What construction detail and stitches have you used on your product? Mention all the correct terms this will ensure you get a better mark. Pattern template Batting Fiberfill, cotton, wool, or other material that is Hemming stitch flattened and usually on a roll and purchased in precut lengths or by the yard. Plain straight seam Bias tape Double seam Strips of fabric cut on the bias, often turned under and pressed, and used for bindings, Machine embroidery facings. Decorative stitching created by using a regular sewing Binding machine (zig zag, satin stitch, etc.) or a sewing machine Encasing the raw edges of a blanket or quilt specifically designed for machine embroidery. with another piece of fabric. Binding also refers Overlock to the fabric that is folded and used for the An overcast stitch to prevent ravelling of fabric. There encasing of the raw edges. are sewing machines made to do overlock stitching. Overcasting, overstiching Hook & eye closure Stitching done over a seam to prevent ravelling. This A type of closure that employs a small hook on can be done by hand or machine. one side and a loop made of fabric or metal on the other. Backstitch Used at the beginning and end of a machine sewn seam to anchor the seam in place; Blind hem stitch Cutting line Sewing stitch that is not meant to be seen on the right On a pattern, the outermost dark line is the line side of the fabric upon which you cut. Traditions vary; some Satin stitch A very tight zig-zag stitch that is available on most people cut through the centre of this line, others sewing machines. If it is not automatically available, the cut just to the outside of this line. stitch length can be set to almost 0 to achieve a satin Dart stitch with a plain zig-zag machine. A V shaped, tapered adjustment to a pattern to French seam to sew together a seam using lightweight allow for more fullness in the bust area or less fabric such as voile, rayon, muslin in a neat way. fullness in other areas (waist, back). Darts can Changing the settings on the Overlock machine from ‘R’ be creatively placed for fit or design elements. to ‘S’. Gather Gathering allows for making a long piece of fabric to fit with a shorter piece of fabric and also is a method of easing a seam to allow Bobbin insertion of sleeves and other rounded pattern The piece of your sewing machine that holds the pieces. bottom thread (the bobbin thread) and is placed in Gusset the bobbin case. A bit of fabric sewn into a seamline to provide Buttonhole fullness (to let a garment out) or decoration. A A bound slit in the fabric to allow the passage of a lot of gussets were used in the early 50s that button for closure. were diamond shaped and were used under Interfacing the arm of a dress to give it more movement. Fabric used between layers of fabric to provide Raw (edge) stabilization and form. Usually used in collars, The edge of fabric that is not stitched or cuffs, plackets, some waistbands and pockets, finished. and facings. Seam allowance Lining the fabric between the edge of the fabric and Used to finish the inside of a garment, to hide the the line of stitching, about 1cm for most seam construction, to allow for ease of putting a patterns. (Craft patterns often allow 0.5cm garment on or taking it off. seam allowance.) Pinking shears Tack Shears with a V shape along the cutting edge is a temporary stitch to hold pieces together, used to cut fabric and have it remain essentially usually removed after final stitching. ravel-free. Tension Underlining Tension is one of the least understood Lining used to add body to a garment. concepts of sewing machines. It refers to the pressure being placed on your needle and bobbin thread by your machine. Welt A method of covering the raw edges of a pocket or other opening, can be single or double welt.
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