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					              S1

Hazards in the USA

    Geography

    Homework


      All homework should be:

    written in your homework diary
          completed on time
       completed in your jotter
    signed by your parent/guardian
Coatbridge High School                              Department of Geography

                       S1 UK Vs USA Homework Sheet


             UK                                 USA




Full Name    United Kingdom of Great Britain    United States of America
             and Northern Ireland

             Island                             Large Land Mass

Continent    Europe                             North America




                  Constitutional monarchy




                                                    Constitution-based federal republic

                       Head of State                            President
                      Queen Elizabeth II                      Barack Obama


                  Head of Government                    as from 20 January 2009
             The Rt. Hon David Cameron, MP

Government   Parliament                         Congress

Flag




Currency     Sterling pound (£ 1 pound =        USA Dollar (USD) ( $ 1 dollar = 100 cents)
             100 pence)

National     God Save the Queen                 The Star Spangled Banner
Anthem




                                            2
Language          British English                      American English

Capital City      London                               Washington D.C.

                                           Land

Total land area   244,110 sq km                        9,826,630 sq km
(sq.km)           (94,251 sq mi)                       (3,794,083 sq mi)

Arable Land       23.46%                               19.13%

Highest           Ben Nevis 1343m                      Mount McKinley (Denali) (6,194 m/20,320
mountain                                               ft)

lowest point      The Fens, 4.6 metres (15 feet)       Death Valley,in California
                  below sea level                      86 m (282 ft) below sea level

                  Severn 354 km
Longest river                                          Mississippi, 3765km (2340mi)
                  (220 miles)

Largest lake      Lough Neagh                          Lake Michigan
                  396 sq.km                            57,800 sq. km.
                  (153 sq miles)                       (22,300 Sq.Mi.)

Annual mean
                  London 9.7C
temperature

Annual mean
                  London 753mm
rainfall

                                          People

Total             60,270,708                           293,027,570
population        (2004 estimate)                      (2004 estimate).

Population        250 people per sq km (646            32 persons per sq km
density per       people per sq mi)                    (83 per sq mi)
sq.km

Top 5 populous    London 7,285,000                     New York City 8,085,742
cities:           Birmingham 1,018,000                 Los Angeles, 3,819,951
                  Leeds 725,000                        Chicago 2,869,121
                  Glasgow 611,000                      Houston 2,009,690
                  Sheffield 529,000                    Philadelphia 1,479,339




                                                   3
                                Homework 1

      Using the information on pages 2 and 3, answer the following
      questions in sentences.


         1 What continent is the UK on?

         2 What continent is the USA on?

         3 What is the currency of the USA?

         4 What is the capital city of the USA?

         5 Which country, USA or UK, has the biggest land area?

         6 How many times bigger is the USA than the UK?

         7 Copy and complete the graph below to show the 5 biggest
           cities in the USA.
           Remember to use a ruler to draw the bars!


                            Biggest Cities In the USA

                   9
                   8
Population         7
in millions        6
                   5
                   4
                   3
                   2
                   1

                       N    L   C    H       P
                       Y    A   h    o       h    City
                                i    u       i
                                g    s       l
                                a    t       i
                                g    o       d
                                o    n       e
                                             l
                                             p
                                             h
                                             i
                                             a

                                         4
                           Homework 2

Hazards or Resources?

Resources are things that we use to help us, while hazards hinder
us.

Volcanoes, snow and strong winds are both hazards and resources.
They create opportunities for people but at the same time can cause
destruction.

      Rivers sometimes flood and lives are lost. But they are
       essential for water supplies
      Volcanic explosions threaten lives but help make fertile soils
       for farmers
      Strong winds damage buildings but they also power wind
       turbines
      Avalanches threaten lives but snow and ice create an
       environment for tourism




1. Make 2 headings ‘Hazard’ and ‘Resource’. Put the
following effects of volcanoes under the correct heading.


      Buildings are destroyed and people are made homeless.
      Ash from volcanoes make soil very fertile (good for growing
       crops)
      People are killed.
      Clouds of ash cover plants, making them inedible.
      Volcanoes attract tourists who spen money in the area
      Precious stones such as diamonds can be found near volcanoes
      Poisonous gases kill people and animals.
      Dust causes lung disease and illnesses to the survivors
      The heat from volcanoes can be used to heat houses nearby.
      Volcanoes provide spectacular scenery.


      2. Using the information you have gained from above,
          would you choose to live near a volcano? Give 3
                      reasons for your answer.


                                   5
                               Homework 3
S1 Geography : Hurricanes
Homework 1

Copy the paragraph below into your jotter and complete it using the words in
the word bank below.



Hurricanes are a type of ________ STORM. These are severe
depressions or areas of ____pressure in which wind speeds reach more
than 60km/ hour and as much as 200km/h. They are found over _______
and in the areas within 30o _____ and south of the equator.

These storms start at the ________ side of the oceans and move west,
before drying out when they reach land. When the wind speeds reach
over 120km/hour they are called __________.




WORD BANK
Eastern   low       tropical      north         oceans hurricanes




Homework 2
Independent Learning

In September 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit the coast of Louisiana, and caused
massive damage to the city of New Orleans.



You are an investigative journalist and have been asked to find out at least
three pieces of information about Hurricane Katrina for an article which you
are going to write about the disaster.

You can choose information about what happened at the time of the hurricane or
how the city has recovered.




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