SITI FAIRUZ BINTI ADENAN – P61631
Topic : Writing Term Paper ( BEL311)
( BEL311 : English subject for semester 3 students in Uitm Jengka )
Target learner : Semester 3 Students
I Soft skills are basically people skills. They are the non-technical, unquantifiable, character related
skills that determine a person’s strengths as an employee of an organization. In contrast, hard
skills are more of what appears on a person’s resume; such as educational background, working
experiences and areas of expertise. Research has proven that soft skills indicate the performance
of a job as much as hard skills do. Personality traits such as conscientiousness and agreeability are
equally important predictors of a successful work, just like a cognitive ability and work precision.
Therefore, organizations today assess their existing employees and future recruits not only based
on their hard skills, but also on their soft skills.
II It is imperative to possess essentials soft skills and work towards perfecting them. The first skill to
have is positive thinking. Generally, it is related to being hopeful and confident about work, this
will cultivate an overall positive attitude. Such an attitude determines how employees tackle
obstacles and challenges that come their way. Thus, having employees with such attitude is a
valuable asset in any organization. They generate positive energy around them and encourage
positive will among other employees.
III Beside a positive attitude, it is equally important for one to be adaptable. This refers to being
flexible about the changes that take place in an organization. One has to be able to adapt to new
situations and challenges and be open to new ideas. For example, if there is a change in the
management team, and the new team introduces new plans and new expectations, an employee
has to be able to embrace these changes and work towards achieving the organization’s new
goals. Nithiavani (2008), a human resources expert, asserts that with business being done at a
faster pace, there is always a demand for employees who are easily adaptable.
IV Another essential skill that one should have is good communication skill. This skill is valued I any
job. Through effective communication, employees are able to build bridges with their colleagues,
upper management and subordinates. Good communication skills will enable them to put their
ideas across and also conveys their needs effectively. In many progressive organizations, the
management seeks individuals who possess the ability to communicate clearly, in both oral and
written forms. Such individuals are able to write effectively. Effective writing skills will ensure
that correspondence with counterparts is in line with the decisions already made through face-to-
V Royal Professor Ungku Aziz Ungku Abdul Hamid considers critical thinking to be the most crucial
soft skill. Organizations value employees who think out of box. Employees who are resourceful
and creative will be able to solve problems that may arise. Any complications that may occur will
also be handled effectively. These employees are always proactive in taking up new challenges
that others are reluctant to take up.
VI Another soft skill that is believed to be vital in an organization is the ability to be a team player.
Employees who demonstrate an aptitude to work in teams are highly regarded by employers.
Employees are expected to not only be cooperatively working in a team, but also to exhibit healthy
qualities. This is especially necessary when there is a dispute or when the team is at a complete
loss during a problem-solving situation. Employees should seize the opportunity to mediate in
any dispute within the team or lead their team to progress to the next level. Other than these,
being a team player also requires employees to work professionally with their colleagues and
VII These are some of the soft skills that may ensure the success af an organization. It is believed that
potential employees are called for interviews based on their hard skills, but it is their soft skills
that will guarantee that they will firstly, get the job and secondly, keep the job.
Adapted from Preithvi Ganason (2010), www.myquest/career.com
English for Academic Purposes (EAP): Crossing Borders (2010), Pearson Longman.
Exercise 1 : Multiple choice
Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.
1. Which one is the thesis statement for the above passage?
A Soft skills are basically people skills. Oh no! Try again.
B Organizations today assess their existing employees and Excellent!
future recruits not only based on their hard skills, but also on
their soft skills.
C Despite the hard skills, soft skills also strengthen ones Try once again!
D It is imperative to possess essentials soft skills and work Wrong choice!
towards perfecting them.
2. What is the topic sentence for paragraph lll?
A One has to be able to adapt to new situations and challenges Oh no! Try again!
and be open to new ideas.
B Besides a positive attitude, it is equally important for one to Excellent!
C Being adaptable in one of the important characteristic that Let’s try once again
one should have.
D Employee has to be able to embrace to the changes made in Wrong choice!
3. What is the main idea of paragraph IV?
A Another essential skill that one should have is good Wrong choice!
B Good communication skills will enable them to put their Try once again!
ideas across and also convey their needs effectively.
C Good communication skills, both oral and written are Excellent!
important in any organization in order to get job done
effectively and efficiently.
D Effective writing skills will correspondence to the face-to-face Let’s try once again
deals made earlier.
4. How does writer convey his conclusion?
A By having restatement of the issue discussed earlier. Excellent!
B By writing an attention grabbing sentences. Try once again!
C By giving recommendations of what organization needs. Oh no! Try again!
D By concluding that employees should get and keep the job. Wrong choice!
5. Choose the best title for the above passage.
A The importance of hard skills and soft skills. Oh no! Try again!
B The importance of soft skills in an organization. Excellent!
C Soft skills ensure the success of an organization. Try once again!
D The characteristics of a good employee. Wrong choice!
Answer: 1.B 2.B 3.C 4.A 5.B
Exercise 2 True and False
Based on the passage above, state whether the following statements are TRUE ( T ) or FALSE (F ).
1. Organizations look for both hard and soft skills when hiring TRUE
2. A person’s possession of soft skills is the first step to his FALSE
being recruited in an organization.
3. Having an attitude to win is enough to solve a problem that FALSE
arises in an organization.
4. Written communication complements face-to-face TRUE
communication when dealing with business partners.
5. Employees who are practical and creative considered as TRUE
having the most crucial soft skill.
Exercise 3 Cloze Test
Read this passage carefully and fill in the blanks with suitable transition signals as the answer.
Rita was married off by her family at the age of 12, became a mother at age 14, and was divorced at age 16.
1) Although (Otherwise, Although, Instead) hardly aware of her first marriage, Rita is considered
undesirable and will most likely remain alone and unmarried, having to raise her child completely on her
2) Meanwhile (Therefore, In fact, Meanwhile), the author recently met Chetram, a 56-year-old man
residing in a rural village of the Surguja district of Chhattisgarh, who gleefully boasted of marrying six
girls to date, all between the ages of eight and 16 years when he was 10, 14, 17, 23, 25, and finally 47 years
old. Chetram was not the only villager in the district of Surguja to have married young girls multiple
times. The author interviewed 10 other men whose ages ranged between 40 and 50 years old, all of whom
had been married at least four times. These stories illustrate the crime of child marriage. 3) Although
(Although, Consequently, Thus) illegal, the practice of child marriage is widespread and accepted by the
majority of Indian society, especially in the many rural areas of the country.
Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, affirmed an obscure maxim: "Women should be 18 and men 37
years old when they get married."4) However (Similarly, Besides, However), today 6.4 million Indians
under the age of 18 are married and 130,000 girls under 18 have become widows.
In India, children are forced everyday into a relationship, of which they have only the faintest knowledge
and for which they are not at all prepared. To push two physiologically and emotionally ill-prepared
individuals into marriage is a cruel way of looking at relationships. India's Parliament adopted the Child
Marriage Restraint Act in 1978, setting 18 as the minimum age for women to get married and 21 for men.
5) Nevertheless (Nevertheless, regardless, Otherwise), like in many other Indian social spheres, the law
seems inconsequential when it comes to protecting the rights of the poorest and most vulnerable people in
Tradition and superstition are further reinforced by necessity. The benefit of child marriages for poor
people is that it is cheaper for the family than adult marriages, since a child marriage does not need to be
as prestigious and costly as an adult marriage. It is said that "the younger the groom, the smaller the
dowry”. 6) As a result (In fact, as a result, though), rural poverty similarly puts pressure on families to
transfer the economic cost of a daughter to another family as early as possible.
Since their bodies are often not prepared to bear children, early pregnancy leads to more extreme threat,
including death, during delivery and jeopardizing the health of these young mothers as well as their
babies. As first-time mothers, girls face high risk in their pregnancies including obstetric fistula. This is a
disease usually caused by several days of obstructed labor, without timely medical intervention. The
consequences of fistula are life shattering: The baby usually dies and the woman is left with chronic
incontinence because of her inability to control her flow of urine. 7) Furthermore (Furthermore,
Therefore, consequently), she is often abandoned or neglected by her husband and family and disliked by
Ending child marriage is challenging because even parents who are aware of its negative impact may find
it too difficult to resist the economic and social pressures 8) as well as (all in all, in other words, as well as)
the heavy weight of the tradition.
To stop such child marriages, the Indian government is aiming to create stricter and more easily-enforced
laws, since the current legal atmosphere is not having a widespread enough effect. Currently, the police
cannot arrest the organizers of mass child marriages without applying for a magistrate's order, which may
take days. The punishment (maximum three months in prison) and fine are also not severe enough to stop
the practice. Proposed changes include stronger punishment, a compulsory registration of all marriages
rather than merely religious rites, the appointment of anti-child marriage officers in every state, and
making a law requiring anyone who attends a child marriage to report the marriage. A further recent
proposal is to administer campaigns to encourage poor families to participate in mass marriages of sons
and daughters who are over the legal age to get married, in order to save costs of dowries and wedding
9) However (However, Therefore, Eventually) the law alone cannot curb this harmful social practice. A
change in mind of the backward and uneducated people is required. Education and the empowerment of
women are, beyond a doubt, two of the best remedies in a largely male-dominated country.
The Supreme Court, after hearing a petition filed by Forum for Fact-finding, Documentation and
Advocacy, recently ordered the compulsory registration of marriages. 10) Consequently (Consequently, In
conclusion, Moreover), this comes as a beacon of hope to hundreds and thousands of women and girl who
are illiterate, widowed or abandoned and are unable to fight for their rights.
Adapted from http://www.asiantribune.com/index.php?q=node/1763
Subash Mohapatra, Child marriages persist in rural India.2006.
Exercise 4 Matching
These sentences below should be in consequences by having suitable transition signals and phrases. Read
the sentences in both columns below carefully and match the half-sentences in A to its correct partner in
1. Those who have gone through the modern stone For example, therapists often use a black
therapy claim that it successfully reduces stress and volcanic basalt because it releases heat
soothes symptoms of nervous disorder such as anxiety slowly allowing clients to enjoy the warmth
and insomnia. longer.
2. Modern stone therapy began in the Mid-1990 when an Native Americans, for instance, warmed
unnamed Californian therapist reportedly had a vision stone in the sun before placing them on the
on how to use hot lava rocks for massage and healing. body to relieve pain and discomfort.
3. There are many things that one should know before Despite the unconventional start, stone
performing stone therapy. Not knowing how a therapy became popular among Hollywood
particular stone can hold heat, for example, might celebrities almost instantly.
burn your skin.
4. Stone therapy or the placing of stones on the body for Thus, this is not a treatment recommended
healing purposes, has along societies and is common to be done alone at home.
in societies like China, Japan, Eastern Europe and
5. Only carefully chosen stones which are different in Meanwhile, its practitioners say that stone
type, size and weight are used in the therapy. Different therapy is also effective for back pain, bad
types of stones hold heat or cold in different ways. circulation and arthritis.
1. Those who have gone through the modern stone therapy claim that it successfully reduces stress
and soothes symptoms of nervous disorder such as anxiety and insomnia. Meanwhile, its
practitioners say that stone therapy is also effective for back pain, bad circulation and arthritis.
2. Modern stone therapy began in the Mid-1990 when an unnamed Californian therapist reportedly
had a vision on how to use hot lava rocks for massage and healing. Despite the unconventional
start, stone therapy became popular among Hollywood celebrities almost instantly.
3. There are many things that one should know before performing stone therapy. Not knowing how a
particular stone can hold heat, for example, might burn your skin. Thus, this is not a treatment
recommended to be done alone at home.
4. Stone therapy or the placing of stones on the body for healing purposes, has along societies and is
common in societies like China, Japan, Eastern Europe and America. Native Americans, for
instance, warmed stone in the sun before placing them on the body to relieve pain and
5. Only carefully chosen stones which are different in type, size and weight are used in the therapy.
Different types of stones hold heat or cold in different ways. For example, therapists often use a
black volcanic basalt because it releases heat slowly allowing clients to enjoy the warmth longer.
Exercise 5 Sentence construction
Rearrange the sentences fragments below to form complete sentences.
1. have similar cultures– to wedding ceremonies - The Malays and the Indians - when it comes
2. may be a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids, - While Salmon – for the average
Malaysian - it is expensive
3. – who are competing -for the coming tournament – Sufficient sleep and follow a balanced diet -
to have - the coach instructed the swimmers
4. he learns to appreciate, - If a child live with praise, - he learns violence - if he lives with hostility,
5. – by high cholesterol level and high blood pressure - Heart attacks are caused – consumption of
saturated fat and salt - which are the result of excessive
1. The Malays and the Indians – have similar cultures- when it comes – to wedding ceremonies.
2. While Salmon – may be a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids, - it is expensive – for the average
3. the coach instructed the swimmers – who are competing for the coming tournament – to have
Sufficient sleep and follow a balanced diet
4. If a child live with praise, - he learns to appreciate, - if he lives with hostility, - he learns violence
5. Heart attacks are caused – by high cholesterol level and high blood pressure – which are the
result of excessive – consumption of saturated fat and salt
Exercise 6 Cross Word Puzzle
Read the clues provided to you and complete the puzzle below.
6 P E E R
10 S I G N A L S N
U 5 N
P 1 P R O O F R E A D I N G
P U 8 N
O 7 C I T A T I O N G
R L F
4 T H E S I S
N 9 Y E A R S
2. Where is topic sentence located? (Beginning)
3. details is statements that are relevant to the topic sentences. (Supporting)
5. Students will write an after they did their brainstorming. (Outline)
8. To show possibility. (If)
1. Final stage of writing a term paper. (Proofreading)
4. Statements that represents the whole idea. (Thesis)
6. evaluation can be the best way to check your outline. (Peer)
7. One importation element in writing term paper which to avoid plagiarism. (Citation)
9. crucial in writing the references for the term paper. (Years)
10. Transition words also known a transition . (Signals)