What was the first representative government in the New World? The Virginia House of Burgesses What was the first step toward self government in the New World? The Mayflower Compact Why did representative government grow in the English colonies? The people desired to have a voice in the government. “No taxation without representation.” Which of the following did not help representative government to be formed in the colonies? A. House of Burgesses B. Maryland Act of Toleration C. Mayflower Compact Maryland Act of Toleration What happened in 1607? What happened on July 4, 1776? The Declaration of Independence was signed. Why is 1787 an important date? It is the year the U. S. Constitution was written. What was the economy of the New England colonies based on? Fishing, lumber, trade, whaling. What was the geography and climate of the New England Colonies? Rocky soil, forests, long cold winters and short, humid summers. What was the economy of the Middle Colonies based on? Growing grain products and raising farm animals. A center for manufacturing and crafts. What was the geography and climate of the Middle Colonies? Good fertile soil with many river valleys. Mild winters and a long growing season. What was the economy of the Southern colonies based on? These colonies were agricultural and grew rice, tobacco, sugar cane, indigo, and eventually cotton. What was the climate and geography of the Southern Colonies? Good fertile soil and many fresh water rivers. Long growing season. Name a group of Separatists. The Pilgrims Why did the Pilgrims come to America and what colony did they start? Religious freedom for Separatists. They started Plymouth. What were the causes of the War of 1812? The English were attacking our ships, stealing our cargoes, interfering with our rights to sail the seas freely, and impressing our sailors. What land did Thomas Jefferson purchase for the U. S. and how much did it cost? The Louisiana Territory for $15 million. How did the purchase of the Louisiana Territory help the U. S.? 1. It doubled the size of the U. S. 2. It made the U. S. a leading world power. Put the following in order: Shay’s Rebellion The Articles of Confederation Federalist Papers Writing the Constitution Ratifying the Constitution The Articles of Confederation Shay’s Rebellion Writing the Constitution Federalist Papers Ratifying the Constitution What land law set up a way for territories to become states? The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Who was Abigail Adams? Wife of John Adams. She tried to get more rights for women. What was the name of the religious revival during the colonial era? The Great Awakening How did religious groups contribute to American life? Helped to develop the idea of religious freedom in America. What are the unalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence? Life, Liberty, the Pursuit of Happiness What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution known as? The Bill of Rights What types of grievances are listed in the Declaration of Independence? Problems such as: Quartering soldiers in homes, no taxation without representation, use of writs of assistance. What types of historic documents influenced the development of our government? Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, Writings of John Locke, Idea of Separation of Powers Writings of Baron de Montesquieu What is a protective tariff? A high tax on imports to keep American manufacturers from going out of business. How would a protective tariff hurt the South? It raised the cost of products from other countries. What word means to divide powers between the federal government and the state governments? Federalism What word means the people elect their leaders to run the government? Republicanism What type of ideas are found in the Federalist Papers? There should be a strong federal government. What three statements were in Washington’s Farewell Address? 1. Remain devoted to the Union, 2. Avoid forming permanent alliances with any part of the foreign world. 3. Avoid forming political parties. What economic policy did England use to keep strict control over its colonial trade? Mercantilism Where was slavery most used in North America and why? Slavery was mostly used in the Southern colonies. Workers were needed in the fields to tend crops. What are some weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? The states had the power – not the federal government. The federal government could not tax, had no military power, had money that was worthless. What are some strengths of the Articles of Confederation? It created the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the Land Ordinance of 1785, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. What was the last major battle of the American Revolution? The Battle of Yorktown What advantage did the U. S. have because of the location of the Louisiana Purchase? It gave the U. S. control of New Orleans and the Mississippi River. Who wrote “Common Sense”? Thomas Paine What era in history involved the Presidencies of Washington and Adams? The New Republic What era in history included the presidencies of Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe? The Jeffersonian Era also known as The Republican Era Why is the case of Marbury v. Madison important? It was the first time a federal law was declared unconstitutional and it set up the principle of judicial review.
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