theory sheet terms for product construction by Sk6813Vm


									        What construction detail and stitches have you used on your product?
         Mention all the correct terms this will ensure you get a better mark.

   Pattern template                                                Batting
                                                                     Fiberfill, cotton, wool, or other material that is
   Hemming stitch                                                   flattened and usually on a roll and purchased in
                                                                     precut lengths or by the yard.
   Plain straight seam
                                                                    Bias tape
   Double seam                                                      Strips of fabric cut on the bias, often turned
                                                                     under and pressed, and used for bindings,
   Machine embroidery                                               facings.
    Decorative stitching created by using a regular sewing          Binding
    machine (zig zag, satin stitch, etc.) or a sewing machine        Encasing the raw edges of a blanket or quilt
    specifically designed for machine embroidery.                    with another piece of fabric. Binding also refers
   Overlock                                                         to the fabric that is folded and used for the
    An overcast stitch to prevent ravelling of fabric. There
                                                                     encasing of the raw edges.
    are sewing machines made to do overlock stitching.
    Overcasting, overstiching                                       Hook & eye closure
    Stitching done over a seam to prevent ravelling. This            A type of closure that employs a small hook on
    can be done by hand or machine.                                  one side and a loop made of fabric or metal on
                                                                     the other.
   Backstitch
    Used at the beginning and end of a machine sewn
    seam to anchor the seam in place;
   Blind hem stitch                                                Cutting line
    Sewing stitch that is not meant to be seen on the right          On a pattern, the outermost dark line is the line
    side of the fabric
                                                                     upon which you cut. Traditions vary; some
   Satin stitch
    A very tight zig-zag stitch that is available on most
                                                                     people cut through the centre of this line, others
    sewing machines. If it is not automatically available, the       cut just to the outside of this line.
    stitch length can be set to almost 0 to achieve a satin         Dart
    stitch with a plain zig-zag machine.                             A V shaped, tapered adjustment to a pattern to
   French seam to sew together a seam using lightweight             allow for more fullness in the bust area or less
    fabric such as voile, rayon, muslin in a neat way.               fullness in other areas (waist, back). Darts can
    Changing the settings on the Overlock machine from ‘R’           be creatively placed for fit or design elements.
    to ‘S’.
                                                                    Gather
                                                                     Gathering allows for making a long piece of
                                                                     fabric to fit with a shorter piece of fabric and
                                                                     also is a method of easing a seam to allow
   Bobbin                                                           insertion of sleeves and other rounded pattern
    The piece of your sewing machine that holds the                  pieces.
    bottom thread (the bobbin thread) and is placed in              Gusset
    the bobbin case.                                                 A bit of fabric sewn into a seamline to provide
   Buttonhole                                                       fullness (to let a garment out) or decoration. A
    A bound slit in the fabric to allow the passage of a             lot of gussets were used in the early 50s that
    button for closure.                                              were diamond shaped and were used under
   Interfacing                                                      the arm of a dress to give it more movement.
    Fabric used between layers of fabric to provide                 Raw (edge)
    stabilization and form. Usually used in collars,                 The edge of fabric that is not stitched or
    cuffs, plackets, some waistbands and pockets,                    finished.
    and facings.                                                    Seam allowance
   Lining                                                           the fabric between the edge of the fabric and
    Used to finish the inside of a garment, to hide the              the line of stitching, about 1cm for most
    seam construction, to allow for ease of putting a                patterns. (Craft patterns often allow 0.5cm
    garment on or taking it off.                                     seam allowance.)
   Pinking shears                                                  Tack
    Shears with a V shape along the cutting edge                     is a temporary stitch to hold pieces together,
    used to cut fabric and have it remain essentially                usually removed after final stitching.
    ravel-free.                                                     Tension
   Underlining                                                      Tension is one of the least understood
    Lining used to add body to a garment.                            concepts of sewing machines. It refers to the
                                                                     pressure being placed on your needle and
                                                                     bobbin thread by your machine.
                                                                    Welt
                                                                     A method of covering the raw edges of a
                                                                     pocket or other opening, can be single or
                                                                     double welt.

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