Hazards in the USA
All homework should be:
written in your homework diary
completed on time
completed in your jotter
signed by your parent/guardian
Coatbridge High School Department of Geography
S1 UK Vs USA Homework Sheet
Full Name United Kingdom of Great Britain United States of America
and Northern Ireland
Island Large Land Mass
Continent Europe North America
Constitution-based federal republic
Head of State President
Queen Elizabeth II Barack Obama
Head of Government as from 20 January 2009
The Rt. Hon David Cameron, MP
Government Parliament Congress
Currency Sterling pound (£ 1 pound = USA Dollar (USD) ( $ 1 dollar = 100 cents)
National God Save the Queen The Star Spangled Banner
Language British English American English
Capital City London Washington D.C.
Total land area 244,110 sq km 9,826,630 sq km
(sq.km) (94,251 sq mi) (3,794,083 sq mi)
Arable Land 23.46% 19.13%
Highest Ben Nevis 1343m Mount McKinley (Denali) (6,194 m/20,320
lowest point The Fens, 4.6 metres (15 feet) Death Valley,in California
below sea level 86 m (282 ft) below sea level
Severn 354 km
Longest river Mississippi, 3765km (2340mi)
Largest lake Lough Neagh Lake Michigan
396 sq.km 57,800 sq. km.
(153 sq miles) (22,300 Sq.Mi.)
Total 60,270,708 293,027,570
population (2004 estimate) (2004 estimate).
Population 250 people per sq km (646 32 persons per sq km
density per people per sq mi) (83 per sq mi)
Top 5 populous London 7,285,000 New York City 8,085,742
cities: Birmingham 1,018,000 Los Angeles, 3,819,951
Leeds 725,000 Chicago 2,869,121
Glasgow 611,000 Houston 2,009,690
Sheffield 529,000 Philadelphia 1,479,339
Using the information on pages 2 and 3, answer the following
questions in sentences.
1 What continent is the UK on?
2 What continent is the USA on?
3 What is the currency of the USA?
4 What is the capital city of the USA?
5 Which country, USA or UK, has the biggest land area?
6 How many times bigger is the USA than the UK?
7 Copy and complete the graph below to show the 5 biggest
cities in the USA.
Remember to use a ruler to draw the bars!
Biggest Cities In the USA
in millions 6
N L C H P
Y A h o h City
i u i
g s l
a t i
g o d
o n e
Hazards or Resources?
Resources are things that we use to help us, while hazards hinder
Volcanoes, snow and strong winds are both hazards and resources.
They create opportunities for people but at the same time can cause
Rivers sometimes flood and lives are lost. But they are
essential for water supplies
Volcanic explosions threaten lives but help make fertile soils
Strong winds damage buildings but they also power wind
Avalanches threaten lives but snow and ice create an
environment for tourism
1. Make 2 headings ‘Hazard’ and ‘Resource’. Put the
following effects of volcanoes under the correct heading.
Buildings are destroyed and people are made homeless.
Ash from volcanoes make soil very fertile (good for growing
People are killed.
Clouds of ash cover plants, making them inedible.
Volcanoes attract tourists who spen money in the area
Precious stones such as diamonds can be found near volcanoes
Poisonous gases kill people and animals.
Dust causes lung disease and illnesses to the survivors
The heat from volcanoes can be used to heat houses nearby.
Volcanoes provide spectacular scenery.
2. Using the information you have gained from above,
would you choose to live near a volcano? Give 3
reasons for your answer.
S1 Geography : Hurricanes
Copy the paragraph below into your jotter and complete it using the words in
the word bank below.
Hurricanes are a type of ________ STORM. These are severe
depressions or areas of ____pressure in which wind speeds reach more
than 60km/ hour and as much as 200km/h. They are found over _______
and in the areas within 30o _____ and south of the equator.
These storms start at the ________ side of the oceans and move west,
before drying out when they reach land. When the wind speeds reach
over 120km/hour they are called __________.
Eastern low tropical north oceans hurricanes
In September 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit the coast of Louisiana, and caused
massive damage to the city of New Orleans.
You are an investigative journalist and have been asked to find out at least
three pieces of information about Hurricane Katrina for an article which you
are going to write about the disaster.
You can choose information about what happened at the time of the hurricane or
how the city has recovered.