S03 D66842 by f2lTGTk2

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									Chapter 6 Study Guide

Identification (1 pt. each)

        1. blogs


        2. market-driven journalism


        3. “on background”


        4. gatekeepers


        5. horse race journalism


        6. watchdog journalism


        7. attentive policy elites


Multiple Choice (1/2 point each)
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1. A democracy is best served by the media when they
           a. allow for a two-way flow of information.
           b. allow for a one-way flow of information.
           c. emphasize the entertainment value of news.
           d. do not publicize citizen grievance.
           e. do not attempt to reflect popular views.

____    2. The development of the news media in the United States has been shaped by
           a. technological innovation.
           b. trends in entertainment.
           c. political attitudes toward the scope of government.
           d. all of the above.
           e. none of the above.

____    3. The largest circulation for a daily paper is claimed by
           a. the Wall Street Journal
           b. USA Today
           c. the Washington Post
           d. The New York Times
           e. the L.A. Times



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____   4. Magazines with limited circulations may still influence mass opinion
          a. indirectly through a two-step flow of communication.
          b. by appealing to mass audience over the heads of the attentive policy elites.
          c. directly by increasing their number of subscribers.
          d. by focusing exclusively on political news and stories.
          e. by appealing to a majoritarian rather than a pluralist concept of democracy.

____   5. The first coast-to-coast television broadcast featured which of the following presidents?
          a. Herbert Hoover
          b. Franklin Roosevelt
          c. Harry Truman
          d. John F. Kennedy
          e. Richard Nixon

____   6. The faulty report of CBS Nightly News regarding George W. Bush and the Texas National Guard was exposed
          by
          a. the New York Times.
          b. Michael Moore.
          c. Go-PAC.
          d. congressional committee.
          e. Internet bloggers.

____   7. The average American spends                a day watching television.
          a. thirty minutes
          b. sixty minutes
          c. two hours
          d. four hours
          e. ten hours

____   8. Coverage of a story involving a well-known youth celebrity’s drug abuse scandal which will highly impact
          teenagers is known as an event which is
          a. salient.
          b. newsworthy.
          c. time sensitive.
          d. internally reliable.
          e. politically significant.

____   9. CBS News regularly features stories on health-related issues and prescription drugs because
          a. its anchorpersons are liberal.
          b. Congress has attempted to censor its reporters in the past.
          c. its reporters are active in the medical community.
          d. it has the oldest viewing audience among all network television news programs.
          e. it receives advertising dollars from the medical profession.




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____ 10. Compared with national television news programs, local television news programs report
         a. less about crime and justice.
         b. less about government and politics.
         c. more about economic and social issues.
         d. more about government and politics.
         e. more initial news because they have more time.

____ 11. The authors suggest that at the national level, television nightly news is “no longer a public service, but instead
         a(n)
         a. entertainment venue”.
         b. profit center”.
         c. celebrity stage”.
         d. ideological training ground”.
         e. center of conflict”.

____ 12. Media are most likely to be privately owned in
         a. Western Europe.
         b. the states of the former Soviet Union.
         c. the United States
         d. Africa.
         e. Asia.

____ 13. Ownership concentration in the media
         a. has been increasing.
         b. is tightly limited by the FCC under the 1996 Telecommunications Act.
         c. is not permitted under any circumstance under federal law.
         d. occurs only within specific media industries.
         e. has been avoided in the United States through private ownership of the media.

____ 14. The broadcast media first came under regulation
         a. as part of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s attempt to impose socialism.
         b. as a response to broadcasters’ need for order on the airwaves.
         c. as an attempt to limit media concentration.
         d. during the Vietnam war.
         e. to ensure political candidates equal treatment under the fairness doctrine.

____ 15. Among types of bureaucratic entities, the Federal Communications Commission is an example of a(n)
         a. independent regulatory commission.
         b. government corporation.
         c. legislatively-controlled monopoly.
         d. megacarrier.
         e. cabinet department.




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____ 16. Which of the following statements concerning the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is incorrect?
         a. It has five members.
         b. Its members are nominated by the president.
         c. Its members serve five-year terms.
         d. No more than three members can be from the same political party.
         e. None of these.

____ 17. The trend in recent years has been toward _____ of regulations affecting the number of radio and television
         stations owned by a single company.
         a. nonenforcement
         b. increasing the number
         c. relaxation
         d. stricter enforcement
         e. tightening

____ 18. Which of the following FCC regulation has been imposed on the print media?
         a. Equal opportunities rule
         b. Reasonable access rule
         c. Fairness doctrine
         d. Legibility criteria
         e. None of the above.

____ 19. The televised presidential news conference has developed into an event in which
         a. the media dominate the president and force him to answer difficult questions.
         b. selected members of Congress cross-examine the president and other executive branch
            officials.
         c. Internet coverage has dominated live coverage.
         d. very little communication takes place.
         e. the president and other high-level officials deliver carefully rehearsed answers to
            anticipated questions.

____ 20. Most news printed about Congress comes from
         a. congressional press releases and prepared reports.
         b. independent investigations researched by congressional reporters.
         c. information provided by congressional staff and executive officials who regularly deal with
            Congress.
         d. nightly news briefings from congressional party leaders.
         e. Internet sources.

____ 21. The tendency for journalists to adopt similar viewpoints toward the news because they rely on similar sources of
         information is known as
         a. gatekeeping.
         b. the fairness doctrine.
         c. a feeding frenzy.
         d. pack journalism.
         e. yellow journalism.



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____ 22. Content analysis of network news suggests that most coverage focuses on
         a. the president.
         b. the Supreme Court.
         c. the House of Representatives.
         d. the Senate.
         e. C and D.

____ 23. When the media regularly focus public attention on violent crime, political corruption, or economic woes, they
         are engaged in
         a. biased reporting
         b. political socialization
         c. agenda setting
         d. changing public opinion
         e. apathy management

____ 24. How do the mass media influence the socialization process?
         a. They reflect the government’s position on most important issues.
         b. They undermine popular support for the political system.
         c. They play contradictory roles, sometimes promoting popular support for government and
            sometimes eroding public confidence in it.
         d. They promote popular support for the political system.
         e. They cause confusion about political positions of officeholders.

____ 25. Available evidence seems to indicate that there are _____ among journalists and reporters.
         a. liberal leanings
         b. conservative leanings
         c. biases in favor of politicians
         d. no biases at all
         e. negative leanings

____ 26. Available evidence seems to indicate that there are _____ among editors and owners of the major news media.
         a. liberal leanings
         b. conservative leanings
         c. biases in favor of politicians
         d. no biases at all
         e. negative leanings




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