Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process by f2lTGTk2


									Navigating through the Legislative
  and Appropriations Process
Civics 101: Why it’s important to be
   Knowing how the process works helps you:
    •   Navigate your way through the system.
    •   Helps you understand how to use your time
        most effectively.
    •   Communicate effectively with members of
        Congress and their staff.
    •   Better inform your network and makes you a
        better advocate.
    How the Legislative Process
                             Legislation May Being in Either the House or Senate

          Measure introduced in the House                           Measure Introduced in Senate

          Measure is referred to committee                         Measure is referred to committee
                 - Hearings Held                                          - Hearings Held
           - Reports Measure to House                               - Reports Measure to Senate

Leadership Schedules Measure for Floor Consideration    Leadership Schedules Measure for Floor Consideration

         House Debates, Amends Measure                            Senate Debates, Amends Measure

              House Passes Measure                                     Senate Passes Measure
How a Bill Becomes Law
How a Bill Becomes Law
How a Bill Becomes Law
        Getting to the President’s
Measures must pass the House and
Senate in identical form before being
presented to the President.

  One Chamber                           Each chamber appoints Members                         House and Senate exchange
agress to the other                         to a conference committee                           amendments to bill and
chamber's version                        to reconcile the differences and                          reach agreement
                                          agrees to a conference report

                      House Approves Conference Report    Senate Approves Conference Report
   Your Signature, Please…

                   Once On the President's Desk....

 President Signs             If President does not sign       President Vetos Measure
    Measure                       measure into law           Measure does not become
Measure Becomes                    within 10 days:           law unless both chambers
       Law                                                  override veto by 2/3 majority

            If Congress is in session       If Congress is not in session
             measure becomes law           measure does not become law
                                                   ("pocket veto")
           The Budget Process
    This is the first step in deciding program funding amounts

During the year prior to the year in which the fiscal
  year begins
 April – June     Agencies begin budget requests

   July – August       Office of Management and
                        Budget provides guidance to
   Early fall          Agencies submit initial budget
    request                    to OMB
   Nov. – Dec.         OMB, President review requests
      The Budget Process          (cont.)
   By first Monday in Feb.   President submits
                              budget to Congress
   February – September      Congressional
   By July 15                President submits
    mid-                      session review to
   October 1                 Fiscal year begins
   October – September       OMB apportions
    funds                     to agencies
    The Budget Process (cont.)

You Are Here!

   February – September Congressional phase.
        Navigating through the
        Appropriations Process
  House of Representatives                     Senate

                                       Subcommittee Hearings
    Subcommittee Hearings

                                        Subcommittee markup
     Subcommittee markup
                                   Full committee markup and report

Full committee markup and report
                                          Senate floor action

       House floor action
            Let’s Work it Out…

                    House-Senate Conference

 House names conferees                Senate names conferees

  House and Senate Conferees Reconcile Differences in two measures

House agrees to conference report   Senate agrees to conference report

                          Sent to President
                  Key Terms
   Fiscal Year: October 1 through September 30
   Mandatory Spending: Spending (budget
    authority and outlays) controlled by laws other
    than annual appropriations acts.
   Discretionary Spending: Spending controlled by
    the annual appropriations acts
   Continuing Resolution: provides budget
    authority for Federal agencies and programs to
    continue in operation until the regular
    appropriations acts are enacted.
  Resources for this presentation:
Congressional Deskbook 2005-2007

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