SETTING UP AN EFFECTIVE
Prepared by: Dan Dunn
DOES YOUR COMPANY HAVE A SAFETY,
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM
“Be Safe” “Safety First”
A written Safety and Health Policy Statement:
• Communicate managements commitment to
a safe and healthy work environment;
• Strives to eliminate occupational health and
safety risks in all drilling activities;
• Raises the health and safety awareness and
responsibility of all employees; and
• Conforms to all relevant legislation.
A written Environmental Policy Statement:
• Recognizes company and employee
responsibilities to protect the communities in
which we work;
• Protects the employee’s environmental health;
• Committed to preserving natural resources;
• Requires compliance to all applicable
environmental laws and regulations.
Safety, Health & Environmental Issues and
• Identify the major safety, health and
environmental issues and potential hazards
that employee’s might face;
• Form a committee made up of individuals from
various areas of your organization to identify
these issues; and
• Interview employees and managers, listen to
their concerns and recommendations.
Prepare written programs
Each program should contain several sections:
• List the objectives of the program.
• Is this program directed to your drillers, supervisors, sub-
contractors, shop and yard employees, office staff? The entire
company? Clearly define to whom this program applies.
• Define the individual responsibilities of your employees.
Prepare written programs (continued)
Various Program Elements
• This is the backbone of the program, it should provide the how-to
information to the reader;
• Outline in as much detail as practical, the safety guidelines and
practices required by your company; and
• Include regulatory agency requirements.
• Determine your company training requirements; and
• Determine any regulatory agency training requirements.
Design a Training Program that satisfies the
• Makes employees aware of the policies and
• Makes employees aware of their individual
responsibilities under the programs; and
• Provides technical training along with safety
training to the employee.
Title 29 CFR Part 1910 deals with occupational
safety and health standards necessary to
provide safe or healthful employment and
places of employment.
Title 29 CFR Part 1926 deals with construction
industry regulations requiring the same.
Who must receive OSHA training?
• All employees working on site (such as but
not limited to equipment operators, general
laborers and others) exposed to hazardous
substances, health hazards, or safety hazards
and their supervisors and management
responsible for the site.
• All employees working on sites receiving
federal funding under a stimulus program.
Training shall cover the following elements:
• Names of personnel responsible for site safety and
• Safety, health and other hazards present on the site;
• Proper use of personal protective equipment;
• Work practices by which the employee can minimize
risks from hazards;
• Safe use of engineering controls and equipment on the
• Recognition of symptoms and signs which might
indicate over exposure to hazards; and
• The contents of the site safety and health plan which
includes decontamination procedures, emergency
response plans and spill containment programs.
• General site workers engaged in hazardous substance
removal or other activities which expose or potentially
expose workers to hazardous substances and health
hazards shall receive a minimum of 40 hours of
instruction off the site, and a minimum of three days
actual field experience under the direct supervision of a
trained experienced supervisor.
• Workers on site occasionally for a specific limited task and who
are unlikely to be exposed over permissible exposure limits and
published exposure limits shall receive a minimum of 24 hours of
instruction off the site, and the minimum of one day actual field
experience under the direct supervision of a trained, experienced
• Workers regularly on site who work in areas which have been
monitored and fully characterized indicating that exposures are
under permissible exposure limits and published exposure limits
where respirators are not necessary, and the characterization
indicates that there are no health hazards or the possibility of an
emergency developing, shall receive a minimum of 24 hours of
instruction off the site, and the minimum of one day actual field
• Employees, managers and supervisors shall receive
eight hours of refresher training annually on the same
elements of initial training and any critique of incidents
that have occurred in the past year that can serve as
training examples of related work, and other relevant
Qualifications for OSHA 40, 24 and 8 hr. trainers:
• Trainers shall be qualified to instruct
employees about the subject matter that is
being presented in training. Such trainers shall
have satisfactorily completed a training
program for teaching the subjects they are
expected to teach, or they shall have the
academic credentials and instructional
experience necessary for teaching the
subjects. Instructors shall demonstrate
competent instructional skills and knowledge of
the applicable subject matter.
• Employees and supervisors that have received
and successfully completed the training and
field experience shall be certified by their
instructor and trained supervisor as having
completed the necessary training. A written
certificate shall be given to each person so
certified. Any person who has not been so
certified shall be prohibited from engaging in
hazardous waste operations.
Employees requiring medical surveillance
The medical surveillance program shall be instituted by the employer
for the following employees:
• All employees who are or may be exposed to hazardous
substances or health hazards at or above the established
permissible exposure limit, above the published exposure levels
for these substances;
• All employees who wear a respirator for 30 days or more a year;
• All employees who are injured, become ill or develop signs or
symptoms due to possible overexposure involving hazardous
substances or health hazards from an emergency response or
hazardous waste operation; and
• Members of HAZMAT teams.
Frequency of medical examinations
Medical examinations and consultations shall be made available by
the employer to each employee on the following schedules:
• Prior to assignment;
• At least once every twelve months for each employee covered;
• At termination of employment or reassignment to an area where
the employee would not be covered if the employee has not had
an examination within the last six months;
• As soon as possible upon notification by an employee that the
employee has developed signs or symptoms indicating possible
overexposure to hazardous substances or health hazards, or that
the employee has been injured or exposed above the permissible
exposure limits or published exposure levels in an emergency
• At more frequent times, if the examining physician determines that
an increased frequency of examination is medically necessary.
Employee training records
• All records of employee training and training
certificates for initial training and refresher
training shall be preserved and maintained for
at least the duration of employment plus 5
Employee medical records
• The medical record for each employee shall be
preserved and maintained for at least the
duration of employment plus thirty (30) years.
OSHA 10 hour Construction Industry Outreach
• Voluntary program to train entry level workers in the basics
of safety and health hazard recognition and prevention.
OSHA 30 hour Construction Industry Outreach
• Provides a variety of training to workers with some safety
responsibility and focuses on hazard identification,
avoidance, control and prevention.
OSHA authorizes trainers who complete construction
and general industry train-the-trainer courses to
conduct occupational safety and health classes for
Title 30 CFR deals with mining and mineral
resources, and includes safety standards for
surface mining and underground mining
Part 46 – Training and retraining of miners
engaged in shell dredging or employed at
sand, gravel, surface stone, surface clay,
colloidal phosphate, or surface limestone
Part 48 – Training and retraining of surface
and underground miners.
Who must receive MSHA training?
• Any person working in a surface or an
underground mine and who is engaged in the
extraction and production process, or who is
regularly exposed to mine hazards, or who is
a maintenance or service worker employed
by the operator or a maintenance or service
worker contracted by the operator to work at
the mine for frequent or extended periods.
Training shall include the
following courses: • Explosives; and
• Health and safety aspects of the tasks
• Instruction in the statutory rights assigned;
• Self rescue and respiratory In addition to this training, all
devices; underground miner training shall
• Transportation controls and also include the following
communication systems; courses:
• Roof and ground control and ventilation
• Introduction to work environment; plans;
• Escape and emergency • Mine maps; escapeways; and emergency
evacuation plans; evacuation; and
• Prevention of accidents; • Mine gases.
• Ground controls;
• Hazard recognition;
• Electrical hazards;
• First aid;
• Each new surface miner shall receive no less than 24
hours of training.
• Each experienced surface miner must receive at
least 8 hours of training.
• Each new underground miner shall receive no less
than 40 hours of training;
• Each experienced underground miner must receive
at least 8 hours of training.
Experienced miner means a miner who has completed MSHA approved new miner training
and who has had at least 12 months of mining experience.
• Each miner shall receive a minimum of 8
hours of annual refresher training.
Miners assigned to new work tasks as mobile
equipment operators, drill rig operators and
other machine operators shall not perform
new work tasks until given training in the
• Health and safety aspects and safe operating
procedures for work tasks, equipment, or
machinery in an on-the job environment; and
• Safe operating procedures applicable to new
or modified machines or equipment to be
installed or put into operation.
At least once every 12 months, a miner must receive
hazard training that includes the following instruction,
which is applicable to the duties of such miner:
• Hazard recognition and avoidance;
• Emergency and evacuation procedures;
• Health and safety standards, safety rules and safe
• Self-rescue and respiratory devices; and
• Such other instruction as may be required based on
circumstances and conditions at the mine.
Training certification and recordkeeping
Upon completion of MSHA approved training program, the
certified instructor shall record and certify on MSHA
Form 5000-23 that the employee has received the
• A copy of the training certificate shall be given to the
employee at the completion of the training. This
certificate must be available when working at a mine
site, for inspection by MSHA; and
• Copies of training certificates for current employees
shall be kept for 2 years or for 60 days after termination
Title 49 CFR – Transportation
“Commercial Vehicle” defined
Part 390 of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations defines a
commercial motor vehicle as any self-propelled or towed motor
vehicle used on a highway in interstate commerce to transport
passengers or property when the vehicle:
• Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight
rating, or gross vehicle weight, or gross combination weight of
10,001 pounds or more, whichever is greater; or,
• Is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers for
• Is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers and is
not used to transport passengers for compensation; or,
• Is used in transporting hazardous material in a quantity requiring
placarding under regulations.
Driver Qualification Chart
0 10,000 26,000 80,000 +
Non CDL with limitations
Class "C" CDL Class "B" CDL
Class "A" CDL
Class A - Any combination of vehicles with a gross combination weight rating of 26,001
pounds or more if the vehicle(s) being towed have a GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds.
Class B - Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more. Any single vehicle
with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more towing another vehicle with a GVWR of 10,000
pounds or less.
Class C - Any vehicle that is not included in classes A or B that carries hazardous
materials or is designed to carry 16 or more passengers, including the driver.
Inspection, repair and maintenance
Every motor carrier shall systematically
inspect, repair, and maintain, or cause to be
systematically inspected, repaired, and
maintained, all motor vehicles subject to its
• Parts and accessories shall be in safe and proper
operating condition at all times.
Annual inspections on each vehicle must be
performed by a qualified inspector.
Inspection, repair and maintenance records
Every motor carrier shall maintain, or cause to be
maintained, the following record for each vehicle:
• An identification of the vehicle including company number,
make serial number, year and tire size;
• A means to indicate the nature and due date of the various
inspection and maintenance operations to be performed; and
• A record of inspection, repairs and maintenance indication
their date and nature.
The records shall be retained where the vehicle is
either housed or maintained for a period of 1 year
and for 6 months after the motor vehicle leaves the
motor carrier’s control.
Driver qualification file
Each motor carrier shall maintain a driver qualification
file for each driver it employs. The file must include:
• The driver’s completed application for employment;
• A written record with respect to each past employer who was
contacted and a copy of the response by each State agency
involving investigation and inquiries;
• The certificate of driver’s road test or a copy of the license;
• The response of each State agency to the annual driver
• A note relating to the annual review of the driver’s driving
• A list or certificate relating to violations of motor vehicle laws
and ordinances; and
• The medical examiner’s certificate of the driver’s physical
qualification to drive a commercial vehicle.
Driver’s record of duty status
Each motor carrier shall require every driver
used by the motor carrier to record his/her
duty status for each 24 hour period.
Each motor carrier shall maintain records of
duty status and all supporting documents
for each driver it employs for a period of six
months from the date of receipt.
Alcohol and controlled substance testing
Each motor carrier shall comply with the alcohol
and controlled substances testing
requirements for each of the following types of
• Pre-employment testing;
• Post-accident testing;
• Random testing;
• Reasonable suspicion testing; and,
• Return-to-duty testing.
Test results and record retention
Each employer shall maintain records of its alcohol and
controlled substances testing.
• Records of driver alcohol test results indicating an alcohol
concentration of 0.02 or greater;
• Records of driver verified positive controlled substances test
• Documentation of refusal to take required alcohol and/or
controlled substances tests.
• Records of negative and canceled controlled substances test
results and alcohol test results with a concentration of less than
An investment in our future that will protect us from:
Poor Safety Ratings
A comprehensive safety program includes all the
ingredients of a successful drilling contractor.
A comprehensive safety program is the next step
toward a firm footing in the drilling industry