as well as topics that are relevant to      Local law enforcement officers also participate,
     current crime trends in the community. Speakers        speaking about various topics. Presentation time is
     include Juvenile Court Judge Hunter Patrick who        tailored to keep the kids’ attention and allow ample
     discusses the serious nature of crimes that bring      time for questions and answers. Mr. Robertson is
     kids through juvenile court, as well as the special    pleased to report that to his knowledge no member
     services available to children through this court.     of his club has been picked up for shoplifting.
     One local Department of Family Services staff
     member gave a presentation about what constitutes      Contact
     inappropriate touching or inappropriate discussion     Mr. Jacques Robertson, Executive Director
     and where to go to get help in these situations.       Boys & Girls Clubs of Park County, Wyoming
     Jacques Robertson, director of youth services and      PO Box 2363
     executive director of the Boys & Girls Clubs of Park   Cody, WY 82414
     County, teaches a shoplifting impact course to         Phone: 307-527-7871
     youthful offenders and to club members. A circuit      Fax: 307-527-5288
     court judge deals with a high number of underage


Given the energy and commitment of the individuals        Crime Prevention Coalition of America, a national
and organizations highlighted in this document we         crime prevention movement will develop. The fruit of
should not be surprised that crime continues its          this movement will be that prevention becomes the
decline. The Crime Prevention Coalition of America        natural policy solution to the problems of crime,
has taken this good news not as a reason to relax         violence, and substance abuse.
but rather as an indication of what might happen if
we redouble our efforts. The Coalition has therefore      Crime prevention is a morally, fiscally, and civically
issued a challenge to the nation—become part of a         responsible approach to the problems caused by
national movement to prevent crime, violence, and         crime—morally responsible because it prevents crime
drug abuse. To support this movement and to help it       before a criminal victimizes a person, fiscally respon-
change the way the nation responds to crime, the          sible because preventing crime is more cost effective
Coalition is taking dramatic steps to support and         than punishing criminals or attempting to repair the
enhance the efforts of crime prevention practition-       damage caused by crime, and civically responsible
ers across the country. The Coalition has expanded        because it helps to build communities that do not
its membership to allow community, neighborhood,          produce crime.
municipal, and county agencies and organizations to
join in this effort and benefit from membership in a      To an even greater extent than is described in this
national movement. Hopefully, after reading this          report, the crime prevention initiatives underway in
document you have gained an understanding of the          states and communities across the nation are many
current state of prevention and where our move-           and varied. From national organizations, to state
ment must go to truly build safer, more caring            agencies and associations, to local community
communities nationwide.                                   groups, Crime Prevention Coalition of America
                                                          members are taking action to improve the quality of
The preceding program briefs cannot conclusively          life for themselves and their neighbors. This national
document all of the innovative and effective preven-      crime prevention movement is growing stronger each
tion efforts going on around the country. Any effort to   day. The Crime Prevention Coalition of America is
do so would be fruitless. What the Crime Prevention       proud to be at the forefront of this effort.
Coalition of America has provided is a snapshot of
prevention programming so that the reader can gain a      We invite you and your organization to join this
flavor for the state of crime prevention in America.      national crime prevention movement. Help make
                                                          your community a safer, more caring place in which
The Crime Prevention Coalition of America thanks the      to live. To join the Crime Prevention Coalition of
many dedicated law enforcement officials, community       America, simply complete the brief application on
leaders, state officials, youth service providers, and    page 48 and submit it with your dues payment. If
local policy makers who dedicate time, energy, and        you have any questions about Coalition member-
resources to creating safer, more caring communities.     ship, please call 202-466-6272 and ask for Coalition
We are confident that through the focused efforts of      Member Services.
these individuals and under the leadership of the

     Membership Application
                                                              General Information
     State and National Members • Annual
     Dues; $100

     FEDERAL AGENCIES Operate as part of the federal
     government. The application must be submitted by         REPRESENTATIVES NAME
     the director of the department, bureau, agency, or
     office seeking membership.
     TIONS State crime prevention organizations or
                                                              CITY                              STATE             ZIP
     national nonprofit organizations. Approximate
     number of Members: ______________
     AGENCIES The application must be submitted by
     the director of the department, bureau, agency or
     office seeking membership.
                                                              EMAIL                             URL

     Affiliate Members • Annual Dues: $50                     Organizational Information: use a separate page

     COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS Crime preven-              1.    What is the mission of your organization?
     tion organizations, municipalities, county govern-
     mental bodies, neighborhood organizations, police        2.    Describe your organization’s activities,
     departments, state nonprofit organizations, etc.               programs, and initiatives relevant to crime
     Years involved in crime, violence, or substance
     abuse prevention: ______________                         3.    What resources, skills, or services of your organ-
                                                                    ization would be of benefit to other coalition
     Associate Members —
                                                              We are pleased to commit our organization as a
     Donation of significant in-kind or financial resources   member of the Crime Prevention Coalition or
     Types of financial or in-kind resources offered:         America. We want to participate with other member
     ________________________________________________         groups to develop and implement programs/initia-
                                                              tives relevant to the prevention of crime.
     ________________________________________________         SIGNATURE OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER                DATE

                           National Crime Prevention Council
                     1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Thirteenth Floor
                              Washington, DC 20036-5325

ISBN 1-929888-11-2

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