2012 IntroductiontoHydropower by Ic4bxY9

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									Exploring Hydropower
Water Cycle

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Gravitational Energy
Harnessing Water Power
World’s First Hydropower Plant
                                                                Coal, 44.9%
            Other, 0.6%
  Geothermal,
     0.4%
 Biomass, 1.4%
 Wind, 2.3%
Hydroelectric,
    6.1%

                                                                                 Petroleum,
                                                                                    0.9%

      Nuclear, 19.6%

                                                                  Natural Gas,
                                                                    23.8%


                 U.S. Electricity Production 2010
                       Data provided by US EIA Net Generation by Energy Source
Top Hydropower Producing States- 2010
(thousand megawatt hours)
 1. Washington 66,112
 2. California 33,876
 3. Oregon 30,288
 4. New York 25,201
 5. Montana 9,230
 6. Idaho 9,161
 7. Alabama 9,089
 8. Tennessee 8,306
 9. Arizona 6,626
 10.South Dakota 5,765
             o Renewable Energy
Advantages   o Clean Energy Source
             o Domestic Energy Source
             o Generally Available As
               Needed
             o Provides Recreational
               Opportunities
             o Water Supply and Flood
               Control
Power Plant Efficiency
Coal vs. Hydro Kinetic Energy Conversion

       35%                 95%
 o Fish Population
 o Quality and Flow of Water
 o Ecosystems of Rivers and
     Streams

Possible Environmental Impacts
Other           oDrought
Disadvantages
                oImpact on Local
                 Environment and
                 Land Use
                oPreservation
                 Concerns
For More Information


            The NEED Project
              www.need.org


    Energy Information Administration
       U.S. Department of Energy
             www.eia.doe.gov

								
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