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Time Machine: History Unfolds by 87N1D8m


									Time Machine: History Unfolds                        Name_______________________________
                                                     US History         Period 3 4 6 8 9

Each month we recognize the birth or contributions of many famous and interesting people. We also
remember important events in American and world history. Travel in the TIME MACHINE and help us
remember one of these important events. Each event requires a one page (double spaced) word
processed report with a one page illustration (can be copied drawn). Each event is worth 10
classwork points but may not be done in class. ). Due by the last class day of the month.

                                           September Dates

September 1                                          the coach he was riding in collided with a trolley
                                                     car. A Secret Service agent was killed, but
Aaron Burr was acquitted of treason by a circuit     Roosevelt escaped with only minor injuries,
court in Richmond, Virginia, on the grounds that     1902
he was not present when an overt act was
committed, 1807                                      Britain and France declared war on Germany,
The city of Atlanta, Georgia was evacuated by
Confederate forces commanded by General John         The invasion of Italy began by Allied forces
B. Hood, 1865                                        crossing the Strait of Messina, 1943

World War II began with the Nazi invasion of         Television's "Search for Tomorrow" first aired,
Poland, 1939                                         1951

Japan's formal surrender ending WW II, 1945 (        The Espionage and Sabotage Act was signed by
September 2 in Tokyo due to time change)             President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It authorized
                                                     the death penalty for peacetime sabotage and the
The Wreck of the Titanic found of the coast of       statute of limitations for these crimes was
Newfoundland, 1985                                   removed, 1954

September 2                                          Viking II landed on Mars, 1976

The United States Treasury Department was            September 4
established, 1789
                                                     Los Angeles was founded by Spanish as "El
Union forces under the command of General            Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de Los
William T. Sherman occupied the city of Atlanta,     Angeles de Porciuncula," 1781
Georgia, 1865
                                                     First Lady Sarah Polk was born Sarah Childress
Japan signed the surrender terms aboard the          outside Nashville, Tennessee, 1803
"U.S.S. Missouri," ending the war in the Pacific,
1945                                                 Chiricahua Apache Indian Chief Geronimo
                                                     (Indian name Goyathlay) surrendered, as a
V-J Day celebrated, 1945                             result of General Nelson A. Miles promising him
                                                     exile in Florida and a return to Arizona; a
                                                     promise that was never kept by the US, instead
September 3
                                                     putting him in confinement at hard labor at Fort
                                                     Sill, Oklahoma, 1886
The Treaty of Paris was signed by United States
& Great Britain representatives, officially ending
                                                     George Eastman received patent for roll-film
the Revolutionary War, 1783
                                                     camera, 1888
President Theodore Roosevelt escaped serious
                                                     The Foreign Assistance Act which authorized
injury outside of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania when
                                                     $4,253,500,000 for use in foreign military and
economic programs was signed by President            September 7
John F. Kennedy, 1961
                                                     Queen Elizabeth I, was born in Greenwich,
John Ehrlichman and G. Gordon Liddy were             England, 1533
indicted along with two White House officials in
connection with the burglary in 1971 of the office   The U.S. Frigate Constellation was launched,
of Daniel Ellsberg                                   1797

Diplomatic relations with East Germany were          The Professional Football Hall of Fame was
established by the United States, 1974               dedicated in Canton, Ohio, 1963

September 5                                          Senator Everett M. Dirksen died in Washington,
                                                     D.C., 1969
The First Continental Congress was established,
1774                                                 Two Panama Canal treaties that transferred
                                                     control of the canal to Panama by the year 2000
The nation's first Labor Day Parade , sponsored      were signed by President James Carter and
by the Knights of Labor, as held in New York         Panama's head of state, Brigadier general Omar
City, 1882                                           Torrijos Herrera, 1977

President John F. Kennedy signed the hijacking       September 8
bill, making air piracy a crime punishable by
death or imprisonment, 1961                          New London, Connecticut was looted and
                                                     burned by British troops until the command of
The attempted assassination of President Gerald      General Benedict Arnold, who had joined the
Ford, by Lynette A. "Squeaky" Fromme, a              British. Arnold, who committed treasonous acts
follower of Charles mansion, occurred in             against the United States was also unnecessarily
Sacramento, California, 1975                         brutal to American soldiers, 1781

Baltimore Orioles Cal Ripken, Jr., tied Lou          A hurricane, reaching winds up to 120 mph,
Gehrig's consecutive professional baseball game      struck Galveston, Texas, killing 6000 persons,
steak of 2130 games, 1995                            and causing property damage estimated at $20
                                                     million, 1900
September 6
                                                     Margaret Gorman, from Washington, D.C., was
A coal mine disaster occurred in Avondale,           crowned the first Miss America, in Atlantic City,
Pennsylvania, killing 108 miners by suffocation,     New Jersey, 1921
                                                     Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allied
President William McKinley was shot and              powers during World War II, 1943
mortally wounded in the Temple of Music at the
Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York,        Former President Richard M. Nixon was given
1901                                                 an unconditional pardon by President Gerald
                                                     Ford, 1974
A TWA airliner was hijacked to Jordan by
Palestinian terrorists, 1970                         September 9

Baltimore Orioles Cal Ripken, broke Lou              California was admitted to the Union, 1850 (31st)
Gehrig's record by playing in his 2131st
consecutive professional baseball game, 1995         Esther Cleveland, was the first child born in the
                                                     White House, 1893
Baltimore Orioles Eddie Murray hit his 500th
home run, 1996                                       Mounted police were used for the first time in
                                                     New York City, 1904
The funeral for Princess Diana was held in
Westminster Abbey, London, 1997                      Singer Elvis Presley made his first appearance
                                                     on the "Ed Sullivan Show," 1956
Princess Diana was buried on a small island at
Althorp House, England, 1997September 7
A prison riot occurred at Attica State               President James Buchanan's order that removed
Correctional Facility, in Attica, New York. It led   Brigham Young as the governor of Utah, 1857
to the deaths of 43 people. Nine prison guards
were held hostage and 28 prisoners were killed       The United States First Army patrols entered
when 1500 state police and other law                 Germany, 1944
enforcement officers staged an air and ground
assault to end the uprising, 1971
                                                     Food Stamps were authorized by the US
                                                     Congress in a program to distribute surplus food
Sanctions against South Africa were announced        to impoverished Americans, 1959
by President Ronald Reagan to protest that
country's policy of apartheid. With this the sales
                                                     The Beatles recorded their first single,"Love Me
of computers were banned, and imports of the
                                                     Do," 1962
Kruggerand gold coins were stopped, 1985
                                                     September 12
September 10
                                                     The Battle of North Point, (also known as the
The University of Tennessee was first chartered
                                                     Battle of Baltimore) began during the War of
as Blount College in Knoxville, 1794
                                                     1812, 1814

First Lady Letitia Tyler died at the White House,
                                                     Editor Henry Louis "H.L." Mencken was born in
Washington, D.C., 1842
                                                     Baltimore, 1880

Elias Howe, of Spencer, Massachusetts, received
                                                     In what would become a major change in the
a patent for his sewing machine; the first in the
                                                     marriage ceremony, the House of Bishops of the
United States with an eye-pointed needle, 1847
                                                     United States Protestant Episcopal Church voted
                                                     36-27 to delete the word obey from the marriage
American actor Edwin Booth, brother of John          service, 1922
Wilkes Booth, made his acting debut at the
Boston Museum, when he played the role of
                                                     The first American engagement on German soil
Tressel in Colley Cibber's version of Richard III,
                                                     began when the US First Army pushed five miles
                                                     into west central Germany, 1944

The first Chicago to New York airmail trip to be
                                                     Lassie" made its television debut, 1954
completed in one day occurred. This
transportation of mail took an overall time of 12
hours, 55 minutes. The flying time was 10 hours,     September 13
5 minutes, 1918
                                                     New York City was declared temporary United
The First Army liberated Luxembourg, 1944            States capital, 1788

"Gunsmoke" premiered on CBS television, 1955         The Battle of North Point or Baltimore occurred
                                                     at Fort McHenry, 1814
September 11
                                                     The Beatles first and only concert (two shows) in
                                                     Baltimore, 1964
George Washington and his army were defeated
by the British at the Battle of Brandywine, 1777
                                                     September 14
Alexander Hamilton became the first United
States Secretary of the Treasury, 1789               Francis Scott Key wrote his poem "Defense of Ft.
                                                     McHenry," that was later re-named Star
                                                     Spangled Banner,1814
President John Tyler's entire Cabinet resigned,
with the exception of Secretary of State Daniel
Webster, because of Tyler's bank bill veto, 1841     President William McKinley died, 1901

The Mountain Meadows Massacre occurred               The World War II Battle of Stalingrad occurred,
whereby 120 emigrants headed for California          1942
were killed. They were killed in Utah by Indians
incited by the Mormon fanatic John D. Lee,           September 15
whose justification was in retaliation against
The Battle of North Point or Baltimore at Fort     Yellow Fever cases reached epidemic
McHenry ended, 1814                                proportions in Brunswick, Georgia, 1893

President William Howard Taft was born in          The American Professional Football Association,
Cincinnati, Ohio, 1857                             a precursor of the National Football League
                                                   (NFL) was formed in Canton, Ohio, 1920
The Swastika was made the official symbol of
Nazi Germany, 1935                                 Construction began on the Hoover Dam,
                                                   originally called Boulder Dam, at Las Vegas,
The United States Air-Craft Carrier Wasp was       Nevada, 1930
sunk off Guadalcanal during World War II, 1942
                                                   September 18
A federal grand jury indicted the five people
originally accused of burglary in the Watergate    The first spinet (small harpsichord with oblique
break-in case, as well as former White House       strings) was made in America by John Harris of
aides G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt,          Boston, Massachusetts, 1769
                                                   President George Washington laid the
September 16                                       cornerstone of the United States Capitol
                                                   building, 1793
Plymouth Pilgrims left England on the
"Mayflower," 1620                                  The "second" Fugitive Slave Bill was passed by
                                                   Congress, 1850
The "Sun King" of France, Louis XIV, was born,
1638                                               The first edition of the "New York Times" was
                                                   published, 1851
Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote his poem, "Old
Ironsides." Upon learning that the frigate         Singer James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix died in
Constitution was to be dismantled, he wrote this   London at the age of 27 from the overdose of
impassioned poem, which became so popular          barbiturates and alcohol, 1970
that the order for the ship's destruction was
rescinded, 1830                                    Patricia "Patty" Hearst was captured by the FBI,
                                                   1975. She was tried, and sentenced to prison in
General Motors Company filed for incorporation     1976 and paroled in 1979.
in Hudson County, New Jersey, 1908
                                                   September 19
The American Legion was incorporated by
Congress, 1919                                     Henry Hudson first sailed into the river, now
                                                   known as the Hudson, 1609
The first cinemascope movie,"The Robe,"
premiered in New York, 1953                        During the Revolutionary War, US soldiers won
                                                   their first battle at Saratoga, 1777
Mary Louise Smith became the first woman to
head the Republican National Convention, 1974      President James A. Garfield died (1881) as a
                                                   result of his injuries received when shot by an
September 17                                       assassin in the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad
                                                   Station, Washington, D.C., on July 2,1881
The United States Constitution was signed, 1787
                                                   Bruno Hauptmann was charged with the kidnap-
President George Washington delivered his          murder of the Lindbergh infant, 1934
Farewell Address to Congress, 1796
                                                   The first underground atomic explosion
The Boston Public Library, the first library in    occurred at the proving grounds near Las Vegas,
Massachusetts supported by taxation was            Nevada, 1957
dedicated, 1855
                                                   September 20
The Civil War Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg)
Maryland; the single bloodiest day in American     The U.S. Frigate Constitution "Old Iron Sides"
history occurred, 1862                             was launched, 1797
Patent leather was first manufactured in United     Jane Moore, who was a police and FBI informer,
States by Seth Boyden in Newark, New Jersey,        1975
                                                    September 23
Slave trade in the District of Columbia was
abolished as a concession to the North in the       Caesar Augustus was born in Rome, 63 B.C.
Compromise of 1850
                                                    John Paul Jones defeated the ship "HMS
Chester A. Arthur was sworn in as the 21st          Serapis," 1779
President of the United States, 1881
                                                    Lewis & Clark's expedition ended, 1806
Former New York City Mayor Fiorello La
Guardia died, 1947
                                                    First Lady Elizabeth Monroe died at her home
                                                    "Oak Hill," outside Leesburg, Virginia, 1830
The U.S. Embassy in Beruit was bombed through
the means of a suicide car-bomb, which exploded
                                                    William J. Duane, the secretary of the treasury,
outside the Embassy, killing 23 including two
                                                    was removed from office by President Andrew
Americans, 1984
                                                    Jackson because he refused to withdraw
                                                    government deposits from the Bank of the U.S.
September 21                                        and place them in state banks. President Jackson
                                                    appointed Roger B. Taney as his replacement,
First Lady Margaret Taylor was born Margaret        1833
Smith in St. Leonard's City, Calvert County,
Maryland, 1788                                      The planet Neptune was discovered by Johann
                                                    Gottfried Galle, 1846
The first direct telegraph service to Brazil from
the United States was established, 1883             The transistor was invented, 1947

"Perry Mason" premiered on CBS-TV, 1957             September 24

Sandra Day O'Connor was appointed to the            American pioneer and orchardist John
United States Supreme Court, 1981                   Chapman, known as "Johnny Appleseed," the
                                                    prototype for characters in American folklore,
September 22                                        was born, 1775

American Revolutionary War Captain Nathan           The US Congress passed the first Judiciary Act,
Hale, was executed as a spy by the British. Upon    which provided for an Attorney General and a
his capture, he was hanged without a trial the      Supreme Court, 1789
following day, 1776. A statue of him, in his
honor, stands at the CIA Headquarters at            The Bill of Rights passed in US House of
Langley, Virginia.                                  Representatives, 1791

President Abraham Lincoln's Preliminary             The world's first transatlantic telephone cable
Emancipation Proclamation was issued, 1862          system began its operation. Using twin cables, it
                                                    stretched 2250 miles from Clarenville,
The construction contract for the building of the   Newfoundland to Oban, Scotland, and cost $42
Empire State Building was awarded this day. It      million, 1956
would be built on the site of the former Waldorf-
Astoria Hotel, 1929                                 The trial of the "Chicago Eight" began, whereby
                                                    eight radical leaders were indicted on March 20
"Fiddler on the Roof" opened on Broadway, 1964      on charges of conspiring to incite riots at the
                                                    1968 Democratic convention in Chicago, 1969
Presidential advisor to Nixon, Henry Kissinger
was sworn in as secretary of state, 1973            September 25

In a second attempt on the life of President        Colonel Ethan Allen was captured while
Gerald Ford, this time in San Francisco,            attacking Montreal, taken prisoner and held
California, the president was shot at by Sara       until the end of the American Revolutionary
                                                    War, 1775
Benedict Arnold, American soldier and turncoat,     The first passenger train went into operation in
treason was discovered, 1780. Through a             England, 1825
conspiracy with John Andre, he agreed to betray
the United States during the American               The great American actor Edwin Booth made his
Revolutionary War. Upon Andre's capture,            New York City debut at the age of 16 as Wilford
Arnold fled to the British lines, and was given a   in the play,The Iron Chest at the National
command in the royal army. He went to England       Theater, 1850. (See also September 10)
and remained there until his death in 1801.
                                                    Musician Glenn Miller and his orchestra
The Bill of Rights passed in the US Senate, 1791    performed together for the last time in Passaic,
                                                    New Jersey, before Miller entered the Army,
The first major league baseball game double         1942
header was played between the Providence and
Worcester teams, 1882                               "Tonight" with Steve Allen as host, premiered on
                                                    NBC-TV, 1954
The first operation of the transatlantic cable
occurred, 1956                                      Joseph M. Valachi, organized crime member,
                                                    turned informer, identified the alleged chiefs of
September 26                                        organized crime in the United States in televised
                                                    testimony before the Senate Permanent
The New York Stock Exchange closed. This same       Investigations Subcommittee, 1963
day, the secretary of the treasury reissued $26
million in legal tender. The exchange reopened      The Warren Commission report on the
ten days later, 1873                                assassination of President John F. Kennedy was
                                                    released. Its findings were that there was no
John Jay was appointed the first United States      conspiracy, either domestic or international in
chief justice of the Supreme Court, 1789. He was    the assassination, and that lee Harvey Oswald
appointed by President George Washington and        acted alone. This report also found that Jack
served for six years.                               Ruby, the convicted murderer of Oswald, had
                                                    had no prior contact with Oswald, 1964
Samuel Osgood was appointed the first
postmaster general of the United States by          The first presidential debate occurred between
President George Washington, 1789. He resigned      President Gerald R. Ford and his Democratic
this post in August 1791 because of the             challenger, James Carter, 1975
government's removal from New York City to
Philadelphia.                                       September 28

The Federal Trade Commission was established,       William I, of England, known as the
1914                                                "Conqueror" invaded England claiming English
                                                    throne, 1066
President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke
while traveling to Wichita, Kansas. His trip was    The siege of Yorktown began during the
halted and he was taken back to Washington,         Revolutionary War, 1781
D.C., 1919
                                                    Flogging was abolished as a form of punishment
Seoul, the capital of South Korea was recaptured    in the United States Navy, 1850
by US troops during the Korean War, 1950
                                                    A woman was arrested in New York City for
"West Side Story" opened on Broadway, 1957          smoking a cigarette in public, while riding in an
                                                    open automobile. It is said that the policemen
First of four Nixon-Kennedy televised debates       told her, "You can't do that on Fifth Avenue!"
began, 1960                                         1904

September 27                                        Eight Chicago White Sox baseball team members
                                                    were indicted for allegedly throwing the 1919
                                                    World Series, 1920
First Lady Martha Randolph was born Martha
Jefferson, the eldest daughter of Thomas
Jefferson, 1772                                     September 29
The United States regular army was established,     September 30
                                                    The first criminal was executed in the American
The Confederate Army attempted to take Fort         Colonies, 1630
Harrison during the Civil War, 1864
                                                    Dr. William Morton, a dentist, used an
Stan Musial played his last baseball game for the   experimental anesthetic, ether, for the first time
St. Louis Cardinals, retiring at the age of 42,     on a patient in Boston, Massachusetts, 1846
                                                    The Military trial in Nuremberg found 22 Nazi's
Cyanide placed in Tylenol capsules caused the       guilty of war crimes, 1946
deaths of seven people in the Chicago area. The
makers of Tylenol recalled 264,000 bottles of the   Actor James Byron Dean died at age 24 from
drug. The killer was never found, 1982              injuries received in a car crash, 1955

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