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					       SETTING UP AN EFFECTIVE
           SAFETY PROGRAM

                    October 2011
Prepared by: Dan Dunn
DOES YOUR COMPANY HAVE A SAFETY,
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM



             ?
“Be Safe”                  “Safety First”
               “Think Safety”

Safety Scorecards
LTIR
TRIR
Training Videos
Safety Award
A written Safety and Health Policy Statement:
• Communicate managements commitment to
  a safe and healthy work environment;
• Strives to eliminate occupational health and
  safety risks in all drilling activities;
• Raises the health and safety awareness and
  responsibility of all employees; and
• Conforms to all relevant legislation.
A written Environmental Policy Statement:
• Recognizes company and employee
  responsibilities to protect the communities in
  which we work;
• Protects the employee’s environmental health;
• Committed to preserving natural resources;
  and
• Requires compliance to all applicable
  environmental laws and regulations.
Safety, Health & Environmental Issues and
  Hazards:
• Identify the major safety, health and
  environmental issues and potential hazards
  that employee’s might face;
• Form a committee made up of individuals from
  various areas of your organization to identify
  these issues; and
• Interview employees and managers, listen to
  their concerns and recommendations.
Prepare written programs
Each program should contain several sections:
Purpose
•   List the objectives of the program.

Scope
•   Is this program directed to your drillers, supervisors, sub-
    contractors, shop and yard employees, office staff? The entire
    company? Clearly define to whom this program applies.

Responsibilities
•   Define the individual responsibilities of your employees.
Prepare written programs (continued)

Various Program Elements
•   This is the backbone of the program, it should provide the how-to
    information to the reader;
•   Outline in as much detail as practical, the safety guidelines and
    practices required by your company; and
•   Include regulatory agency requirements.

Training Requirements
•   Determine your company training requirements; and
•   Determine any regulatory agency training requirements.
Training
Design a Training Program that satisfies the
  following requirements:
• Makes employees aware of the policies and
  programs;
• Makes employees aware of their individual
  responsibilities under the programs; and
• Provides technical training along with safety
  training to the employee.
 Title 29 CFR Part 1910 deals with occupational
  safety and health standards necessary to
  provide safe or healthful employment and
  places of employment.

Title 29 CFR Part 1926 deals with construction
   industry regulations requiring the same.
Who must receive OSHA training?
• All employees working on site (such as but
  not limited to equipment operators, general
  laborers and others) exposed to hazardous
  substances, health hazards, or safety hazards
  and their supervisors and management
  responsible for the site.
• All employees working on sites receiving
  federal funding under a stimulus program.
Training shall cover the following elements:
• Names of personnel responsible for site safety and
  health;
• Safety, health and other hazards present on the site;
• Proper use of personal protective equipment;
• Work practices by which the employee can minimize
  risks from hazards;
• Safe use of engineering controls and equipment on the
  site.
• Recognition of symptoms and signs which might
  indicate over exposure to hazards; and
• The contents of the site safety and health plan which
  includes decontamination procedures, emergency
  response plans and spill containment programs.
Initial training
40 hours
• General site workers engaged in hazardous substance
   removal or other activities which expose or potentially
   expose workers to hazardous substances and health
   hazards shall receive a minimum of 40 hours of
   instruction off the site, and a minimum of three days
   actual field experience under the direct supervision of a
   trained experienced supervisor.
Initial training
24 hours
•   Workers on site occasionally for a specific limited task and who
    are unlikely to be exposed over permissible exposure limits and
    published exposure limits shall receive a minimum of 24 hours of
    instruction off the site, and the minimum of one day actual field
    experience under the direct supervision of a trained, experienced
    supervisor; or
•   Workers regularly on site who work in areas which have been
    monitored and fully characterized indicating that exposures are
    under permissible exposure limits and published exposure limits
    where respirators are not necessary, and the characterization
    indicates that there are no health hazards or the possibility of an
    emergency developing, shall receive a minimum of 24 hours of
    instruction off the site, and the minimum of one day actual field
    experience.
Refresher Training
8 hours
•   Employees, managers and supervisors shall receive
    eight hours of refresher training annually on the same
    elements of initial training and any critique of incidents
    that have occurred in the past year that can serve as
    training examples of related work, and other relevant
    topics.
Qualifications for OSHA 40, 24 and 8 hr. trainers:
• Trainers shall be qualified to instruct
  employees about the subject matter that is
  being presented in training. Such trainers shall
  have satisfactorily completed a training
  program for teaching the subjects they are
  expected to teach, or they shall have the
  academic credentials and instructional
  experience necessary for teaching the
  subjects. Instructors shall demonstrate
  competent instructional skills and knowledge of
  the applicable subject matter.
Training Certification
• Employees and supervisors that have received
  and successfully completed the training and
  field experience shall be certified by their
  instructor and trained supervisor as having
  completed the necessary training. A written
  certificate shall be given to each person so
  certified. Any person who has not been so
  certified shall be prohibited from engaging in
  hazardous waste operations.
Employees requiring medical surveillance
The medical surveillance program shall be instituted by the employer
   for the following employees:
• All employees who are or may be exposed to hazardous
   substances or health hazards at or above the established
   permissible exposure limit, above the published exposure levels
   for these substances;
• All employees who wear a respirator for 30 days or more a year;
• All employees who are injured, become ill or develop signs or
   symptoms due to possible overexposure involving hazardous
   substances or health hazards from an emergency response or
   hazardous waste operation; and
• Members of HAZMAT teams.
Frequency of medical examinations
Medical examinations and consultations shall be made available by
  the employer to each employee on the following schedules:
• Prior to assignment;
• At least once every twelve months for each employee covered;
• At termination of employment or reassignment to an area where
  the employee would not be covered if the employee has not had
  an examination within the last six months;
• As soon as possible upon notification by an employee that the
  employee has developed signs or symptoms indicating possible
  overexposure to hazardous substances or health hazards, or that
  the employee has been injured or exposed above the permissible
  exposure limits or published exposure levels in an emergency
  situation; and
• At more frequent times, if the examining physician determines that
  an increased frequency of examination is medically necessary.
Recordkeeping
Employee training records
• All records of employee training and training
  certificates for initial training and refresher
  training shall be preserved and maintained for
  at least the duration of employment plus 5
  years.

Employee medical records
• The medical record for each employee shall be
  preserved and maintained for at least the
  duration of employment plus thirty (30) years.
OSHA 10 hour Construction Industry Outreach
  Training Programs
•   Voluntary program to train entry level workers in the basics
    of safety and health hazard recognition and prevention.

OSHA 30 hour Construction Industry Outreach
  Training Programs
•   Provides a variety of training to workers with some safety
    responsibility and focuses on hazard identification,
    avoidance, control and prevention.
OSHA authorizes trainers who complete construction
  and general industry train-the-trainer courses to
  conduct occupational safety and health classes for
  workers.
 Title 30 CFR deals with mining and mineral
  resources, and includes safety standards for
  surface mining and underground mining
  operations.
 Part 46 – Training and retraining of miners
  engaged in shell dredging or employed at
  sand, gravel, surface stone, surface clay,
  colloidal phosphate, or surface limestone
  mines.
 Part 48 – Training and retraining of surface
  and underground miners.
  Who must receive MSHA training?
• Any person working in a surface or an
  underground mine and who is engaged in the
  extraction and production process, or who is
  regularly exposed to mine hazards, or who is
  a maintenance or service worker employed
  by the operator or a maintenance or service
  worker contracted by the operator to work at
  the mine for frequent or extended periods.
Training shall include the
   following courses:                     •   Explosives; and
                                          •   Health and safety aspects of the tasks
•   Instruction in the statutory rights       assigned;
    of miners;
•   Self rescue and respiratory           In addition to this training, all
    devices;                                  underground miner training shall
•   Transportation controls and               also include the following
    communication systems;                    courses:
                                          •   Roof and ground control and ventilation
•   Introduction to work environment;         plans;
•   Escape and emergency                  •   Mine maps; escapeways; and emergency
    evacuation plans;                         evacuation; and
•   Prevention of accidents;              •   Mine gases.
•   Ground controls;
•   Health;
•   Hazard recognition;
•   Electrical hazards;
•   First aid;
Initial training
Surface mines
• Each new surface miner shall receive no less than 24
  hours of training.
• Each experienced surface miner must receive at
  least 8 hours of training.
Underground mines
• Each new underground miner shall receive no less
  than 40 hours of training;
• Each experienced underground miner must receive
  at least 8 hours of training.
  Experienced miner means a miner who has completed MSHA approved new miner training
   and who has had at least 12 months of mining experience.
Refresher Training
8 hours
• Each miner shall receive a minimum of 8
   hours of annual refresher training.
Task Training
Miners assigned to new work tasks as mobile
  equipment operators, drill rig operators and
  other machine operators shall not perform
  new work tasks until given training in the
  following areas:
• Health and safety aspects and safe operating
  procedures for work tasks, equipment, or
  machinery in an on-the job environment; and
• Safe operating procedures applicable to new
  or modified machines or equipment to be
  installed or put into operation.
Hazard Training
At least once every 12 months, a miner must receive
    hazard training that includes the following instruction,
    which is applicable to the duties of such miner:
• Hazard recognition and avoidance;
• Emergency and evacuation procedures;
• Health and safety standards, safety rules and safe
    working procedures;
• Self-rescue and respiratory devices; and
• Such other instruction as may be required based on
    circumstances and conditions at the mine.
Training certification and recordkeeping
Upon completion of MSHA approved training program, the
  certified instructor shall record and certify on MSHA
  Form 5000-23 that the employee has received the
  specified training.
• A copy of the training certificate shall be given to the
  employee at the completion of the training. This
  certificate must be available when working at a mine
  site, for inspection by MSHA; and
• Copies of training certificates for current employees
  shall be kept for 2 years or for 60 days after termination
  of employment.
Title 49 CFR – Transportation
“Commercial Vehicle” defined
Part 390 of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations defines a
   commercial motor vehicle as any self-propelled or towed motor
   vehicle used on a highway in interstate commerce to transport
   passengers or property when the vehicle:
• Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight
   rating, or gross vehicle weight, or gross combination weight of
   10,001 pounds or more, whichever is greater; or,
• Is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers for
   compensation; or,
• Is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers and is
   not used to transport passengers for compensation; or,
• Is used in transporting hazardous material in a quantity requiring
   placarding under regulations.
Driver Qualification Chart
                                           Medical Certificate


         0              10,000            26,000                             80,000 +



             Non CDL with limitations
             Class "C" CDL                         Class "B" CDL
                                                   Class "A" CDL




Class A - Any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001
pounds or more if the vehicle(s) being towed have a GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds.


Class B - Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more. Any single vehicle
with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more towing another vehicle with a GVWR of 10,000
pounds or less.

Class C - Any vehicle that is not included in classes A or B that carries hazardous
materials or is designed to carry 16 or more passengers, including the driver.
Inspection, repair and maintenance
Every motor carrier shall systematically
   inspect, repair, and maintain, or cause to be
   systematically inspected, repaired, and
   maintained, all motor vehicles subject to its
   control.
•   Parts and accessories shall be in safe and proper
    operating condition at all times.
Annual inspections on each vehicle must be
  performed by a qualified inspector.
Inspection, repair and maintenance records
Every motor carrier shall maintain, or cause to be
  maintained, the following record for each vehicle:
•   An identification of the vehicle including company number,
    make serial number, year and tire size;
•   A means to indicate the nature and due date of the various
    inspection and maintenance operations to be performed; and
•   A record of inspection, repairs and maintenance indication
    their date and nature.
The records shall be retained where the vehicle is
  either housed or maintained for a period of 1 year
  and for 6 months after the motor vehicle leaves the
  motor carrier’s control.
Driver qualification file
Each motor carrier shall maintain a driver qualification
  file for each driver it employs. The file must include:
•   The driver’s completed application for employment;
•   A written record with respect to each past employer who was
    contacted and a copy of the response by each State agency
    involving investigation and inquiries;
•   The certificate of driver’s road test or a copy of the license;
•   The response of each State agency to the annual driver
    record inquiry;
•   A note relating to the annual review of the driver’s driving
    record;
•   A list or certificate relating to violations of motor vehicle laws
    and ordinances; and
•   The medical examiner’s certificate of the driver’s physical
    qualification to drive a commercial vehicle.
Driver’s record of duty status
Each motor carrier shall require every driver
  used by the motor carrier to record his/her
  duty status for each 24 hour period.

Each motor carrier shall maintain records of
  duty status and all supporting documents
  for each driver it employs for a period of six
  months from the date of receipt.
Alcohol and controlled substance testing
Each motor carrier shall comply with the alcohol
   and controlled substances testing
   requirements for each of the following types of
   tests:
•   Pre-employment testing;
•   Post-accident testing;
•   Random testing;
•   Reasonable suspicion testing; and,
•   Return-to-duty testing.
Test results and record retention
Each employer shall maintain records of its alcohol and
  controlled substances testing.
5 years
• Records of driver alcohol test results indicating an alcohol
    concentration of 0.02 or greater;
• Records of driver verified positive controlled substances test
    results; and,
• Documentation of refusal to take required alcohol and/or
    controlled substances tests.
1 year
• Records of negative and canceled controlled substances test
    results and alcohol test results with a concentration of less than
    0.02.
An investment in our future that will protect us from:
 Fines

 Citations

 Disqualifications

 Poor Safety Ratings

 Damaged Reputation
A comprehensive safety program includes all the
   ingredients of a successful drilling contractor.

A comprehensive safety program is the next step
   toward a firm footing in the drilling industry
   ahead.

				
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