career opportunities for adult education graduates in enugu state by N0bd7F


									                           TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page





Table of contents


1.1   Introduction

1.2   Background of the study

1.3   Statement of the study

1.4   Purpose of the study

1.5   Scope of the study

1.6   Research questions

1.7   Research hypothesis

1.8   Significance of the study

1.9   Definition of terms



2.0   Literature review

2.1   Adult and adult education

2.2   Career guidance/education

2.3   Career within an organization

2.4   Career dilemma and career plateau

2.5   Adult literacy and career motive



3.0   Research design and methodology

3.1   Research design

3.2   Area of the study

3.3   Population of the study

3.4   Sample and sampling procedure technique

3.5   Instrument of data collection

3.6   Validation of the instrument

3.7   Reliability of data study

3.8   Method of data collection

3.9   Method of data analysis


4.0   Data presentation and analysis

4.1   Presentation and analysis of data

4.2   Testing of hypothesis

4.3   Summary and results



5.0   Discussion, recommendation and conclusion

5.1   Discussion and result/findings

5.2   Implication of the research findings

5.3   Conclusion

5.4   Recommendations

5.5   Suggestion for further research




                              CHAPTER ONE


Education as a hallmark in this writing has to be originally talked about before

conceptual purpose with which the researcher wants to write about Education.

Education in the broad science means more than intellectual aspect of it. A.B

Fafunwa (1991) knowledgeable states that in the beginning of the world, Adam

saw the animals first before he named them therefore, no study of history of

education particularly in Africa is complete without adequate knowledge of the

traditional or indigenous educational system prevalent in Africa before the

important religion which have influenced Nigeria education in no small

measure are of recent development compared with the indigenous system of

education which is as old as man himself in Africa.

Dr P. Eya (1993) on the same note said that, every society, simple or complex

has it’s own system for training and educating it’s youth, and education for the

good life has been one of the most persistent concerns of men.

Based on this acceleration, the period between 1976-1980 witnessed an

unprecedented growth at the level of education – primary, secondary and

tertiary institutions in Nigeria, which in the same vein witnessed the emergency

of adult education in this different learning sector.

Adult education is such a relatively new field of social practices that is still in

the process of forming new identity. Adult education describes the process of

adult learning in its broadest sense. It encompasses practically all experiences

of matured men and women by which they acquire new knowledge,

understanding, skills, attitudes, interests of values. It is a process used by

adults on their self development, both alone and with others which is also used

by institutions of all kinds for the growth and development of their employees,

members and clients.

Adult education when compared with other discipline within the field of

education has just emerged unlike older disciplines which have enjoyed

systematic research and training.

This exercise is tackled individually based on orientation, environment,

motives, privileges etc. It could even occur as restraining in an organization or

even for some other motives irrespectively.

Adult education is also a concept. The acquisition of reading and writing skills

which are to be applied for the development of the community.              Adult

education is concerned with social welfare of agricultural extension and

community development.          Adult education can be seen to contribute

immensely to the growth and development of a society. It is a lucrative

profession that extends in many directions and not only in teaching profession,

hence listing of job potentialities of adult educators.

Based on the above knowledge of adult education worldwide which is newly

spreading up like a wide fire, the state is not left out in this educational

exuberance, it is on this that in the year 1973 emerged the ABC university of

the air with a view to be co-operating with the Institute of Management and

Technology Enugu and University of Nigeria Nsukka Programme respectively.

The name is popularly known as School of Staff Development and Distance

Education (SDDE) UNIAIR.         Then, it has time table and courses for the



The UNIAIR, in other words, Staff Development and Distance Education

(SDDE) of adult education unit of Institution of Management and Technology

(IMT) Enugu, and being the unit on an integral point considered among others

in Enugu Metropolis for the purpose of the writing.

This sector of the discipline started in 1978, (SDDE IMT) in conjunction with

University Nigeria Nsukka with a view to have combined programme. Their

aim is to achieve the following objectives:-

      1.    To include academic, political, scientific, social religion and

            economic knowledge in students in particular and the public in


   2.    To create a general desire for knowledge

   3.    To aid teachers in schools

   4.    To supplement the work of teachers in the class

   5.     To create an awareness of acceptable life goals and values

   6.    To provide extra opportunity for learning

   7.    To explain National Educational policies to people who might benefit

         from them.

   8.    To provide a form of education for educational planners to know

         what people think about their plans.

However, it was in paramount effort to achieve the sixth objectives above that

then Anambra Broadcasting Corporation Institute as (SDDE) department.

The school has presently the following ND/OND certificate to offer with

lecturers in the diverse course in the department.

   1.    ND/HND Uru Mr Business Administration and Management (BAM)

   2.    ND/HND UNIAIR Accountancy

   3.    ND/HND UNIAIR Secretarial Administration

   4.    ND Man Power Development

   5.    ND UNIAIR Mass Communication

They also other the same number of courses with their counterparts in the full

time programme in the above listed certificate programme.

The school has risen the inception, turns out barges of graduates. All these

departments are under the school of continuing education IMT Enugu which

adult literacy was the conceptual aim with which it was established.

This acceleration period of 1976-1980 unprecedented growth in education of

both junior and adult education, included the school of continuing education

SDDE, UNIAIR Programme in IMT etc. This growth is witnessed by other

institutions of higher learning who indulge in the same adult education

programme exercise OKO Polytechnic, UNN, Esut, etc are all in the game.

See: Diagram of Departmental Heads
                              The Director of School of
                              Continuing Education


      HOD SDDE                               PRELIM             HOD Part-time

      BAM           Accountancy                               Accountancy

                                            Extra Moral Evening programmes

      Sec. Administration

Mass                              Manpower                    Basic studies
Comm.                             Development

                                                  JAMB POLY


In the recent past, the Federal Government of Nigeria launched education for

all by the year 2000. To this gesture, Adult education exercise prompted up in

many institutions of higher learning in Nigeria but the main aim with which

this was launched, is still lingering.     These adult education graduation

graduates who are opportune to gain from they still find it difficult to make

career opportunities in the fields.

They, in most cases do not even know on identify the possible employment

opportunity options available to them other than teaching career.       These

graduates also complained that the employers are ignorant of the purpose and

content of the adult education programme, thereby refusing to employ them in

other jobs they are qualified for.

This overwhelming ignorance which embrace the whole aspect of the sector of

education is also due to lack of efficient and effective guiding principle by the

adult educators who in their own ignorance do not know even how to start to

blend the education of adult and the subsequent awareness to the masses so that

the participants in the programme and employers themselves will be well

aware of these people’s ability in handling jobs and to avoid reluctance in

participation by these adults.

In the light of the above facts, this study is designed to investigate career

opportunities available to the adult education graduates in Enugu State.


The aim and objectives of this study is particularly to achieve the following.

      1.     Identify the various job opportunities open to adult education

             graduates in the state.

      2.     To determine the extent to which these graduates have secured jobs in

             the areas of their training and how well they trained.

      3.     To determine the extent to which the employers of labour know the

             purpose and programme content of adult education.


The study is limited to Enugu State and covers institute of management and

technology school of continuing education, SDDE department. This is so

because of the relative nearness of the programme in the educational sphere,

financial hindrances to go to many places in search of relevant data to agree

with the little gotten from the available texts. Again the people’s indifference

and strife to react positively when asked certain questions.

It was on this note that the researchers made this with the little at my disposal

and therefore limit the study to the above mentioned departments.


      1.     What are the employment opportunities available to these graduates

             and their awareness?

      2.     How are these adults embracing this programme in other to make

             career in these training?

      3.      What is the rate of awareness of the quality of these people, created

              to employers of labour by the adult educators?


This study will be tested by the following hypothesis.

HO: People are not aware that employment opportunities are bound

           everywhere for adult education graduates in Enugu State and adults

           education are embracing the new programme (adult education)

           massively to make career.

HI:        The qualities of training received by these people are made known to the

           employers of labour by the adult educators.


This study is important because it will create awareness and knowledge of

employment opportunities which will assist these graduates in search of jobs

that will suit them and their desirable careers.

It is also hoped that the study will stimulate other researchers to carryout more

research on the relatively new topic, hence a starting point. Again to create

awareness to career opportunities and thus providing abundant information and

knowledge about adult education.       More importantly, the government, the

employer of labour will be aware of the subject matter, content of adult

education programme and therefore place them in their placement services.

Finally, it will be a tribute to the adult education students of SDD department

of IMT to encourage the new entrails for there is more to gain in it.


Adult education as a new course in the field of discipline has been defined

differently by many authors. Agusioba defines it as all kinds of activities

which promotes the progress of the common man. It has been also defined as

an education to educate an adult for world citizenship, social and technological

changes, creative diversions, family living and provision of better education for

illiterates and handicapped adults.

Based on this careers opportunities for an adult in education can be defined as

the effort by a person out of due, studying to read and write on to achieve

special stall in a field of work to make certificate in such job as a qualification

to enable him continue in such industry for the job. The adult in this sense is

just not age but doing things when it is supposed to be done and not out of due


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