Maintaining fetal well being
Nutrition Lifestyle Environment
What should I eat/drink?
5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day. Pulses too.
Starchy foods such as bread, pasta, rice and potatoes.
Wholegrain if possible.
Dairy produce - milk, cheese and yoghurt. Reduced or
Pesticide free produce.
Lean meet/lower fat products.
Fish- 2 servings a week.
Water 8 glasses a day
What types of food/drink should I avoid?
Raw or undercooked fish, eggs, meat or poultry.
Swordfish, shark, marlin and reduced intakes for some other forms of fish.
Unpasteurised milk, or food produced from it.
Soft mould ripened cheeses such as Camembert, Brie, Feta and Roquefort.
Pate or liver.
Unwashed raw vegetables or fruits.
Caffeine from: coffee; some fizzy drinks; tea and chocolate.
Drinks containing artificial sweeteners notably saccharin.
Nuts particularly peanuts. This is a strong recommendation if you/family
member have an allergy.
Should I and those around me smoke?
Nicotine cigarettes (no). Multiple risks to own health and increased
incidence of some minor disorders, for example morning sickness.
Nicotine cigarettes (no). Reduced fertility in men and women.
Nicotine cigarettes (no). Significantly increased risk of low birth weight,
pre term birth, cot death, miscarriage and respiratory infections/
conditions in the baby during the first 6 months (longer if developing
child continues to be exposed to cigarette smoke.
Cannabis, crack cocaine…A number of risks to the health of the fetus
ranging from mild developmental anomalies such as poor feeding to low
birth weight, pre term birth and congenital malformations particularly
Do I need to take any supplements whilst trying
to get pregnant and once pregnant
Folic acid (folate) supplementation is advisable. At least one month pre
conception and for the first three months of pregnancy.
A daily dose of 400micrograms(mcg) is recommended.
Dietary sources of folic acid include leafy green vegetables, avocados,
fortified cereals and breads, and orange.
Iron supplementation is not universally recommended but may be advised
by your GP under certain conditions.
Calcium and vitamin D rich foods should be eaten.
If you suffer from Calcium and or Vitamin D deficiency supplementation
will be prescribed.
Regular aerobic exercise
Maintain regular exercise
Try not to introduce any
radical new form of
Do I need to look out for any particular infection
and take care to avoid risks?
SID screening (Chlamydia psitacci)
Be aware if non immune to other diseases e.g Chicken Pox
Toxic substances/chemicals lead, copper, mercury,
Discuss risks associated with occupation or profession
Should I stop using contraception and get
pregnant right away?
Advisable to discontinue using the combined oestrogen and
progesterone and progesterone only pills at least 3 months
Any Intrauterine device should be removed at least 3 months
Switch to barrier methods of contraception for the period of
Use natural methods of contraception to calculate fertile
points in menstrual and ovarian cycle.