Risk Assessment Guidance

Document Sample
Risk Assessment Guidance Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                  Risk Assessment Guidance
              The assessor can assign values for the hazard severity (a) and likelihood of occurrence (b)
              (taking into account the frequency and duration of exposure) on a scale of 1 to 5,
              then multiply them together to give the rating band:


                                                     Hazard Severity       (a)                        Likelihood of Occurrence            (b)
               1 – Trivial           (eg discomfort, slight bruising, self-help recovery)       1 – Remote        (almost never)
               2 – Minor             (eg small cut, abrasion, basic first aid need)             2 – Unlikely      (occurs rarely)
               3 – Moderate          (eg strain, sprain, incapacitation > 3 days)               3 – Possible      (could occur, but uncommon)
               4 – Serious           (eg fracture, hospitalisation >24 hrs, incapacitation >4   4 – Likely        (recurrent but not frequent)
               weeks)                                                                           5 – Very likely   (occurs frequently)
               5 – Fatal             (single or multiple)

                                                                                                       The risk rating (high, medium or low) indicates the level of
                                          Moderate




                                                                                                   response required to be taken when designing the action plan.
                                                        Serious
                   Trivial



                             Minor




                                                                   Fatal


                                                                                                                        Rating Bands (a x b)
   Remote                     2            3             4          5                                      LOW RISK            MEDIUM RISK             HIGH RISK
                   1                                                                                         (1 – 8)             (9 - 12)               (15 - 25)
   Unlikely
                   2          4            6             8         10
                                                                                                        Continue, but         Continue, but            -STOP THE
                                                                                                        review                implement                 ACTIVITY-
   Possible
                   3          6            9            12         15                                   periodically to       additional            Identify new
                                                                                                        ensure controls       reasonably            controls. Activity
   Likely                                                                                               remain effective      practicable           must not
                   4          8           12            16         20                                                         controls where        proceed until
                                                                                                                              possible and          risks are
   Very                                                                                                                       monitor regularly     reduced to a low
   likely
                                                                                                                                                    or medium level
                   5         10           15            20         25


UOB Risk Assessment                                                                                                      University Health, Safety & Environment Unit
                                                     Risk Assessment Record
Risk Assessment of:                            Assessor(s):                                                     Date:
     Undergraduate taught field trips                 A. Chapman                                                         27-03-2012
Overview of activity / location / equipment    This document contains an outline of factors to be considered when planning a tutor-led undergraduate field
/ conditions being assessed:                   excursion, within the UK and abroad.
                                               It does not replace a risk assessment for specific localities or trips. Each locality or trip must have its
                                               own assessment as there are too many variables to consider in a generic assessment.
                                               This assessment is for guidance when conducting trip-specific assessments.
Generic or specific assessment?                Context of assessment (delete as appropriate): planning stage / ‘desk-top’ exercise / site visit / in consultation with employees /
                                               in consultation with managers / other (please describe)
      Generic risk assessment
Risk assessments for field trips should be completed before the start of the activity and should consider the following:
 Seek advice from UHSE if planning trips outside the UK.
 Location of local medical facilities including qualified first aiders and supplies, accident reporting procedures, local doctors, dentists and hospitals;
 Emergency contacts, either physical persons or telephone numbers. Emergency contact numbers should include local emergency services i.e. police and
    fire stations, base camps, home and next of kin, emergency University contact;
 Mobile telephone signal coverage in location visited.
 Transport issues, travel arrangements to and from the location including contingency plans in case of normal service disruption and duration of the
    journey;
 Food and water supplies and specific dietary requirements;
 Power supplies, including generators, adaptors, batteries, battery chargers, torches;
 Lone working if any;
 Personal health matters, and assurances of fitness to travel in cases where individuals are known to be pregnant or suffered a recent injury, known
    allergies and issues relative to medical confidentiality and Data Protection;
 A contingency plan which should address all foreseeable difficulties.
Information on the nature of the hazards identified and the control measures to be adopted must be communicated appropriately to all leaders,
assistants, and participants.
Dynamic risk assessment is commonly required in the field as unexpected conditions emerge, including active management of incidents and
emergencies.




UOB Risk Assessment                                                                                                       University Health, Safety & Environment Unit
                                                      Persons                                                                                 Ax    Additional controls
#   Hazard(s) identified                                         Existing controls & measures                                      A    B
                                                      affected                                                                                B     required
                                                                    Foster a culture where people with disabilities are able
                                                                     to disclose their disability
                                                                    Requires specific risk assessment taking into
                                                                     consideration the individual’s capabilities and the
    Presence of people with disabilities. Consider:
                                                                     support available.
    Mobility difficulties
                                                                    Assessment should be undertaken in consultation with
    Visual difficulties
                                                                     the individual concerned.
1   Hearing difficulties
                                                                    Make reasonable adjustments to enable participation.
    ‘Hidden’ disabilities
                                                                    Take steps to ensure the person does not go beyond
    Mental health problems
                                                                     their capabilities.
    Pre-existing medical conditions
                                                                    Take steps to ensure that other members of the party
                                                                     are not put at additional risk.
                                                                    Party leaders should be informed how to manage
                                                                     foreseeable difficulties.
                                                                    All trip leaders must be notified well ahead of the trip if
                                                                     any party member will be under 18 years old at the start
                                                                     of the trip.
                                                                    Requires specific risk assessment taking into
    Presence of young people (under 18) in the
2                                                                    consideration the person’s age, physical immaturity and
    party
                                                                     lack of experience or awareness of hazards.
                                                                    Additional supervision may be required.
                                                                    Note the University policy on child protection applies
                                                                     when there are under 18’s in the party.
                                                                    All trip leaders must be notified well ahead of the trip if
                                                                     any party member is an expectant or new mother.
                                                                    Requires specific risk assessment taking into
                                                                     consideration the individual’s capabilities and the
                                                                     support available.
3   Presence of expectant or new mother
                                                                    Assessment should be undertaken in consultation with
                                                                     the individual concerned.
                                                                    Take steps to ensure the person does not go beyond
                                                                     their capabilities.
                                                                    Take steps to ensure that other members of the party
UOB Risk Assessment                                                                                                  University Health, Safety & Environment Unit
                                                         Persons                                                                              Ax    Additional controls
#   Hazard(s) identified                                            Existing controls & measures                                   A    B
                                                         affected                                                                             B     required
                                                                        are not put at additional risk.
                                                                       Party leaders should be informed how to manage
                                                                        foreseeable difficulties.
                                                                       Suitable travel arrangements and correctly licensed and
    Transport:                                                          insured drivers
     Travelling to and from the field area.                           For preference, use reputable company rather than self-
4    Transport around the area during the trip.                        drive vehicles.                                            5    2     10
     Embarkation / disembarkation from vehicles                       Safe driving (provide additional driver training where
       especially at roadside.                                          appropriate)
                                                                       Adequate supervision of party members
    Personal safety.                                                   Abide by F.O. advice on the country. (Obtain advice
                                                                                                                                   4    1
    Consider the risk of violence, mugging, etc.                        from UHSE.)                                                           4–    Take steps to
5                                                                                                                                  or   or
    If abroad consider possible political instability,                 Provide information and awareness training as                         10    reduce to ≤8
    banditry etc.                                                                                                                  5    2
                                                                        appropriate.
    Accommodation:                                                     Ensure that all party members familiarise themselves
6                                                                                                                                  2    1     2
    Fire                                                                with the evacuation procedure and escape routes.
                                                                       Site-specific and activity-specific risk assessments
                                                                        should be conducted as part of the planning procedure.
                                                                        This may identify a need for specific safety equipment
                                                                        e.g. throw-lines.
    Physical hazards:                                                  Suitable clothing, especially including appropriate
     Countryside / wilderness environment: e.g.                        footwear and hats.
7
       extreme weather; mountains and cliffs,                          Individual not permitted to be involved in fieldwork       3    2     6
       quarries, marshes and quicksand; fresh or                        activity if intended clothing, footwear not appropriate.
       seawater.                                                       Sunscreen.
     Urban environment                                                Sufficient water.
                                                                       Appropriate information has been given to leaders and
                                                                        participants to enable them to prepare for the
                                                                        environment.
    Biological hazards, for example:                                   Site-specific and activity-specific risk assessments
     Poisonous plants                                                  should be conducted as part of the planning procedure.
     Bites, stings, etc.                                              Suitable clothing e.g. long trousers where ticks have
8                                                                                                                                  3    2     6
     Aggressive animals (even cows can attack if                       been predicted.
        disturbed).                                                    Provide appropriate information to leaders and
     Soil or water micro-organisms                                     participants about likely hazards and how to minimise
UOB Risk Assessment                                                                                                  University Health, Safety & Environment Unit
                                                           Persons                                                                                 Ax    Additional controls
#    Hazard(s) identified                                             Existing controls & measures                                       A   B
                                                           affected                                                                                B     required
        Local diseases: Weil’s disease, Lyme disease,                    risks.
         malaria, etc.                                                   Provide training in how to behave around animals.
                                                                         Consider immunisations, suitable medicines.
     Chemical hazards, for example:                                      Avoid where reasonably practicable                                             Reduce risk to as
9    Pesticides; dusts; contaminated soils; chemicals                    If chemical hazards are likely to be significant, conduct a                    low as reasonably
     brought into site                                                    specific (COSHH) risk assessment.                                              practicable
     Man-made hazards, for example:                                                                                                                      Reduce risk to as
                                                                         Avoid where reasonably practicable
10   Electrical equipment; vehicles, insecure buildings;                                                                                                 low as reasonably
                                                                         Ensure party members are adequately supervised.
     slurry pits; power and pipelines                                                                                                                    practicable
                                                                         Obtain basic first aid competence, and carry first aid kits,
                                                                          which may include additional items identified by the first
11   Hazards leading to slips, trips and falls                            aid risk assessment.                                           2   2     4
                                                                         Supervision of activities – promotion of buddy systems
                                                                          and team responsibilities, safety sharing, etc.
                                                                         Appoint someone to bring up the rear.
12   Slow walkers getting left behind.                                                                                                   1   1     1
                                                                         Walk only as fast as the slowest person.
                                                                         Ensure all handlers of equipment are familiar with
13   Manual handling of equipment                                                                                                        3   2     6
                                                                          appropriate manual handling techniques
                                                                         Emergency procedures (e.g. first aid, survival aids,
                                                                          communication, incident management procedure)
                                                                         Use mobile phones or satellite phones in areas where
     Emergency requiring means of summoning                               reception is available. Have emergency numbers to
14                                                                                                                                       5   1     5
     outside assistance                                                   hand.
                                                                         Have a whistle readily to hand. (The international
                                                                          distress call is six short blasts repeated at one minute
                                                                          intervals.)
                                                                         Establish clear rules about drinking and drug use, with
15   Misuse of alcohol and drugs                                                                                                         2   1     2
                                                                          sanctions applied if broken.
16   Physical exertion                                                   Adequate food and drink each day, including breakfast.         1   1     1
                                                                         Emergency water and food.
                                                                         Risk assess separately.                                                        Reduce risk to as
     Recreational activities (in- and out-of-hours) –
17                                                                       Establish clear rules about what is allowed, with                              low as reasonably
     swimming, etc.
                                                                          sanctions applied if broken.                                                   practicable


UOB Risk Assessment                                                                                                       University Health, Safety & Environment Unit
                                                 Persons                                                                             Ax    Additional controls
#    Hazard(s) identified                                   Existing controls & measures                                 A     B
                                                 affected                                                                            B     required
                                                               Adopt a rule of ‘carry it in, carry it out’.
     Environmental impact (rubbish; pollution;
18                                                             Keep physical disturbance to a minimum, e.g. sampling,   n/a   n/a   n/a
     disturbance of eco-systems)
                                                                trenching, marking localities.

       Assessor signature:                                           Print name:                                 Review date:




UOB Risk Assessment                                                                                         University Health, Safety & Environment Unit
                                           Risk Assessment Action Plan
Action Plan in respect of:                                               Prepared by:

 Ref     Action to be taken, incl. Cost     By whom   Target   Review                    Outcome at review date
 no.                                                   date     date




Responsible manager’s signature:                               Responsible manager’s signature:

Print name:                        Date:                       Print name:                        Date




UOB Risk Assessment                                                                               University Health, Safety & Environment Unit

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1
posted:10/2/2012
language:Unknown
pages:7