Managing AT ribal Transfer Station:

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					MANAGING A TRIBAL TRANSFER
STATION:
A Pyramid Lake Case Study
Presented by John Mosley
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe
Environmental Director
BACKGROUND FOR PLPT RESERVATION
 Area - 477,000 acres
 2400 Members, ~2200 residents
 650 Tons of Solid Waste Per Year
 3 Separate Communities, ~15miles apart
 3 Separate Waste Pools
 Open Dumps (aka “The Dump”…)
 AKA “Macy’s”
 Burning Waste
 Medical Waste
 Dead Animals
 No laws?!!!
WHY IS TRASH A PROBLEM?
 Cultural ways remained unchanged for millennia
 Green living & Zero waste were necessities

 Migration

 Culture clash with Western World

 Western culture is wasteful

 After hundreds of years, Tribes still struggle to
  change
 Economically, its difficult for change to occur

 Lack of education

 Western ways bring Western problems

 Per capita, 2.3 lbs/yr vs. US 4.6 lbs/yr avg.
DUMPS: CHARACTERIZATION
   Examples of different types of DUMPS…
OLD DUMPS
JUNK DUMPS
BURNING DUMPS
OIL DUMPS
BIG DUMPS
TIRE DUMPS
NEW DUMPS
PICTURE OF MY DOG
BEHIND PEOPLE’S HOMES DUMPS
OFF RESERVATION DUMPS
NIXON DUMP BEFORE
NIXON DUMP BEFORE
NIXON DUMP AFTER
NIXON DUMP AFTER
CONCLUSION
 Pyramid Lake needs a waste management sol’n
 Grant funding helps to clean up waste

                 and to build a transfer station
 Once facilities are constructed, the Tribe has to
  pay for O&M
 A utility board is formed to help advise Council

 Board sets rates and fees to become self-sufficient

 Other options? Waste companies will service two
  of the three communities (not many options)
 PLPT Solid Waste Department is created

 Equipment procured through surplus
TRANSFER STATIONS
 3 for each community
 Designated hours of operation

 Special waste drop off areas

 Raised earth with concrete reinforcement

 Fenced with chain-link and barbed wire top

 Safe and secure site

 SORT OF…!!
ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
 Who will man the site?
 Costs of contracting to haul waste off site
 Vandalism
 Honoring the hours of operation
 Large waste or unacceptable waste
 Recycling
 Payment for use
 Enforcement
 Use by outsiders
 Use by Tribal Members who charge for collection
 Maintaining Billing and getting people to pay
PYRAMID LAKE SOLUTIONS
 Created Department and Staff positions
 Used Grants to get large equipment or procured
  surplus equipment
 Managed waste self-sufficiently

 Created curbside program

 Billing for curbside AND TS as one charge

 Moved SW and DW under Indirect Cost

 Familiarity and convenience with curbside

 Create commercial accounts to increase revenues

 OUTREACH & EDUCATION!!!!!!
PL – SOLUTIONS CONT’D
 Discouraged use of transfer sites
 Management of Transfer Stations is a full-time
  job, Environmental liability
 Decision was made to move to Curbside pick-up
 Keeps residents from not throwing away too
  much
 Convenient for Elderly and Disabled
 Helps with Billing enforcement
 Created ISWMP (RCRA Funded)
 Taking more commercial accounts (to ^ revenues)
 Working with State and County for enforcement
 Partnering with Contractors to share facility use
RCRA – CHANGE IS NEEDED
   Resource Conservation Recovery Act
   Named Tribes as “Municipalities” in authority
   Challenged in Court (EPA permit for Campo Tribe)
   BACKCOUNTRY AGAINST DUMPS and Donna
    Tisdale, Petitioners, v. USEPA, Respondent, Muht-
    Hei, Inc., et al., Intervenors.
   Court ruled in favor of challengers
   Tribes have TAS in other laws (CWA, CAA)
   We must get Tribal Chairs, Councils, Congressmen
    and NCAI to be aware and advocate for change!
   TAS is an important authority Tribes need as
    Sovereign Nations
QUESTIONS? DISCUSSION?
   Talky talk time.

				
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posted:10/2/2012
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