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Jennifer Hrivnak Shannon Manning Sarah Palmer Hali Saucier NURS 523 Pacific Lutheran University 1860: Florence Nightingale Introduced idea of formal nursing education First training school Closely related to apprenticeship system 1893: American Society of Superintendents of Training in Schools Correct inadequacies of nursing education In 1926, became the National League of Nursing Education and later the National League for Nursing 1940-1960: Nursing education shifted from hospital to Universities 1987: National Nursing Staff Development Organization Barker, 2009; Chitty, 2005; NNSDO website Idea originated in 1987 Organization established in 1989 to: Foster nursing education within agencies Promote professional status of agency based nurse educators Nursing research and clinical application Publications: 1992 - Quality Indicators in Staff Development 1995 – Core Curriculum for Nursing Staff Development 20 publications for Nurse Educators Yearly convention In collaboration with ANCC, developed first certification exam for Professional Nurse Developer in 1992 NNSDO website Eligibility criteria Current, active RN license BSN or higher Practiced as full-time RN for two years ≥ 4,000 hours clinical practice in nursing professional development within last five years 30hours of continuing education in nursing professional development within last three years ANCC, 2008 1995 - Certified Nurse Educator (CNE) Examination 8 Core Competencies Recognizes excellence in advanced specialty role of academic nurse educator Mark of professionalism Professional development for academic nurse educators Use of core competencies in practice Advanced Practice role? As of March, 2008: 954 nurse educators nation-wide have earned CNE NLN, 2008 Agency-based clinical educator “Staff developer” or “Professional Developer” Typically work in hospital setting, often on a specific unit Function similar to CNS Does NOT require a master’s degree Represented by the NNSDO Certification in Nursing Professional Development through ANCC Academic nurse educator “Certified nurse educator” Typically works in nursing schools Master’s or doctoral degree required Represented by the NLN Certified Nurse Educator through NLN (NLN, 2002; NNSDO, 2008) Current Statistics: 3,500 nursing programs ~300,00 nursing students Predicted future need: 400,000 nursing students 10:1 student:faculty ratio = 40,000 faculty Currently have <50% and is declining due to: Retirement of faculty Limited # of graduate nursing programs Declining student enrollment NLN, 2002 10. Work in intellectually stimulating environment. 9. Autonomy and flexibility. 8. Research creates knowledge and advances the field. 7. Work has value to society. 6. Teach anywhere in the world. 5. Teach from the beach or the slopes, using technology. 4. Encourage and educate eager minds and rejoice when students surpass you. 3. Shape the future of healthcare. 2. Change lives. 1. Teach what you love. NLN, 2002 Personal characteristics: Displays leadership and role model capabilities Skillful in conducting research Competent clinician Facilitates learning with proper evaluation Advances professional development of learner Seeks opportunities to advance learners into educator role Outside influences: Undergraduate faculty-identification of talented beginning students as nurse educators Mentoring of novice students by senior faculty-promotes growth into role Further implementation of a heightened focus on research and educational excellence to the students NLN, 2002 Eligibility criteria Active RN licensure Masters or Doctoral degree in nursing with emphasis on nursing education > 9 hours of graduate-level CE courses AND > 2 yrs of full-time employment as a faculty role within the past 5 yrs Or No CE courses AND > 4 yrs of full-time employment as a faculty role within the past 5 yrs CNE Exam offered through NLN: CNE after name Good for 5 years Renewal: Professional Development CEU’s or re-taking the CNE examination NLN, 2002 Personal characteristics Enjoys mentoring Develops continuing education Ability to teach, guide, and evaluate learners Flexibility in ever-changing education trends Derives satisfaction through thriving future nurses Professional characteristics Responsible for JCAHO criteria Designs curricula for continuing education Opportunities to collaborate with health professionals Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow Eligibility noted earlier in presentation Offered through American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) Certified in Nursing Professional Development in your specialty for 5 yrs Renewal: 1000 hrs practicing in area of certification Certification # of CE credits OR Renewal Retake and pass exam Values and goals of certification Validates nursing specialty knowledge Demonstrates accountability and dedication Career enhancement opportunities Higher salaries and bonuses American Nurses Credentialing Center, 2008 Facilitate Learning Facilitate Learner Development & Socialization Use Assessment & Evaluation Strategies Participate in Curriculum Design & Evaluation of Outcomes Function as a Change Agent & Leader Pursue Continuous Quality Improvement in the Nurse Educator Role Engage in Scholarship Function within the Educational Environment Academic Based Agency Based FT, PT or adjunct Professional Nurse Developer Deans Staff Development Officer Administrative Nurse Faculty Continuing Education Specialist Instructional Nurse Faculty in Doctoral, Masters, Bachelor’s and Associate Degree programs Clinical Nurse Educator Many Nurse Educators function similar to a CNS in various different specialty areas In some ways, all nurses are educators!!! Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow, 2008 Recognized APN Roles CNS NP CNM APN Requirements CRNA Graduate education Practice experience Licensure and certification Direct patient care Barker, 2009; Bryant-Lukosius et al. 2004; AACN, 1996 APN Agency-based Academic CNE Requirement CNE Graduate Preferred, but not Yes Education required Practice Yes Yes experience Licensure/ Yes No Certification No, primarily No, primarily Direct patient care indirect care indirect care Advanced Practice Advanced Nursing Nursing Practice Refers to a whole field of a Describes the work, or what specific type of practice nurses “do” in a role Title-protected roles Not clearly defined Master’s education Extends beyond traditional scope of nursing Direct patient care Clinical practice, education, Specific licensure/certification research, professional development, leadership, “change agents” The CNE role is considered advanced nursing practice because of the advanced knowledge and skill required. Bryant-Lukosius et al. 2004 American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (1996). The essentials of master’s education for advanced practice nursing. Retrieved September 13, 2008 from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education/mastessn.htm American Nurses Credentialing Center. (2008). Nursing Professional Development. Retrieved September 25th, 2008 from http://www.nursecredentialing.org/Documents/Certification/Application/NursingSp ecialty/NursingProfessionalDevelopment.aspx Barker, A.M. (2009). Advanced Practice Nursing Essential Knowledge for the Profession. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. Bryant-Lukosius et al. (2004). Advanced practice nursing roles: development, implementation and evaluation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48 (5), 519-529. Chitty, K.K. (2005). Professional Nursing Concepts and Challenges, 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders. National League for Nursing. The Certified Nurse EducatorCM (CNE) Examination. Retrieved September, 25th, 2008 from http://www.nln.org/FacultyCertification/index.htm. National Nursing Staff Development Organization. https://www.nnsdo.org/home.html Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow. Career Information Nurse Educator. Retrieved September 25th, 2008 from http://www.nursesource.org/nurse_educator.html.
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