CW Nouns Verbs Notes by f2lTGTk2

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									Name:                                                                              CW_Nouns&Verbs Notes
Teacher:                                                                             English 1 Notes
English 1, Period                                                 Parts of Speech – Nouns & Verbs
Date: Tues, Sept 4, 2012



   Nouns: Common & Proper
   Definition – a NOUN is a _______________________________________________________
   _________________________________________________________________________

   Examples:
       person = actor
       place = city
       thing = book
       idea = freedom, _______________________
       emotion = love, _______________________, _______________________
   Proper vs. Common Nouns
   A proper noun names ________________________________________________________
   Proper nouns are always ______________________ in English.

   A common noun names _______________________________________________________
   Common nouns are always ______________________ (not capitalized) in English
   Examples:
       Common Nouns (categories)            Proper Nouns (specifics)
       person                               Aristotle
       school                               Howard University
       war                                  the Civil War
       state
       city
       team
       statue                               The Statue of Liberty
       country
       political institution                the House of Representatives
       river
       award ceremony                       the Academy Awards

   However, some words that are common nouns are capitalized when ________________________
   _________________________________________________________________________
   Example: I have three aunts.
   But: My Aunt Ashley teaches yoga.

   Example: The university I want to attend is downtown.
   But: Loyola University is one of the top rated universities in the city.
Verbs: action & being
Definition – a VERB is a



Two types of verbs:
  1. A verb is a word that can express                                 . Action verbs = run, sneeze, sleep, think
       o   There are two kinds of action verbs:
                                 action. Ex: The winner crossed the finish line.
                                 action. Ex: Ben dreamed of winning the race.
    2. A verb is also a word that can express a                        . “Being” verbs are forms of “to
       be.” They can be used as helping or linking verbs (I am running), but can also be used by themselves to
       describe your state of being (ex: I am happy.)
       o   The 8 forms of “to be”: _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______,
       o   The first 5 forms of “to be” are simply the present and past forms of “to be” (see the conjugation
           charts)

       Present Tense (If you are unsure, fill in the following sentence: “Today I (or you, he, etc.) ____ happy.”
           I                         we
           you                       you
           he / she / it             they

       Past Tense (If you are unsure, fill in the following sentence: “Yesterday I (or you, he, etc.) ____
       happy.”
           I                           we
           you                         you
           he / she / it               they

       o   The last 3 forms of “to be” always need a helper verb. See these examples:
            I ______ ___________ followed right now!
            I __________ ___________ followed before.
            If I’m not careful, I ___________ ______ followed again tomorrow.




Revision and Editing Symbols
≡      Three underlines symbolizes that you should CAPITALIZE a letter.

       Example: the first letter in every sentence should be capitalized.
                 ≡
/      A forward slash symbolizes that you should LOWERCASE a letter.
       Example: The word “university” should be lowercased in the following sentence: I visited my sister at
                 her University. However, it should be capitalized in this sentence: I visited my sister at the
                 University of Illinois.

								
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