Name ______________________________ AP Psychology Memory (Chapter 9) The Phenomenon of Memory (pp 344-346) 1. Describe memory in terms of information processing, and distinguish among sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Encoding: Getting Information In (pp 347-353) 2. Distinguish between automatic and effortful processing, and discuss the importance of rehearsal. 3. Explain the importance of meaning, imagery, and organization in the encoding process. Storage: Retaining Information (pp 354-361) 4. Describe the limited nature of sensory memory and short-term memory. 5. Describe the capacity and duration of long-term memory, and discuss the biological changes that may underlie memory formation and storage. 6. Distinguish between implicit and explicit memory, and identify the different brain structures associated with each. Retrieval: Getting Information Out (pp 361-364) 7. Contrast recall, recognition, and relearning measures of memory. 8. Describe the importance of retrieval cues and the impact of environmental contexts and internal emotional states on retrieval. Forgetting (pp 365-371) 9. Explain why the capacity to forget can be beneficial, and discuss the role of encoding failure and storage decay in the process of forgetting. 10. Explain what is meant by retrieval failure, and discuss the effects of interference and motivated forgetting on retrieval. Memory Construction (pp 372-380) 11. Describe the evidence for the constructive nature of memory and the impact of imagination and leading questions on eyewitness recall. 12. Describe the difficulties in discerning true memories from false ones and the reliability of children's eyewitness recall. 13. Discuss the controversy over reports of repressed and recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse. Improving Memory (pp 381-382) 14. Explain how an understanding of memory can contribute to effective study techniques. Fact or Falsehood? T F 1. Memory storage is never automatic; it always takes effort. T F 2. When people go around a circle saying their names, their poorest memories are for what was said by the person just before them. T F 3. Memory aids (for example, those that use imagery and devices for organization) are no more useful than simple rehearsal of information. T F 4. Only a few people have any type of photographic memory. T F 5. Although our capacity for storing information is large, we are still limited in the number of permanent memories we can form. T F 6. Our experiences are etched on our brain, just as the grooves on a tape receive and retain recorded messages. T F 7. When people learn something while intoxicated, they recall it best when they are again intoxicated. T F 8. The hour before sleep is a good time to commit information to memory. T F 9. How confident eyewitnesses are about what they say is an important predictor of their accuracy. T F 10. Children typically will repress any memory of having seen on of their parents being murdered.
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