Basic First Aid First aid experts stress that knowing what to do for an injured person until a doctor or trained person gets to an accident scene can save a life, especially in cases of stoppage of breath, severe bleeding, and shock. People with special medical problems, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, epilepsy, or allergy, are also urged to wear some sort of emblem identifying it, as a safeguard against use of medication that might be injurious or fatal in an emergency. Most accidents occur in homes. Figures show that home accidents exceed those in other locations, such as in cars, at work, or in public places. In all cases, get medical assistance as soon as possible. Wound should be washed with soap under running water and Animal bite animal should be caught alive for rabies test. Start mouth-to-mouth resuscitation immediately after getting Asphyxiation patient to fresh air. Elevate the wound above the heart if possible. Press hard on Bleeding wound with sterile compress until bleeding stops. Send for doctor if it is severe. If mild, with skin unbroken and no blisters, plunge into ice water until pain subsides. Apply a dry dressing if necessary. Burn Send for physician if burn is severe. Apply sterile compresses and keep patient quiet and comfortably warm until doctor's arrival. Do not try to clean burn, or to break blisters. With patient lying down, pour cupsful of water immediately into corner of eye, letting it run to other side to remove Chemical in eye chemicals thoroughly. Cover with sterile compress. Get medical attention immediately. Choking Do not use back slaps to dislodge obstruction. Place person on back on bed or rug. Loosen clothing. Turn head Convulsions to side. Do not place a blunt object between the victim's teeth. If convulsions do not stop, get medical attention immediately. Apply mild antiseptic and sterile compress after washing with Cut (minor) soap under warm running water. (See Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation) Artificial breathing must be started at once, before victim is out of the water, if possible. Drowning If the victim's stomach is bloated with water, put victim on stomach, place hands under stomach, and lift. If no pulse is felt, begin cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. This should only be done by those professionally trained. If necessary, treat for shock. If possible, turn off power. Don't touch victim until contact is broken; pull him from contact with electrical source using rope, Electric shock wooden pole, or loop of dry cloth. Start mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if breathing has stopped. Touch object with moistened corner of handkerchief if it can be Foreign body in seen. If it cannot be seen or does not come out after a few eye attempts, take patient to doctor. Do not rub eye. If victim feels faint, lower head to knees. Lay him down with head turned to side if he becomes unconscious. Loosen clothing Fainting and open windows. Keep patient lying quietly for at least 15 minutes after he regains consciousness. Call doctor if faint lasts for more than a few minutes. Send for physician if patient has continued pain. Cover wound with sterile dressing and stop any severe bleeding. Do not move Fall patient unless absolutely necessary — as in case of fire — if broken bone is suspected. Keep patient warm and comfortable. If a limb is severed, it is important to properly protect the limb so that it can possibly be reattached to the victim. After the victim is cared for, the limb should be placed in a clean plastic Loss of Limb bag, garbage can, or other suitable container. Pack ice around the limb on the OUTSIDE of the bag to keep the limb cold. Call ahead to the hospital to alert them of the situation. Call doctor. Use antidote listed on label if container is found. Call local Poison Control Center if possible. Except for lye, Poisoning other caustics, and petroleum products, induce vomiting unless victim is unconscious. Give milk if poison or antidote is unknown. Keep the victim lying down; if uncertain as to his injuries, keep him flat on his back. Maintain the victim's normal body Shock (injury- temperature; if the weather is cold or damp, place blankets or related) extra clothing over and under the victim; if weather is hot, provide shade. Immediately get victim to a hospital. If there is mild swelling or Snakebite pain, apply a constricting band 2 to 4 inches above the bite. If possible, remove stinger and apply solution of ammonia and Sting from insect water, or paste of baking soda. Call physician immediately if body swells or patient collapses. Send for doctor and place person on his back. Start Unconsciousness resuscitation if he stops breathing. Never give food or liquids to an unconscious person.
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