2008 Children PA Headline Findings by vICa5Ok

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									Statistics on Obesity, PA
& Diet: England, Jan 08i
      Headline Findings

      Compiled by Sally Cornfield on behalf of PAN-WM
             PA Headline Statements
               (Children 2-15yrs)
• In 2006 70% of boys & 59% of girls achieved the current PA
  recommendations (1hr a day)ii. (Figure 1)

• The HSE records activities that children ‘chose’ to do i.e. out-of-
  school PA, sports & exercise, active play & walking. Also
  housework & gardening is included for children aged 8 & over.
  (See Appendix A)

• A further 15% of boys & 19% of girls participated in PA for at least
  30 but less than 60 minutes on 7 days in the week. Low levels of
  PA (less than 30 mins or not at all) were reported by 15% of boys
  and 22% of girls. (Figure 1)

• For girls, high levels of PA declined from age 8 onwards,
  while boys levels remained similar across the age
  groups. (Figures 2 & 3)
                               Figure 1
                      Children’s PA levels by gender, 2006




Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical
Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre,
Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%2
02008%20final.pdf
                                            Figures 2 & 3
                     Boys PA levels by age, 2006                                        Girls PA levels by age, 2006

     80                                                                 80

     70                                                                 70

     60                                                                 60

     50                                                                 50

   % 40                                                      High     % 40                                                       High
                                                             Medium                                                              Medium
     30                                                                 30
                                                             Low                                                                 Low

     20                                                                 20

     10                                                                 10

      0                                                                  0
           All   3    5       7         9   11     13   15                    All   3    5       7         9     11    13   15
          Ages                                                               Ages
                                  Age                                                                Age




Health Survey for England 2006. The Information Centre, 2008.
Available at: www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors
             PA Headline Statements
               (Children 2-15yrs)
• Trend data from 2002iii – 2006ii reveal that PA levels have remained
  similar. (Figure 4)

• In 2006 99% of boys & girls reported doing some type of PA on at
  least one day in the past weekii.

• 95% of boys & 92% of girls reported participation in some activity on
  5 or more dates in the last weekii.

• The most common PA for boys (at least once in the previous week)
  was active play (93%) followed by walking (90%). 70% participating
  in active play on 5 or more days followed by walking (65%)ii. (Figure
  5)

• 22% of boys took part in sport & exercise on 5 or more
  days but only 4% (8yrs+) participated in housework or
  gardeningii. (Figure 5)
                                          Figure 4
                                 Trends in PA levels by gender, 2002 & 2006

                     70

                     60

                     50

                                                                                    Boys 2002
                     40
                                                                                    Boys 2006
                 %
                                                                                    Girls 2002
                     30
                                                                                    Girls 2006

                     20

                     10

                     0
                          High   Medium   Low               High   Medium     Low
                                                PA Levels



The Health Survey for England 2002. The Department of Health, 2003.
Available at:
http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/Publicati
onsStatistics/DH_4078027
Health Survey for England 2006. The Information Centre, 2008.
Available at: www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors
                               Figure 5
               Children’s participation on or more days in the
               last week in different activities by gender, 2006




Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical
Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre,
Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%2
02008%20final.pdf
             PA Headline Statements
               (Children 2-15yrs)
• For girls walking was the most common PA with 91% walking (at
  least once in the previous week) & 63% walking on at least 5 days
  in the last weekii. (Figure 5)

• Only 14% of girls took part in sport & exercise on 5 or more days
  but 59% participated in active play on the same number of
  occasionsii. (Figure 5)

• 6% of girls (8yrs+) participated in housework or gardening on 5 or
  more daysii. (Figure 5)

• Parental PA levels are associated with children’s PA levels.
  In households where parental PA participation is high,
  children in all age & gender groups report higher PA
  levels than children in households where only one parent
  had high PA levelsii. (Figure 6 & 7)
                                                        Figures 6 & 7
                  Boys PA levels by parental PA category by age, 2006                                         Girls PA levels by parental PA category by age, 2006



  Mum Low                                                                                     Mum Low


Mum Medium                                                                                  Mum Medium

                                                                             Low 11-15                                                                                    Low 11-15
  Mum High                                                                                    Mum High
                                                                             Medium 11-15                                                                                 Medium 11-15
                                                                             High 11-15                                                                                   High 11-15
   Dad Low                                                                   Low 2-10          Dad Low                                                                    Low 2-10
                                                                             Medium 2-10                                                                                  Medium 2-10
Dad Medium                                                                   High 2-10      Dad Medium                                                                    High 2-10



   Dad High                                                                                    Dad High

              0    10      20     30      40      50     60      70     80                                0    10      20      30      40     50      60      70     80

                                          %                                                                                            %




 Health Survey for England 2006. The Information Centre, 2008.
 Available at: www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors
             PA Headline Statements
               (Children 2-15yrs)
• Generally a greater proportion of children of fathers with low PA
  levels had either medium or low PA levels compared with children
  of fathers with high PA levelsii. (Figures 6 & 7)

• Almost half (47%) of girls aged 11-15yrs whose fathers had low
  activity levels has had low PA levelsii. (Figure 7)
•
  The same association was found between children's and mothers’
  activity levels with the difference most pronounced in girls 11-15yrs
  (35%)ii. (Figure 7)

• Equivalised household income has little if any effect on the level of
  a child’s participation in PA. However patterns for
  sport & exercise & equivalised household did emerge.
  (Figure 8)
                                        Figure 8
                      Participation in sport & exercise on at least 1 day in the past week
                               by equivalised household income & gender, 2006

                 90

                 80

                 70
                 60
                                                                                         Boys 2-10
                 50                                                                      Boys 11-15
             %




                 40                                                                      Girls 2-10
                                                                                         Girls 211-15
                 30
                 20

                 10

                 0
                       Highest        2nd          3rd          4th        Lowest
                                                Quintile




Health Survey for England 2006. The Information Centre, 2008.
Available at: www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors
             PA Headline Statements
               (Children 2-15yrs)
• Participation in sport & exercise on at least one day in the week
  increased with equivalised household income for boys aged 2-10 &
  girls in both the 2-10yrs & 11-15yrs group. (Figure 8)

• Among boys aged 11-15yrs there was a similar pattern with lower
  participation among those in the lowest two quintiles than in the
  upper three. (Figure 8)

• Among boys the proportion doing 60 or more minutes of PA on all 7
  days ranged from 76% in the East Midlands to 66% in London & the
  East of England. (Figure 9)

• Among girls, 65% in the North East were meeting the hour
  a day recommendation, compared to 52% in London.
  (Figure 9)
                                                    Figure 9
                                            Children's PA levels by GO Region & gender, 2006

                          Sout h East




                         Sout h West




                             London

                                                                                                           Girls Low
                        East England
                                                                                                       37.2% M edium
                                                                                                           Girls
                                                                                                           Girls High
                                                                                                           Boys Low
                                                                                                           Boys M edium
                      West Midlands
                                                                                                           Boys High
                                                                                               29.7%

                                                                                                         9.2%
                       East Midlands


                                                                                                               8.7%
              Yorkshire & The Humber


                                                                                                        3.5%
                         Nort h West




                          Nort h East




                                        0      10      20       30      40       50      60      70               80
                                                                         %




Health Survey for England 2006. The Information Centre, 2008.
Available at: www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors
            PA Headline Statements
              (Children 2-15yrs)
• 74% of boys & 63% of girls from Scotlandiv reported meeting the
  PA recommendation compared to 70% of boys and 61% of girls in
  Englandiii. (Figure 10)

• The School Sport Survey shows that in 2006/07 86% of pupils in
  partnership schools participated in at least two hours of high
  quality PE & School Sport in a typical weekv. (Figure 11)

• This compares to 62% in 2003/04, 69% in 2004/05 & 80% in
  2005/06v.

• 91% of pupils in primary school, 80% in secondary school & 88%
  in special school reported participated in at least two hours of high
  quality PE & School Sport in a typical weekv.

• Year 1 has seen the largest increase from 51% in
  2004/05 to 87% in 2006/07v.
                                Figure 10
                       Proportion meeting the current PA
                 recommendations, England & Scotland by gender




Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical
Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre,
Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%2
02008%20final.pdf
                                Figure 11
          Pupils who participated in at least 2hrs of high quality PE &
        school sport in a typical week, by school type, 2004/05 to 2006/07




Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical
Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre,
Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%2
02008%20final.pdf
            PA Headline Statements
              (Children 2-15yrs)
• The School Sport Survey shows that pupils spent an average of
  almost 2hrs in a typical week (115minutes) on curriculum PEv.

• Year 7 spent the most time (126 minutes) in curriculum PE and
  Year 11 spent the least time (94 minutes) v. (Figure 12)

• Pupils in special schools spent the most time taking part in
  curriculum PE (133 minutes) compared to primary schools (117
  minutes) & secondary schools (112 minutes)v. (Figure 13)

• Curriculum time is important to support high PA levels for children
  as overall 70% of all children achieved the target the curriculum
  time alone in 2006/07v. (61% in 2005/06v). (Figure 14)

• Year 7 have the highest proportion achieving the target
  through curriculum time alone 84%, while years 10 & 11
  report the lowest proportion through curriculum time
  alone (38% & 35% respectively)v. (Figure 14)
                                      Figure 12
                  Total curriculum time pupils spent taking part in PE in a typical week,
                                    by year group, 2004/05 to 2006/07

                       140

                       120

                       100
                                                                                            2004/05
              Time      80                                                                  2005/06
                in                                                                          2006/07
             minutes    60

                        40

                        20

                         0
                             Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year
                              1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11
                                                   Year Group




The 2006/07 School Sport Survey. The Department for Children,
Schools and Families, 2007. Available at: https://dservuk.tns-
global.com/schoolsports2007/DownloadableDocuments/2006-
07%20School%20Sport%20Survey%20Report.pdf
                                      Figure 13
                           Total curriculum time by school type, 2004/05 to 2006/07




             2006/07




                                                                                       Special
             2005/06                                                                   Secondary
                                                                                       Primary




             2004/05



                       0    20       40       60       80      100      120      140
                                            Time in Minutes




The 2006/07 School Sport Survey. The Department for Children,
Schools and Families, 2007. Available at: https://dservuk.tns-
global.com/schoolsports2007/DownloadableDocuments/2006-
07%20School%20Sport%20Survey%20Report.pdf
                                Figure 14
         How 2hrs PE & school sport is achieved by year group, 2006/07




Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical
Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre,
Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%2
02008%20final.pdf
            PA Headline Statements
              (Children 2-15yrs)
• In 2006 just over half (52%) of trips to school by children 5-10yrs
  were made on foot, similar to the proportion in 1995/97 (53%)vi.

• While the proportion travelling to school by foot is lower among
  older children aged 11-16 (41%) the levels among this age groups
  has also remained similar since 1995/97 (42%)vi.

• Walking is the most popular mode of transport to school for
  children aged 5-16yrs (2006)vi . (Figure 15)
                                Figure 15
        Trips to school for children aged 5-16 by mode of transport, 2006




Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical
Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre,
Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%2
02008%20final.pdf
                      Appendix A
• Sports and exercise included physical activities such as
  swimming, football, tennis, gymnastics and covered more
  organised structured sporting activities.
• Active play included activities such as riding a bike, kicking
  a ball around, running about, playing active games and
  jumping around.
• Information on walking was collected for those children who
  had done any continuous walks of at least 5 minutes
  duration.
• Housework and gardening was collected for those children
  aged 8 and over and included activities that involved
  pulling or pushing and lasted at least 15 minutes,
  such as vacuuming or cleaning a car.
                                 References
•   i Officeof National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity & Diet:
    England. January, 2008. The Information Centre, Lifestyle Statistics. Available at:
    http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/opan08/OPAD%20Jan%202008%20final.pdf

•   ii
     Health Survey for England 2006. The Information Centre, 2008. Available at:
    www.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors

•   iii
      The Health Survey for England 2002. The Department of Health, 2003. Available at:
    http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsStatistics/DH_
    4078027

•   iv
     The Scottish Health Service 2003. Scottish Executive Health Department, 2005
    Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/11/25145024/50251

•   vThe 2006/07 School Sport Survey. The Department for Children, Schools and Families,
    2007. Available at:
    https://dservuk.tns-global.com/schoolsports2007/DownloadableDocuments/2006-
    07%20School%20Sport%20Survey%20Report.pdf

•   viTransport Statistics Bulletin. National Travel Survey: 2006. Department for
    Transport, 2007. Available at:
    http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/statistics/datatablespublications/personal/
    mainresults/nts2006/

								
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