NPTEL Phase 2 by rgrVhQ3

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									 Technology-Enabled and Technology-
Enhanced Open Educational Resources

              Mangala Sunder Krishnan
         Professor, Department of Chemistry
        Indian Institute of Technology Madras
                       Chennai


OER Symposium, Sept 2012, Penang, Malaysia
To the memory of Prof. Paul Goodman




 PROFESSOR PAUL S. GOODMAN, Cognitive Psychology,
 WORLD-RENOWNED PSYCHOLOGIST, RESEARCHER,
 AUTHOR AND FILMMAKER AT CARNEGIE MELLON
National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning
                      (NPTEL)
                        and
National Mission on Education through Information and
         Communication Technology (NMEICT)




             Indian Initiatives
• NPTEL details of phases I and II/III
• User feedback– macro level feedback and a detailed statistical analysis of
  NPTEL user inputs
• Strategies for e-learning and access to large numbers of users—building
  social, educational networks
• NMEICT Current activities
• Preliminary details for a virtual University and details of the first phase of
  the National Mission project known as NMEICT
• NPTEL helping School education.
• My summary of TEL.
   National Programme on
Technology Enhanced Learning
Eight partner Institutes (seven IITs and IISc Bangalore)
More than 30 Associate Partner Institutions

Professor Bhaskar Ramamurthy, Director, IIT Madras
Overall National Coordinator

Professor Mangala Sunder, Chemistry Dept.
IIT Madras, National Web courses coordinator

Professor Kushal Sen, Textiles Department,
IIT Delhi, National Video Courses Coordinator

Professor M. S. Ananth (Former Director, IIT Madras),
Visiting Professor, Dept. of Chemical Engg., IISc Bangalore
                NPTEL

• A joint initiative of IITs and IISc

• Dissemination of curriculum-based
  online Web and Video courses in
  Engineering, Sciences, Technology,
  Humanities and Management
  through open resources
• http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
                       NPTEL
• Proposal by five IITs and four IIMs in 1999 to the Ministry
  of HRD for setting up a Virtual Centre for Technology
  Enhanced Learning (external Partner: Carnegie Mellon
  U)
• Government of India (Ministry of Human Resource
  Development) sanction to seven IITs (Bombay, Delhi,
  Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) and
  IISc for developing contents for core curricula in
  Engineering and core science programmes in 2003 and
  in 2009
                        NPTEL
• 100 courses in video format and 100 in web based
  contents proposed in 2003 for three years

• (Core sciences, Civil, Electrical, Electronics and
  Communication, Computer Science and Mechanical
  Engg.)

• 130 in video and 125 in web format made available in
  2007
                     NPTEL
• Each course to provide contents for 40 or more
  one hour lectures to be used in the classrooms
  of colleges or for private study

• Curriculum designed using IIT syllabi and those
  of major affiliating Universities in India and
  modularized for adoption.
    NPTEL Phase 2 – Summary – Branch wise
Aerospace Engineering         58    General                             1

Architecture                   1    Humanities and Social Sciences     72
Atmospheric Science            5    Management                         47

Automobile Engineering         2    Mathematics                        66
Biotechnology                  26   Mechanical Engineering            102
Chemical Engineering          100   Metallurgy and Material Science    59

Chemistry and Biochemistry    60    Mining Engineering                  1
Civil Engineering             82    Nanotechnology                     18
Computer Science and
                                    Ocean Engineering                  27
Engineering                   47
Electrical Engineering        35    Physics                            73
Electronics & Communication
                                    Textile Engineering                25
Engineering                   47
Engineering Design             8
                                                             Total    967
Environmental Science          5
  NPTEL Phase 2 – Syllabus Summary – Institute wise


                         Institute     Total

                    IISc Bangalore      97

                    IIT Bombay         104

                    IIT Delhi           92

                    IIT Guwahati        86

                    IIT Kanpur         180

                    IIT Kharagpur      135

                    IIT Madras         199

                    IIT Roorkee         74


Other Institutions identified as associate partners to the above
  NPTEL from 2007 onwards
• Conversion of all 10300 plus one-hour video lectures so
  far to streaming and download media (flv, mp4 and 3GP
  for mobile) format

• Uploading all lectures for free video-on-demand access
  in India and abroad. This is the largest technical video
  lecture repository on higher education in the world
  on open access.
  NPTEL from 2007 onwards
• Creation of additional 1000+ courses in all major engg.
  and science disciplines and some social sciences for
  both UG and PG level. About 500 of these as 40 one
  hour courses. Remaining are web based contents.

• Detailed syllabi, SME, partners and references finalized
  for all courses as above.
 NPTEL Phases II/III (contents to be developed as 4
 quadrants, integrated in the final form)
Content web based lecture Animations/ visuals /
notes / video lectures in an illustrations, video
organized form                demonstrations/document
                              aries and interactive
                              simulations wherever
                              required
Supplementary reading/Wiki Problems, quizzes,
Development on the course, assignments and solutions,
other resources /open         online feedback through
content in the internet, Case discussion forums and setting
studies, anecdotal            up the FAQ
information, historical
development of the subject
 NPTEL from 2007 onwards
• Partner Institutions other than IITs and IISc for
  creating course contents
• More than 2000 subject matter experts (SMEs)
  involved
• Branch-wise (discipline-wise) expert group
  constituted and all course titles required for UG
  curriculum in twenty disciplines assigned to
  SMEs.
 NPTEL from 2007 onwards
• Course contents to be peer- and user reviewed from
  time-to-time before being uploaded on the website



• User feedback to be incorporated at regular intervals



• A social network site (http://www.classle.net) to provide
  users forum and peer-to-peer and faculty-student
  interactions online on course contents
 Accessing NPTEL contents
• Video and Web contents from the
  NPTEL Website
  http://nptel.iitm.ac.in

• Video lecture contents from the
  YouTube
  http:// www.youtube.com/iit
 Devise and guide reforms that will transform
 India into a strong and vibrant knowledge
 economy in coming years (all parts of
 India, that is)
      Focus areas of interest for the project
                in several phases
                Higher Education:
              Professional Education
                Distance Education
               Continuous Learning

10/1/2012
               DISTANCE EDUCATION



 Clear and easily documented need: 1,400,000
  engineering seats; 50000 reasonable ones;
  demand increasing exponentially!
 Teacher-student ratio around 1:100 for teachers
  with post-graduate M. S. /M. Tech./Ph. D.
  qualification


 10/1/2012
               DISTANCE EDUCATION



 India has no choice: even to maintain the current
  levels a new major university needed every week
  or so!
 Massive online education is an important
  emerging market and therefore a business
  opportunity.


 10/1/2012
   NPTEL – AN OPPORTUNITY

• Technology already available and will only improve.
   Communications band-width and computer power per
   unit cost will continue to increase.
• NPTEL offers an opportunity to provide reach as well as
   improvement in quality of the professionals emerging
   from Universities


 10/1/2012
 NPTEL – AN OPPORTUNITY
• Offers opportunities for cross-
 disciplinary learning independent of
 time, geography and social needs for
 anyone.
• Professionals can update themselves
 while being on the job
 Users of NPTEL Content (preliminary net
survey with about 5000 users in the last few
                 months)
                           Others
                            1%

                      Faculty
                        8%




            Working
          Professionals              Students
               32%                     59%




                      NPTEL User Classification
 NPTEL – AN OPPORTUNITY
• Technology and reach open up new
 challenges– Opportunities created by
 Google, Facebook, YouTube and the
 Internet extended in the sphere of
 education and social learning.
• Credible partnerships between Academia
 and the Industry can emerge
    NPTEL – AN OPPORTUNITY
• Professional training and skill building can be
    effected through learning from NPTEL

•   NPTEL can provide the certified edupedia for
    thorough mapping of courses along specific
    threads– E.g. Google map for routes (Point A to
    Point B)
 NPTEL – AN OPPORTUNITY

• Good research and social projects
 executed on a large scale have
 enormous potential for good
 business (example: YouTube offering
 many educational channels for free,
 http://www.classle.net)
    NPTEL FAQ                http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/faq.php



• What is NPTEL?
• Why NPTEL?
• Is it along the lines of OCW (Open Courseware by
  Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)?
• How is NPTEL implemented?
• What is there for industries in NPTEL?
• What is the current status of the project?
• How will NPTEL help the community?
• What are the mechanisms for promoting NPTEL?
• Who owns the copyrights of the contents of NPTEL ?
• How do Institutions and Individuals access these contents?
• Can I download these lectures? Current license under CC.
• Wherein lies the future?
Users of NPTEL Content (~5000 users in the
            last few months)

                          Others
                           1%

                     Faculty
                       8%




           Working
         Professionals              Students
              32%                     59%




                     NPTEL User Classification
How frequently they refer to NPTEL
           Courses?


           Once a week
              24%                  About 3 times a
                                       week
                                        28%



      Atleast twice a
          month
           12%
                         Atleast once a
                              day
                              36%
Purpose of Using NPTEL Content


          Academic
         Examinations            Compeitive
             34%                Examinations
                                    29%




                                 Interview
                                Preparation
                                    14%
              Interest in the
                  subject
                   23%
How close is NPTEL course syllabus to
      their Academic Syllabus?

     About 50% in common          About 80% in common

     Almost the same syllabus     Not much in common


                           3%


                                      21%
                22%




                                54%
Number of NPTEL Courses Accessed

     1 Course                   Between 3 and 5 courses
     Between 5 and 10 courses   More than 1 less than 3 courses
     more than 10 courses




                       20%            19%




                                            17%

                 24%



                                20%
Depth of the subject taught in NPTEL
              Courses.

                Very Low   Low
                   1%       1%


                           Medium
                            12%


         Very High
           37%




                              High
                              49%
Was the explanation sufficient to
  understand the concepts?


             Could Not
            Understand     More than
               14%         Sufficient
                             21%



      Need some
         more
       concepts
         23%
                                Sufficient
                                  25%

                Able to
              Understand
                 17%
Quality of NPTEL Course audio, video and
              text/diagram
                          Not Clear
                             3%




                                      Clear Enough to
                                           Learn
                                            29%


             Very Clear
                68%
Pace at which the courses were
           taught?
                 Very Slow
                    3%
               Very
               Fast     Slow
                6%       7%




        Fast
        29%




                               Average
                                 55%
Are users interested to participate in
 Online NPTEL Discussion forums?

                 No
                 5%




                      Yes
                      95%
  Strategies for effective e-learning
• Continued access, easy and just-in-time
• Set up social, peer-to-peer and faculty assisted networks and
  study groups
• Encourage interactions and dialogues among learners
• Collect continuous, course-specific feedback
• Devise strategies for incorporating user feedback in the
  development process
• Bring in partners from industry and research organizations
• Continuously upgrade the programme contents and move
  downward towards school education
• Setup online and offline exams and certification as value add-
  on, to enhance employability in core industries
 NPTEL from 2007—access, from
     2011-Social network
• Course contents to be peer- and user reviewed from
  time-to-time before being uploaded on the website

• User feedback to be incorporated at regular intervals

• A social network site (http://www.classle.net) to provide
  users forum and peer-to-peer and faculty-student
  interactions online on course contents
             Accessing NPTEL
• Distribution of courses through Videos
• Enabling colleges to create their intranet sites
• Providing mirror site options to partners
• Running awareness workshops for colleges
  and students through agencies like Classle and
  Bodhbridge
• AICTE inducing colleges to obtain and use
  NPTEL contents freely
            Accessing NPTEL
• Running contests for students through Classle
• Colleges to nominate students as
  ambassadors to NPTEL and students
  interacting with IIT faculty directly
• Encouraging college and University faculty to
  be collaborators and also as SMEs in courses
  in which they are also experts
• Responding quickly to student and teacher
  queries
Classle (http://www.classle.net) as
               partner
• Classle partners with colleges and provides technical
  assistance in web set up
• Classle interacts with industry (mainly IT at present) and
  encourages professionals to contribute to its content libraries
• Classle encourages (on-ramp) content development like
  YouTube and allows them to upload (peer review happens
  after the contents are loaded)
• Classle offers all of these free on-demand.
         NPTEL and the National
                Mission
• The National Mission on Education Through
  Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT)



• Launched by MHRD, Government of India with a
  budget allocation of Rs. 4612 crores (approximately
  USD $ 1 billion)

• URL:   http://www.sakshat.ac.in
Mission: Provide
•High quality educational, training and open research
content online and free of charge to every citizen

•High speed connectivity so that India-Internet thrives,
ideas exchange and dialogues and interactions lead
to growth
         NMEICT (Mission)
• Design and develop low, inexpensive connecting
  devices, support their research to ensure
  everyone has means to access and participate in
  knowledge creation.

• Derive similar programmes in school education
  and enable education to meaningful and rich
  experience rather than promote rote information.
            NMEICT (Mission)
• A proper balance between content generation, research in
  critical areas relating to provide best education

• Connectivity and

• integration of our knowledge with the world pool

To be achieved through several phases of the mission.
Creating
Digital-Learning
Environment for
Design in India – ‘e-kalpa’:
    4 National Mission in Education
      through ICT

                   February 2012
Digital-learning environment for Design
                                                         4 Key Themes:


                                          ‘e-kalpa’ Focus Areas                 Achievements so far:
                                          1. Digital online content for learningSetting up of the webspace              1.
                                          Design with distance e-Learning       ‘Dsource.in’ for access to content      Digital online
                                          programs on Design                    along with studio with equipment and    content for
                                                                                support staff at each of the partner    learning
                                                                                Institutes
                                          3. Digital Design Resource Database Documentation of resources in terms       2.
                                          including the craft sector            of process, methodology, case studios   Digital Design
                                                                                to create content undertaken at the
                                                                                                                        Resources
                                                                                partner Institutes
                                          2. Social networking for Higher       Experimenting with the webspace         3.
                                          Learning with collaborative Learning ‘Dsquare.in’ for access to content       Networking
                                          Space for Design for Synchronous and along with studio and support staff at
                                                                                                                        for learning
                                          Asynchronous Interaction              each of the partner Institutes
                                          4. Design inputs for products of      Support is being to other initiatives   4.
                                          National Mission in Education through of NMICT – Jellow, Sakshat website +
                                                                                                                        NMEICT support
                                          ICT                                   Identity, logo, naming, etc.
Digital-learning environment for Design
                                                        Deliverables:

                                                                                    Expected        Completed
                                                                                    Deliverables    till now
                                                                                    for the Project Feb 2012
                                          i. Design Courses                         40 Courses     40 Courses

                                          ii. Full resource documentation of fine   40 Topics      50 topics
                                          examples of Design, crafts and arts +
                                          Workshops with Experts
                                          iii. Video Lectures of eminent            25 Lectures    25 lectures
                                          designers

                                          iv. Case Studies of good design projects 70 Case Studies 70 Case Studies
                                          by professions and students

                                          v. Documentation of design process        150 topics     200 topics
                                          from around the country each in 12
                                          images x12 words
Digital-learning environment for Design
                                                        Deliverables by March 2012:

                                                                                    Expected        Completed     Additional
                                                                                    Deliverables    till now      by March 2012
                                                                                    for the Project Feb 2012
                                          i. Design Courses                         40 Courses     40 Courses     20 Courses

                                          ii. Full resource documentation of fine   40 Topics      50 Topics      20 Topics
                                          examples of Design, crafts and arts +
                                          Workshops with Experts
                                          iii. Video Lectures of eminent            25 Lectures    25 Lectures    10 Lectures
                                          designers

                                          iv. Case Studies of good design projects 70 Case Studies 70 Case Studies 25 Case Studies
                                          by professions and students

                                          v. Documentation of design process        150 topics     200 topics     100 topics
                                          from around the country each in 12
                                          images x12 words
Virtual Labs A Project headed by IIT
  Delhi and funded by the MHRD
• Coordinator: Prof. Ranjan Bose, Department
  of Electrical Engineering, IIT Delhi
• Concept note originally proposed by Professor
  Surendra Prasad, Director, IIT Delhi (2005-
  2011)
• The following slides were provided by the VL
  team in IIT Delhi. I am grateful to the team.
               The basic idea
                                Remote User 1


                                 Remote User 2
                   Internet
Physical Lab
  (located
 remotely)
                                 Remote User n
    Objectives of the Virtual Lab Project
•    To provide remote-access to labs in various
     disciplines of Science and Engineering.


                             To cater to students at the UG level, PG level as well as to
                              research scholars.




   To enable the students to learn at their own pace, and to arouse
    their curiosity.



           To provide a complete Learning Management System that includes web-
            resources, video-lectures, animated demonstrations and self evaluation.
    Types of Virtual Labs

                            Remote
                           Triggered

             Measurement
                Based

Modeling /
Simulation
  Based
                  Intended Users
• College Students who do not have access
  to good lab-facilities.
          High-school students, whose inquisitiveness will
           be triggered, possibly motivating them to take up
           higher-studies.

• Researchers in different institutes who can
  collaborate / share equipment and
  resources.
          Different engineering colleges, who can benefit
           from the content and related teaching resources.
        Participating Institutes

•   IIT Delhi             IIT Guwahati

•   IIT Bombay           IIIIT Hyderabad

•   IIT Kanpur            Amrita University

•   IIT Kharagpur         Dayalbagh University

•   IIT Madras            NIT Karnataka

•   IIT Roorkee           COE Pune
       Broad Areas for Virtual Labs
•   Electronics and Communication Engineering
•   Computer Science and Engineering
•   Electrical Engineering
•   Mechanical Engineering
•   Civil Engineering
•   Chemical Engineering
•   Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
•   Chemical Sciences
•   Physical Sciences



               All areas of Science and Engineering are covered
Website: www.vlab.co.in




   One common website to access all Virtual Labs
                  Content


• Pedagogy and organization for individual
  Universities and autonomous Institutions

• Prof. Anup K. Ray
Arbitrary Home Page of a Course Website
Course Name : Control Systems
Course ID :          EE 302/10-11
Institute :          XYZ Institute of Technology
Department :         Electrical Engineering
Overview Objectives            Summary          References        Assignment
                                                Resources
 C    M      C   M     U       M      U         C       M     U       C   M   U

 Case                          FAQs           Ask                    Self
Studies   Projects                          Question              Assessment
                           C    M     U     A       V   Txt       C       M   U
Form Groups      Add Comments               Simulation Virtual
                                                       Labs
Take Notes       Add Resources

Abbreviations : C : Course                M: Module U : Units
                A : Audio                 V : Video Txt :Text
     Technology Enhanced Learning
• Promote critical thinking (enhancement)
• Visualization and visualizability of concepts (enhancement)
• Demonstration and hands-on experience (enable)
• Integration of teaching and learning in synchronization with the
   environment of the child/student/adult/all-time learners (enable)
• Mass education and lack of physical infrastructure and teachers (enable)
• Building competitiveness, and think out-of-the-box at an early age
• Building a Nation to its fullest capacity– a nation as large as India, with one
   sixth of the world’s population
Solve all problems in India and solutions for everyone else also emerge!
Thank You.

								
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