Name: CW_Nouns&Verbs Notes Teacher: English 1 Notes English 1, Period Parts of Speech – Nouns & Verbs Date: Tues, Sept 4, 2012 Nouns: Common & Proper Definition – a NOUN is a _______________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ Examples: person = actor place = city thing = book idea = freedom, _______________________ emotion = love, _______________________, _______________________ Proper vs. Common Nouns A proper noun names ________________________________________________________ Proper nouns are always ______________________ in English. A common noun names _______________________________________________________ Common nouns are always ______________________ (not capitalized) in English Examples: Common Nouns (categories) Proper Nouns (specifics) person Aristotle school Howard University war the Civil War state city team statue The Statue of Liberty country political institution the House of Representatives river award ceremony the Academy Awards However, some words that are common nouns are capitalized when ________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ Example: I have three aunts. But: My Aunt Ashley teaches yoga. Example: The university I want to attend is downtown. But: Loyola University is one of the top rated universities in the city. Verbs: action & being Definition – a VERB is a Two types of verbs: 1. A verb is a word that can express . Action verbs = run, sneeze, sleep, think o There are two kinds of action verbs: action. Ex: The winner crossed the finish line. action. Ex: Ben dreamed of winning the race. 2. A verb is also a word that can express a . “Being” verbs are forms of “to be.” They can be used as helping or linking verbs (I am running), but can also be used by themselves to describe your state of being (ex: I am happy.) o The 8 forms of “to be”: _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, o The first 5 forms of “to be” are simply the present and past forms of “to be” (see the conjugation charts) Present Tense (If you are unsure, fill in the following sentence: “Today I (or you, he, etc.) ____ happy.” I we you you he / she / it they Past Tense (If you are unsure, fill in the following sentence: “Yesterday I (or you, he, etc.) ____ happy.” I we you you he / she / it they o The last 3 forms of “to be” always need a helper verb. See these examples: I ______ ___________ followed right now! I __________ ___________ followed before. If I’m not careful, I ___________ ______ followed again tomorrow. Revision and Editing Symbols ≡ Three underlines symbolizes that you should CAPITALIZE a letter. Example: the first letter in every sentence should be capitalized. ≡ / A forward slash symbolizes that you should LOWERCASE a letter. Example: The word “university” should be lowercased in the following sentence: I visited my sister at her University. However, it should be capitalized in this sentence: I visited my sister at the University of Illinois.
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