The UN-REDD Programme by cx89mEO


									The UN-REDD Programme
     Measurement, Assessment,
  Reporting and Verification (MARV)
     Issues and Options for REDD
            10 March 2009
           Peter Holmgren
   Why MARV?
• Cornerstone for carbon accounting
  – national communications to UNFCCC
  – one starting point for baseline establishment
  – supports national / sub-national
    implementation of incentive systems
• Support to policy formulation and feedback
  – knowledge of drivers of change
  – information on multiple benefits
 What is MARV?
Measurement    Data from Field Sampling, Remote

Assessment     Results from analyses and models,
               including quality measures

Reporting      National communications to
               UNFCCC using IPCC standards

Verification   Formal review and verification of
  Eye on the ball!
• 5 Carbon pools (IPCC)
  –   Above-ground biomass
  –   Below-ground biomass
  –   Dead wood
  –   Litter
  –   Soil organic matter
                                 But also!
                             Broader needs at
                               country level
                               Current data sources

             National forest

          management plans

                                                                            Annex I - Forest area
               Independent                                                  Annex I - Carbon stock
                  reports                                                   non-Annex I - Forest area
             Case studies /                                                 non-Annex I - Carbon stock

           Expert estimates

                   No data

                               0   10   20   30   40    50   60   70   80
                                              n countries
    Selected Issues
• Better MARV = Higher Payments (maybe)
    – but probably low premium for high precision
• REDD construction affect cost for MARV
    – e.g. reporting Frequency considerations
    – within country REDD implementation
•   Can we do it with proven approaches?
•   Should we expect new methods/techniques?
•   Institutional capacity
•   Varying ecological and land use conditions
   Country level considerations
• Institutional strengthening
  – long-term
  – synergies with other needs
  – political and financial commitments
  – collaboration
• Historical emissions
  – remote sensing
  – UN-REDD collaboration with Global Forest
    Resources Assessment initiative
FRA 2010 Remote sensing survey
Options for UN-REDD countries




     Country level considerations

• Current and future C stocks and changes
  – Field sampling
  – Remote sensing
  – Models and functions
  – Links to sub-national levels
  – Synergies with other information needs
• Information needs beyond C accounting
  – Country-specific
     International MARV actions
       facilitated by UN-REDD
• International capacity development
• Remote sensing data supply
• Technical reviews
  – Multiple benefits assessment, Local,
    small‐scale MARV, Forest degradation
    measurèment, Biomass measurement,
    Institutional aspects of MARV, Review of
    possible REDD constructions and implications
    for MARV, Assessment of historical trends
•   GTOS,
•   Clinton initiative,
•   Terrestrial Carbon Group,
•   International Forest Carbon Initiative (Aus)
•   Brazil / INPE ,
•   GEO / CEOS
•   ...
• Measurement considerations for meeting
  IPCC requirements
• Methodology considerations for meeting
  additional country requirements
• Lowering the technology threshold
  – costs and fragmentation issues
• Long-term institution and capacity
Immediate priorities (pre-CPH)
• Technical reviews / reports to inform parties
• Workshops / training on issues and options
  – forest degradation, remote sensing survey, national
    forest inventories, institutional aspects, ...
  – exchange of country experiences
• Early results from country programmes
  – historical emissions
  – carbon stocks
• Initiate remote sensing data supply programme

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