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					     Jennifer Hrivnak
    Shannon Manning
      Sarah Palmer
       Hali Saucier
        NURS 523
Pacific Lutheran University
   1860: Florence Nightingale
     Introduced idea of formal nursing education
     First training school
     Closely related to apprenticeship system

   1893: American Society of Superintendents of Training
    in Schools
     Correct inadequacies of nursing education
     In 1926, became the National League of Nursing Education and
      later the National League for Nursing

   1940-1960: Nursing education shifted from hospital to
    Universities
   1987: National Nursing Staff Development Organization
                                   Barker, 2009; Chitty, 2005; NNSDO website
   Idea originated in 1987
   Organization established in 1989 to:
       Foster nursing education within agencies
       Promote professional status of agency based nurse educators
       Nursing research and clinical application

   Publications:
       1992 - Quality Indicators in Staff Development
       1995 – Core Curriculum for Nursing Staff Development
       20 publications for Nurse Educators

   Yearly convention
   In collaboration with ANCC, developed
    first certification exam for Professional
    Nurse Developer in 1992
                                                            NNSDO website
                  Eligibility criteria
 Current,   active RN license
 BSN   or higher
 Practiced   as full-time RN for two years
≥ 4,000 hours clinical practice in nursing professional
  development within last five years
 30hours of continuing education in nursing professional
  development within last three years

                                                  ANCC, 2008
   1995 - Certified Nurse Educator (CNE) Examination
       8 Core Competencies

   Recognizes excellence in advanced specialty role of
    academic nurse educator
     Mark of professionalism
     Professional development for academic nurse educators
     Use of core competencies in practice
     Advanced Practice role?


   As of March, 2008:
       954 nurse educators nation-wide
        have earned CNE

                                                        NLN, 2008
 Agency-based clinical educator
     “Staff developer” or “Professional Developer”
     Typically work in hospital setting, often on a specific unit
     Function similar to CNS
     Does NOT require a master’s degree
     Represented by the NNSDO
     Certification in Nursing Professional Development through ANCC

 Academic nurse educator
     “Certified nurse educator”
     Typically works in nursing schools
     Master’s or doctoral degree required
     Represented by the NLN
     Certified Nurse Educator through NLN


                                             (NLN, 2002; NNSDO, 2008)
   Current Statistics:
       3,500 nursing programs
       ~300,00 nursing students

   Predicted future need:
       400,000 nursing students
       10:1 student:faculty ratio = 40,000 faculty

   Currently have <50% and is declining due to:
       Retirement of faculty
       Limited # of graduate nursing programs
       Declining student enrollment

                                                      NLN, 2002
10.   Work in intellectually stimulating environment.
9.    Autonomy and flexibility.
8.    Research creates knowledge and advances the field.
7.    Work has value to society.
6.    Teach anywhere in the world.
5.    Teach from the beach or the slopes, using technology.
4.    Encourage and educate eager minds and rejoice when
      students surpass you.
3.    Shape the future of healthcare.
2.    Change lives.
1.    Teach what you love.
                                                        NLN, 2002
   Personal characteristics:
       Displays leadership and role model capabilities
       Skillful in conducting research
       Competent clinician
       Facilitates learning with proper evaluation
       Advances professional development of learner
       Seeks opportunities to advance learners into educator role


   Outside influences:
       Undergraduate faculty-identification of talented beginning
        students as nurse educators
       Mentoring of novice students by senior faculty-promotes growth
        into role
       Further implementation of a heightened focus on research and
        educational excellence to the students
                                                                 NLN, 2002
   Eligibility criteria
       Active RN licensure
       Masters or Doctoral degree in nursing with emphasis on nursing
        education
       > 9 hours of graduate-level CE courses AND > 2 yrs of full-time
        employment as a faculty role within the past 5 yrs
                                      Or
       No CE courses AND > 4 yrs of full-time employment as a faculty
        role within the past 5 yrs

   CNE Exam offered through NLN:
       CNE after name
       Good for 5 years

   Renewal:
       Professional Development CEU’s or re-taking the CNE
        examination

                                                                  NLN, 2002
   Personal characteristics
       Enjoys mentoring
       Develops continuing education
       Ability to teach, guide, and evaluate learners
       Flexibility in ever-changing education trends
       Derives satisfaction through thriving future nurses


   Professional characteristics
       Responsible for JCAHO criteria
       Designs curricula for continuing education
       Opportunities to collaborate with health professionals


                                                 Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow
   Eligibility noted earlier in presentation
   Offered through American Nurses Credentialing Center
    (ANCC)
       Certified in Nursing Professional Development in your specialty
        for 5 yrs
       Renewal:
                         1000 hrs practicing in area of certification
                                                                        Certification
# of CE credits                            OR
                                                                         Renewal
                                 Retake and pass exam



   Values and goals of certification
       Validates nursing specialty knowledge
       Demonstrates accountability and dedication
       Career enhancement opportunities
       Higher salaries and bonuses
                                           American Nurses Credentialing Center, 2008
   Facilitate Learning
   Facilitate Learner Development & Socialization
   Use Assessment & Evaluation Strategies
   Participate in Curriculum Design & Evaluation of
    Outcomes
   Function as a Change Agent & Leader
   Pursue Continuous Quality Improvement in the
    Nurse Educator Role
   Engage in Scholarship
   Function within the Educational Environment
   Academic Based                          Agency Based
       FT, PT or adjunct                       Professional Nurse Developer
       Deans                                   Staff Development Officer
       Administrative Nurse Faculty            Continuing Education Specialist
       Instructional Nurse Faculty in
        Doctoral, Masters, Bachelor’s
        and Associate Degree
        programs
       Clinical Nurse Educator



           Many Nurse Educators function similar to a CNS in
                   various different specialty areas
               In some ways, all nurses are educators!!!
                                             Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow, 2008
    Recognized APN Roles
   CNS
   NP
   CNM
                         APN Requirements
   CRNA
                        Graduate education
                        Practice experience
                        Licensure and
                         certification
                        Direct patient care


                 Barker, 2009; Bryant-Lukosius et al. 2004; AACN, 1996
     APN                               Agency-based
                      Academic CNE
  Requirement                              CNE
Graduate                              Preferred, but not
                          Yes
Education                             required
Practice
                          Yes                Yes
experience
Licensure/
                          Yes                No
Certification
                      No, primarily     No, primarily
Direct patient care
                      indirect care     indirect care
     Advanced Practice                      Advanced Nursing
          Nursing                                Practice
   Refers to a whole field of a          Describes the work, or what
    specific type of practice              nurses “do” in a role

   Title-protected roles                 Not clearly defined

   Master’s education                    Extends beyond traditional scope
                                           of nursing
   Direct patient care
                                          Clinical practice, education,
   Specific licensure/certification       research, professional
                                           development, leadership,
                                           “change agents”

The CNE role is considered advanced nursing practice because
of the advanced knowledge and skill required.
                                                   Bryant-Lukosius et al. 2004
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (1996). The essentials of master’s education for
   advanced practice nursing. Retrieved September 13, 2008 from
   http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education/mastessn.htm

American Nurses Credentialing Center. (2008). Nursing Professional Development.
   Retrieved September 25th, 2008 from
   http://www.nursecredentialing.org/Documents/Certification/Application/NursingSp
   ecialty/NursingProfessionalDevelopment.aspx

Barker, A.M. (2009). Advanced Practice Nursing Essential Knowledge for the Profession.
    Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Bryant-Lukosius et al. (2004). Advanced practice nursing roles: development,
    implementation and evaluation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48 (5), 519-529.

Chitty, K.K. (2005). Professional Nursing Concepts and Challenges, 4th ed. St. Louis, MO:
    Elsevier Saunders.

National League for Nursing. The Certified Nurse EducatorCM (CNE) Examination.
    Retrieved September, 25th, 2008 from
    http://www.nln.org/FacultyCertification/index.htm.

National Nursing Staff Development Organization. https://www.nnsdo.org/home.html

Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow. Career Information Nurse Educator. Retrieved
   September 25th, 2008 from http://www.nursesource.org/nurse_educator.html.

				
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