James Madison High School - Download as DOC by sW9S27


									Name ______________________________
AP Psychology
                                   Memory (Chapter 9)
The Phenomenon of Memory (pp 344-346)
       1.     Describe memory in terms of information processing, and distinguish among
              sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.

Encoding: Getting Information In (pp 347-353)
       2.     Distinguish between automatic and effortful processing, and discuss the
              importance of rehearsal.
       3.     Explain the importance of meaning, imagery, and organization in the encoding
Storage: Retaining Information (pp 354-361)
       4.     Describe the limited nature of sensory memory and short-term memory.
       5.     Describe the capacity and duration of long-term memory, and discuss the
              biological changes that may underlie memory formation and storage.
       6.     Distinguish between implicit and explicit memory, and identify the different
              brain structures associated with each.
Retrieval: Getting Information Out (pp 361-364)
       7.     Contrast recall, recognition, and relearning measures of memory.
       8.     Describe the importance of retrieval cues and the impact of environmental
              contexts and internal emotional states on retrieval.

Forgetting (pp 365-371)
       9.     Explain why the capacity to forget can be beneficial, and discuss the role of
              encoding failure and storage decay in the process of forgetting.
       10.    Explain what is meant by retrieval failure, and discuss the effects of
              interference and motivated forgetting on retrieval.
Memory Construction (pp 372-380)
       11.    Describe the evidence for the constructive nature of memory and the impact of
              imagination and leading questions on eyewitness recall.
       12.    Describe the difficulties in discerning true memories from false ones and the
              reliability of children's eyewitness recall.
       13.    Discuss the controversy over reports of repressed and recovered memories of
              childhood sexual abuse.
Improving Memory (pp 381-382)
       14.    Explain how an understanding of memory can contribute to effective study
Fact or Falsehood?

T    F     1.    Memory storage is never automatic; it always takes effort.

T    F     2.    When people go around a circle saying their names, their poorest
                 memories are for what was said by the person just before them.

T    F     3.    Memory aids (for example, those that use imagery and devices for
                 organization) are no more useful than simple rehearsal of information.

T    F     4.    Only a few people have any type of photographic memory.

T    F     5.    Although our capacity for storing information is large, we are still
                 limited in the number of permanent memories we can form.

T    F     6.    Our experiences are etched on our brain, just as the grooves on a tape
                 receive and retain recorded messages.

T    F     7.    When people learn something while intoxicated, they recall it best
                 when they are again intoxicated.

T    F     8.    The hour before sleep is a good time to commit information to

T    F     9.    How confident eyewitnesses are about what they say is an important
                 predictor of their accuracy.

T    F     10.   Children typically will repress any memory of having seen on of their
                 parents being murdered.

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